What does being "wise" mean?
Being "wise" means to talk and behave rationally, concisely
and fittingly. A wise person has the insight, the ability to see the true
aspects of events, and possesses profound understanding. For that reason
all his decisions and actions are to the point. His words are striking
and moving. Everything he says produces a profound effect on the hearts
Wisdom is a virtue given by Allah to truly sincere
people who in every instant turn towards Allah, who live and think according
to the Qur'an. Allah has stated that wisdom is a great gift in the verse,
"He gives wisdom to whoever He wills and he who has been given wisdom
has been given great good..." (Surat al-Baqara: 269)
How is extravagance referred to in the Qur'an?
Allah has forbidden His servants to be extravagant, revealing what the
criterion should be when spending:
Those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant
nor mean, but take a stance mid way between the two. (Surat al-Furqan:
Muslims spend everything they have in the way of Allah and in the way
that would please Him most. They do not forget that what they have is
what Allah has given them as a blessing and that they are not the real
owners of any of it. When they have to make sacrifices they spend everything
they have as commanded by the Qur'an; yet when expenditure is unnecessary
they avoid spending even a single penny wastefully. Allah, in the Qur'an,
has commanded believers to give their goods to those in need, but not
to squander them:
Give your relatives their due, and the very poor
and travellers but do not squander what you have. Squanderers are brothers
to the Satans, and Satan was ungrateful to his Lord. (Surat al-Isra':
On the other hand, avoiding extravagance should not be misunderstood
to mean avoiding the gifts of Allah. He states in the Qur'an
"... eat and drink but do not be profligate. He does not love the
profligate." (Surat al-A'raf: 31) In this verse Allah has
told believers to enjoy His gifts, and has forbidden them only to spend
wastefully. Today, however, in societies remote from religion, extravagance
is not paid the attention it is due. In restaurants and houses, plates
of food and huge amounts of bread, fruits and vegetables are thoughtlessly
thrown away. But Allah has forbidden extravagance, whether in significant
or insignificant amounts. Therefore people should try to find a way to
make use of all such provision before they spoil, instead of throwing
them away saying, "this has gone off" or "we cannot use
this". Only in this way can they give these gifts their due; otherwise
the result is scarcity and ingratitude to Allah.
How do angels take people in death? Does the person
see the angel when his soul is being taken?
Death is a sort of transformation in dimension. The connection between
the soul of the person and his worldly body becomes severed when he dies.
Beginning from the moment man dies, he passes to a dimension where he
can see the angels of death. This transition is also the beginning of
man's eternal life. Along with passing to a different dimension, the person
sees the angel who has come to take his soul, who even talks to him. However,
not everybody is taken in death in the same way. What the angels who come
to take the soul of believers do and say is entirely different from those
who come to take soul of the unbelievers.
The angels take the soul of believers in a virtuous
state, saying "peace be upon you!" At the same time they give
the glad tidings of Paradise they will enter. (Surat an-Nahl: 32)
On the other hand, the angel who comes to take an unbeliever in death
beats his face and his back when he least expects it (Surah Muhammad:
27). They pluck his soul out harshly, while the unbeliever's legs are
entwined together (Surat al-Qiyama: 29). When the angels stretch out their
hands to him, they give him the news of the punishment of humiliation
and fire, which will last forever. (Surat al-An'am: 93)
What is the provoking whisper of Satan?
Satan approaches man from all directions, aiming to distract him from
the path of Allah. He plays various tricks on man in order to achieve
his goal. Satanic suggestion is one of these tricks. Satanic suggestions
are delusions, doubts cast in the heart, vain hopes, disturbing thoughts
or words whispered by Satan in order to keep people occupied with vain
things, and to divert them from matters that they really should be preoccupied
with. This characteristic of Satan is related in the Qur'an as follows:
Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind,
the King of mankind, the God of mankind, from the evil of the insidious
whisperer who whispers in people's breasts." (Surat an-Nas: 1-5)
Satan whispers to man against the Qur'an, desiring to prevent him from
thinking soundly and to keep him occupied with illusions about his religion
that will be harmful to him both in this world and in the Hereafter. He
attempts to cause the person to lose his self-confidence by the influence
of senseless and inconsistent ideas projected as the person's own thoughts.
One who does not hold to the Qur'an has no protection against this trick
of Satan, and becomes distracted by his whisperings and starts to waver.
These whispers corrupt one's knowledge of religion, and causes the individual
to consider Allah in a manner inappropriate to His exaltedness and causes
him to be in continual doubt. As a result of this, instead of pondering
on the greatness of Allah and on the meaning of his life in the world,
he wastes his time with things that are of no benefit either to himself
or to other people. Consequently, Satan achieves success with this person,
whose unawareness of the Qur'an and remoteness from religion lead him
to endless punishment. It is stated in the Qur'an that unbelievers and
wrongdoers are always susceptible to the influence of Satan, and act under
the direction of his whisperings:
Shall I tell you upon whom the Satans descend?
They descend on every evil liar. They give them a hearing and most of
them are liars. (Surat ash-Shu'ara': 221-223)
How can man escape from the whisperings of Satan?
As Allah informs us in the Qur'an, Satan's scheming is always feeble
(Surat an-Nisa': 76). He has no authority over those who believe and put
their trust in their Lord. Allah has informed believers about what they
should do when Satan whispers to them and about how to escape from his
whispering. Believers, who obey the Qur'an, immediately seek refuge in
Allah from Satan when he whispers to them. Very quickly they see that
the thought crossing their mind is, in fact, a whisper of Satan. Without
being distressed at all, they remember Allah and escape this evil trick.
The Qur'an informs us of this:
If an evil impulse from Satan provokes you, seek
refuge in Allah. He is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. As for those who guard
against evil, when they are bothered by visitors from Satan, they remember
and immediately see clearly. (Surat al-A'raf: 200-201)
What should one do when the Qur'an is recited?
Allah commands people to be quiet and listen to the Qur'an when it is
When the Qur'an is recited listen to it and be
quiet so that hopefully you will gain mercy. (Surat al-A'raf: 204)
Many people do not know about this commandment of Allah, and continue
to live their daily lives and to talk with others when the Qur'an is being
recited on TV or on the radio. Yet what should be done in such a situation
is to be quiet and to listen to it. If silence cannot be maintained under
the circumstances, then the TV or radio may be turned off, since to do
otherwise would be to neglect what Allah has commanded.
Is it sufficient to recite the Qur'an?
Today, many people who characterise themselves as Muslims, in fact, do
not know what Allah wants them to do nor how they can be true Muslims.
This is because they have not read the holy book that Allah has sent to
them even once throughout their lives. However, Allah has sent the Qur'an
to inform us why He has created mankind and what He wants us to do. Those
who desire to know Allah, and to enter His Paradise earning His good pleasure,
should have a thorough knowledge of the Qur'an.
However in societies of ignorance there is an erroneous opinion of the
Qur'an. Some of these people merely read the Qur'an, yet do not reflect
on the advice that Allah offers them and neither do they follow it. Reading
the Qur'an is certainly a form of worship, but the Qur'an is read in order
to know Allah and to learn and act upon what He wants. Again, some of
these people think that the Qur'an is merely a book of prayers. While
praying, they recite the verses they previously memorised, but do not
understand their meaning. Allah has given examples in the Qur'an of the
prayers of prophets; no doubt the believers should take them as a model.
However, it would be a mistake to consider the Qur'an as merely a book
The Qur'an was sent by Allah as a guidance for believers, and its clear
verses deliver believers from darkness to light. Allah relates this feature
of the Qur'an as follows:
... A Light has come to you from Allah and a Clear
Book. By it, Allah guides those who follow what pleases Him to the ways
of Peace. He will bring them from the darkness to the light by His permission,
and guide them to a straight path. (Surat al-Ma'ida: 15-16)
... This is a Book We have sent down to you so
that you can bring mankind from the darkness to the light, by the permission
of their Lord, to the Path of the Almighty, the Praiseworthy. (Surah Ibrahim:
An erroneous belief that these people hold about the Qur'an is that it
was sent to past nations. Yet despite the passing time, developing technology,
or living in the space age or in the computer age does not change anything
at all. The greed, passions, opinions and ignorance of people who lived
1400 years ago are identical with those of the people of today or of the
people of the future. On the other hand, the source of true knowledge
that these behaviours should be replaced with is always the Qur'an. Those
who, in order not to obey the Qur'an, assert that it is "the legends
of previous people", are warned of Hell as follows:
When Our Signs are recited to him, he says, "Just
myths and legends of the previous peoples!" No indeed! Rather what
they have earned has rusted up their hearts. No indeed! Rather that Day
they will be veiled from their Lord. Then they will roast in the Blazing
Fire. (Surat al-Mutaffifin: 13-16)
What aspects of religion ensure peace and harmony?
Religion, before all else, commands people to live according to their
conscience. In an environment where everyone acts conscientiously, there
will not be any quarrels, fighting or behaviour that would disturb the
Those who conform to religion have wisdom and common sense; thus their
approach to events are also in line with this. Therefore, they always
exhibit positive and reassuring behaviour, which make their environment
easy and comfortable.
Religion commands justice. Everybody is given his due perfectly, therefore,
no one needs to struggle for his rights or to apply various methods to
achieve them. His rights are at any rate protected by other devout and
conscientious people in the most decent manner.
Since they fear Allah, people of faith do not get involved in actions
which Allah has forbidden, such as murder, suicide or theft. They never
do things which they will not be able to account for in the Hereafter.
Where people live by the religion, there is no greed for personal interests.
Every man is liable to do the best he can for the common benefit of religion.
Therefore, a disturbance that may result from the clash of interests does
There is no compulsion where religion is concerned. Believers are responsible
only to communicate the truths which are revealed by religion.
In addition to these, it is stated in the Qur'an that Allah sends down
peace of reassurance into the hearts of believers. This is a great gift
of Allah to righteous believers. This fact is related in the Qur'an as
It is He Who sent down serenity into the hearts
of the believers thereby increasing their faith with more faith-the legions
of the heavens and the earth belong to Allah. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
(Surat al-Fath: 4)
What has been mentioned so far is only a general description of the delightful
environment that religion offers to mankind. Religion produces the most
peaceful, the most ideal and the most perfect environment that could ever
be in the world, both for the individual and for communities.
What are the morals of trade as advised in the
A believer performs every deed in order to earn the good pleasure of
Allah. No matter what he is engaged in, he does not let it divert him
from his real aim. Allah has mentioned in the Qur'an that trade or commerce
does not make believers forget their real goal:
... There are men who proclaim His glory morning
and evening, not distracted by trade or commerce from the remembrance
of Allah and the establishment of prayer and the payment of alms; fearing
a day when all hearts and eyes will be in turmoil. (Surat an-Nur: 36-37)
Allah wants believers to be of virtuous character,
and believers strive to fulfil the requirements of this character whatever
activity they are engaged in. Hence, they are honest, sincere, diligent,
fair and modest even while they are conducting trade. Their attention
is again focused on the pleasure of Allah and on the limits of what He
permits and what He forbids. Besides this, Allah has also commanded believers
not to encroach on the rights of others, to give full measure and full
weight, and not to cheat people of their belongings (Surah Hud: 85).
In Surat al-Isra', Allah states that it is better to be honest, to be
fair and to please Him by means of exhibiting such good behaviour:
Give full measure when you measure and weigh with
a level balance. That is better and gives the best result. (Surat al-Isra':
How does not putting trust in Allah destroy the
Putting one's trust in Allah means to trust in and rely on Allah in every
matter, and to yield to Him knowing that He is the unique protector. Believers,
who are aware of the fact that events take place under the whole control
of Allah, know that He always supports and helps those who believe in
Him. People who are in this frame of mind, surely feel peace and security.
On the other hand, people who do not put their trust in Allah and do not
yield themselves to Him, spend their entire lives in fear, anxiety, distress,
panic, insecurity, dissatisfaction, greed, anger, depression, regret,
envy etc. Allah places turmoil in the hearts of those people on account
of their disbelief. He does not let them enjoy the ease, comfort and peace
of putting their trust in Him. The distress of those who do not rely on
Allah is described in the Qur'an as follows:
When Allah desires to guide someone, He expands
his breast to Islam. When He desires to misguide someone, He makes his
breast narrow and constricted as if he were climbing up into the sky.
That is how Allah defiles those who have no faith. (Surat al-An'am: 125)
Be people of pure natural belief in Allah,
not associating anything else with Him. As for anyone who associates others
with Allah, it is as though he had fallen from the sky and the birds had
seized him and carried him away or the wind had dropped him in a distant
place. (Surat al-Hajj: 31)
How does one pray in action?
Prayer in action is to keep on asking for something by means of verbal
prayer while exerting oneself and doing everything needed to bring about
the desired result. For example, when a person wants to drink some water,
he does not sit and wait for it to appear in front of him; instead he
pours some water into a glass and then drinks it. In other words, in order
to get what he asks from Allah, he acts according to the causes and rules
that Allah has taught him and then expects the best result from Allah.
Likewise, one may want to pass an exam, so he prays to Allah, studies
hard, learns the things that he should, avoids being in environments that
may distract his attention or hinder him from studying, and as a result
of these efforts, Allah gives him success.
Some people have an erroneous way of thinking about prayer. According
to these people, after praying to Allah, one should isolate oneself and
wait for the outcome of that prayer. However, this is not sincere behaviour
because someone who really wants something should pray for it both in
words and actions. Yet one should not fall into the error of those who
say, "I did everything necessary" performing all kinds of physical
efforts, yet forgetting to pray to Allah verbally. Both kinds of prayer
should be performed together.
What is the connection between lack of religion
and the degeneration of communities?
People who do not submit to the religion that Allah has sent for mankind
do not have the good manners described in the Qur'an and do not preserve
the limits stated in the Qur'an. Since they do not fear Allah and do not
believe in the Hereafter, they are not affected by the fear of being judged
for what they do. For that reason, societies without religion are full
of individuals who perform all kinds of immoralities and evil without
any fear and without thinking of the consequences. A rapid and extensive
process of degeneration is inevitable for such societies.
This social decline can be seen in the ease and frequency with which
people commit robbery, cause damage to other people, lose their temper,
kill people, violate the rights of others, lie, never appreciate anyone
other than themselves, never do anything except in return for material
benefit, and always oppress those who are weaker than themselves. A person
who says, "I may not be religious, but I am not a violent person
either" may one day find himself in a situation that he can no longer
endure, and claim to have the right to do all kinds of wrong actions.
He may get so angry that he may even attempt to kill someone.
Irreligiousness, since it does not accept any limits, destroys all humane
feelings in society and leads to a terrible degeneration. In irreligious
societies, the justice, humility, good manners, compassion and affection
that religion brings to mankind never exist. Therefore, lack of religion
is the main source of a community's moral and social decline.
What kind of beings are the jinn? Are there believers
and unbelievers among the jinn? Will there be Paradise and Hell in the
Hereafter in which they will live?
Jinn are beings who are created, like human beings, to worship Allah,
but are created out of fire, unlike man who is created from dust (Surat
adh-Dhariyat: 56, Surat al-Hijr: 27). Allah sends messengers to the jinn,
too, in order to make them believe (Surat al-An'am: 130). There are believers
and disbelievers among them. Allah relates this fact about the jinn in
the Qur'an as follows:
[A band of the jinn said:] "Some of us are
Muslims and some are deviators. Those who have become Muslim are those
who sought right guidance." (Surat al-Jinn: 14)
Besides this, among them are those who oppose the prophets, like their
In this way We have appointed as enemies to every
Prophet Satans from both mankind and from the jinn
Consequently the jinn, just like people, will be fully paid in the Hereafter
for what they do. Those who believe in Allah, and pay heed to the warnings
of the prophets will be repaid for their deeds and will not be wronged.
On the other hand, jinn who disbelieve will be thrown into Hell together
with disbelieving people. Allah has related this fact in the Qur'an as
We created many of the jinn and mankind for
Hell. They have hearts they do not understand with. They have eyes they
do not see with. They have ears they do not hear with. Such people are
like cattle. No, they are even further astray! They are the unaware. (Surat
Can the jinn foretell the future?
Allah has stated in many verses in the Qur'an that no one, other than
Himself, has knowledge of the unseen and will never have the capacity
to acquire it. One of these verses states as follows:
Say: "No one in the heavens and the earth
knows the unseen except Allah." They are not aware of when they will
be raised. (Surat an-Naml: 65)
Jinn can never, unless Allah wills, gain knowledge about the future.
There are verses in the Qur'an relating that the jinn will attempt to
gain knowledge of the unseen, but will not succeed and will themselves
admit that they cannot. These verses of Surat al-Jinn abolish the erroneous
beliefs that people have about the jinn. In addition, the jinn who served
the Prophet Sulayman (peace be upon him) are also mentioned in the Qur'an,
and it is mentioned that these jinn learned that the Prophet Sulayman
(pbuh) had died much later on. Therefore, people who seek refuge in the
jinn-hoping to find favour with them-should know that they falling into
great error; it is not possible, unless Allah wills, for jinn to gain
any knowledge about the future. The fact that jinn do not have any knowledge
of the future is pointed out in the story of Prophet Sulayman (peace be
upon him) in the Qur'an:
Then when We decreed that he should die, nothing
divulged his death to them except the worm which ate his staff; so that
when he fell down it was made clear to the jinn that if they had truly
had knowledge of the unseen they need not have stayed there suffering
humiliating punishment. (Surah Saba': 14)
Other verses in Surat al-Jinn which relate to the fact that the jinn
cannot know the unseen are as follows:
We tried, as usual, to travel to heaven in search
of news but found it filled with fierce guards and meteors. We used to
sit there on special seats to listen in. But anyone listening now finds
a fiery meteor in wait for him. We have no idea whether evil is intended
for those on the earth, or whether their Lord intends them to be rightly
guided. (Surat al-Jinn: 8-10)
Can the question of how life emerged on earth
be answered by the fossil record?
We can easily find the answer to the question of how living beings originated
in the fossil record. The oldest fossils of complex living creatures are
found is the stratum of the Cambrian era, which has an estimated age of
520-530 million years.
The fossils found in the Cambrian rocks belonged to snails, trilobites,
sponges, earthworms, jellyfish, marine crustaceans and sea lilies. All
of these invertebrates emerged suddenly and completely without previous
ancestors, which is contrary to what the theory of evolution claims. This
miraculous and sudden emergence of living beings is referred to as the
"Cambrian Explosion" by scientists.
How such a great number of animal species could have emerged all of a
sudden is a question that remains unanswered by evolutionists. An English
biologist Richard Dawkins, one of the foremost advocates of evolutionist
thought in the world, comments on this as follows:
For example the Cambrian strata of rocks, vintage about 600 million years,
are the oldest ones in which we find most of the major invertebrate groups.
And we find many of them already in an advanced state of evolution, the
very first time they appear. It is as though they were just planted there,
without any evolutionary history. Needless to say, this appearance of
sudden planting has delighted creationists. (Richard Dawkins, The Blind
Watchmaker, London:W. W. Norton 1986, p. 229.)
As Dawkins, who is an evolutionist, is forced to acknowledge, the Cambrian
Explosion is strong evidence for creation.
What structures did the creatures that lived millions
of years ago have?
Creatures that lived about 500 million years ago had complex structures
no different from those of today. Fossils that appeared in the Cambrian
period have been shocking for scientists, especially for the evolutionists.
Because according to the theory of evolution, creatures of that period
should have had "primitive" systems, different from the living
things of today.
However the complex systems they have like eyes, gills and circulatory
system are evidence of the fact that these creatures were not primitive.
For example, the trilobites of the Cambrian period had compound eyes with
multi-faceted eye lenses as do some insects today. These complexly structured
eyes of the trilobites consisted of hundreds of hexagonal lenses forming
a structure resembling a honeycomb. This perfect eye structure which appeared
530 million years ago forced evolutionists to express their amazement.
David Raup, an evolutionist professor of geology at Harvard, Rochester,
and Chicago Universities, is forced to acknowledge the impossibility of
the formation of the trilobite eye by chance saying: "the trilobites
450 million years ago used an optimal design which would require a well
trained and imaginative optical engineer to develop today". (David
Raup, "Conflicts Between Darwin and Paleontology", Bulletin,
Field Museum of Natural History, Vol 50, January 1979, p. 24.)
Can evolutionists, who assert that dinosaurs took
wing while hunting flies, explain the origin of flies?
Evolutionists cannot come up with an explanation for the origin of flies.
Yet, surprisingly, though they cannot explain the formation of a tiny
fly, they attempt to explain the transformation of gigantic dinosaurs
into birds. Moreover, they fabricate an imaginary scenario asserting that
dinosaurs who flapped their front legs to hunt flies took flight. It is,
undoubtedly, senseless for a theory which cannot come up with an explanation
even for a tiny fly, to comment on how completely flightless creatures
managed to take to the air.
Evolutionists have valid reasons for not mentioning the origin of flies.
First of all, flies have a perfect flight mechanism, which cannot be wholly
imitated even with today's technology. An average fly has a wing system
that enables it to flutter its wings 500 times a second. Moreover, this
system is planned so perfectly that it is able to move both its wings
simultaneously at such an amazing speed. Apart from this, it has a complex
respiratory system. It can use the oxygen it needs to fly in a much quicker
and much more efficient way than other living things.
English biologist Robin Wootton describes the perfect creation of the
fly as follows:
The better we understand the functioning of insect wings, the more subtle
and beautiful their designs appear. . . . Structures are traditionally
designed to deform as little as possible; mechanisms are designed to move
component parts in predictable ways. Insect wings combine both in one,
using components with a wide range of elastic properties, elegantly assembled
to allow appropriate deformations in response to appropriate forces and
to make the best possible use of air. They have few if any technological
parallels - yet. (Robin J. Wootton, "The Mechanical Design of Insect
Wings", Scientific American, v. 263, November 1990, p.120)
Are elephants, squirrels and other mammals derived
from a common origin?
According to the claims of the theory of evolution, reptiles are the
ancestors both of birds and of mammals. When mammals are considered, it
can easily be seen how impossible such a claim is. For example, let's
think about tigers, cows, bears, elephants, dolphins, whales, mice and
bats. There are great structural differences between these mammal species.
Furthermore, each of these living things possesses systems specifically
designed for their own needs. For example, dolphins have a very sensitive
sonar system. Bears have mechanisms which are appropriate to the climatic
conditions of their habitat.
Evolutionist zoologist R. Eric Lombard expresses what great difficulty
these differences cause to evolutionists as follows:
Those searching for specific information useful in constructing phylogenies
[evolutionary development] of mammalian taxa will be disappointed. (R.
Eric Lombard, "Review of Evolutionary Principles of the Mammalian
Middle Ear, Gerald Fleischer," Evolution, vol. 33, December
1979, p. 1230)
Apart from these differences, the fossil record demonstrates that mammals,
like all living things, appeared on earth suddenly and fully formed with
their present perfect structures, without any evolutionary process.
Can living cells come into being by chance?
No, they cannot. Cells have such a complex structure that it is not possible
for them to have come into existence spontaneously or by chance. In a
small space which can only be seen by a microscope, there are incredibly
complex structures such as specialised working systems, communication
systems, systems for in-coming and out-going transportation, control systems
for the exchange of materials and centres where information is recorded.
W. H. Thorpe, an evolutionist scientist, acknowledges the exquisiteness
in the structure of a cell saying: "the most elementary type of cell
constitutes a 'mechanism' unimaginably more complex than any machine yet
thought up, let alone constructed, by man." (W. R. Bird, The Origin
of Species Revisited, Nashville: Thomas Nelson Co., 1991, pp. 298-99.)
The probability of the spontaneous formation of such a perfect structure,
which mankind, with 20th century technology at its disposal cannot succeed
in producing, is "zero". The cell is created by Allah with its
complete perfect structure.
Could the molecule called DNA, which is found
in the nucleus of cells, have come into being by chance?
DNA is a molecule, which has an extremely complex structure. This molecule
contains the complete information of the human body, which is recorded
by means of a special coding system. In addition to features like height,
eye, hair and skin colours, the DNA of a single cell also contains the
design of 206 bones, 600 muscles, a network of 10,000 auditory muscles,
a network of 2 million optic nerves, 100 billion nerve cells and 100 trillion
cells in the body. If we were to write down the information coded in the
DNA, we would end up with a giant library consisting of 900 volumes of
encyclopaedias of 500 pages each. Yet this incredibly voluminous information
is not encoded in volumes of encyclopaedias, but in the components of
DNA called "genes".
Genes are made up of four special bases called nucleotides, which occur
in a particular sequence. An error in this sequence would render the gene
completely useless. There are 200,000 genes in the human body, and each
of the millions of nucleotides making up these genes must be in the right
sequence. When mathematical calculations are done to measure the probability
of this sequence being formed by chance, its impossibility becomes evident.
For example according to the calculations of Frank Salisbury, an evolutionist
biologist, the possibility is one in 41,000. The number 41,000 is the
equivalent of 10600, which gives the figure 1 followed by 600 zeros! This
number is completely beyond our comprehension.
The impossibility of the formation of RNA and DNA by a coincidental accumulation
of nucleotides is expressed by the French scientist Paul Auger in the
We have to sharply distinguish the two stages in the chance formation
of complex molecules such as nucleotides by chemical events. The production
of nucleotides one by one-which is possible-and the combination of these
within very special sequences. The second is absolutely impossible. (Paul
Auger, De La Physique Theorique a la Biologie, 1970, p. 118)