Miracles Just Beside Us
We did not create the heavens, the earth, and all
between them, merely in idle sport: We created them to reveal the
truth: but most of them do not understand. (Dukhan, 38-39)
At the beginning of the book we gave the example of a man who had been
“suddenly” created. We described how this person would inspect his own
being and his environment with great admiration and amazement. It was
also pointed out that our own situation is not a bit different from this
man’s; however, because of the behaviour and habits acquired from society,
we have forgotten how to be amazed, astonished or even affected in any
way by the excellence that exists around us. In other words, we
have lost our ability to realize the miracles lying right in front of
One of the most important subjects covered in the verses of the Qur’an
is the need for breaking this indifference that has developed because
of these habits and flawed thinking. While some verses of the Qur’an describe
people going astray when awaiting miracles or other proof of Allah
before they accept Him, other verses refer to a source of reality in miraculous
phenomena which are already in existence everywhere.
According to the Qur’an, all living things constitute evidence of
the existence and omnipotence of Allah. The reason for this is that every
creation of Allah is characteristic of the designation of a Creator. Actually,
displaying Allah’s precise and gentle work of art and infinite intelligence
is the impetus for their creation.
We are now going to reflect on specific examples of animals that are
given in the Qur’an.
“And in the creation of yourselves and the fact that
animals are scattered over the earth, are Signs for those of assured Faith.”
The Honey Bee
“And your Lord taught the Bee” “And
your Lord taught the Bee to build its cells in hills, on trees, and in
men’s habitations; then to eat of all the produce (of the earth), and
find with skill the spacious paths of its Lord: there issues from within
their bodies a drink of varying colours, wherein is healing for men: truly
in this is a Sign for those who give thought.” (Nahl, 68-69)
The above verse of the Qur’an, in the chapter named “An-Nahl” or “honeybee”,
informs us that this tiny animal has many mysteries of creation
within itself. Do you yourself ever remember thinking about the complex
story of that delicious food, honey, and its producer, the honeybee?
In fact, bees store this wonderful food named honey in preparation for
the winter months when it is going to be hard for them to find flowers.
Normally, animals do not trouble to store food exceeding the actual amount
they can consume. However, bees produce honey in quantities, several times
greater than their actual needs. This is just the same as the hen unnecessarily
laying eggs daily or the cow producing milk more than its newborn would
Certainly, the first question that comes to mind is; Why has this “excess
production” lasting for tens of thousands of years not terminated?
The answer to this question lies in the above verse that explains how
the bee is taught to produce honey.
The lives of bees in the hive and their honey production are very interesting
in their processes. Without going into too much detail, let us discover
more about the primary properties of the bees’ “social life”.
Regulation of humidity: The temperature in the hive has to be
32 degrees Celsius for 10 months of the year during the brooding period.
Humidity, which principally causes honey to attain its protective quality,
must be kept within a certain limit in the hive. If this limit is exceeded,
the honey is spoiled and loses its protective and nutritious qualities.
In order to constantly maintain the temperature and humidity in the hive
within these exact limits, a special “ventilation group” is appointed
solely for this important task.
Air conditioning: Bees ventilate the hive to make it cool and
produce honey with the right humidity level. The same ventilation system
is used to safeguard the hive from smoke and air pollution.
During a hot day, it is easy to observe the bees ventilating the hive.
They round into the entrance and by clamping on to the wooden floor, they
use their wings to fan the hive. In a standard hive, the incoming air
is forced to leave from the other side. Extra ventilators in the hive
also allow the air to be pushed in four different directions.
Now another question comes to mind, how do the bees “plan” and “carry
out” the operations for the regulation of humidity and air conditioning?
These operations need immense “intelligence” and “consciousness”. We already
know that it is not possible for these animals to possess these abilities.
Then, the real source of this intelligence and consciousness must be found.
Health system: The efforts of the bees to preserve the quality
of the honey are not confined to humidity regulation and air conditioning.
A wonderful health system functions in the hive to control all events
that may result in the origination of bacteria. This system firstly aims
at destroying all places that may possibly result in the production of
bacteria. The basic principle of this health system is to prevent foreign
objects from entering the hive. Because of this, there are always two
guardians at the hive’s entrance. If a foreign substance or insect enters
the hive despite this prevention, all bees get into action to keep it
out of the hive.
For the bigger foreign objects that cannot be carried outside, another
prevention mechanism is started. Bees produce a substance called “propolis,
or bee resin” for these kinds of situations. They formulate it by gathering
resin from trees like pine, poplar and acacia, then combine it with some
special secretions. The basic utility of propolis is its resistance to
bacterial invasion. Dangerous sorts of substances are therefore, covered
with 1.5 mm thick propolis, and isolated from the hive.
Interestingly, this same bee resin is used to patch any cracks in the
hive. This resin reacts with the air and forms a hard surface after drying
in a very short time. Even though we assume that bees secrete this substance
“consciously” to cover foreign particles, etc., how can we explain the
bees giving an antibacterial quality to this secretion? Do you,
who have a more developed intelligence than the bee, possess the
ability to give an antibacterial quality to any of the secretions of your
It is very evident that the system bees implement when protecting the
hive again needs great consciousness and intelligence.
Finally, it is abundantly clear that the bee’s body and its secretions
are precisely “designed” and created.
Cleaning: Bees never leave their feces inside the hive; they excrete
when flying or far away from the hive.
Cells: Honeybees shape small beeswax cells and construct a hive
in which 30.000 bees live and work together.
The hive is made up of beeswax-walled honeycombs with many tiny cells
on their surfaces. All the cells forming the honeycomb have exactly the
same dimensions. This engineering miracle is multiplied by the collective
functioning of thousands of bees. Bees use these cells for food storage
and maintenance of the young bees.
Bees have used the hexagonal structure in the formation of the honeycomb
for millions of years. Why have they chosen the hexagonal formation rather
than octagonal, spherical or pentagonal structures? Mathematicians have
spent a great deal of effort on finding the answer to this question. Calculations
proved that the hexagonal structure was the most suitable and convenient
geometric form to gain maximum benefit from the unit area in the honeycomb.
If the honeycomb cells were formed in another structure, then there would
be spare places left out of use; thus less honey would be stored. Also
the population of the bees using the hive would be less. Another advantage
of the hexagonal cell is that while containing the maximum amount
of honey; it needs the minimum amount of wax for construction.
The honeycomb as an architectural miracle: The construction of the honeycomb
is started from the upper side of the hive and continued simultaneously
in two or three separate rows downward. While a single honeycomb expands
in two opposite directions, the lower ends of its two rows must join.
This job is realized with remarkable cooperation and organization. So,
it is never possible to tell that the honeycomb was originally constituted
by a process involving three separate parts. The pieces of honeycomb produced
from separate starting points are combined with such skill that, although
there are hundreds of different angles in its structure, it seems like
one uniform piece.
The cells combining these two rows also have a perfect hexagonal structure
and the same dimensions as all the others. Not even one cell is different
from the others. Scientists are deeply surprised at how the work of thousands
of bees is marked by such precise calculation.
Determination of direction: Honeybees usually have to fly long distances
and trace out large territories to find food. They gather flower dust
and honey constituents within a range of 800 meters from their hive. The
bee, which finds the flowers, flies back to the hive to inform the others
about their location. But, how will this bee describe this place to its
The bee returning to the hive starts to perform a kind of a dance. This
dance is a way of explaining the location of the flower source to the
other bees. This dance, repeated many times by the bee, includes information
about the direction, distance and other details to enable the other bees
to reach the target. This dance of the bee is actually performed by drawing
figure of 8 in the air. The bee forms the middle part of the eight by
shaking its tail and making zig-zags. The angle between the zig-zags and
the line between the sun-hive, gives the exact direction of the food source.
However, knowing only the direction of the food source is not enough.
Worker bees should also possess information regarding the distance of
the hive from the source before going there. So, the bee returning from
the flower source shakes its body several times to tell the distance.
For example, in order to express a distance of 250 m., it shakes the bottom
part of its body 5 times in half a minute. In this way, the exact is defined
in terms of both distance and angle.
If the journey from the hive to the source is taking a long time, a new
problem arises for the bee. The sun moves 1 degree every four minutes.
Eventually, while describing the location of the food source, the bee
will possibly make an error of one degree for each four minutes he spends
on his way back to the hive.
Yet, the bee does not actually have any problem at all! The bee’s eye
is formed of many small hexagonal lenses. Each lens focuses on a narrow
area just like a telescope. When the bee flies towards the sun during
the day, it can find its exact position all the time. Scientists say that
the bee does this by judging the time of day by the brightness of the
sun. It accordingly modifies its directions to the other bees so that
there is no margin of error.
Your Lord inspired the bee, saying: ....“eat
of all the produce of the earth, and find with skill the spacious paths
of your Lord: there issues from within their bodies a drink of varying
colours, wherein is healing for men: surely in this there is a Sign for
those who would give thought.” (An-Nahl, 69)
It has become possible only in the last few years, with the improvements
in research techniques, to analyze the content of the honey and its significance
as a food source. Many international magazines have used honey as a cover
page story, while others have even gone further and prepared additional
issues for this precious natural food. Now let us look into the details
of this unbelievable nutrient produced by this very small animal that
Allah has created:
Honey is composed of sugars like glucose, fructose and minerals like
magnesium, calcium, sodium, chlorine, sulfur, iron and phosphate. In addition
to these, honey includes Vitamins B1, B2, C, B6, B5 and B3, their concentration
differing according to the pollen and nectar sources. Copper, iodine,
iron and zinc also exist in it in small quantities, plus, several kinds
“During the World Apiculture Conference held on 20-26 September,
1993, in China, treatments with honey derivatives were discussed.
American scientists stressed that honey, royal jelly, pollen and “propolis”
(bee resin) had the capability of curing many illnesses. One Romanian
doctor stated that he used honey for the treatment of patients with cataracts,
and 2002 of his 2094 patients recovered completely. Polish doctors
also gave information about bee resin’s curative properties for diseases
like hemorrhoids, skin problems, women’s illnesses and many others. Nowadays,
apiculture and bee products are the object of research in developed countries.”
(Hurriyet Newspaper, October 19, 1993)
Scientists agree upon the fact that even a spoonful of honey is absolutely
beneficial to the body, because the sugar molecules in the honey can turn
into other types of sugar (fructose to glucose) and despite its high acid
concentration, it is easily digested even by the most sensitive stomachs.
It also helps the kidneys to function better. Another interesting aspect
of honey is that, when it is compared with the same amount of sugar, it
gives 40% less calories to the body. This quality of the honey prevents
Rapidly fuses with the blood: Honey enters the circulatory system
in 7 minutes when taken with tepid water and in 20 minutes when taken
with cold water. The free sugar molecules in it make it easier for the
brain to function.
Promotes production of blood: Honey functions as the energy store
for new blood formation and helps anemic people by speeding up this process.
It helps in the purification and nourishment of the blood. Blood circulation
is regulated by it. It also has positive effects on capillary problems.
Friend of the stomach: Honey does not result in acidose or alcoholic
fermentation because of its fast digestion. The free radicals within it
make it easier for the fats to be digested. It makes up for the absence
of iron in the milk of mothers and cows. While improving intestinal functions,
it gives inner comfort, and increases the appetite.
Royal jelly: Royal jelly is the white fluid produced by worker
bees inside the beehive. In this nutritious substance, there is sugar,
protein, fat and many vitamins. It is used when the body is left weak
and in problems that occur because of tissue aging.
Bacteria killing property: The bacteria-killing property of the
honey is called the “inhibition effect”. Experiments carried out
on honey showed that its bacteria-killing effect doubled when diluted
with water. It is very interesting to observe that the newborn bees are
also fed with diluted honey by the nurse bees responsible for taking care
“Do not they look at the camel; how it is created?"
This 17th verse of Al-Gashiya chapter tells us that the camel is an animal
that has to be carefully examined. The first things that come to the mind
when one thinks of the camel is hot weather, drought and deserts. The
toughness of the desert conditions where the camel serves people, gives
rise to questions which need clear answers. These are:
- Too high temperatures during day time
- Too low temperatures during night time
- Need for food
- Barrenness of the land
- Natural events like storms and whirlwinds
- Energy requirements, etc.
The camel is created in such a way as to resolve all of the above questions,
making it eminently suitable to meet the needs of human comfort and convenience.
Now, let us take a quick glance at its abilities and characteristics:
Resistance to thirst and hunger: Camels can live without food or
water for 8 days in 50-degree celcius temperatures.
Improved water utilization unit: In a mere 10 minutes, camels
can consume 130 liters of water, which is around one third of their body
weight. Camels also have a curvy mucus structure in their nose that has
a 100 times larger area than the human’s nose. With this structure, camels
can have the benefit of about 66% of the moisture in the air.
Maximum benefit from food and water: Most animals die when the
accumulated urea in their bodies mixes with the blood in the circulatory
system. Yet, camels use this urea by passing it through the liver continuously
in order to use it as a protein and water source. The hump is another
aid to the camel. One fifth of the camel’s body is stored in the form
of fat in its hump. The storage of the body fat in only one part of the
camel’s body prevents it from using water all through its body. This allows
its body to use the minimum amount of water.
Although a camel with humps can take in 30-50 kg of food in a day, it
is able to live for one month on only 2 kg. of grass. Camels have very
strong rubber-like lips, which permit them to eat thorns sharp enough
to pierce leather. Moreover, they possess such a strong digestive system
that they can eat everything in sight, like plastic plates, copper wire
and reeds. The four-chambered stomach of this wonderful animal is designed
to cater for non-food substances as well, which increases its chances
of obtaining energy from sources other than food. This adaptability is
definitely helpful in surviving in an arid region.
Protection against whirlwinds and storms: The eyes of camels have
two rows of eyelashes. The structure of the eyelashes is like two different
combs clamping together which protect the eyes from severe sandstorms.
Another advantage of this design is the protection of the eyes from strong
sunrays. Remarkably, camels can close the openings of their noses in these
kinds of storms.
Protection against burning and freezing weather conditions: Thick
hair on the camel’s body prevents the burning sunlight from penetrating
its skin. This helps the animal to keep cool which in turn increases water-retention
and reduces dehydration by lessening the risk of sweating profusely. This
thick hair on the skin also protects the animal against very cold weather.
While desert camels are not affected by high temperatures up to 70 degrees
Celsius, double-humped camels can survive in cold weather with temperatures
going down to -52 degrees Celsius. This kind of camel can survive even
in high mountains 4000 m. above sea level.
Protection from burning hot sand: The feet of the camel, being
very large in proportion to its body, helps the animal not to get stuck
in the sand because of its weight. The special thick skin on the soles
of the camel‘s feet acts as a protection from not desert sand.
The Camel as a Beast of Burden
“And they carry your heavy loads to lands that you
could not otherwise reach except with souls distressed: for your Lord
is indeed Most Kind, Most Merciful” (Nahl Sura, 7)
Camels are very strong animals. They can travel a distance of 40 kilometers
with a load of 250 kilograms, and without any load, they can travel for
300 kilometers. Because of this capability, camels are called the “ships
of the desert”. Has the camel adapted its body to suit desert conditions?
Has it formed its own nose mucus or the hump on its back?
The rhetorical question in the Qur’an: “Do they not
look at the camel, how it is created?” Suggests the awe we should
feel at this excellent example of Allah’s creativity.
“Allah does not disdain to give a parable about a
gnat, or a larger creative.”
As proof of His magnificence and power, Allah indiscriminately provides
examples of all animals, whether as massive as a camel or as small as
a bee, for they all serve extremely important purposes. “Not without purpose
did We create heaven and earth and all between!” Even the whole
universe is given as an example for human beings to learn from.
“Allah does not disdain to give a parable about gnat,
or a larger creature. Those who believe know that it is truth from their
Lord; but those who reject Faith say: ‘What does Allah mean by this parable?’
By it He causes many to stray, and many He leads to the right path; but
He causes none to stray, except those who forsake the right path” (Al-Baqara,
Contrary to common belief, gnats, which we frequently encounter, are
indeed very complex creatures.
Gnats see the creatures around them in different colours according to
their body temperatures. Because their sensing of the temperature is not
dependent on daylight, they see the warm- blooded capillaries as dark-red
even in a dark room. This is why gnats never have any problem in finding
a food source. These sensitive sensory receptors of the gnat can easily
identify a change in the temperature , even by a fraction of a degree.
Here we have mentioned only a few examples. Yet, the perfect creation
of Allah can easily be observed in nature. The real purpose of nature’s
existence is a tangible proof of the perfect creation and intelligence
of Allah. The only way to realize this is to make a sincere evaluation
of everything with a “seeing” eye and a “thinking” mind. Thus, the detailed
and marvellous order existing in the universe will be observed much better.
“He created the seven heavens one above another:
no want of proportion will you see in the Creation of Allah the
Most Merciful. Then look once more and yet again: your eyes will in the
end grow dim and weary.” Again turn thy vision a second time: (thy) vision
will come back to thee dull and discomfited, in a state worn out.” (Al-Mulk,
“Do they not travel through the land, so that their
hearts and minds may thus learn wisdom and their ears may thus learn to
hear? Truly, it is not their eyes that are blind, but their hearts which
are in their breasts.” (Al-Hajj 46)
“Do you not see that Allah has subjected to your
use all things in the heavens and on earth, and lavished upon you his
favours, both seen and unseen? Yet there are among men those who dispute
about Allah, without knowledge and without guidance, and without a Book
to enlighten them! “ (Luqman, 20)
“Say: ‘Travel through the earth and see how Allah
originated creation; so then Allah will produce a later creation: for
Allah has power over all things.’” (Al-Ankaboot, 20)
“Not without purpose did We create heaven and earth
and all between! That is the fancy of the unbelievers! But woe to the
unbelievers when they are cast into the Fire of Hell!” (Sad, 27)
“He has subjected to you, as from Him, all that is
in the heavens and on earth: Surely, these are Signs in this for those
who reflect.” (Al-Jathiya, 13)