COOPERATION AND SOLIDARITY
So far in this book, we have
dealt with animals' compassionate behavior and selfless devotion for their
offspring. But these qualities are not observed only between parents and
their offspring. Many animals in nature show great solidarity with one
another, and sometimes it is even possible to see such behavior between
different species. In particular, herd animals and those living as part
of a colony have many advantages.
Evolutionists' claim that animals are engaged in a great
struggle for survival, and must compete with one another in order to survive,
is disproved by the lives of herd animals. Except during mating season,
animals mostly do not compete but take advantage of solidarity, cooperation,
devotion and guarding each other's interest.
In reality, evolutionists are aware of this obvious reality,
but choose to try and find ways of integrating it into their theory. To
take one example, the renowned evolutionist Peter Kropotkin has found
many examples of cooperation between animals in research that he conducted
in eastern Siberia and Manchuria. Kropotkin has even written a book about
this, in which he says the following about the solidarity between animals:
Herds of antelopes and zebras usually
live side by side and know each other's enemies. If a zebra
spots a predator stalking an antelopes, it will immediately
warn the antelope herd.
The first thing which strikes us as
soon as we begin studying the struggle for existence under both its
aspects-direct and metaphorical-is the abundance of facts of mutual
aid, not only for rearing progeny, as recognized by most evolutionists,
but also for the safety of the individual, and for providing it with
the necessary food. With many large divisions of the animal kingdom
mutual aid is the rule. Mutual aid is met with even amidst the lowest
Even though Kropotkin is an evolutionist, he contradicts
evolutionary theory's basic claim, in the face of the clear evidence he
observed. As we will see in the next few pages, solidarity and cooperation
between animals, even between species, is essential for their safety and
even nourishment. Order and balance in nature is clear evidence for God's
flawless creation. Those who are astonished to witness the intelligent
behavior of animals in nature can't help but feel admiration. One such
person is the famous scientist Kenneth Walker. An expert in physiology
and medicine, he relates what he observed during a safari in east Africa:
I remember being very much impressed
by many instances of the cooperation between animals which I witnessed
when shooting in East Africa many years ago. On the Athi plains were
large flocks of different varieties of antelopes and herds of zebras
that collaborated in posting sentries to give alarm at the first approach
of any danger. I had no desire to shoot a zebra, but often it was impossible
to get within range of the antelope without some zebra sentry discovering
me and making my presence known to the antelopes. Giraffes and elephants
were also frequently found in company and apparently for a very good
reason. The elephants had enormous ears and excellent hearing but poor
eye-sight, whilst the giraffes were like sentries posted on watch-towers.
When they combined their capacities it was almost impossible to get
near them without being heard or seen. A still stranger combination
was formed by the rhinosceros and the rhinosceros-birds which sat in
a row on its back preying on the ticks and other parasites with which
its skin was infested. These birds were always on the alert and generally
discovered my presence long before their short-sighted host knew of
it. With shrill cries and vigorous pecks they stirred the rhinoceros
into action and away the great beast swung with the birds precariously
clinging to its back like outside passengers on a madly careering coach.112
Small birds sometimes perch on other larger
animals and warn them of any danger by crying aloud.
Walker's observations form only a small part of the many
examples of devotion and cooperation. Everyone can observe similar behavior
in the animals in his environment. But more important is to reflect on
these astonishing behaviors.
Over next few pages, we will examine in greater detail examples
that clearly reveal God's control over all living things.
Nature is not a battlefield of animals vying
for survival, as the evolutionists claim. Many display their God-inspired
compassion and devotion in their behavior.
Creatures Warning One Another of Dangers
Prairie dogs are always on guard and warn
all other animals in the vicinity with their cries of alarm.
One great advantage of living in a community
is the increased safety it provides, since any individual sensing danger
can warn the others, instead of quietly stealing away. Each species has
its own warning call. For instance, hares and some species of deer raise
their tails to warn other animals when they sense danger. Some gazelles,
on the other hand, make a strange hopping display for the same purpose.113
When they spot danger, many small birds
give an alarm call. Species like the blackbird, great tit and chaffinch
will make a high-pitched noise at a narrow frequency range. It's not possible
for humans to detect the direction of this call-important for any flock
of birds, because any one bird risks drawing attention to itself by making
this noise.114 But the danger of this happening in
this case is very limited.
An insect that lives as part of a colony
will alert the others if it becomes aware of danger. But the alarm scent
(pheromone) it emits is also perceived by the enemy. Therefore, whatever
insect raises the alarm, also risks its life.115
Prairie dogs live in large communities
comprising as many as a thousand animals. Their network of burrows is
like an underground village, each burrow housing approximately 30 of them.
Each animal in the group recognizes every other member. Some are always
on the lookout, standing upright on their hind legs atop the little hills
of excavated earth near the entrance of their burrows. If one of the sentries
detects a predator, it makes a series of whistling sounds, echoed by the
other animals on the lookout. That then sounds the alarm.116
Antelopes and gazelles warn other animals
of approaching danger by their distinctive jumping display.
It's thought-provoking that animals warn each other out of
their devotion, but it's more important to notice that they can all understand
each other. A hare, for example, gives a warning signal by raising its
tail, and all other nearby hares then take the necessary measures. They
will leave the area if they must, and if they have to hide, they'll do
that too. But if hares know to run when they see this signal, they must
have agreed it beforehand by communicating about it. How else could they
put it into practice all at once? To any rational human being, this proposition
is obviously unacceptable. We must therefore acknowledge that these animals,
having been created by the one Creator, all act according to His directives.
The other example cited earlier was the birds that stand
on the backs of rhinos, who understand these birds' warning cry and respond
accordingly. These intelligent behaviors cannot be ignored. It's evidently
impossible for an animal to figure out that it should warn the others
of possible danger-and for them to understand its signal and respond accordingly.
For these intelligent, rational behaviors there is only one possible explanation:
All their abilities and behavior have been taught to them! God teaches
these animals their behaviors and makes them put it into practice. God,
the Most Compassionate and the Most Merciful, creates everything, protects
and sustains everything.
Animals Defending Themselves as One
Not only warning each other of dangers,
animals living in communities also defend themselves against dangers en
masse. For instance, small birds swarm around or "mob" predatory birds
like hawks or owls that venture into their territory. By making a special
clicking sound, they also call other birds into the area. The aggressive
behavior these small birds display is usually enough to drive off predatory
Musk oxen, each weighing 350 to 400 kg, (770-880
lb.) form a defensive wall between the predators and their own young.
In the case of an attack, they step backwards to form a defensive
circle with the young in the middle as seen in this picture on the
left. This provides an effectively safe defense for the young.
A flock of birds flying together provides
protection for each individual. Starlings fly in flocks with wide spaces
in between. But when they see a hawk, they quickly close the gaps, making
it nearly impossible for the hawk to dive into the flock. If it did, it
would likely injure its wings and no longer be able to hunt.118
When their herd comes under attack, mammals
too act as one body. When zebras run from predators, they position their
young in the middle of the herd. During her observations in east Africa,
English scientist Jane Goodall saw three zebras, separated from the rest
of their herd, being surrounded by wild dogs. Other members of the herd,
realizing that three of their own were in danger, returned to attack the
predators with their hooves and teeth, and drove them away to save the
Generally, when a herd of zebras comes
under attack, the herd's leader runs to the rear, while the females and
foals run up front. The stallion runs in zigzags, kicks out with his hind
legs. He's even been observed to it turns the battle around and chase
Dolphins too swim in shoals and defend
themselves as a group against sharks, their greatest enemies. If the shark
comes dangerously close to their young, two adult dolphins will split
off from the others and draw the shark towards themselves. With the shark's
attention diverted, the other dolphins will quickly surround it and begin
to deal blows to its gills until it drowns.121
Living as a herd gives youngn animals an important
advantage. In case of danger, adults gather the young into the middle
to defend them safely.
In an even more interesting behavior, families of dolphins
will usually swim with shoals of tuna and feed with them. For this reason,
tuna fishermen will follow dolphins for a good place to cast their nets.
Sometimes dolphins get caught in the nets meant for tuna. Since dolphins
are air-breathing mammals, they panic when caught in the net, suffer shock,
and begin sinking to the bottom. Because of their devotion, other members
of the dolphin family immediately come to its aid. They all follow the
dolphin down, trying to push it back up. Sadly, as they cannot breathe,
often they drown too.
This is not an isolated instance affecting
just one dolphin family. All dolphins show the same devotion under similar
If a female grey whale is injured, one
or more males will come to her aid. They keep the female on the surface
in order to let her breathe and protect her from killer whales.123
Instead of running when attacked, musk
oxen will form a defensive circle. All members of the herd move slowly
backwards, never turning their backs on the predators until all have taken
up their positions in the circle. Their calves will be in the center of
the circle, hiding under their mother's long fur. The males will keep
the calves in the middle providing them with total protection. Occasionally,
one bull will charge the predators before again withdrawing to his position
in the circle.124
Very interesting examples of cooperation
are also seen in hunting. American white pelicans, for instance, always
hunt in teams. Locating a suitable bay, they form a semi-circle facing
the land, plunging in the water periodically and driving the fish ahead
of them. When the right time comes, they close the circle and catch all
the fish inside it.125 In narrow streams or canals,
they will even form two groups. At night, all withdraw to their resting
places. No one ever sees them fight over their patch in the bay or over
the spot they sleep on.
Reflect on the fact that animals in these close communities
watch out for one another and act as one body. As we said at the beginning,
these animals are not intelligent human beings, but zebras, insects, and
Surely, no intelligent person can say that these animals
cooperate by their own free will. The conclusion any rational person will
draw is this: Everything in nature is the work of an infinitely knowledgeable
and powerful Creator. God has made all living things, including man, animals,
insects, plants-everything that is alive, and everything that is not.
He possesses infinite power, compassion, mercy, intelligence, knowledge
and wisdom. Then we should reflect upon the following verses of the Qur'an:
All praise belongs to God, the Lord of the heavens
and the Lord of the Earth, Lord of all the worlds. All greatness belongs
to Him in the heavens and earth. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Qur'an,
Lord of the heavens and the Earth and everything between
them, the Almighty, the Endlessly Forgiving. (Qur'an, 38: 66)
Some African birds line up along the branches
of trees, as seen here, and pass fruit to members of their flock
that cannot reach it.
African Birds that Watch Out for One Another
Flocks of African birds are in great harmony with one another,
and many examples illustrate their cooperation. Their staple food is fruit
found on the trees they visit. Feeding of the fruit at the tips of the
branches is difficult, because that is where most fruit grow, and only
the birds that happen to perch nearby can feed easily. All other birds
face hunger, being either too far from the fruit or there won't be enough
for them all.
But not so! Birds land on a fruit tree
in flocks, lining up along the branches as if they'd agreed to do so beforehand.
Whatever bird is closest to the fruits picks them and passes them along.
This way, the fruit travels down along the branch to the birds at the
other end. Considering that these creatures lack reason and intelligence,
it would be only reasonable for the bird nearest the fruit to keep it
all, thereby disrupting the disciplined feeding order. But instead of
feeding themselves first, members of the flock apply a most practical
method of distributing the fruit among them all. None of the birds lined
up on the branch do anything that would disrupt this amazing precision.
By itself, however, this cooperation isn't sufficient to feed all members
of the flock in one sitting, as the fruit of one tree is not enough. Therefore
even if the birds pass the fruits beak to beak some of them would have
to go hungry. To overcome this problem, they land on trees in a different
order each time, so that those that did not get any fruit last time, will
be the first to get some this time.126
Animal Cooperation During Birth
Mammals especially are exposed to great dangers during birth,
when both mother and her baby become easy prey for predators. However,
when a pregnant animal is ready to give birth, another animal of the herd
is commonly present. For instance, the female antelope when she is ready
for birth, withdraws to a place in the bushes, and another female from
the herd goes with her to assist.
Dolphins live in groups called pods so that
they may protect one another. Other females assist the mother giving
Dolphins are another species well known for their cooperation
during parturition. As soon as they are born, baby dolphins need to surface
in order to breathe. For this reason, the female dolphin pushes her baby
up towards the surface. Just before birth, the mother's movements slow
down. This is why there are two other females present during birth for
assistance. The assistants swim on either side of her to protect her if
need be, since she might not have enough energy to deal with any potential
danger. They guard her especially against sharks, as the blood that flows
during birth might attract them to the area.
Elephant babies, alongside their mothers,
are looked after by their aunts and grandmothers.
For the first two weeks, the dolphin mother
will not leave her baby's side. Soon after birth, the infant dolphin begins
to swim and gradually begins to stray further and further. But the mother,
still weak from giving birth, cannot keep up with the agility of her young
one. Her assistants help provide the protection the baby needs.127
Another mammal that gets-and gives-assistance
during labor is the elephant. One of the other females in the herd always
assists a pregnant elephant when she gives birth. The mother hides skillfully
in the bush and together with her assistant, protects the newborn and
cares for it for many years to come. When the female has her young with
her, she is considerably more on guard and aggressive.128
How do elephants and these other animals communicate with
one another? How can the female assistant know the time of birth, and
that the pregnant one needs her help. No animal has either the intelligence
or the awareness to grasp all this just by itself. Elephants everywhere
on earth help each other out in this way. This is true for dolphins and
all other animals as well, proving that they are all created by the same
Creator and they all are under His control.
Creatures that Look After One Another's Offspring
After being weaned, many young jackals stay
on with their mother to help look after her next litter. Here, a
young jackal cares for its siblings.
Mammals usually form strong family bonds. A typical wolf
pack consists of one male and female, their newly born pups, maybe one
or two of their previous season's offspring, and often the aunts and uncles
of the newborns. All adult members defend the offspring. Sometimes one
female of the pack stays behind in the den through the night to "pup-sit"
the young. In this way the mother can hunt and feed with the rest of the
African hunting dogs live in similar packs
of approximately ten members. Males and females share the responsibility
of protecting and feeding their offspring. They even compete to care for
them. When the pups are ten weeks old, they start to go hunting with the
pack. After they bring down prey, adults will form a circle around it
to keep hyenas at bay, and the young are the first to feed.129
In baboon families, the dominant male
usually helps the sick or injured. Adult baboons will adopt orphaned young
animals. They let the orphans accompany them and stay with them at night.
When the family is on the move and one of the mothers has a young one
she cannot carry on her back, she will hold it with one arm. Because the
young animals tend to tire quickly, the mother will soon be lagging behind,
because she needs to stop frequently to let the young baboon rest. The
dominant male notices this and returns to them, walking by their side
and stopping when they do.130
Even after jackals stop weaning, usually
they stay on with their mothers to help look after the younger pups. They
bring back food for the young, keep danger away from their den, and thus
help them survive.131
Jackals are hardly the only animals who care for their siblings.
The moorhen's and window swallow's young from the first nest will help
rearing the newborn hatchlings in the second.
That animals will share in the responsibility of looking
after the young of others is more evidence against the claims of evolutionists.
As we stated before, evolutionists believe that animals cooperate only
for the purpose of continuing their lineage to the next generation and
that therefore, behaviors that appear to be acts of selfless devotion
are actually driven by selfish genes. As we've seen in this chapter, however,
animals help not only those carrying their genes, but also those in need
who do not. In other words, the evolutionists' "selfish gene" theory,
cited earlier, has no scientific value. Anyhow, it is not possible for
animals devoid of reason to be concerned about transferring their genes
to the later generations. To claim that animals are programmed to carry
such ambitions is to acknowledge the existence of a mind and foresight
responsible for such programming.
The characteristics of every animal encountered in nature
clearly prove the existence of a superior Creator, who is God, the most
compassionate and the most merciful.
Devotion in Colonies
Ants, termites and bees live in groups based on discipline,
obedience, solidarity, devotion and sharing work. From the moment they
emerge from the pupae until their death, these tiny insects concentrate
all their efforts into protecting the colony and feeding larvae, with
total disregard for their own welfare. They share their food with one
another, clean their environment and even die for one another.
Each member of the colony knows exactly what to do and does
it faultlessly. Their top priority is the welfare of the larvae and their
fellow insects. One never observes any selfish behavior in bees, ants
and termites, which is why these colonies live in a faultless order and
are so successful.
On termites' highly successful lives, based on cooperation,
Peter Kropotkin says the following:
Their [The ants' and termites'] wonderful
nests, their buildings, superior in relative size to those of man; their
paved roads and overground vaulted galleries; their spacious halls and
granaries; their corn-fields, harvesting and "malting" of grain; their
rational methods of nursing their eggs and larvae . . . and, finally,
their courage, pluck, and superior intelligence-all these are the natural
outcome of the mutual aid which they practise at every stage of their
busy and laborious lives.132
This next section will deal with examples of devotion and
cooperation observed in ant colonies and beehives.
Selfless Devotion in Ant Colonies
1. One striking aspects of colony life
is that all ants share food. If two ants from the same colony meet, one
hungry and the other with a belly full of digested or semi-digested food,
the hungry ant will ask the other one to share some. This kind of request
is never turned down. Ants also feed their larvae from the food in their
stomachs and often, end up keeping less for themselves than what they
offer to others.133
2. In ant colonies, there is perfect sharing
of tasks, and each ant fulfills its responsibility with great devotion.
The responsibility of the "soldier ant" is to guard the entrance to the
nest. It will admit only ants belonging to its colony and refuse entrance
to all others. The heads of these guard ants serve as a living "gate"
to the nest. They guard the entrance all day and never leaving it unattended.134
In the case of an attack, these ants form the first line of defense.
We can observe different examples
of devotion in each species of ant. Some protect their mates while
transporting leaves, while others store food in their abdomens to
feed other ants back in the colony.
Left: Leaf cutting ants with their
Middle: Honey ants Right: Ants seen caring for the larvae.
Right: Worker ants toil tirelessly throughout their lives, helping
other ants in the colony to live.
3. Along with sharing food, ants will also share, with as
many other ants they can, information about the location of food sources.
In their behavior, there is no sign of selfish struggle. The ant who discovers
a new source of food eats her fill and then returns to the nest, leaving
behind a chemical trail on the way by touching her lower abdomen to the
ground at regular intervals. Also, she goes around the nest three to six
times, speedily communicating the news to the other ants and on returning
to the source of food, is accompanied by many others.
4. Medium-sized workers in a colony of
leaf-cutting ants spend their whole day transporting leaves. During this
time, they are exposed and highly vulnerable to attacks, especially from
a species of fly that deposits its eggs onto the ants' heads. The maggots
hatching from these eggs will feed on the ant's head and decapitate it
by eating into its brain. When carrying leaves, worker ants are defenseless
against these flies, but other ants will fight back for them. Smaller
ants from the same colony take up positions on the leaves being carried
back to the nest and fight off these predatory flies.135
5. Some ants feed on the highly sugary
digestive wastes of aphids, which is why they are known as honey ants.
They carry this sugary substance they extract from the aphids to their
nest, where they store it using a very original method. A few of the worker
ants serve as living storage tanks. Ants returning to their nest regurgitate
the food into their mouths, and those ants store it in their lower abdomens,
which can inflate to the size of blueberries.136 Each
chamber contains between 25 to 30 of them, each dangling from the ceiling,
where she remains immobile. Should one of them fall to the ground, the
other ants will return her to her original position.
These living storage tanks can hold up to eight times the
original mass of the ant. During winters or droughts, hungry ants visit
them to feed. The hungry insect puts her mouth into the mouth of the "storage"
ant which, by contracting the muscles around her lower abdomen, delivers
a drop of nectar to the visitor. These ants couldn't possibly have developed
such a method of storing food on their own. Those that serve as living
honey jars clearly demonstrate their selfless devotion, by remaining suspended
upside down from the ceiling, carrying eight times their own body weight,
expecting nothing in return. Patiently they help to feed other ants of
the colony, one by one. Clearly, these ants' system and the physical capabilities
that make it possible couldn't be the results of chance. In each generation
of honey ants, a few take it upon themselves to serve in this way, which
proves that all of them act on the inspiration of their Lord God.
6. One method that ants use to defend
their colony is to commit suicide. They can deliver their kamikaze attacks
against an enemy in a variety of ways. One of the most interesting examples
is provided by a species living in the rainforests of Malaysia. This ant
has a venom gland stretching from its jaw towards the back of its body.
If confronted by an enemy, the ant contracts its abdominal muscles so
forcefully that the gland and surrounding tissues burst, spraying the
enemy with its poison before it dies.137
7. In order to reproduce, male and female ants must be very
dedicated. Soon after their mating flight, the winged male ants expire.
The female looks for a suitable place to build her nest and when she finds
one, will enter it and break off her wings. Then she seals off the entrance
and remains inside without food for weeks, even months, all alone. Later
she will lay her first eggs as a queen ant. The only things she will have
eaten in all this time are her own wings. The very first larvae that emerge
she feeds with her saliva. This is a period of great devotion for the
queen ant, in beginning a new colony.
8. If their nest is attacked and occupied,
the ants move to protect their brood at any cost. The soldier ants move
to the area under attack to fight the invaders, while workers rush to
the nursery chambers, evacuating the larvae and young ants between their
jaws. They carry them outside the nest and hide them somewhere safe until
the attack has been fought off.138 It would be expected
for a creature like the ant to be concerned only with itself, seeking
a place to hide. But the worker ants, soldiers and those guarding the
entrance aren't concerned about their own lives and will die for one another
if necessary. This is selfless devotion at the highest level, and all
ants have been behaving in this way for millions of years.
Thus far, we have related astonishing behavior in the animal
kingdom, but still need to point out that the creatures acting in these
surprising ways are tiny ants. These insects are no importance to those
who are used to seeing them every day. But when we observe them carefully,
we see the intelligence inherent in their behavior is too significant
to be ignored. With their little brains that cannot be seen by the naked
eye, consisting of so few nerve cells, they perform intelligent actions
that wouldn't be expected of them. For millions of years, they have been
obeying their Creator God's orders in great discipline and without fail.
They have surrendered to Him and move only by His will. All beings submit
to God like the ants. As the Qur'an says:
Is it other than the religion of God that you desire,
when everything in the heavens and earth, willingly or unwillingly,
submits to Him and to Him you will be returned? (Qur'an, 3: 83)
Altruism in the Beehive
A similar display of harmony and solidarity can be observed
in hives. The devotion of worker bees is especially reminiscent of ants.
Both species work tirelessly until they die-for the sake of the queen
and for the larvae which are not theirs.
A beehive's population consists of the queen, the drone males
responsible for fertilizing the queen and the hundreds if not thousands
of worker bees. All work is performed by the workers: building the combs,
cleaning and defending the hive, feeding the queen and the drones, caring
for the larvae, building and preparing the brooding chambers according
to the type of bee (worker, queen, drone) that will develop inside, cleaning
the hive and regulating its humidity and temperature, feeding the larvae
according their specific needs (nectar, honey and pollen), and collecting
nectar, pollen, water and resins.
1. Worker bees nurse the larvae.
2. Bees fanning the hive.
3. Guarding the entrance of their hive.
4. Cleaning the combs.
5. Caring for the queen.
We can list the phases of a worker bee's life and its devotional
behavior as follows:
1. A worker's lifespan is between four and six weeks. Once
it emerges from the pupal stage, it works for approximately three weeks
inside the hive. Its first job is to nurse the developing larvae. The
worker lives off the pollen and honey from the feed store, but feeds most
of it to the larvae. It regurgitates some of the food it has eaten, mixes
it with substances drawn from glands inside its head, and feeds this mixture
to the larvae.
How does a creature which has just emerged from the pupa
know its job? Why do all bees comply without objection? The bee ought
to emerge from the pupa and seek to continue its own life without showing
any signs of conscious devotion. But not so: The bee fulfills its nursing
duties in a highly disciplined, responsible manner.
2. When the bee is approximately twelve days old, its wax
glands develop and it begins to restore and build the hexagonal comb structures
in which larvae develop and honey is stored.
3. Between the age of twelve days and three weeks, the worker
receives the pollen and nectar brought back to the hive by the other bees,
converts it into honey and stores it. It also cleans the hive, removing
from it dead bees and other waste.
4. When it has reached the age of three
weeks, it's old enough to gather the nectar, pollen, water and resins
needed in the hive. These mature workers leave the hive to look for flowers
and nectar. Obtaining food is a tiring process: After only two to three
weeks, a worker bee will die of exhaustion.139 However,
a point hard to explain is that each bee produces far more honey than
it requires for its own needs. It is impossible for evolutionists to explain
why an unthinking creature, supposedly in a struggle for its own survival,
should persist in this hard work without ever giving up.
Here we confront another sign of God. As stated before, God
reveals in Sura 16 that He commands the bee to make honey. This is why
bees display devotion to such a degree: They are obeying their Lord's
order. What man needs to do is revealed in the continuation of the verse:
… There is certainly a Sign in that for people who
reflect. (Qur'an, 16: 69)
5. Before worker bees set out to find food, they have another
important obligation to fulfill: guard duty.
In each hive, there are bees guarding the entrance. Their
duty is to fight off intruders trying to enter the hive. Every creature
that does not have the hive's resident scent is considered an enemy of
the hive's larvae and bees.
If an outsider appears at the hive's entrance, the guard
bees respond mercilessly and sting the intruder. Their venom contains
a fast-dispersing odor perceived by other bees as an alarm call, and they
all rush to the entrance, ready for battle.
If a bee stings the enemy, she will inject
as much venom as possible, giving off a stronger odor. The stronger the
odor, the fiercer her mates become.140
Of course, defending the hive means usually
suicide. The sting of a bee is barbed like the porcupine's quill and in
most cases, cannot be extracted once it has been inserted. When the bee
tries to fly away after the sting, its lower abdomen tears away. But the
part that comes off contains the poison gland and the nerves controlling
them. Even though the bee herself dies from this injury, the gland that
she left behind continues to pump poison into the wound of the victim.141
And so, the rest of the colony benefits from her sacrifice.
How can we explain a tiny creature working tirelessly for
others from the moment it is born, caring for and even risking its life
for them? All bees and ants have been doing this for millions of years,
wherever they lived on Earth. Obviously these creatures, in their short
but dedicated lives, act according to the will of God, their Creator.
[Hud said,] "I have put my trust in God, my Lord and
your Lord. There is no creature He does not hold by the forelock. My
Lord is on a Straight Path." (Qur'an, 11: 56)