God Bestows Understanding on Those Who
Another secret revealed in the Qur'an is that God gives those who fear
Him the ability to judge and discriminate between right and wrong. It
is referred to as "wisdom". God relates this secret in Surat al-Anfal
You who believe! If you have fear of God, He will give you a criterion
(by which to judge between right and wrong) and erase your bad actions
from you and forgive you. God's favour is indeed immense. (Surat al-Anfal:
As explained in the previous chapter, God obscures the wisdom and comprehension
of disbelievers. These people, no matter how intelligent they may be,
cannot grasp even the most obvious concepts pertaining to religion. Wisdom
is an attribute peculiar to believers. The majority of people take it
for granted that intelligence and wisdom mean very much the same thing.
However, intelligence is the mental capacity that everyone possesses.
For example, being an atomic scientist or a mathematical genius indicates
intelligence. Wisdom, on the other hand, is the consequence of the fear
a person has for God and the adherence to the conscience, and is by no
means related to intelligence. A person may be very intelligent, yet he
remains unwise if he has no fear of God.
Therefore, wisdom is a blessing God bestows on believers. Those deprived
of such understanding is not even aware of their situation. For instance,
those who assume they are the source of power and possessions, become
arrogant. This is simply an indication of lack of wisdom. Because if there
is wisdom, there is the realisation that nothing is as powerful as the
Will of God. This awareness would ultimately lead one to conduct oneself
with humility. This person, however, does not think that, if God wills,
all his property can be reduced to insignificance in a few seconds, or
that he can face death, leaving everything behind in the world and stand
by the fire to receive reckoning. All these are more certain and real
than what one possesses in this world. Only believers, who fear God, have
this understanding, and do not drift toward the deceitful nature of the
life of this world. They spend their lives knowing the real essence of
things. God bestows understanding on the believers through their faith.
As they feel closer to God, their comprehension deepens and they become
more cognisant of the secrets in God's creation.