Are there any signs that characterise hypocrites?
Allah has described various characteristics of the hypocrites in the
Qur'an, and has warned the believers against this group of disbelievers.
For this reason, the features of these vicious, furtive people are obvious
to anyone who knows the Qur'an well. A cautious believer who is familiar
with the Book of Allah never misses the signs of the hypocrites, who have
sickness in their hearts. No matter how hard they try to conceal them,
the signs they bear of their disbelief reveal themselves in their actions,
in their speech and in the way they react to events. Believers cannot
name a person who reveals such signs as a "definite hypocrite",
but would be cautious of this person. Some of the signs that help to identify
hypocrites are mentioned in the verses below:
The hypocrites think they deceive Allah, but He
is deceiving them. When they get up to pray, they get up lazily, showing
off to people, and only remembering Allah a very little. (Surat an-Nisa':
The verse makes it clear that seeking to impress people by their behaviour
and trying to show off are signs that can be perceived by believers. It
is stated in a verse of the Qur'an that the real face of these people
will ultimately be revealed and if Allah wills, they will be known by
their features and by their manner of speech:
Or did those with sickness in their hearts imagine
that Allah would not expose their malevolence? If We wished, We would
show them to you and you would know them by their mark and know them by
their ambivalent speech. Allah knows your actions. (Surah Muhammad: 29-30)
Our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) defines the signs
that characterise hypocrites thus:
The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks he lies, when he
promises he breaks his promise and when he is entrusted he betrays the
trust. (Bukhari and Muslim)
Who is an "ignorant person" according
to the Qur'an?
The adjective "ignorant" as used in the Qur'an has a different
meaning to what is generally understood. Ignorance expressed in the Qur'an
means being unaware of the reason for one's creation, being unaware of
the exalted attributes of the Creator and the knowledge and wisdom contained
in the Book which He has sent down, and being unaware of matters concerning
the Hereafter and as a result of this ignorance adopting an unconscious
The "ignorance" of people who do not accept Allah as the only
true god and who do not follow the way He has sent with His messengers,
is pointed out in the Qur'an as follows:
They said, "Have you come to us to divert
us from our gods? Bring us what you have promised us if you are telling
the truth." He said, "All knowledge is with Allah. I only transmit
to you what I have been sent with. But I see that you are a people who
are ignorant." (Surat al-Ahqaf: 22-23)
How is the creation of mankind related in the Qur'an?
Allah gives ample information in the Qur'an about the stages of the creation
of mankind. Most of this information contains facts that could not be
known by the people of that time, but have recently been discovered by
modern science; which is one of the innumerable scientific miracles of
the Qur'an. Information given in the Qur'an about the creation of mankind
can be summarised as follows:
- The nutritive fluid called semen, which contains sperm, is not composed
only of sperms. On the contrary, semen is composed of a mixture of different
fluids. It is pointed out in the Qur'an that semen is a "mingled"
fluid. This fact was recently revealed through the aide of modern science.
We created man from a mingled drop to test him,
and We made him hearing and seeing. (Surat al-Insan: 2)
- Only one of the millions of sperms in the semen fertilises the ovum.
In other words, the essence of man is not the whole semen, but only a
little part of it. It is stated in the Qur'an that man is not created
from the whole semen, but from a mere part of it as follows:
Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm? (Surat al-Qiyama:
- Without wasting any time, the "zygote", the cell resulting
from the union of the sperm and the ovum, starts duplicate to become a
"piece of flesh". The zygote does not spend this developmental
stage in a cavity, but clings to the mother's uterine wall and sticks
there by means of its extensions, like roots anchoring a plant to the
ground. This fact, which has been recently revealed, was described in
the Qur'an centuries ago:
Recite: In the Name of your Lord Who created, created
man from alaq [i.e., something that clings]. (Surat al-'Alaq: 1-2)
- The womb is filled with the "amniotic fluid" surrounding
the zygote which has started to develop. The importance of this fluid
in which the foetus grows is to protect the foetus from external impact.
The fact that the foetus develops in a secure place is also mentioned
in the Qur'an:
Did We not create you from a base fluid, then place
it in a secure repository for a recognised term? (Surat al-Mursalat: 20-22)
- Allah has given information about some of the stages of man's creation
in Surat al-Muminun. Today it is a biologically proven fact that the developmental
stages of man are exactly the same as what is described in the Qur'anic
We created man from the purest kind of clay; then
made him a drop in a secure receptacle; then formed the drop into an alaq
(embryo) and formed the alaq into a lump and formed the lump into bones
and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another
creature. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators! (Surat al-Muminun: 12-14)
How can one call to the religion of Allah?
To communicate the religion and good conduct to people is a command of
Let there be a community among you who call to
the good, and enjoin the right, and forbid the wrong. They are the ones
who have success. (Surah Al 'Imran: 104)
In one verse Allah commands us to "Call to
the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair admonition..." (Surat
an-Nahl: 125). Calling to the religion of Allah is done by means of spreading
the commands of the Qur'an with "wisdom and fair admonition".
During this communication process, topics such as the existence and unity
of Allah, and His matchless perfection in creation are explained so that
the respect, love and fear that the person who is invited to religion
has for Allah are enhanced. How a right acting person should react to
events is described in detail. The nature of man's existence in this world
is that he is tried here, that death is near, that he will be judged after
death, and that he will either enter Paradise or Hell according to this
judgement. All of this is also explained by showing how Allah has prepared
the Garden and the Fire with His infinite justice, it is ensured that
the listener will strive to avoid coming to an evil end. If people who
learn about Allah, the Qur'an and the Hereafter through these descriptions
act according to their consciences, then they will try to fulfil the commands
of Allah to the best of their ability.
How can one think deeply in daily life?
Man thinks about so many things during the flow of daily life. For example,
he may think about the things to be done on that day, where to go, the
pleasant or the unpleasant things said about him, what he has done or
will do at his job or school, or about long term plans. Many such thoughts
may keep one's mind busy during the day. These are surely necessary thoughts,
yet they should occupy the person only as is necessary because there are
much more important subjects on which man needs to reflect, things that
concern one's eternal life.
Man should first think about how he and all the living beings that surround
him have come into existence and how they continue to exist. Following
this he should reflect on the attributes of Allah, Who created all these
beings out of nothing and who maintains their existence. Then he should
consider why his powerful and knowledgeable Creator created him and what
He wants him to do. He should develop the resolve to fulfil the commands
of Allah in the best possible manner. In the meantime, he should always
remember and act with awareness of the inescapable end which awaits him;
death and the Hereafter. He should avoid frivolous thoughts, behaviour
and speech which would distract him from these urgent matters, leading
to heedlessness and thankless pursuits that are of no advantage to him
in the next life.
The mental capacity of man is, in fact, very great. What is important
is to know how to use it and not to let unnecessary thoughts occupy one's
One can reflect on these important matters while continuing with daily
life. One can even consider each separate topic quite deeply in relation
to the relevant Qur'anic verses. For example, a person who spends 9 or
10 hours a day at work or at school encounters so many things that he
could think about during that time; different people whose characteristics
are described in the Qur'an, or factors concerning the various circumstances
he may find himself in throughout the day. One's daily experiences give
rise to hundreds of thought-provoking matters such as heeding the voice
of one's own conscience, not giving way to the urges of the self, struggling
with feelings of jealousy, striving for modesty, putting trust in Allah
and trying to be steadfast. Furthermore, one can ponder on these subjects
in such a way as to increase the profundity of one's understanding. Therefore,
the important point is to seize these opportunities whenever they present
In addition, one can also give thought to the kind of things that we
often take for granted, varying from the blossoming of plants, to birds
flying in the sky, from the benefit of the oxygen we breathe, to our hearts
which continuously beat. One who has an enquiring mind that does not stop
at the most obvious or facile explanations, will start to think deeply.
Allah states in the Qur'an that believers are people of reflection:
In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and
the alternation of night and day, there are Signs for people with intelligence:
those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and lying on their sides,
and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth [saying]: "Our
Lord, You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard
us from the punishment of the Fire." (Surah Al 'Imran: 190-191)
What prevents deep thinking?
One's attention may easily be distracted from a particular subject by
other things. While thinking about an important matter, one may find oneself
distracted by the ordinary things one intends to do the following day,
or even by the pen one is holding in one's hand. Such distractedness hinders
one from profound thinking.
Besides this, if a person does not have sufficient knowledge about a
subject, the results of his thinking can only go so far. However, this
need not represent a permanent obstacle to profound thinking. So long
as one knows where to look and how one should go about it, one can always
enhance one's knowledge if necessary.
Certainly one of the most significant barriers to proper thinking is
over-familiarity with things and looking at things from a fixed perspective.
A person who has constantly seen certain things happening since the day
he was born will regard all these events as nothing unusual if he does
not reflect on them thoroughly. Since he is used to seeing them everyday,
he will be unable to appreciate the exceptional design that living things
possess. He will not think about the ant, for instance, who easily carries
200-300 times its own weight for many metres, which means that he will
never reflect on who has given the ant this physical mechanism which enables
it to perform such hard work. By the same token, it will never dawn on
him even for a single instant, that he could never achieve a comparable
feat of strength. Another example might be the fine details in the structure
of a bird's wing. He does not realise that the wing mechanism of the bird
requires an eminently unique design. On the other hand, a person who is
capable of thinking deeply can arrive at far reaching conclusions by taking
up and examining even a single feather. He may even discover many significant
new details ranging from the order in the feather, to the structure of
the material that the feather is made of. His examination of this single
feather can reveal to him the evidence of Allah's creation.
Yet it should be noted that one does not necessarily need to have great
knowledge in order to break free from the common, habitual way of thinking.
It would be sufficient to take a careful look at the living things one
is surrounded by, the sky or one's own body. Allah draws attention to
this point in the Qur'an with an example as follows:
Have they not looked at the sky above them: how
We structured it and made it beautiful and how there are no fissures in
it? And the earth: how We stretched it out and cast firmly embedded mountains
onto it and caused luxuriant plants of every kind to grow in it, an instruction
and a reminder for every penitent human being. And We sent down blessed
water from the sky and made gardens grow by it and grain for harvesting
and soaring date-palms with layered spathes, as provision for Our servants;
by it We brought a dead land to life. That is how the Emergence will take
place. (Surah Qaf: 6-11)
What is the loss of those who refrain from thinking?
In the Qur'an, Allah, advises man to think. In many verses He gives examples
and asks "will you not pay heed?"
In fact, man has many opportunities in a day to take heed, to see the
handiwork of Allah, to grasp the proofs in His creation and to praise
Him with the understanding due to His glory and greatness. People who
do not think, however, would fail to appreciate the importance of these
openings, since to them they appear to be no more than ordinary events
occurring in the flow of daily life.
For example, when such a person has an accident or catches a disease,
it does not occur to him that it might be a special condition given to
him to make him turn towards Allah. Yet, in the Qur'an, Allah mentions
the hardships inflicted on people in order to make them think:
Do they not see that they are tried once or twice
every year? But still they do not turn back. They do not pay heed. (Surat
Ignoring such reminders are disadvantageous only to the person himself.
Furthermore, this would be only one of the innumerable losses incurred
because of failure to reflect.
One who does not think cannot recognise the beauty that surrounds him.
He cannot take pleasure in the subtleties of Allah's creation. He cannot
grasp the proofs of the existence of Allah, the Creator of everything,
and His exaltedness. This is the loss of a significant gift for man because
he who cannot grasp that Allah is the creator of everything of beauty
in the world cannot look forward to the Hereafter. Furthermore, since
he assumes that everything in this world will vanish with death, it is
not possible for him to experience a genuine enjoyment of these temporary
things either. On the contrary, he sees these pleasures merely as things
that he will ultimately lose some day. This leads to feelings of distress
and anxiety, instead of enjoying the gifts that Allah has bestowed on
What are the advantages of reflecting on created
Unlike people who refrain from thinking, one who thinks that everything
is created by Allah, sees His traces in every detail, and understands
that everything is specifically created for mankind.
For example, reflecting on the exquisite systems possessed by living
beings, including mankind, and remembering that the planet he lives on
and the whole universe has been built by a supreme power, brings the person
to a better knowledge of Allah. This softens the heart of the individual,
and enhances the respect, love and awe that he feels for Allah. His faith
increases, since he sees the signs of Allah's power and exaltedness in
all living things, from trees to birds, to ants, to butterflies, and in
every mechanism of their beings. Allah draws attention to the fact that
only people who reflect will see and appreciate the evidence of the truth
that is all around them:
In the creation of the heavens and earth, and the
alternation of the night and day, and the ships which sail the seas for
people's benefit, and the water which Allah sends down from the sky-by
which He brings the earth to life when it was dead and scatters about
in it creatures of every kind-and the varying direction of the winds,
and the clouds subservient between heaven and earth, there are Signs for
people who use their intellect. (Surat al-Baqara: 164)
A person who has certain faith in Allah comprehends that the world is
not without a purpose and that there are important things he should reflect
on. He knows that everything given to him is what Allah has bestowed on
him, for which he gives thanks. He always thinks about the Hereafter and
asks for forgiveness in order to be protected from the terror of that
The most important point about thinking is surely the fact that it is
a gain which everyone makes with his own personal efforts. No one can
force another to think. That is why one who thinks thoroughly helps only
himself. Allah points out in the Qur'an that only people who reflect will
take proper heed of the events they encounter, and that people who pay
attention in this way can save their eternal lives. Allah states that
some people avoid being reminded, and therefore will end up feeling endless
Remind, then, if the reminder benefits. He
who has fear will be reminded; but the most miserable will shun it, those
who will roast in the Greatest Fire and then neither die nor live in it.
(Surat al-A'la: 9-13)
How can one consider Allah with the consideration
that is due to Him?
From the moment we wake up, we meet with the gifts that Allah has given
to us. We can breathe, see, hear and think, our hearts beat, our cells
are renewed. When we are hungry, we eat, enjoy the flavour and become
stronger. When we are thirsty, we can quench our thirst. We can speak.
These are but a few of the gifts bestowed by Allah on mankind. The real
important thing for a person who is aware of these gifts is to measure
Allah with His true measure. Allah is the Glorious One, He is the Owner
and Creator of everything. One needs to try to know Allah, reflecting
on Him with His exalted attributes. Allah mentions the greatness of His
glory in the Qur'an as follows:
They do not measure Allah with His true measure.
The whole earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Rising, the
heavens folded up in His right hand... (Surat az-Zumar: 67)
In the universe, from the creation of man to the stages of the occurrence
of the Day of Rising, from the creation of the heavens to the existence
of the seas and the mountains, there is a magnificence and infinite power,
which belong to Allah alone, Who possesses all knowledge.
Allah has sent mankind revelations and prophets. He makes Himself known
to us both by the matchless knowledge and artistry manisfested in every
living thing that He creates, and by means of His books and prophets.
The responsibility of mankind is to think as profoundly as one can in
order to measure the exaltedness and greatness of Allah with the measure
that is due to Him.
What should one do when one makes a mistake or
Man is created weak; he may forget things or may make mistakes. Not to
forget and not to be wrong are peculiar only to Allah. What is important
is to act on it when one remembers what is right. Allah gives an example
of this behaviour in Surat al-An'am as follows:
... And if Satan should ever cause you to forget,
once you remember, do not stay sitting with the wrongdoers. (Surat al-An'am:
As stated in the verse, one may, unawares or as a result of forgetting,
behave in a way which is not good. That is why it would be inappropriate
to feel sad or to be anxious because of things forgotten or because of
mistakes made. What believers should do in such cases is to take refuge
in the infinite mercy and forgivingness of Allah, and to pray as He has
advised us in the Qur'an, "... Our Lord, do
not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake..." (Surat
Were messengers sent to every past nation?
Allah has informed us in the Qur'an that He sent a messenger to every
past nation. Allah's messengers have invited their people to the religion
of Allah, showed them the right way, conveyed the prohibitions of Allah,
explained to them the closeness of death, the reason for their existence
in the world and the existence of Paradise and Hell. With the justice
of Allah, all mankind was warned and given good news by means of His messengers.
This is a very important point which shows that everybody has heard the
call of Allah, and that people will not be able to plead ignorance in
the Hereafter. Allah enlightens mankind about this point in the following
We have sent you with the truth bringing
good news and giving warning. There is no community to which a warner
has not come. (Surat Fatir: 24)
Why have unbelievers cast aspersions on all prophets
The fact that prophets always communicate the religion of Allah never
pleases unbelievers. This is because people who understand and fulfil
what they are told demonstrate a change in themselves and move away from
the superstitious systems of the unbelievers. For instance, since they
know that they should fear only Allah after they become believers, it
is no longer possible to frighten them with any other thing. Since they
always consider the benefits of the religion in every action they take,
it becomes very difficult to intimidate them or lead them astray. These
people, no matter what the conditions are and no matter what they are
offered in return, do not hesitate to say what is right and just, and
do not diverge from what they believe to be right.
This annoys unbelievers, because it endangers their personal worldly
interests. For instance, whereas unbelievers try to live and make others
live according to their own ideas, believers who adhere to the example
of the prophet follow only the commands of Allah. They teach people the
inappropriateness of the ignorant system that unbelievers live in, and
the beauty of the religion which will bring peace and happiness to people
both in this world and in the Hereafter.
For these reasons, in every age, unbelievers have attempted to hinder
messengers by using various methods. Examples of this are related in the
Qur'an. By means of inconsistent and irrational arguments, unbelievers
attempt to deny what Allah's messengers convey. They try to stop them
with verbal threats. When verbal means fail, they try to make believers
revert from the right way by means of real physical methods. However none
of these methods works; they can never bring forth convincing evidence
against the truths that messengers and sincere believers convey; nor can
they put forward ideas that successfully oppose ideas based upon truth.
In many verses Allah has given examples of the verbal assaults of unbelievers,
and of groundless allegations they made against prophets:
The ruling circle of
those of his [Nuh's] people who disbelieved said, "This is nothing
but a human being like yourselves who simply wants to gain ascendancy
over you. If Allah had wanted He would have sent angels down. We never
heard of anything like this among our ancestors, the earlier peoples.
He is nothing but a man possessed so wait a while and see what happens
to him." (Surat al-Muminun: 24-25)
What is he [i.e., Nuh]
but a man who has invented a lie against Allah? We do not believe in him.
(Surat al-Muminun: 38)
... But they said [for
Musa], "A lying magician." (Surah Ghafir: 24)
Allah relates in one verse that such aspersions have almost been a tradition
Equally, no Messenger came to those before
them without their saying, "A magician or a madman!" Did they
bequeathe this to each other? Indeed they are an unbridled people. (Surat
Will the efforts of the unbelievers result in
The verbal or physical opposition that unbelievers
put up against the messengers of Allah and believers never results in
anything positive. This is because Allah has declared that it is only
His followers who will be the uppermost both in this world and in the
Hereafter, stating "... you shall be uppermost if you are believers"
(Surah Al 'Imran: 139).
We see that unbelievers have carried on their struggle against believers
all throughout world history. Yet all these struggles have always come
out in favour of the believers. This is what Allah has promised. Allah
has mentioned this in the Qur'an as follows:
Allah has written, "I will be victorious,
I and My Messengers." Allah is Most Strong, Almighty. (Surat al-Mujadala:
Who are the true friends of the believers in this
Allah is the friend of believers. He is the protector and guardian of
believers who take Him as their friend, and who seek only His good pleasure.
There is the aid and support of Allah behind all the deeds of the believers.
Every act that believers perform, seeking the pleasure of Allah, results
in an absolute goodness. It is stated in one verse that "Allah
is with those who fulfil their duty and with those who are good-doers."
(Surat an-Nahl: 128). In another verse Allah gives the good news of His
support to believers as follows:
Allah is the Protector of those who believe. He
brings them out of the darkness into the light... (Surat al-Baqara: 257)
Besides this, believers are the friends and protectors of one another.
They invite each other to goodness and forbid evil. They aim to direct
each other to Paradise, and to raise each other's rank in the Hereafter.
Allah has informed believers in the Qur'an whom they should take as friends:
Your friend is only Allah and His Messenger and
those who believe: those who establish prayer and pay alms, and bow. As
for those who make Allah their friend, and His Messenger and those who
believe: it is the party of Allah who are victorious! (Surat al-Ma'ida:
Why can't anyone other than a believer be taken
as a friend?
People who do not have sincere faith in Allah, who do not comply with
His limits and do not fear Him can never be friends to believers. First
of all, Allah does not love these people. A believer who seeks the friendship,
love and pleasure of Allah, surely, does not take those whom He does not
love, and who are, in fact, His enemies, as his friends. He knows that
such behaviour could lead to the loss of the friendship and pleasure of
Allah. Allah has warned believers against such behaviour as follows:
You who believe! Do not take the disbelievers as
friends rather than the believers. Do you want to give Allah clear proof
against you? (Surat an-Nisa': 144)
Apart from this, those who do not believe do not deserve to be taken
as friends. Before all else, they are not reliable. Faithfulness and loyalty
in friendship cannot be expected from a person who does not mind losing
the friendship of Allah. Undoubtedly, such a person would abandon his
friend, should this friendship collide with his personal interests. What
is more, he would not hesitate to betray this "friend" when
it suited his interests.
Unbelievers can never be truly self-sacrificing, because their entire
lives and mentalities are based on selfishness. They are not concerned
with the reckoning of their so-called friend in the Hereafter, hence they
do not urge him to what is right or discourage him from wrong in order
to protect him from Hell. More concisely, they do not possess the attributes
that a friend should possess. Allah has informed us that these people
are enemies to the Muslims, and commanded believers not to take them as
You who believe! Do not take any outside
yourselves as intimates. They will do anything to harm you. They love
what causes you distress. Hatred has appeared out of their mouths, but
what their breasts hide is far worse. We have made the Signs clear to
you if you use your intellect. (Surah Al 'Imran: 118)
Who takes Satan as a friend?
The most significant aspect of Satan is that he promised that he will
divert mankind from the path of Allah. Therefore, anyone who rejects belief
in Allah and His messenger, who tries to hinder people from the way of
Allah, opposes Allah and the religion, or causes people to forget Allah,
the Hereafter and the religion, is the supporter and friend of Satan.
However, these people will be bitterly disappointed both in the world
and in the Hereafter because of what they do. Allah has stated that Satan
would aim to mislead mankind, and related the end of those who make him
their friend as follows:
What they call on is a rebellious Satan whom Allah
has cursed. He said, "I will take a certain fixed proportion of Your
servants. I will lead them astray and fill them with false hopes. I will
command them and they will cut off cattle's ears. I will command them
and they will change Allah's creation." Anyone who takes Satan as
his protector in place of Allah has clearly lost everything. (Surat an-Nisa':
Can man be assured of entering Paradise while he
is in this world?
No one can be sure of entering Paradise while he is still in the world.
Allah tells us that man should be filled both with fear and with hope
stating "... pray to Him with fear and hope..."
(Surat al-A'raf: 56). Everyone should try to attain the good pleasure
of Allah by trying their utmost to fulfil the commands of the Qur'an,
and by implementing the good conduct approved by Allah in every moment
of one's life. In return for these efforts he can hope for Paradise, yet
can never be absolutely certain of it.
Who are the "ruling elite" mentioned
in the Qur'an?
Each time messengers called their people to the religion of Allah, there
has always been a section who opposed them, trying to impede their actions
and causing difficulties for believers. The Qur'an tells us that these
people were mainly among the ruling elite of that community. This is because
of the fact that these people possess wealth, power and authority within
their society. The reason for their furious opposition to the messengers
of Allah is that they worry about losing this worldly power, and the influence
and reputation they hold. It is stated in the Qur'an that there will be
such people in every age:
And likewise in every city We set up its greatest
wrongdoers to plot in it. They plot against themselves alone, but they
are not aware of it. (Surat al-An'am: 123)
In fact these people, too, being people created by Allah in order to
reveal the superiority of believers, completely yield to the fate decreed
for them by Allah. As mentioned in the Qur'an, Allah has caused the evil
purposes of the schemes these people hatched to backfire on them, and
has taken what they possessed when they were still in the world and has
bequeathed it to the believers. Allah describes the outcome of Pharaoh's
opposition and that of his leading people, who had great power and authority
in Egypt but were succeeded by the Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) and
the believers who followed him:
And We bequeathed to the people who had been oppressed
the easternmost part of the land We had blessed, and its westernmost part
as well. The most excellent Word of your Lord was fulfilled for the tribe
of Israel on account of their steadfastness. And We utterly destroyed
what Pharaoh and his people made and the buildings they constructed. (Surat
We expelled them [Pharaoh and his people] from
gardens and springs, from treasures and a splendid situation. So it was!
And We bequeathed them to the tribe of Israel. (Surat ash-Shu'ara': 57-59)
This word of Allah which is for all believers is related in another verse
We wrote down in the Psalms, after the Reminder
came: "It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth."
(Surat al-Anbiya': 105)
On the other hand, what these leading unbelievers shall meet in the Hereafter
will be an inescapable and painful punishment.
What does "right action" mean?
Right actions are deeds, which are performed utterly in order to earn
the good pleasure of Allah. A person may perform some actions which seem
to be remarkable in their goodness or self-sacrifice. For instance, he
may give considerable amounts of help, money etc. to those in need. The
amount of his aid, however, does not indicate that it is a right action
because people may provide such help in order to be known as "good"
by others, or to show off or to gain people's trust in a business transaction.
For a deed to be a "right action", it should be performed only
to please Allah.
One exerts oneself to do one's best while performing right actions not
because one's aim is to show off, but to attain the result which would
please Allah the most. On account of these sincere efforts, Paradise and
a good life are promised to believers who do good deeds:
As for those who believe and do right actions and
humble themselves before their Lord, they are the Companions of Paradise
remaining in it timelessly, for ever. (Surah Hud: 23)
Anyone who acts rightly, male or female,
being a believer, We will give them a good life and We will recompense
them according to the best of what they did. (Surat an-Nahl: 97)
How do believers behave when they are given wealth?
A believer knows that Allah is the real owner of the entire Kingdom,
and that He gives sovereignty to whoever He wills. Therefore, he does
not become insolent and arrogant because of what he has, but thanks Allah
for what He has bestowed on him and spends what he has in the way that
would please Him the most.
In the Qur'an, Allah makes an example of a man of wealth and property.
That man owns gardens which are remarkably fertile. However, boasting
of what he possesses, he pretends not to understand that it is Allah Who
has given these to him and becomes ungrateful. His companion, who is a
believer, warns him about this attitude of his as follows:
His companion, with whom he was debating, said
to him, "Do you then disbelieve in Him Who created you from dust,
then from a drop of sperm, and then formed you as a man? He is, however,
Allah, my Lord, and I will not associate anyone with my Lord. Why, when
you entered your garden, did you not say, 'It is as Allah wills, there
is no strength but in Allah?' "... (Surat al-Kahf: 37-39)
As exemplified in the verse, the behaviour of believers is to remember
Allah and give thanks to Him for the gifts given to them.