The False Religions Formed By Materialism
As mentioned in the previous
section, materialism is a dangerous ideological movement that destroys spiritual
values and distances people from religion. A vast majority of the societies of
our day, consciously or not, remain under the influence of the materialist mind-set.
However, one point deserves special mention: adherence to the materialist outlook
does not necessarily mean rejecting the existence of God. A large majority of
people accept His existence yet adhere to a materialist outlook. The Qur'an provides
many verses about those who have such a rationale:
"Say, 'Who provides for you from
the heaven and the earth? Or who controls hearing and sight and who brings
the living out of the dead and brings the dead out of the living and who
arranges [every] matter?' They will say, 'Allah,' so say, 'Then will you
not fear Him?' For that is Allah, your Lord, the Truth. And what can be
beyond truth except error? So how are you averted?"(Surah Yunus,
"Say, 'To whom belongs the earth
and whoever is in it, if you should know?' They will say, 'To Allah.'
Say, 'Then will you not remember?' Say, 'Who is Lord of the seven heavens
and Lord of the Great Throne?' They will say, '[They belong] to Allah.'
Say, 'Then will you not fear Him?' Say, 'In whose hand is the realm of
all things - and He protects while none can protect against Him - if you
should know?' They will say, '[All belongs] to Allah.' Say, 'Then how
are you deluded?' Rather, We have brought them the truth, and indeed they
are liars." (Surah al-Mu'minun, 23:84-90) 18
"And if you asked them, 'Who
created the heavens and the earth?' they would surely say, 'Allah.' Say,
'Then have you considered what you invoke besides Allah? If Allah intended
me harm, are they removers of His harm; or if He intended me mercy, are
they withholders of His mercy?' Say, 'Sufficient for me is Allah; upon
Him [alone] rely the [wise] reliers.' (Surah az-Zumar, 39:38) 19
As seen in the verses above, these people
claim that they believe in God and His religion. However, they fail to show due
appreciation of His might and ascribe equals to Him. Such people are the members
of false religions formed through outlooks on life far removed from the true religion.
As it was in the past, many today also adhere to artificial religions and keep
themselves distant from the true religion based on Allah's revelations.
Apart from the people mentioned above there are some who openly deny Allah and
the Hereafter. They exert effort to influence others to disbelief and call on
others to join them. The methods employed by materialists in societies embracing
a traditional understanding of religion (in which people acknowledge the existence
of God yet fail to appreciate His attributes) differ from those employed in societies
that are more inclined to atheism. Materialists lead people away from the religion
revealed to Allah's messengers by means of invented religions tailored to each
society and mixed with inspirations derived from the belief that matter is absolute.
It is surely unimaginable that those who adhere to a religion far removed from
its original teachings can struggle against disbelief and render it ineffective.
An erroneous religious understanding would, intentionally or not, provide further
support for disbelief. That is why, if one wants to enter a serious contest with
disbelief, he must acquire both a precise knowledge of Allah's religion and an
accurate understanding of the aspects of false religions established on the basis
of materialistic views and become conversant with these deviant religions.
In the following pages some attributes of the materialist and evolutionist religions
will be discussed. The striking similarities between the structures inherent in
the beliefs of these false religions and those of idolatrous beliefs related in
the Qur'an will be dealt with in particular.
Idolaters of the 20th Century
Allah informs us in the Qur'an about people
who worshipped beings other than Him and took statues as deities, giving detailed
accounts of His prophets' struggles with those people. Many assume that societies
of the past that worshipped idols had a primitive lifestyle and therefore held
such a religious view. Consequently, they think that some African tribes currently
worship totems because of their primitiveness.
However, on closer examination
of the beliefs and viewpoints of societies identified as idolatrous in the Qur'an,
it is noticed that those societies bear striking similarities to some contemporary
ones. Just as the peoples of the past took lifeless statues or wooden and stone
objects as deities, the rationale that accepts lifeless matter as a form of deity
is also prevalent in our day. Before proceeding with comparisons between past
and contemporary rationales, some information provided in the Qur'an about idolatrous
societies should first be reviewed.
One of the communities identified in
the Qur'an is that of Prophet Abraham:
"[Mention] when he said to his
father, 'O my Father, why do you worship that which does not hear and
does not see and will not benefit you at all?"(Surah Maryam, 19:42.)
"When he said to his father
and his people, 'What are these statues you are devoted?' they said, 'We
found our fathers worshipping them.' He said, 'You were certainly, you
and your fathers, in manifest error."(Surah al-Anbiya', 21:52-54)
As stated in the verses above, Prophet Abraham's
father and people embraced lifeless matter as deities which they themselves made
with their own hands and which lack any power to create. Considering anything
to be a deity means the attribution to it (either in part or in full) of the powers
of creation, sustenance, blessing, healing, reckoning, and controlling natural
occurrences. The idolaters at the time of Prophet Abraham believed that the lifeless
statues carved by their own hands possessed such faculties and prostrated before
them in worship.
The Idolatrous Belief That Dominates Societies of Today
Idolaters of the past claimed that lifeless statues
carved from wood and stone, unable to speak or move, possessed power and even
that they created the universe and exercise control over it, so they bowed before
them and called on them for health, sustenance and blessings. In light of these
facts, it is obvious that people in our day hold the same idolatrous rationale
as did idolaters of the past who worshipped lifeless statues. Materialists and
evolutionists believe that inanimate substances formed of unconscious atoms possess
power. They claim that as a result of chance, lifeless matter organized itself
to create complete and complex living beings.
Furthermore, they attribute
all occurrences in the universe to lifeless and unconscious atoms in nature. For
example, materialists and evolutionists imply that a tornado or an earthquake
(which they call "the wrath of mother nature" or "a calamity of nature") occurs
at the discretion of "nature." However, they fail to explain what this force called
"nature" is or from where it springs. The elements they call "mother nature" or
"nature" are actually no different from deities of past idolatrous societies called
"earth mother" or "fertility goddess." Only their symbols have been removed; divinity
is now attributed to invisible, inanimate matter and to coincidence, which are
believed to possess the power of creation.
Pierre Paul Grassé, a French
zoologist and fervent evolutionist, explains the hidden gods of evolutionists
and materialists as follows:
Chance becomes a sort of
providence, which, under the cover of atheism, is not named but which is secretly
Attribution of the power of creation to
inanimate materials and unconscious atoms is surely a serious defect in logic.
Just as idolaters believed that lifeless idols created all beings, evolutionists
and materialists of today believe that lifeless matter spontaneously evolved into
living beings, meaning that inanimate substances are beings of mind and consciousness
and that they can decide and act upon decisions. From this standpoint they consider
For example, evolutionists consider a rose blooming
in its vivid red color out of muddy soil divine because they believe that the
rose came into being all by itself or that the inanimate elements constituting
a rose can spontaneously design and form the flower. Similarly, the evolutionists
view oranges, apples, strawberries, bananas, grapevines, flowers, deer, lions,
elephants, ants, honeybees, flies, marine animals, melons, and parsley, in brief,
all living as well as non-living beings to have been capable of creating themselves
since they claim that all of these beings and millions of others developed to
their current physical states through their own will and consciousness.
In another example the evolutionists' claim is that a honeybee, previously "another"
living being, somehow at one point in time decided to become a honeybee and thereafter
started forming mechanisms in its body capable of producing honey. They claim
that flies were initially unable to fly, but then they formed a pair of wings
for themselves and simply started to fly. Furthermore, these flies equipped themselves
with perfect flight mechanisms superior to modern technology employed in the airplanes
and helicopters of today.
Evolutionists can tell countless similar stories
about the billions of living beings dwelling on earth. All of them have one striking
point in common: that the lifeless atoms constituting living beings or "nature"
in which they dwell have consciousness and wisdom. Terms such as "natural selection,"
"random mutation," and "geographical isolation," which provide a so-called scientific
touch, embellish the scenarios produced by evolutionists. What they ultimately
advocate, in fact, is that lifeless matter in nature can spontaneously form perfect
living beings: a banana, an orange, a fly, a stem of parsley, a cat, a carnation,
a whale, a giraffe, an ostrich, a butterfly, a spider, an acacia, a mandarin,
an ant, an elephant, a violet - as well as their next generations.
to evolutionists, the unconscious atoms making up various elements designed the
atmosphere perfectly, organized and produced it. Thus, the atmosphere was able
to become a protective ceiling for the world and formed whatever was essential
for life on earth. That is to say, those who idolize matter attribute to it particular
powers. According to them, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and iron are all deities.
Again, according to this ridiculous belief, blind atoms first came together, then
somehow organized themselves to form an eye that can see. Their behavioral pattern
was so calculated and conscious that it ensured the organization of other atoms
which would form the eye cavity and patiently waited for the coincidences which
would shape the eye cavity before forming the eye. Evolutionists see the atoms
that constitute the eye as deities because they assume them "capable" of creating
such a perfect organ. Just as peoples of the past adopted deities associated with
rain, the evolutionists also adopted deities - the atoms making up an eye.
From this standpoint one may conclude that the religion of materialists and evolutionists
has more than billions times billions times billions of gods to revere. To claim
that every being in the universe came into existence spontaneously through coincidence
is to accept each one of those beings and forces as a creator. This is no different
from the failure of logic which makes one prostrate himself before totems or call
on wooden statues for health and prosperity; however, with one difference - the
age in which the idolaters happen to live.
The False Gods of Evolutionists: Unconscious Atoms
Whatever we step on, whether
a rock, soil or asphalt, a chair in which we rest, the air we inhale, the food
we ingest to survive, water constituting more than two thirds of our bodies, and
everything inside and outside of our bodies, both animate and inanimate, is all
made up of atoms. In addition, galaxies, stars, suns, and the earth we live on
are made up of atoms just like ourselves. There are atoms everywhere, in every
corner you rest, in every building in the city, in particles of dust, and the
air you breathe.
Living beings including man are made up of atoms of various
elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, calcium, magnesium and iron. Darwinism
asserts that the atoms gathered together as a result of unconscious coincidences.
That is, the evolutionist rationale commands that heaps of unconscious atoms exercised
a decision-making mechanism and formed, for instance, a nuclear engineer who is
specialized in atoms.
A closer examination of this senseless assertion
leads to the following conclusion: under the effect of a force of unknown origin,
various atoms came into existence, which later coincidentally gathered together
to generate stars and planets, in brief, all celestial bodies. Then, through a
coincidental conglomeration of the same atoms, a living cell of an extremely complex
structure was generated. This living cell then went through a process of evolution
and formed many living beings with extraordinary systems, and ultimately a man
of ultimate consciousness. A human being, owing his existence solely to coincidences,
again discovered the atoms making up his body by means of tools, an electron microscope,
for instance, which were also invented by coincidence. This is exactly what Darwinism
asserts as a scientific thesis, and the theory of evolution, then, evidently accepts
each atom as a "god."
Atoms making up a man who has wisdom and intellect
have no consciousness or will of their own. However, evolutionists somehow assert
that these inanimate atoms came together to form a human being, and then this
"conglomeration of atoms" decided to go to school or to graduate from college.
According to the same assertion, atoms possess very interesting skills as well;
these atoms eat foods that are also made up of atoms and taste them; they smell
a rose made up of atoms and enjoy smelling. The very same atoms can also sense
the warmth of the air surrounding them. Meanwhile, atoms also listen to the sound
waves transmitted from an audio tape and tune to the rhythm of the music. According
to evolutionists, numerous atoms randomly coming together can think, miss someone,
become happy or sad, and can laugh while watching a comedy film. The idolaters
of the past claimed that pieces of wood possessed particular powers, whereas evolutionists
of today attribute these powers to unconscious atoms.
However, it is plainly
obvious that nothing in the universe can be attributed to coincidences, that a
superior consciousness and will is responsible for the life on earth. Every detail
of the human body and of nature itself abounds with signs of a great wisdom. The
owner of this wisdom is Allah, Lord of the heavens and earth.
us that He will render the acts of those who worship false gods void and that
their ways are destined to destruction:
And We took the children of Israel
across the sea; then they came upon a people intent in devotion to [some]
idols of theirs. They [the Children of Israel] said, 'O Moses, make for
us a god just as they have gods.' He said, 'Indeed, you are a people behaving
ignorantly. Indeed, those [worshippers] - destroyed is that in which they
are [engaged], and worthless is whatever they were doing.' He said, 'Is
it other than Allah I should desire for you as a deity while He has preferred
you over the worlds?"(Surah al-A'raf, 7:138-140) 23
Worship of the Sun
Another similarity between today's materialists and evolutionists
and the idolaters of ancient societies is a doctrine based on worship of the sun,
which has existed from ancient times. As the source of light and energy, people
often assumed that they owed their existence to the sun and deified it accordingly.
Throughout history this perverted belief has kept many societies away from the
true religion of Allah. The Qur'an addresses this issue and introduces us to the
people of Saba' at the time of Prophet Solomon, who were worshippers of the sun:
[The hoopoe said], 'I found her
and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah, and Satan has
made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from the [right] way,
so they are not guided. Should they not prostrate to Allah, who brings
forth what is hidden within the heavens and the earth and knows what you
conceal and what you declare." (Surah an-Naml, 27:24-25) 24
As shown, worship of the sun is a consequence of ignorance
and thoughtlessness. It is true that the sun sends out heat and light to the earth,
but one must offer gratitude not to the sun but to Allah, who created it. The
sun is but a mass of matter without consciousness that Allah created from nothing.
One day it will consume its energy and die, or perhaps Allah will reduce it to
insignificance before that. Because Allah created the sun and all other celestial
bodies from nothing, it is He who should be praised for those beings. This fact
is stated as follows:
His signs are the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate
to the sun or to the moon, but prostrate to Allah, who created them, if
you should worship Him. (Surah Fussilat, 41:37) 25
evolutionists of today recite the very same fundamental tenet of this ancient
religion of sun-worship by claiming that we owe our existence to the sun. According
to evolutionist sources, the origin of life on earth is attributed to the sun,
and rays emitted from the sun sparked life on earth. Solar energy was also claimed
responsible for the generation of other living species and solar rays for mutations
producing change. This approach was described by Carl Sagan, the famous American
atheist astronomer, who wrote in his book, Cosmos:
ancestors worshipped the Sun, and they were far from foolish... If we must worship
a power greater than ourselves, does it not make sense to revere the Sun and stars?
Harlow Shapley, the evolutionist astronomer
who was a mentor of Carl Sagan, is known for his words: "Some piously record,
'In the beginning God,' but I say, 'In the beginning hydrogen.'" That is, Shapley
believed that with time hydrogen gas evolved into animals, trees and human beings.
As is seen, the deification of matter and nature underlies all the senseless views
put forward by evolutionists. The "religion" of evolutionists is based on worship
of matter and nature.
On the other hand, a man of wisdom comprehends that the universe and
nature cannot be the works of inanimate and unconscious materials. On
the contrary, he sees an awesome consciousness, precise plan, and artistry
in every detail and perceives the grandeur of Allah's creation. Nonetheless,
many people in our day remain blind to this fact and continue to worship
matter. That is because, like the people of Saba', "?Satan has made
their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from the [right] way, so
they are not guided."
The Disease of Materialism and Naturalism
In the Risale-i-Nur collection, a Qur'anic commentary by Said Nursi, known as
Bediüzzaman (Wonder of the Age) and one of the greatest Islamic scholars of the
20th century, there is extensive reference to the defects of materialism and naturalism.
Materialism can be defined as "accepting the existence of matter as the only reality."
Naturalism, on the other hand, is the worship of nature. With these terms Bediüzzaman
draws attention to materialism and Darwinism, the foundations of disbelief, and
gives a detailed account of defects in the logic of these irreligious movements:
do they imagine as did the pharaoh-like materialists that "they came into being
by themselves, feed themselves, and by themselves create everything they need"
so that they refrain from belief and worship? That means they all suppose themselves
to be the creator, whereas the creator of one thing has to be the Creator of everything.
That is to say, their pride and conceit have made them so utterly stupid that
they imagine someone to be a possessor of absolute power who is absolutely impotent
and can be defeated by a fly or a microbe.
whose use of reason is limited to what is immediately apparent to them, have,
in their nonsensical philosophies which are based on foundations of futility,
taken the transformation of particles, which they regard as the result of coincidence,
to be the fundamental basis of all their principles and have shown that divine
works and creatures result from those transformations. Anyone with a grain of
intelligence would know how unreasonable it is to attribute creatures adorned
with infinite examples of wisdom to something based on a purposeless, meaningless
coincidence, which is quite without order. 27
statement above Bediüzzaman draws attention to the fact that it is sheer nonsense
for a person to attribute divinity to himself and stresses that as a feeble and
helpless being, man's attributing his own existence and that of the flawless universe
to "coincidences" and his denial of Allah's existence is a great ingratitude on
his part. Bediüzzaman remarks that there will be an extensive embrace of such
irreligious movements in our time and that people must be saved from this religion
A tyrannical current born of naturalist
and materialist philosophy will gradually become strong and spread toward the
end of time... reaching such a degree that it denies God... It is clear just what
foolish buffoonery it is for impotent man, who can be destroyed by a fly and cannot
create even a fly's wing, to claim godhood. 28
by Bediüzzaman, it is beyond reason and logic to believe that lifeless matter
created the universe and life by itself. It is impossible to say that a man of
such belief has wisdom and faculty of reason. Indeed, Prophet Abraham expressed
the foolish attitude of those who prostrate themselves before idols carved of
'Then do you worship instead of Allah that which does not benefit you
at all or harm you? Shame on you and what you worship instead of Allah.
Then will you not use reason?' (Surah al-Anbiya', 21:66-67.) 29
False Religions Formed by the Materialist and Evolutionist
Outlook on Life
The foregoing exposition should have given a clear conception of the ambition
of materialists to raise masses of people who deny Allah and His religion and
produce a type of man who assumes he is not accountable to anyone. At the root
of materialist philosophy lies the desire for a society that rejects not only
the existence of Allah but spiritual and moral values, so they must implant atheist
ideology into people's minds and spread it within society. While rejecting Allah's
religion, they can still accept an altered form of religion compatible with materialist
views. George Gaylord Simpson, one of the leading names in the Neo-Darwinist movement,
describes the sort of religion which is acceptable to evolutionists:
course there are some beliefs still current, labeled as religious and involved
in religious emotions, that are flatly incompatible with evolution and therefore
are intellectually untenable in spite of their emotional appeal. Nevertheless,
I take it as now self-evident, requiring no further special discussion, that evolution
and true religion are compatible. 30
Simpson, an evolutionist,
states that religion can be reconciled with the materialist outlook on life as
long as it fits their definition. However, it deserves mention here that what
he referred to as "true religion" is surely not religion based on the revelation
of Allah but something far removed from the revealed truth, the fabrication of
"irreligious" religion which is based on materialist thinking and satisfies people
emotionally. In our day the majority of people who claim to have faith actually
live by the false religion which is alleged by materialists to be "true religion."
In the following section some of the attributes of false religion will be outlined.
It will be shown to be inclusive of distorted beliefs held extensively under the
name of religion. Unaccustomed to thinking deeply, however, people often fail
to notice the faults inherent in those beliefs. It is an important responsibility
for sincere believers in Islam to warn people against humanly devised false religions
and convey to them the message of the Qur'an, which is the unique source of wisdom
that Allah sent down to guide His servants.
1. A false religion holds that God is in the sky.
Despite having faith
in the existence of Allah, many people hold extremely erroneous convictions about
where He is. The materialistic outlook on life accounts mainly for these convictions.
Because the materialist maintains that nothing really exists except matter, he
inevitably assumes that Allah has to be within the material universe yet fails
to imagine the kind of space He might inhabit.
The Qur'an relates that
people of the same mentality existed in the past. In order to see Allah the Pharaoh
ordered a tower to be built which would extend to the heavens. His erroneous belief
was the result of a failure to understand Allah's attributes and his presumption
about absoluteness of matter:
said, 'O eminent ones, I have not known you to have a god other than me.
Then ignite for me, O Haman, [a fire] upon the clay and make for me a
tower that I may look at the God of Moses. And indeed, I do think he is
among the liars.' (Surah al-Qasas, 28:38.) 31
Allah is the Creator of space, and He is unbounded by it. It is only created beings
that are bound by space, and Allah is exalted above all creation, while He encompasses
all of it in knowledge. 32
People under influence of
the materialist view of life fail to grasp this obvious truth, assuming that Allah
resides in the heavens. Some people look up into the sky while praying, but a
person who knows that Allah is all-aware feels His presence wherever he turns.
Allah informs us of this reality:
And to Allah belongs the east
and the west. So wherever you [might] turn, there is the Face of Allah.
Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:11)
Vision perceives Him not, but
He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. (Surah
al-An'am, 6:103) 34
2. A false religion is one that holds that God created
the universe, including man, and then left them to their own devices.
False religion holds that
Allah first created the entire universe with all its living beings and then left
them on their own, simply watching from a distance. According to this understanding,
people determine their destiny by themselves alone.
However, Allah is not
only unbounded by space but also by time. Therefore, when He created the universe
and man, He created them together with their past and future, as if in a single
moment. That is to say, Allah created everything with its individual destiny.
Without having experienced it, a person can never know his future. But Allah knows
the future of every person and every single moment he will experience. That is
because Allah creates every moment experienced, every word uttered, and every
move made. So He certainly did not create the entire universe and then leave it
to its own devices; rather, He created every moment of the lives of all beings
from their beginnings to their ends. Everything, whether the fall of a single
leaf or the events a person experiences throughout life, takes place in accordance
with the destiny predetermined by Allah, who conveys this fact to man in numerous
And with Him are the keys of
the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land
and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is
there within the darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but
that it is [written] in a clear record. (Surah al-An'am, 6:59) 35
And Allah created you and that
which you do?(Surah al- Saffat 37:96.) 36
3. A false religion is one without belief in the existence
of Paradise and Hellfire.
Some people under the influence of materialist thinking do not believe in Paradise
and Hell although they might believe in Allah. The major reason for this is the
claim that they cannot be sure about the existence of anything they are unable
to see with their eyes or touch with their hands.
For a man of wisdom and
intellect there are countless signs pointing to the existence of Allah and the
Hereafter, such as the present heavens and earth, created with flawless design
and unique harmony, and the cell, building block of all living beings. Nature,
which sustains all living beings, abounds with the signs of Allah's creation.
Any person of sound mind can readily understand that Allah created all living
beings initially and thus He is able to bring them to life again after their death.
Those who refuse to grasp this reality are described in the Qur'an as follows:
say, 'When we are bones and crumbled particles, will we [truly] be resurrected
as a new creation?' Say, 'Be you stones or iron or [any] creation of that
which is great within your breasts.' And they will say, 'Who will restore
us?' Say, 'He who brought you forth the first time.' Then they will nod
their heads toward you and say, 'When is that?' Say, 'Perhaps it will
be soon - on the Day He calls you and you will respond with praise of
Him and think that you had not remained [in the world] except for a little.'
(Surah al-Isra, 17:49-52) 37
The failure of disbelievers to conceive of resurrection after death and the doubts
they harbor about this reality is again a consequence of their biased materialist
beliefs. The materialist sees the distinctive formation of a human being as a
result of interaction among elements. He asserts that the metaphysical aspects
of man (his mind and emotions) are also generated by such interactions. Accordingly,
such people interpret resurrection as the self-rebuilding of matter and thus can
never imagine the possibility of this process. That is to say, they cannot accept
that annihilated matter can reappear and reassemble.
Nevertheless, if what
they cannot grasp is how a decomposed body can return from death, they should
consider that human beings were initially created from nothing. This being the
case, to question restoration after death or harbor doubts about how it could
be possible shows great imprudence. In the Qur'an, Allah addresses the matter
Did We fail in the first creation?
But they are in confusion over a new creation. And We have already created
man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than
[his] jugular vein. (Surah Qaf, 50:15-16) 38
It is actually the soul and not the body that makes a person what he is. It is
not the heap of flesh and bones that constitutes a man; it is his soul. Death
puts an end to the body, while the soul continues to live for all eternity. Death
is only an experience of transition for the soul to the life of the Hereafter.
Then He proportioned him and
breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and
vision and intellect; little are you grateful. And they say, 'When we
are lost [i.e., disintegrated] within the earth, will we indeed be [recreated]
in a new creation?' Rather, they are, in the meeting with their Lord,
disbelievers. Say, 'The angel of death will take you who has been entrusted
with you. Then to your Lord you will be returned. (Surah as-Sajda, 32:9-11)
The prejudice held by disbelievers hinders them from comprehending even the most
obvious reality. In numerous verses Allah states that people who deny the Hereafter
and assume that death is their end do not exercise reason:
Have you seen he who has taken
as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to [His]
knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over
his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not
be reminded? And they say, 'There is not but our worldly life; we die
and live, and nothing destroys us except time.' And they have of that
no knowledge; they are only assuming. (Surah al-Jathiyah, 45:23-24) 40
In contrast, believers are described as follows:
[They are] those who establish
prayer and give zakah, and they, of the Hereafter, are certain [in faith].
Those are on [right] guidance from their Lord, and it is those who are
successful. (Surah Luqman, 31:4-5) 41
[They are] those who believe
in the Unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided
for them, and who believe in what has been revealed to you, [O Muhammad],
and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter are certain [in
faith]. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:3-4) 42
Regarding the struggle against the religion of irreligion, there are two important
matters that need to be dealt with. One is to disprove the theory of evolution
from a scientific perspective so that people will know they have not come into
existence as a result of coincidence but through an act of Allah's creation. The
other is to inform people about the real essence of matter and thus help their
understanding of the true religion. A person who understands that he is more than
mere matter also comprehends the infinite ability of his creator, Allah.
That Allah encompasses all things and is unbounded by time and space, that all
beings are created with their individual destinies, that Paradise and Hell already
exist, and that all acts of human beings are ultimately created by Allah are facts
introduced by the true religion which are easy to comprehend. However, some people
are unwilling to accept these realities and try to portray it as a difficult task.
This tendency stems from the fact that they, knowingly or unknowingly, act under
the influence of conditioning toward the materialist outlook on life. So they
need to free themselves from their prejudices and learn about the actual facts
about matter. The final sections of this book, "The Truth That Defeats the Religions
of Irreligion" and "The Evolution Misconception" reveal the real essence of matter
and show that what have so far appeared to be complex secrets are actually simple
and obvious realities.