The Design in the Protein
The complex design of the haemoglobin molecule
Let us now put aside the question of "how the first
cell originated" and ask a much easier question: How did the first
protein originate? The theory of evolution has no answer to this question
THE ARCHITECTURE IN PROTEINS
Besides having a sophisticated design, proteins are also involved
in a great design in the body. The human body is mainly composed
of proteins. Proteins are the basic material of our bones, eyes,
hair or muscles. Here, you see the complex interior structure
of a single fibre in one of our muscles. Cells with different
protein make-ups form each of the details you see in this structure.
Every detail is perfectly designed and built by the use of an
organic material, which is protein. The fascinating architecture
of proteins is one of the striking signs of creation.
Proteins are the building blocks of the cell. If we compare
the cell to a huge skyscraper, proteins are the bricks of the skyscraper.
However, they do not have a standard form and structure as the bricks
do. Even the simplest cells have roughly 2,000 different types of proteins.
If cells can survive, it is thanks to the extraordinarily harmonious functioning
of these distinct proteins.
Proteins are made up of smaller structures, or molecules,
called "amino acids", which are formed by the different combinations
made by carbon, nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. There are 500-1,000 amino
acids in an average protein. Some proteins are much bigger.
The important point is that amino acids have to line up in
a certain sequence to form a protein. There are 20 different amino acid
types used in living organisms. These amino acids do not combine at random
to form proteins. Every protein has a certain amino acid sequence and
this sequence must be precisely matched. Even the deficiency or the replacement
of a single amino acid renders that protein a useless lump of molecules.
For thi s reason, every amino acid must be just at the right place in
the right sequence. The instructions for this sequence are stored in the
DNA of the cell and, according to them, the proteins are produced.
The theory of evolution claims that the first proteins formed
"by chance". Probabilistic calculations, however, show that
this is by no means possible. For instance, the probability of the amino
acid sequence of a protein made up of 500 amino acids being in the correct
order is 1 in 10950.5 10950 is an incomprehensible
figure formed by placing 950 zeros after 1. In mathematics, a probability
smaller than 1 over 1050 is considered to be almost impossible.
MONKEYS WRITE A BOOK?
Cytochrome-C is one of the most important proteins that make
oxygen respiration possible. It is vital for survival. It is impossible
for this protein, which has an extremely complex design, to form
by chance. One of the foremost defenders of evolution in Turkey,
Professor Ali Demirsoy states in his book Inheritance and Evolution
that the probability of the coincidental formation of Cytochrome-C
is "as unlikely as the possibility of a monkey writing the history
of humanity on a typewriter without making any mistakes."8
Briefly, even a single protein cannot form by chance. Evolutionists
also admit this fact from time to time. For instance, Harold Blum, a famous
evolutionist scientist, states that "the spontaneous formation of
a polypeptide of the size of the smallest known proteins seems beyond
So, what does all this mean? Perry Reeves, a professor of
chemistry, gives the answer:
When one examines the vast number of possible structures
that could result from a simple random combination of amino acids in an
evaporating primordial pond, it is mind-boggling to believe that life
could have originated in this way. It is more plausible that a Great Builder
with a master plan would be required for such a task.7