OF THE RELIGION OF DARWINISM
Although it is customary to credit the inception
of this theory to Charles Darwin and his immediate predecessors, a rudimentary
form of this notion can be traced back to the beginnings of written history
itself. In fact, the belief that life had its origins in a single basic
substance is so wide-spread among the various peoples of the world, primitive
or civilized, that it can be considered one of the few universal themes
in the history of ideas.
(Ernest L. Abel, Ancient Views on the Origin of Life, Farleigh; Dickinson
University Press, 1973, p. 15.)
If anyone was asked, "What is religion?" he might answer that religion
is comprised of divine laws that guide man to Allah's way and to absolute
good. But this definition does not apply to many religions in the world
today. These can be divided into two main groups: those monotheist religions
such as Islam, Christianity and Judaism which are based on revelation
from Allah to humanity through the agency of prophets, and superstitious
religions invented by human beings, which are nothing more than a few
old wives' tales.
Monotheistic religions invite people to believe in one God, in His prophets,
holy books and the Hereafter, with the destinations of Paradise and Hell.
Superstitious religions, on the contrary, alienate people from truth,
draw them into totemism, idolatry and degenerate sects, filling their
lives with innumerable strange doctrines and beliefs, charms and incantations,
rituals and traditions. Some of those who espouse such religions worship
totems, others worship the sun; some believe in aliens, others perform
rituals in front of idols made of stone or wood, offering gifts to placate
them and expecting to obtain benefit from them. When lightening flashes,
they assume one of their deities is angry; when it rains, they think he
is crying. The person who believes such things is called in the Qur'an
an idolater, i.e., someone who associates an equal to Allah from among
His creation; in western literature he is called a pagan. Such people
have no place in their lives for reason, conscience, logic or the realities
of the world.
The explanations they give for the formation of life and the existence
of living species are an extension of the same ignorant approach. It has
generally been believed that the universe and all living things are made
of air, water and fire, or that they came from outer space. Another common
belief is that the universe has always existed and will continue to exist
forever. Pagan religions assert that the universe was brought into being
by the gods of wood and stone that they worship. According to this misguided
belief, every god has created a segment of the universe and rules over
the part he has brought into being; one god rules the sky, another the
sea, and another the earth and human beings.
The study of comparative religion shows that a large number of superstitious
religions have been influenced by one another, and many similarities can
be detected in their beliefs and doctrines. The ancient pagan religions
of Greece and Mesopotamia formed the basis of many modern religions which
adopted their beliefs and doctrines. One superstitious religion that grew
out of them is the religion of Darwinism.
There are many similarities between Darwinism and other superstitious
religions regarding their understanding of the formation of the universe
and of living things and in their general beliefs and doctrines. Contrary
to what a large number of people believe, Darwinism is not an established
scientific theory based on facts, observation and experiment but merely
a rationalistic attempt, based on a non-scientific foundation, to explain
the universe. In the course of this book Darwinism will be compared with
other manmade religions with regard to its origins, its founder, its scripture,
its understanding of the world, and its missionary activities.
There is No Difference Between Darwinism and Other Manmade Religions
Darwinism did not begin with the theory established by the amateur observations
and investigations of Charles Darwin and other scientists in the 19th
century. Its origins go back to much earlier materialist philosophies.
Darwinist beliefs were first encountered a few thousand years ago in the
polytheistic and materialistic religions of Greece and Sumeria. Therefore,
Charles Darwin was not the first person to put forward the idea of evolution;
he was an amateur researcher who traced the main outlines of this basic
belief, gave form to its doctrines, and later established a theory.
The inscriptions of pagan Sumeria, which deny Allah and
assert that living things came to be through an evolutionary process,
form the backbone of the religion of Darwinism.17
When Sumerian inscriptions were examined, they revealed a legend stating
that first there was a watery chaos and out of that two gods emerged:
Lahmu and Lahamu. According to this belief, the two gods first created
themselves, and later as they evolved, brought other material and living
things into existence. In other words, life appeared all at once from
the lifeless, watery chaos. The evolutionists' belief that living things
first formed from lifeless matter has much in common with the Sumerian
belief that the universe developed through an evolutionary process.
When ancient Egyptian religion is examined,
the same beliefs are found; "snakes, frogs, worms and mice were said to
be created from the mud deposited by the flooding of the Nile."18
In other words, denying the existence of a
Creator, the Egyptians also believed that living things came out of mud
at random. The creation myths of both the Egyptians and Babylonians include
the concept of a "primordial sea from which the earth and life arose."
From the earliest
ages there have been pagan peoples. In every era human beings have
made idols for themselves. In the same way that Darwinists accept
coincidence and lifeless matter as idols with creative power, in
earlier societies with a misguided belief, similar things were worshipped
as idols.Top and bottom left : Representations of the Sumerian water
gods.Top right: Hammurabi praying before the Mesopotamian sun god.Bottom
right: A Sumerian tablet describing the stages, according to their
superstitious belief, in the creation of human beings upon the order
of the water god.
It is erroneous to think that this concept has now disappeared into the
mists of history and perished along with ancient civilizations. Today
evolutionists maintain the same idea; they would have the scientific world
believe that first there was the sea, the watery chaos, or as they call
it, "primeval soup." According to the theory of evolution, four billion
years ago some inanimate chemical elements in the primal earth's atmosphere
necessary for the development of life, such as carbon and phosphorus,
by an operation of chance factors came together in water under the right
conditions and in the right proportions. In the meantime there were lightening
storms and quakes, and the first building block of life, amino acids,
came into being. By the same operation these amino acids became proteins,
the proteins formed cells, and through the continuation of this chain
of random occurrences, human beings finally came to be...
However, the claim that lifeless matter can coalesce to form life has
not been verified in any observation or experiment; it is an extra-scientific
claim. Every living cell comes into existence from the division of another
living cell. No one in the whole world, even in the most advanced laboratory,
has succeeded in making a living cell from non-living material, which
shows that the first cell was most certainly created with conscious intent.
In the picture
above a human being worships a crocodile. As in the past, some societies
today worship animals such as crocodiles, cows or lifeless things
such as water or fire, believing that they are gods with creative
power. There is nothing in this belief compatible with reason, logic
or conscience. It is clear that a crocodile is too weak in mind
to have any power or wisdom. However, Darwinists espouse a similar
belief. For them it is not crocodiles or fire that has creative
power but unconscious atoms and coincidences. They adhere to this
belief as to a religion.
Hinduism, which has found masses of adherents for itself
in southern Asia with its complex rituals and pagan doctrines, is also
founded on the belief that all living things emerged from the oceans.
This belief is expounded in detail in the Rig Veda and the Atharva Veda
scriptures which illustrate Hindu doctrines with stories of legendary
characters. Hinduism rejects the idea of a Creator; according to its philosophy,
the whole of the universe evolved out of a huge, glob like mass of material
substance, "prakriti." Everything, animate and inanimate, evolved from
this primordial substance. At the end of each cosmic period all things
are dissolved into their original elements, into prakriti, after which
the whole evolutionary process begins again.20 That
is, the universe is reformed from this primal lifeless matter.
One of the greatest impasses in the religion of Darwinism is the question
of how living things first came into being. Evolutionists generally prefer
to avoid this question because the most concrete answer they can give
is no different from that given by religions of centuries ago. During
the period in which Darwinism developed, false beliefs about the formation
of living things were already prevalent; flies came from sweat, frogs
from mud, and ants from sugar.
to the unintelligent and anti-scientific claims of the evolutionists,
some chemical substances such as carbon and phosphorus in the primitive
atmosphere happened to come together in the right proportions and,
as a result of the effects of lightening storms, formed living things.
There is really no difference between this belief and a pagan's
worship of the storm god.
One of these nonsensical beliefs is that of
the "hopeful monster" - the strangest theory in the history of evolution.
Due to the fact that the hoped-for transitional fossil forms had not been
found, some evolutionists were under a good deal of pressure. So they
decided that there was no need for transitional forms because the transition
from one species to another had happened suddenly. Consequently, they
proposed the theory of the hopeful monster. According to this theory,
the formation of living things is no different from the claim that ants
came from sugar. The first bird emerged suddenly from a reptile egg; later,
in the same way, another bird came by chance from another egg. These two
birds came together, and a bird family formed. A similar theory, proposed
by Charles Darwin, is that bears who spent much time in water changed
into whales in the course of time. However, today's scientific facts clearly
demonstrate how unscientific and deceptive is this claim.21
The Hindu river goddess.
The Same Pagan Understanding Continues
One of the salient characteristics of pagan religions is the attribution
of power to lifeless statues and other objects of wood or stone, which
cannot speak or have any strength. Yet people expect favor from them and
even believe that these lifeless idols created the universe and all living
things, that they set the whole universe in motion, that they supply the
needs of mankind and grant health and blessing. Interestingly, similar
beliefs can be seen among modern evolutionists. As the pagans of ages
past believed that lifeless statues had power to create, evolutionists
believe that lifeless matter composed of unconscious atoms has creative
power. They claim that lifeless materials came together by coincidence,
organized themselves and formed living beings with flawless, highly complex
characteristics. Most prominent among idols is one that has changed only
in name since ancient times - "nature" or "Mother Nature."
Just as Darwinists regard lifeless matter
as the creator of living things, pagans worshipped statues carved
Tornadoes, earth-quakes and floods are attributed to "the anger of Mother
Nature" or are seen as "expressions of nature," but no one has any explanation
for this power that is called "nature." This same belief was present in
societies of the past but under a different name. In Greek mythology Mother
Nature was called "Gaia" and in pagan religions was known as the goddess
of plenty. What evolutionists have done is simply to change the names
and symbols, attributing the same power to unconscious atoms.
Actually, evolutionists admit this openly. An evolutionist scientist
by the name of James Lovelock proposed what is known as the "Gaia theory"
according to which the planet earth is a living thing. This is an example
showing that what the evolutionists put forward as "theory" is the beliefs
of classical pagan religions.
The evolutionist scientist Lovelock,
who proposed the idea that the planet earth was a living thing,
stated that he was inspired by Gaia, the earth goddess of Greek
To believe in the creative power of coincidence, inanimate matter or
unconscious atoms is certainly a travesty of reason. Just as the pagans
believed that lifeless idols created existing things, so evolutionists
believe that lifeless material formed living things. The origin of this
belief is in the view that everything is somehow divine, that inanimate
matter is possessed of intelligence and will, and that it is capable of
making decisions and implementing them.
In the Qur'an, Allah speaks of those who worship other than Him and make
gods for themselves of idols. He describes the struggle between His prophets
and such people. One of the pagan communities mentioned in the Qur'an
is that of Abraham:
"[Mention] when he said to his father, 'O my father, why
do you worship that which does not hear and does not see and will not
benefit you at all?'" 22
As stated in this verse, Abraham's father and tribe fashioned lifeless,
powerless statues with their own hands and accepted them as gods. They
worshipped them and supposed they could fulfill their needs, cure their
illnesses, and give them hardship or blessing.
Another similarity between the beliefs of modern evolutionists and those
of past pagan societies is that both are based on sun worship. Sun worship
goes back to the earliest periods of history. People knew the sun provided
them with light and heat, so they felt indebted to this celestial body
and considered it a god. In the past this deviant belief kept many people
away from Allah's true religion. The Qur'an touches on this subject telling
how the people of Sheba worshipped the sun in Solomon's time:
"[The hoopoe said],
'I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah, and
Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from the
[right] way, so they are not guided. And they do not prostrate to Allah,
who brings forth what is hidden within the heavens and the earth and knows
what you conceal and what you declare.'" 23
in the past believed in sun worship. Likewise, evolutionists of
today think that the sun is responsible for the formation of living
things. Some even go so far as to say that the sun worship of their
ancestors was a highly intelligent belief.
It is true that the sun provides the world with light and heat, but the
one who deserves credit for this is Allah, who created the sun. The sun
is a material mass without consciousness; there was a time when it did
not exist, and there will be one when its fuel will be exhausted and it
will be extinguished. Perhaps Allah will destroy it even before that day.
For He created the sun from nothing, like all heavenly bodies, and therefore
it is Allah who should be praised and glorified for their existence. In
one verse the reality is expressed in these words:
"And of His signs are
the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or
to the moon, but prostrate to Allah, who created them, if you should worship
It is interesting that modern evolutionists
recapitulate the basic beliefs of the old sun worshippers by proclaiming
that they owe their existence to the sun. When the beginnings of evolution
are considered, the sun is acknowledged as the source of every living
thing in the world. According to evolutionists, light from the sun caused
the appearance of the first living things on the earth. Later it was the
sun's energy that caused the formation and mutation of living species.
The approach of evolutionists in this regard was best summed up by the
American atheist evolutionist and enemy of religion, Carl Sagan. In his
book Cosmos, Sagan said, "If we must worship a power greater than ourselves,
does it not make sense to revere the sun and stars?" In the same book,
he wrote, "Our ancestors worshipped the sun, and they were far from foolish."
and his book Cosmos, in which he commends sun worship.
Carl Sagan's teacher, the evolutionist astronomer Harlow Shapley, is
known for saying, "Some piously record, 'In the beginning, God...' but
I say, 'In the beginning, hydrogen.'" Shapley believed that the first
element that existed was hydrogen and that this gas, in the course of
time, developed by itself into human beings, animals and trees.
At the root of all these nonsensical evolutionist ideas lies the divinization
of material things and of nature; evolutionist religion worships material
things and nature. But anyone using his intelligence can understand that
the universe is not a product of lifeless and unconscious matter; on the
contrary, he will see in every detail extraordinary intelligence, artistry
and intent. He perceives the existence of AllŒh through His perfect
and precise creation. But today some people are blind to this reality
and continue to worship material things as did the people of Sheba.
"And Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them
and averted them from the [right] way, so they are not guided."
The Perversity of All False Religions: Denial of God
Among the religions with an evolutionist mentality are
Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Like other pagan religions, Buddhism
rejects the concept of a Creator, believing that the universe is uncreated
and eternally evolving, and today's Buddhism accepts the same idea. 27
All such beliefs have noticeable parallels with the religion of Darwinism:
the denial of a Creator, the belief that water was the first material
substance that brought living things into being, the belief that living
things evolved from lifeless matter and developed to form other living
species, and the belief that they were not formed by intelligent design
but by random chance.
worship Buddha statues that they make with their own hands supposing
that they hear and see them.
Today, no scientist with an objective mind can defend the above list
of beliefs because science has demonstrated that living things were created
according to a magnificent design with intelligence and plan. One of the
most prominent names in the increasingly widespread "intelligent design"
theory is the American biochemist, Michael J. Behe, who writes:
The dilemma is that while one side of the [issue] is labeled
intelligent design, the other side must be labeled God. 28
The reality that the evolutionist mind can never accept is that Allah
exists and that He created the universe perfectly and with a purpose.
However, it only takes a moment's thought to understand this obvious reality.
In a number of verses in the Qur'an, Allah invites human beings to think
about the things He has created:
"Have they not looked
at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and [how]
it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly
set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind,
giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].
And We have sent down blessed rain from the sky and made grow thereby
gardens and grain from the harvest and lofty palm trees having fruit arranged
in layers - as provision for the servants, and We have given life thereby
to a dead land. Thus is the emergence [i.e., resurrection]." 29
Michael Behe giving a lecture in which
he demonstrates with scientific evidence the existence of an intelligent
design in nature, demolishing the claim of coincidence.
When examining the countless proofs of creation around them, scientists
who listen to their consciences and escape the dogmatic frame of mind
that denies Allah can readily accept the existence of a Creator. But the
Darwinists, who have not been able to remove themselves from this way
of thinking, continue to honor strange beliefs from pagan cultures, and
moreover, try to present them as a basis for scientific and rational thinking.
Pagan Greek Thinkers Sowed the First Seeds of Darwinism
The precursor of Darwinist ideas was presented by Greek Milesian philosophers
who had no knowledge of the laws of physics, chemistry or biology. One
of the most important assertions of these philosophers, among whom were
Thales, Anaximander and Empedocles, was that living things (animals, human
beings and plants) were generated spontaneously from inanimate elements
such as air, fire and water. According to this theory, the first living
things came into being suddenly and spontaneously in water, and after
a while some creatures left the water and adapted to living on land.
Thales claimed that living things could
generate themselves from water.
The first of these Milesian philosophers was Thales. He lived in a coastal
city and spent a long time in Egypt, where he was influenced by the importance
of the Nile river in the lives of its inhabitants. He became obsessed
with the idea that living things could generate themselves from water,
a conclusion he had reached by the use of simple logic and inference but
with no experiment or scientific observation. Later, other Milesian philosophers
established theories on the basis of the same logic.
After Thales the most important thinker was his pupil
Anaximander, who contributed two important materialist doctrines to the
annals of western thought. The first of these is that the universe has
always existed and will continue to exist into eternity. The second is
an idea that had begun to take shape in the time of Thales: that living
things evolved from one another. Anaximander even wrote a poem called
"On Nature," which is the first literary work to contain a theory of evolution.
In this poem he wrote that creatures arose from slime that had been dried
by the sun. He assumed that the first animals were covered with prickly
scales and lived in the seas. As these fish-like creatures evolved, they
moved onto land, shed their scaly coverings and eventually became human
beings.30 Philosophy books explain how Anaximander shaped the foundation
of the theory of evolution:
We find that Anaximander of Miletus (611-546
B.C.) advanced the traditional evolutionary idea, already quite common
in his day, that life first evolved from a type of pre-biotic soup, helped
along a bit by the rays of the sun. He believed that the first animals
developed from sea slime which had been evaporated by the sun rays. He
also believed that men were descended from fish. 31
The imaginary god that Egyptians believed
protected the Nile.
We meet an explanation similar to that of Anaximander in Charles Darwin's
book The Origin of Species. There is basically no difference between the
theory of evolution proposed there (in spite of its pseudo-scientific
claims) and the account of the Milesian philosophers who lived in the
pagan culture of ancient Greece.
The most important element of Darwin's theory, the concept of "natural
selection," also has ancient Greek roots. The thesis that natural selection
is due to a struggle for survival among the species is first encountered
in the work of the Greek philosopher Heraclitus. According to Heraclitus'
thesis, there is a constant struggle among living things. In a sense this
is the origin of Darwin's theory of natural selection 2,500 years later.
Empedocles (495-435 BC), who lived later than
Thales and Anaximander, believed that everything present on the earth
came to be through random intermixtures in varying proportions of water,
air, fire and earth. The writer David Skjaerlund, who has investigated
the philosophical roots of the theory of evolution in his book Philosophical
Origins of Evolution, states that Empedocles had some interesting ideas;
he "believed that chance alone was responsible for the entire process
and that man had developed from prior plant life." 32
The concept of chance in ancient religions forms a basic belief and is
also the most important idol of the religion of Darwinism.
Democritus is another Greek philosopher who contributed to the theory
of evolution and to those materialist philosophies that take the theory
for their foundation. According to Democritus, the universe is composed
of small particles called atoms and apart from matter nothing exists.
Atoms have always existed - uncreated and indestructible. Hence, matter
has always existed and will continue to exist into eternity. Democritus
rejected any kind of spiritual faith and claimed that spiritual values,
even morality, can be reduced to atoms. Thus, Democritus has been called
the first true materialist philosopher; to him the universe has no purpose,
everything moves according to a blind necessity, and everything came into
being spontaneously by itself. One is reminded again of the false gods
of modern evolutionists - unconscious atoms.
Democritus, like modern materialists,
believed erro-neously that matter is eternal and that nothing exists
Unconscious atoms composing the universe - the world,
the air we breathe, what we eat and drink, our bodies - in short, everything
we perceive, are central to the Darwinian theory. It is well known that
every living thing, human beings included, is made up of atoms of carbon,
hydrogen, oxygen, calcium, magnesium, iron and other elements. Darwinism
claims that these atoms came together randomly by chance. According to
this nonsensical claim, the various atoms that were formed by some unknown
impulse later came together incidentally to form stars, planets and all
heavenly bodies. After a time atoms again came together by chance to form
a living cell with a highly complex structure. Then this living cell underwent
a process of evolution to form living things with extraordinarily elaborate
systems, and finally, human beings with a highly developed consciousness.
Moreover, the human being who is totally the result of chance, with the
aid of instruments developed by chance (such as the electron microscope),
has discovered the atoms from which he is formed! This is passed off as
a scientific thesis!
Thus, the theory of evolution accepts as a fact that every atom is a
god with creative power and intent. But the atoms that form a conscious,
intelligent human being are themselves without consciousness or will.
Nevertheless, evolutionists claim that these lifeless atoms came together,
created a human being, and later this amalgamation of atoms decided to
go to college and have a career. However, every experiment and observation
has shown that without conscious organization, matter is never able to
organize itself; on the contrary, it advances towards disorder and chaos.
For this reason it is obvious that nothing in the universe results from
chance but has been brought into existence by a being with consciousness
and will, knowledge and intelligence. These are attributes of Allah, Lord
of the earth and the heavens.
Along with the aforementioned philosophers, another important contributor
to the religion of Darwinism was the Greek philosopher Aristotle. According
to Aristotle, species can be arranged in a hierarchy from the simplest
to the most complex and aligned in a linear form like steps in a ladder;
he called this thesis the Scala Naturae. This idea of Aristotle would
deeply influence western thought until the 18th century and was later
to become the origin of belief in the Great Chain of Being, which, in
turn, became the theory of evolution.
Evolutionists claim that atoms came into
being as a result of chance and gave rise to the whole universe.
That is, that one group of unconscious atoms formed the stars, the
planets and the earth; another group formed living things. Then,
another group of unconscious atoms formed the eye, the heart, the
nervous system, the brain and the whole perfect anatomical system
of a human being. Later, this human became a professor and started
to investigate the atoms that created him. It is obvious that such
a claim is unconvincing and far removed from intelligent scientific
methods. The whole universe and every living thing in it was perfectly
created with the sublime knowledge of Allah.
Another Belief from Ancient Pagan Cultures: The Great Chain of Being
The underlying idea of Darwinism - that every living thing evolved from
matter - is first encountered in the conception of the Great Chain of
Being by the Greek philosopher Aristotle. This is an evolutionary belief
still popular with those philosophers who deny the existence of Allah.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle: His
thesis, Scala Naturae, was a source of inspiration for modern evolutionists.
According to the idea of the Great Chain
of Being, which goes back to Aristotle, living things evolved from
the smallest creatures to larger ones. However, modern science has
shown that this claim is invalid; that the similarities among living
things is not proof of evolution; that the creatures illustrated
in the picture did not evolve from other creatures but every one
was created in its present form.
The originally Greek idea that the first living thing spontaneously produced
itself from water in the course of time became the doctrine of the Great
Chain of Being. According to the Scala Naturae which had been accepted
for 2000 years, living things formed by themselves evolving from minerals
to organic matter, from living organisms to plants, animals, human beings
and finally to "gods." According to this belief, new organs formed by
themselves conforming to the needs of nature. Originally, the idea was
proposed only as a philosophical view. According to this specious reasoning,
small living things became larger living things stage by stage; every
living thing has its place in the chain. It asserts also that stone, metal,
water and air became living organisms, living organisms became animals,
and animals became human beings without any interruption in the process.
The reason this belief (which has no scientific foundation, contradicts
all scientific facts, and stands only on abstract logic) has won acceptance
for so long is not a scientific but an ideological one. What allows this
false belief to endure is a dogmatic approach that denies the existence
of Allah. This belief periodically changed its name, was elaborated, and
finally became known as the "theory of evolution."
But it must be repeated: the alleged serial arrangement takes no account
of science. There is no consideration of the physical characteristics
of living things or about how life could come into being from lifeless
materials or how water-dwelling creatures could adapt to life on land.
Transitional forms, which are supposed to represent links of development
between species constitute one of the most serious impasses in the theory
of evolution today because they are not found in the fossil record. How
creatures change into others remains a great mystery because the chain
is merely the product of a superficial abstract logic invented by ancient
philosophers around a table.
Aristotle rejected the existence of a Creator who created all things
from nothing and instead presented the view of gods having evolved from
human beings. With this unsound deduction Aristotle greatly influenced
Greek materialist philosophers. The period in which the Scala Naturae
came into western thought coincides with advent of humanism and the Renaissance.
At the beginning of the 15th century Greek and Latin works were brought
into Europe and entered the current of western thought and philosophy.
Foremost in these texts was the concept of materialism and denial of the
existence of a Creator.
OF MATERIALIST GREEK AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHY ON ASTRONOMY
The materialist views of pagan Greek and Roman
philosophers gave rise not only to the theory of evolution but also
to a materialist understanding of the universe and to astrology.
The false belief of 19th century astronomy that the universe has
always existed is a materialist dogma that goes back to Greek and
Roman mythology. However, with the acceptance of the Big Bang theory
in the 20th century, it is now understood that the universe had
a beginning: that is, it was created from nothing.
The influence of ancient Greek and Roman pagan
culture on astronomy can easily be understood with reference to
a few of its symbolic names. The names given to planets and other
heavenly bodies all come from Greek and Roman mythology. Mercury
in pagan Greco-Roman religion was the god of commerce; Venus was
the goddess of love, Mars was the god of war, Jupiter was the supreme
god, Saturn was the god of agriculture, Uranus was the earliest
supreme god and a personification of the sky, Neptune was the god
of the sea, and Pluto was the god of the dead and ruler of the underworld.
The name of the Andromeda galaxy comes from the story of Andromeda
in Greek mythology. She was an Ethiopian princess whom the so-called
sea god Poseidon tried to kill.
philosophy has its origins in ancient Greece, the materialist scientists
who founded the science of astronomy took their inspiration from
Greek and Roman myths. The "infinite universe" model, defended so
vehemently in the 18th and 19th centuries, has been invalidated
by 20th century scientific discoveries. It has been shown that the
idea that the universe has existed forever is just as false as the
belief in the so-called gods of Greco-Roman mythology. In reality,
Allah created the whole universe - from the heavenly bodies to the
smallest bit of matter - from nothing.
In the godless way of thinking, human beings have full capacity to control
themselves and the world they live in, and it denies that there is another
life after death. So the Great Chain of Being formed the basis of this
belief by stating that human beings had come into being by chance as a
result of an evolutionary process and were essentially nothing more than
a lump of matter. Thus, moral values and human feelings have no importance;
a person should simply enjoy each day he lives and feel responsible to
no one. In time, Aristotle's concept of divinity at the top of the Scala
Naturae was replaced by the humanist idea of man as the highest being.
A picture illustrating the evolutionist
story of the supposed transition from water to land.
The Great Chain of Being was quite popular from the Renaissance until
the 18th century and exerted much influence on the materialist scientists
of that era. French scientists Benoit de Maillet, Pierre de Maupertuis,
Comte de Buffon and Jean Baptiste Lamarck, among others, who had a strong
influence on Charles Darwin, were men who had appropriated the Greek notion
of the Great Chain of Being. They based their scientific research on this
evolutionist view. The common tenet of these men was that the various
living species were not created individually but came into existence spontaneously
through a process of evolution dependent on natural conditions a model
similar to Darwin's. For this reason it can be said that modern evolutionary
thought was born in France.
Pierre de Maupertuis
and his 44-volume work Histoire Naturelle, which takes its
inspiration from ancient pagan mythology.
The French evolutionist Comte de Buffon was one of the most well-known
scientists of the 18th century. For more than fifty years he was the director
of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Paris. Darwin based much of his theory
on his works. In his 44-volume work Histoire Naturelle, it is possible
to find most of the elements that Darwin was to use.
The Great Chain of Being was the base of the evolutionist systems of
both de Buffon and Lamarck. The American historian of science, D.R. Oldroyd,
defines their relationship in these words:
In his Histoire Naturelle, Buffon reveals himself as an
exponent of the doctrine of the Great Chain of Being, with man being placed
at the top of the Chain... Lamarck held a version of the ancient doctrine
of the Great Chain of Being. Yet, ...it was not conceived as a rigid,
static structure. By their struggle to meet the requirements of the environment,
and with the help of the principle of the inheritance of acquired characteristics,
organisms could supposedly work their way up the Chain - from microbe
to man, so to speak... Moreover, new creatures were constantly appearing
at the bottom of the Chain, arising from inorganic matter through spontaneous
generation... Ascent of the Chain involved a continuous process of complexification,
due to the so-called "power of life." 33
As one can clearly see, what is called the "theory of evolution" is really
a transferal to modern times of the ancient Greek myth of the Great Chain
of Being. There were evolutionists before Darwin, and most of their ideas
and so-called proofs were already found in the concept of the Great Chain
of Being. With de Buffon and Lamarck, the Great Chain was offered to the
scientific world in a new form which influenced Darwin.
Indeed, Darwin was influenced by this idea to the extent
that he based his whole theory on its basic logic. In the book Darwin's
Century, Loren Eiseley points out that Darwin made use of the 18th century
concept of the scale of existence in his book The Origin of Species and
that the idea that whole organic matter tended inevitably to "progress
toward perfection" finds its origin there.34
Therefore, Darwin did not propose a new theory. What he did was nothing
more than to give it new expression in contemporary scientific language.
Based on a few deceptive observations, a religion going back to the pagan
myths of the Sumerians and ancient Greeks was sustained. It was enhanced
in the 17th and 18th centuries with new additions by many scientists.
Later, through Darwin's book The Origin of Species, the theory gained
a scientific veneer to become the greatest falsehood in the history of
Modern evolutionists still blindly believe that an illusory god called
Mother Nature created them, showing the same ignorance as the ancient
Greeks and Sumerians who worshipped imaginary gods created in their own
minds. In order to understand just how inept false religions are, it is
only necessary to look around, for everything in its smallest detail displays
beauty, sublime artistry and design. It takes only common sense to perceive
that this flawless precision could not have come into being by blind chance
through powerless deities or a natural chain beginning with primeval soup
and a stroke of lightening. The godless mind-bent of those who do not
believe is described in the Qur'an:
"And they said, No matter
what sign you bring us with which to bewitch us, we will not be believers
for you." 35
"And even if We had
sent down to them the angels and the dead spoke to them and We gathered
together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe
unless Allah should will. most of them, [of that], are ignorant." 36
"And even if We opened
to them a gate from the heaven and they continued therein to ascend, they
would say, Our eyes have only been dazzled; rather, we are a people affected
by magic." 37
As described in these verses, people who continue to deny the existence
of Allah live in complete ignorance. They will accept every kind of falsehood
but remain stubborn when it comes to the truth. They prefer not to believe
in logical scientific facts but in illusions which their lower selves
have made pleasing to them. Belief in evolution from earliest times has
been the result of a godless mind-set. Moreover, this mentality will always
exist, for it is part of Allah's decree. The Qur'an confirms this fact:
"And We have certainly
created for Hell many of the jinn and mankind. They have hearts with which
they do not understand, they have eyes with which they do not see, and
they have ears with which they do not hear. Those are like livestock;
rather, they are more astray. It is those who are the heedless."