Ignorant people often resort to demagogy to justify themselves. This
is a method by which they maintain their rights, or prestige, by using
emotional, dishonest or oblique arguments rather than reason. Apart from
these ploys, the way people conduct themselves is also an efficient element
of demagogy. Interrupting, shouting and telling lies are well-known methods
of demagogy. Disbelievers demonstrate a remarkable capacity for this 'art'.
To justify their point of view or to establish superiority over others,
they resort to inconceivable methods. The main purpose of all these efforts
is to oppose the truth. They make all these efforts to justify themselves
and thereby to find a pretext to ease their remorse.
This, however, is not a method developed by the individuals themselves.
As in many other issues, Satan guides them. The statement of Satan in
the following verses shows that Satan was the first demagogue in history.
(God) said: "O Iblis! What prevents you from
prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with My own hands? Are
you haughty? Or are you one of the high (and mighty) ones?" He replied
: "I am better than him. You created me from fire, while him You
created from clay." He said: "Go forth from hence, for you are
outcast." (Surah Sad: 75-77)
When he was told to prostrate himself before Adam, Satan arrogantly refused,
and offered wicked explanations. This was typical demagogy; his pretext
for not following the command of God is stated in the following statement
of Satan: "You created me from fire, while
you created him from clay." However his main purpose is to
revolt against God. The comparison between fire and clay is only a pretext.
The attitude of ignorant people is exactly the same. They first decide
to disobey and then find excuses for their disobedience. At this point,
they do what Satan did and employ the various methods of demagogy to cover
their dishonesty and to comfort themselves.
Satan indoctrinates them by stealth and constantly whispers methods of
demagogy to their souls. Meanwhile, the individual struggles to choose
between the voice of his common sense whispering the truth and the voice
of his soul, that speaks for Satan. In this way, Satan approaches man
in all circumstances and tempts him.
That is why for ages people all around the world employ exactly the same
tactics and methods against religion. This fact is underlined in the Qur'an:
But they say what the ancients said before them.
(Surah al-Mumenoon: 81)
However, one point deserves mention here: Satan is a being completely
under the control of God like all other creatures, such as the jinns,
the angels and human beings. Contrary to the commonly held view, Satan
is not a separate being, apart from and independent of God. He is in the
service of God to test man in this world. This fact is explained in the
He said: Then you are of those reprieved
till The Appointed Day. He said: My Lord! Because You have sent me astray,
I shall truly make pleasant the path of error for them on the earth, and
shall mislead them every one. Save such of them as are Your perfectly
devoted slaves. He said: This is a right course incumbent upon Me. As
for My slaves, you have no power over any of them, save such of the sinners
as follow you. (Surah al-Hijr: 36-42)