mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single
person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered
(like seeds) countless men and women;- reverence Allah, through
whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs (That
bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.
2. To orphans restore
their property (When they reach their age), nor substitute (your)
worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance
(by mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.
3. If ye fear that ye
shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of
your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall
not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive)
that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent
you from doing injustice.
4. And give the women
(on marriage) their dower as a free gift; but if they, of their
own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, Take it and enjoy
it with right good cheer.
5. To those weak of understanding
Make not over your property, which Allah hath made a means of support
for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words
of kindness and justice.
6. Make trial of orphans
until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye find sound judgment
in them, release their property to them; but consume it not wastefully,
nor in haste against their growing up. If the guardian is well-off,
Let him claim no remuneration, but if he is poor, let him have for
himself what is just and reasonable. When ye release their property
to them, take witnesses in their presence: But all-sufficient is
Allah in taking account.
7. From what is left
by parents and those nearest related there is a share for men and
a share for women, whether the property be small or large,-a determinate
8. But if at the time
of division other relatives, or orphans or poor, are present, feed
them out of the (property), and speak to them words of kindness
9. Let those (disposing
of an estate) have the same fear in their minds as they would have
for their own if they had left a helpless family behind: Let them
fear Allah, and speak words of appropriate (comfort).
10. Those who unjustly
eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their own bodies:
They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!
11. Allah (thus) directs
you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to the male, a portion
equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their
share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is
a half. For parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if
the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are
the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased Left brothers
(or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases
('s) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether
your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These
are settled portions ordained by Allah. and Allah is All-knowing,
12. In what your wives
leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if they
leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts.
In what ye leave, their share is a fourth, if ye leave no child;
but if ye leave a child, they get an eighth; after payment of legacies
and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question,
has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother
or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than
two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies and debts;
so that no loss is caused (to any one). Thus is it ordained by Allah.
and Allah is All-knowing, Most Forbearing.
13. Those are limits
set by Allah. those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted
to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to abide therein (for ever)
and that will be the supreme achievement.
14. But those who disobey
Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted
to a Fire, to abide therein: And they shall have a humiliating punishment.
15. If any of your women
are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four (Reliable) witnesses
from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them
to houses until death do claim them, or Allah ordain for them some
16. If two men among
you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they repent and
amend, Leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, Most Merciful.
17. Allah accept the
repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards;
to them will Allah turn in mercy: For Allah is full of knowledge
18. Of no effect is
the repentance of those who continue to do evil, until death faces
one of them, and he says, "Now have I repented indeed;" nor of those
who die rejecting Faith: for them have We prepared a punishment
19. O ye who believe!
Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should
ye treat them with harshness, that ye may Take away part of the
dower ye have given them,-except where they have been guilty of
open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness
and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike
a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.
20. But if ye decide
to take one wife in place of another, even if ye had given the latter
a whole treasure for dower, Take not the least bit of it back: Would
ye take it by slander and manifest wrong?
21. And how could ye
take it when ye have gone in unto each other, and they have Taken
from you a solemn covenant?
22. And marry not women
whom your fathers married,- except what is past: It was shameful
and odious,- an abominable custom indeed.
23. Prohibited to you
(For marriage) are:- Your mothers, daughters, sisters; father's
sisters, Mother's sisters; brother's daughters, sister's daughters;
foster-mothers (Who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives'
mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship, born of your
wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition if ye have not gone
in;- (Those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your
loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except
for what is past; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful;-
24. Also (prohibited
are) women already married, except those whom your right hands possess:
Thus hath Allah ordained (Prohibitions) against you: Except for
these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage)
with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing
that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers (at least)
as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually
(to vary it), there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing,
25. If any of you have
not the means wherewith to wed free believing women, they may wed
believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess:
And Allah hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from
another: Wed them with the leave of their owners, and give them
their dowers, according to what is reasonable: They should be chaste,
not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock,
if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free
women. This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but
it is better for you that ye practise self-restraint. And Allah
is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
26. Allah doth wish
to make clear to you and to show you the ordinances of those before
you; and (He doth wish to) turn to you (In Mercy): And Allah is
27. Allah doth wish
to Turn to you, but the wish of those who follow their lusts is
that ye should turn away (from Him),- far, far away.
28. Allah doth wish
to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created Weak (in flesh).
29. O ye who believe!
Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there
be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or
destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful!
30. If any do that in
rancour and injustice,- soon shall We cast them into the Fire: And
easy it is for Allah.
31. If ye (but) eschew
the most heinous of the things which ye are forbidden to do, We
shall expel out of you all the evil in you, and admit you to a gate
of great honour.
32. And in no wise covet
those things in which Allah Hath bestowed His gifts More freely
on some of you than on others: To men is allotted what they earn,
and to women what they earn: But ask Allah of His bounty. For Allah
hath full knowledge of all things.
33. To (benefit) every
one, We have appointed shares and heirs to property left by parents
and relatives. To those, also, to whom your right hand was pledged,
give their due portion. For truly Allah is witness to all things.
34. Men are the protectors
and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more (strength)
than the other, and because they support them from their means.
Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in
(the husband's) absence what Allah would have them guard. As to
those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish
them (first), (Next), refuse to share their beds, (And last) beat
them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not against
them Means (of annoyance): For Allah is Most High, great (above
35. If ye fear a breach
between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one from his family,
and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, Allah will cause
their reconciliation: For Allah hath full knowledge, and is acquainted
with all things.
36. Serve Allah, and
join not any partners with Him; and do good- to parents, kinsfolk,
orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who
are strangers, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (ye meet),
and what your right hands possess: For Allah loveth not the arrogant,
37. (Nor) those who
are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide the bounties
which Allah hath bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those
who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt;-
38. Not those who spend
of their substance, to be seen of men, but have no faith in Allah
and the Last Day: If any take the Evil One for their intimate, what
a dreadful intimate he is!
39. And what burden
Were it on them if they had faith in Allah and in the Last Day,
and they spent out of what Allah hath given them for sustenance?
For Allah hath full knowledge of them.
40. Allah is never unjust
in the least degree: If there is any good (done), He doubleth it,
and giveth from His own presence a great reward.
41. How then if We brought
from each people a witness, and We brought thee as a witness against
42. On that day those
who reject Faith and disobey the apostle will wish that the earth
Were made one with them: But never will they hide a single fact
43. O ye who believe!
Approach not prayers with a mind befogged, until ye can understand
all that ye say,- nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (Except
when travelling on the road), until after washing your whole body.
If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices
of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no
water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith
your faces and hands. For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again
44. Hast thou not turned
Thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book? they traffic
in error, and wish that ye should lose the right path.
45. But Allah hath full
knowledge of your enemies: Allah is enough for a protector, and
Allah is enough for a Helper.
46. Of the Jews there
are those who displace words from their (right) places, and say:
"We hear and we disobey"; and "Hear what is not Heard"; and "Ra'ina";
with a twist of their tongues and a slander to Faith. If only they
had said: "What hear and we obey"; and "Do hear"; and "Do look at
us"; it would have been better for them, and more proper; but Allah
hath cursed them for their Unbelief; and but few of them will believe.
47. O ye People of the
Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed, confirming what was
(already) with you, before We change the face and fame of some (of
you) beyond all recognition, and turn them hindwards, or curse them
as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers, for the decision of Allah Must
be carried out.
48. Allah forgiveth
not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything
else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise
a sin Most heinous indeed.
49. Hast thou not turned
Thy vision to those who claim sanctity for themselves? Nay-but Allah
Doth sanctify whom He pleaseth. But never will they fail to receive
justice in the least little thing.
50. Behold! how they
invent a lie against Allah. but that by itself is a manifest sin!
51. Hast thou not turned
Thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book? they believe
in sorcery and Evil, and say to the Unbelievers that they are better
guided in the (right) way Than the believers!
52. They are (men) whom
Allah hath cursed: And those whom Allah Hath cursed, thou wilt find,
have no one to help.
53. Have they a share
in dominion or power? Behold, they give not a farthing to their
54. Or do they envy
mankind for what Allah hath given them of his bounty? but We had
already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom, and conferred
upon them a great kingdom.
55. Some of them believed,
and some of them averted their faces from him: And enough is Hell
for a burning fire.
56. Those who reject
our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often as their skins
are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that
they may taste the penalty: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.
57. But those who believe
and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit to Gardens, with
rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home: Therein shall they
have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades, cool
and ever deepening.
58. Allah doth command
you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And
when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily
how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is
He Who heareth and seeth all things.
59. O ye who believe!
Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority
among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to
Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last
Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.
60. Hast thou not turned
Thy vision to those who declare that they believe in the revelations
that have come to thee and to those before thee? Their (real) wish
is to resort together for judgment (in their disputes) to the Evil
One, though they were ordered to reject him. But Satan's wish is
to lead them astray far away (from the right).
61. When it is said
to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed, and to the Messenger.:
Thou seest the Hypocrites avert their faces from thee in disgust.
62. How then, when they
are seized by misfortune, because of the deeds which they hands
have sent forth? Then their come to thee, swearing by Allah. "We
meant no more than good-will and conciliation!"
63. Those men,-(Allah)
knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them, but admonish
them, and speak to them a word to reach their very souls.
64. We sent not an apostle,
but to be obeyed, in accordance with the will of Allah. If they
had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and
asked Allah.s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness
for them, they would have found Allah indeed Oft-returning, Most
65. But no, by the Lord,
they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all
disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against
Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.
66. If We had ordered
them to sacrifice their lives or to leave their homes, very few
of them would have done it: But if they had done what they were
(actually) told, it would have been best for them, and would have
gone farthest to strengthen their (faith);
67. And We should then
have given them from our presence a great reward;
68. And We should have
shown them the Straight Way.
69. All who obey Allah
and the apostle are in the company of those on whom is the Grace
of Allah,- of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth),
the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah!
what a beautiful fellowship!
70. Such is the bounty
from Allah. And sufficient is it that Allah knoweth all.
71. O ye who believe!
Take your precautions, and either go forth in parties or go forth
72. There are certainly
among you men who would tarry behind: If a misfortune befalls you,
they say: "(Allah) did favour us in that we were not present among
73. But if good fortune
comes to you from Allah, they would be sure to say - as if there
had never been Ties of affection between you and them - "Oh! I wish
I had been with them; a fine thing should I then have made of it!"
74. Let those fight
in the cause of Allah Who sell the life of this world for the hereafter.
To him who fighteth in the cause of Allah,- whether he is slain
or gets victory - Soon shall We give him a reward of great (value).
75. And why should ye
not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are
ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and children, whose cry
is: "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors;
and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us
from thee one who will help!"
76. Those who believe
fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith Fight in
the cause of Evil: So fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble
indeed is the cunning of Satan.
77. Hast thou not turned
Thy vision to those who were told to hold back their hands (from
fight) but establish regular prayers and spend in regular charity?
When (at length) the order for fighting was issued to them, behold!
a section of them feared men as - or even more than - they should
have feared Allah. They said: "Our Lord! Why hast Thou ordered us
to fight? Wouldst Thou not Grant us respite to our (natural) term,
near (enough)?" Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this world: the
Hereafter is the best for those who do right: Never will ye be dealt
with unjustly in the very least!
78. "Wherever ye are,
death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up strong
and high!" If some good befalls them, they say, "This is from Allah.;
but if evil, they say, "This is from thee" (O Prophet). Say: "All
things are from Allah." But what hath come to these people, that
they fail to understand a single fact?
79. Whatever good, (O
man!) happens to thee, is from Allah. but whatever evil happens
to thee, is from thy (own) soul. and We have sent thee as an apostle
to (instruct) mankind. And enough is Allah for a witness.
80. He who obeys the
Messenger, obeys Allah. But if any turn away, We have not sent thee
to watch over their (evil deeds).
81. They have "Obedience"
on their lips; but when they leave thee, a section of them Meditate
all night on things very different from what thou tellest them.
But Allah records their nightly (plots): So keep clear of them,
and put thy trust in Allah, and enough is Allah as a disposer of
82. Do they not consider
the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other Than Allah, they
would surely have found therein Much discrepancy.
83. When there comes
to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear, they divulge
it. If they had only referred it to the Messenger, or to those charged
with authority among them, the proper investigators would have Tested
it from them (direct). Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of Allah
unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the clutches
84. Then fight in Allah.s
cause - Thou art held responsible only for thyself - and rouse the
believers. It may be that Allah will restrain the fury of the Unbelievers;
for Allah is the strongest in might and in punishment.
85. Whoever recommends
and helps a good cause becomes a partner therein: And whoever recommends
and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden: And Allah hath power
over all things.
86. When a (courteous)
greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous,
or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of
87. Allah. There is
no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the
Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can
be truer than Allah.s?
88. Why should ye be
divided into two parties about the Hypocrites? Allah hath upset
them for their (evil) deeds. Would ye guide those whom Allah hath
thrown out of the Way? For those whom Allah hath thrown out of the
Way, never shalt thou find the Way.
89. They but wish that
ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on the same footing
(as they): But take not friends from their ranks until they flee
in the way of Allah (From what is forbidden). But if they turn renegades,
seize them and slay them wherever ye find them; and (in any case)
take no friends or helpers from their ranks;-
90. Except those who
join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace),
or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting
you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased,
He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought
you: Therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and
(instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then Allah Hath opened
no way for you (to war against them).
91. Others you will
find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that of their
people: Every time they are sent back to temptation, they succumb
thereto: if they withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees)
of peace besides restraining their hands, seize them and slay them
wherever ye get them: In their case We have provided you with a
clear argument against them.
92. Never should a believer
kill a believer; but (If it so happens) by mistake, (Compensation
is due): If one (so) kills a believer, it is ordained that he should
free a believing slave, and pay compensation to the deceased's family,
unless they remit it freely. If the deceased belonged to a people
at war with you, and he was a believer, the freeing of a believing
slave (Is enough). If he belonged to a people with whom ye have
treaty of Mutual alliance, compensation should be paid to his family,
and a believing slave be freed. For those who find this beyond their
means, (is prescribed) a fast for two months running: by way of
repentance to Allah. for Allah hath all knowledge and all wisdom.
93. If a man kills a
believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein
(For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and
a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.
94. O ye who believe!
When ye go abroad in the cause of Allah, investigate carefully,
and say not to any one who offers you a salutation: "Thou art none
of a believer!" Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with
Allah are profits and spoils abundant. Even thus were ye yourselves
before, till Allah conferred on you His favours: Therefore carefully
investigate. For Allah is well aware of all that ye do.
95. Not equal are those
believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive
and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons.
Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight
with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto
all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and
fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special
96. Ranks specially
bestowed by Him, and Forgiveness and Mercy. For Allah is Oft-forgiving,
97. When angels take
the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say:
"In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed Were
we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious
enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will
find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! -
98. Except those who
are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and children - who
have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to their way.
99. For these, there
is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins)
and forgive again and again.
100. He who forsakes
his home in the cause of Allah, finds in the earth Many a refuge,
wide and spacious: Should he die as a refugee from home for Allah
and His Messenger, His reward becomes due and sure with Allah. And
Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
101. When ye travel
through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers,
for fear the Unbelievers May attack you: For the Unbelievers are
unto you open enemies.
102. When thou (O Messenger.
art with them, and standest to lead them in prayer, Let one party
of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, Taking their arms with them:
When they finish their prostrations, let them Take their position
in the rear. And let the other party come up which hath not yet
prayed - and let them pray with thee, Taking all precaution, and
bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of your
arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush. But there
is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience
of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves.
For the Unbelievers Allah hath prepared a humiliating punishment.
103. When ye pass (Congregational)
prayers, celebrate Allah.s praises, standing, sitting down, or lying
down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up Regular
Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.
104. And slacken not
in following up the enemy: If ye are suffering hardships, they are
suffering similar hardships; but ye have Hope from Allah, while
they have none. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
105. We have sent down
to thee the Book in truth, that thou mightest judge between men,
as guided by Allah. so be not (used) as an advocate by those who
betray their trust;
106. But seek the forgiveness
of Allah. for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
107. Contend not on
behalf of such as betray their own souls; for Allah loveth not one
given to perfidy and crime:
108. They may hide
(Their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (Them) from Allah,
seeing that He is in their midst when they plot by night, in words
that He cannot approve: And Allah Doth compass round all that they
109. Ah! These are
the sort of men on whose behalf ye may contend in this world; but
who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the Day of Judgment,
or who will carry their affairs through?
110. If any one does
evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks Allah.s forgiveness,
he will find Allah Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
111. And if any one
earns sin. he earns it against His own soul: for Allah is full of
knowledge and wisdom.
112. But if any one
earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent,
He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin.
113. But for the Grace
of Allah to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would certainly
have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will only Lead
their own souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in the least.
For Allah hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and taught
thee what thou Knewest not (before): And great is the Grace of Allah
114. In most of their
secret talks there is no good: But if one exhorts to a deed of charity
or justice or conciliation between men, (Secrecy is permissible):
To him who does this, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, We shall
soon give a reward of the highest (value).
115. If anyone contends
with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly conveyed
to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith,
We shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell,-
what an evil refuge!
116. Allah forgiveth
not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom
He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with
Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).
117. (The Pagans),
leaving Him, call but upon female deities:They call but upon satan
the persistent rebel!
118. Allah did curse him, but he said:
"I will take of Thy servants a portion Marked off;
119. "I will mislead them, and I will create
in them false desires; I will order them to slit the ears of cattle,
and to deface the (fair) nature created by Allah." Whoever, forsaking
Allah, takes satan for a friend, hath of a surety suffered a loss
that is manifest.
120. Satan makes them
promises, and creates in them false desires; but satan's promises
are nothing but deception.
121. They (his dupes)
will have their dwelling in Hell, and from it they will find no
way of escape.
122. But those who
believe and do deeds of righteousness,- we shall soon admit them
to gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,-to dwell therein for ever.
Allah.s promise is the truth, and whose word can be truer than Allah.s?
123. Not your desires,
nor those of the People of the Book (can prevail): whoever works
evil, will be requited accordingly. Nor will he find, besides Allah,
any protector or helper.
124. If any do deeds
of righteousness,- be they male or female - and have faith, they
will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.
125. Who can be better
in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah, does good,
and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith? For Allah did
take Abraham for a friend.
126. But to Allah belong
all things in the heavens and on earth: And He it is that Encompasseth
127. They ask thy instruction
concerning the women say: Allah doth instruct you about them: And
(remember) what hath been rehearsed unto you in the Book, concerning
the orphans of women to whom ye give not the portions prescribed,
and yet whom ye desire to marry, as also concerning the children
who are weak and oppressed: that ye stand firm for justice to orphans.
There is not a good deed which ye do, but Allah is well-acquainted
128. If a wife fears
cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no blame on
them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves;
and such settlement is best; even though men's souls are swayed
by greed. But if ye do good and practise self-restraint, Allah is
well-acquainted with all that ye do.
129. Ye are never able
to be fair and just as between women, even if it is your ardent
desire: But turn not away (from a woman) altogether, so as to leave
her (as it were) hanging (in the air). If ye come to a friendly
understanding, and practise self- restraint, Allah is Oft-forgiving,
130. But if they disagree
(and must part), Allah will provide abundance for all from His all-reaching
bounty: for Allah is He that careth for all and is Wise.
131. To Allah belong
all things in the heavens and on earth. Verily we have directed
the People of the Book before you, and you (o Muslims) to fear Allah.
But if ye deny Him, lo! unto Allah belong all things in the heavens
and on earth, and Allah is free of all wants, worthy of all praise.
132. Yea, unto Allah
belong all things in the heavens and on earth, and enough is Allah
to carry through all affairs.
133. If it were His
will, He could destroy you, o mankind, and create another race;
for He hath power this to do.
134. If any one desires
a reward in this life, in Allah.s (gift) is the reward (both) of
this life and of the hereafter: for Allah is He that heareth and
seeth (all things).
135. O ye who believe!
stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against
yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against)
rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts
(of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or
decline to do justice, verily Allah is well- acquainted with all
that ye do.
136. O ye who believe!
Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath
sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before
(him). Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messenger.,
and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
137. Those who believe,
then reject faith, then believe (again) and (again) reject faith,
and go on increasing in unbelief,- Allah will not forgive them nor
guide them nor guide them on the way.
138. To the Hypocrites
give the glad tidings that there is for them (but) a grievous penalty;-
139. Yea, to those
who take for friends unbelievers rather than believers: is it honour
they seek among them? Nay,- all honour is with Allah.
140. Already has He
sent you Word in the Book, that when ye hear the signs of Allah
held in defiance and ridicule, ye are not to sit with them unless
they turn to a different theme: if ye did, ye would be like them.
For Allah will collect the hypocrites and those who defy faith -
all in Hell:-
141. (These are) the
ones who wait and watch about you: if ye do gain a victory from
Allah, they say: "Were we not with you?"- but if the unbelievers
gain a success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain an advantage
over you, and did we not guard you from the believers?" but Allah
will judge betwixt you on the Day of Judgment. And never will Allah
grant to the unbelievers a way (to triumphs) over the believers.
142. The Hypocrites
- they think they are over-reaching Allah, but He will over- reach
them: When they stand up to prayer, they stand without earnestness,
to be seen of men, but little do they hold Allah in remembrance;
143. (They are) distracted
in mind even in the midst of it,- being (sincerely) for neither
one group nor for another whom Allah leaves straying,- never wilt
thou find for him the way.
144. O ye who believe!
Take not for friends unbelievers rather than believers: Do ye wish
to offer Allah an open proof against yourselves?
145. The Hypocrites
will be in the lowest depths of the Fire: no helper wilt thou find
146. Except for those
who repent, mend (their lives) hold fast to Allah, and purify their
religion as in Allah.s sight: if so they will be (numbered) with
the believers. And soon will Allah grant to the believers a reward
of immense value.
147. What can Allah
gain by your punishment, if ye are grateful and ye believe? Nay,
it is Allah that recogniseth (all good), and knoweth all things.
148. Allah loveth not
that evil should be noised abroad in public speech, except where
injustice hath been done; for Allah is He who heareth and knoweth
149. Whether ye publish
a good deed or conceal it or cover evil with pardon, verily Allah
doth blot out (sins) and hath power (in the judgment of values).
150. Those who deny
Allah and His apostles, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from
His apostles, saying: "We believe in some but reject others": And
(those who) wish to take a course midway,-
151. They are in truth
(equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating
152. To those who believe
in Allah and His apostles and make no distinction between any of
the apostles, we shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah
is Oft- forgiving, Most Merciful.
153. The people of
the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven:
Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they
said: "Show us Allah in public," but they were dazed for their presumption,
with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after
clear signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave
Moses manifest proofs of authority.
154. And for their
covenant we raised over them (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai);
and (on another occasion) we said: "Enter the gate with humility";
and (once again) we commanded them: "Transgress not in the matter
of the sabbath." And we took from them a solemn covenant.
155. (They have incurred
divine displeasure): In that they broke their covenant; that they
rejected the signs of Allah. that they slew the Messengers in defiance
of right; that they said, "Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve
Allah.s Word; We need no more)";- Nay, Allah hath set the seal on
their hearts for their blasphemy, and little is it they believe;-
156. That they rejected
Faith; that they uttered against Mary a grave false charge;
157. That they said
(in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger
of Allah.;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it
was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full
of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow,
for of a surety they killed him not:-
158. Nay, Allah raised
him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;-
159. And there is none
of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death;
and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness against them;-
160. For the iniquity
of the Jews We made unlawful for them certain (foods) good and wholesome
which had been lawful for them;- in that they hindered many from
161. That they took
usury, though they were forbidden; and that they devoured men's
substance wrongfully;- we have prepared for those among them who
reject faith a grievous punishment.
162. But those among
them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe
in what hath been revealed to thee and what was revealed before
thee: And (especially) those who establish regular prayer and practise
regular charity and believe in Allah and in the Last Day: To them
shall We soon give a great reward.
163. We have sent thee
inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him:
we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes,
to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, and to David We gave the
164. Of some apostles
We have already told thee the story; of others We have not;- and
to Moses Allah spoke direct;-
165. Messenger. who
gave good news as well as warning, that mankind, after (the coming)
of the apostles, should have no plea against Allah. For Allah is
Exalted in Power, Wise.
166. But Allah beareth
witness that what He hath sent unto thee He hath sent from His (own)
knowledge, and the angels bear witness: But enough is Allah for
167. Those who reject
Faith and keep off (men) from the way of Allah, have verily strayed
far, far away from the Path.
168. Those who reject
Faith and do wrong,- Allah will not forgive them nor guide them
to any way-
169. Except the way
of Hell, to dwell therein for ever. And this to Allah is easy.
170. O Mankind! The
Messenger hath come to you in truth from Allah. believe in him:
It is best for you. But if ye reject Faith, to Allah belong all
things in the heavens and on earth: And Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
171. O People of the
Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught
but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an
apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a
spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His apostles.
Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah
is one Allah. Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having
a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And
enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.
172. Christ disdaineth
nor to serve and worship Allah, nor do the angels, those nearest
(to Allah.: those who disdain His worship and are arrogant,-He will
gather them all together unto Himself to (answer).
173. But to those who
believe and do deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due)
rewards,- and more, out of His bounty: But those who are disdainful
and arrogant, He will punish with a grievous penalty; Nor will they
find, besides Allah, any to protect or help them.
174. O mankind! verily
there hath come to you a convincing proof from your Lord: For We
have sent unto you a light (that is) manifest.
175. Then those who
believe in Allah, and hold fast to Him,- soon will He admit them
to mercy and grace from Himself, and guide them to Himself by a
176. They ask thee
for a legal decision. Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who
leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs. If it is a man that
dies, leaving a sister but no child, she shall have half the inheritance:
If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, Her brother
takes her inheritance: If there are two sisters, they shall have
two-thirds of the inheritance (between them): if there are brothers
and sisters, (they share), the male having twice the share of the
female. Thus doth Allah make clear to you (His law), lest ye err.
And Allah hath knowledge of all things.