What does modesty signify in believers?
Modesty is mentioned in the Qur'an as an important attribute of believers.
Allah, in His verses, commands believers to be modest. It is also related
in Qur'anic verses that Allah does not love those who are haughty and
Believers are those who are aware of the fact that Allah is the Creator
and the only Lord of everything, and that it is He Who bestows His blessings
on mankind. A believer is cognisant of his weakness before Allah, and
therefore never displays an unjust arrogance. No matter how beautiful,
how rich, how intelligent or how esteemed he may be, he does not boast
of these things, because he knows that it is Allah Who grants them to
him. For that reason his behaviour towards other believers is also modest.
He does not try to emphasise his own abilities or good features; he expects
the recompense for all he does only from Allah.
Contrary to the arrogance of unbelievers, believers behave with a humility,
which is also reflected in their appearance. The modesty of their manner
is described in the following verse:
The servants of the All-Merciful are those
who walk lightly on the earth [i.e., with dignity but without arrogance]
and, who, when the ignorant speak to them, say, "Peace". (Surat
As a result of this attitude, Allah gives believers the glad tidings
… Your God is One God so submit to Him. Give
good news to the humble-hearted. (Surat al-Hajj: 34)
How can one turn away from worthless and useless
things? What is the meaning of worthless and useless"?
One can turn away from worthless and useless things if one acts in order
to gain the good pleasure of Allah alone. Believers know that they need
to use the time granted to them in this world in the most efficient way
because what they do in the world determines their permanent abode. Therefore,
in every deed they perform, they aim to gain a good deed for the Hereafter.
Naturally they talk, have fun, eat, laugh, think and work just as everyone
else does; but in doing these things they always have good intentions
which are likely to be of benefit to other people and to the religion.
Apart from these things, all believers' acts serve a purpose. They always
turn towards good deeds that will gain them Allah's approval the most.
For example, anyone can talk about automobiles. Yet a believer would not
spend hours in such conversation while there are other urgent things to
do. Likewise, a believer would not chat for a long time about which team
will be the winner in a football match when talking to someone to whom
he can communicate the religion of Allah. That is because the crucial
thing at that moment would be to enlighten that person about the existence
and the greatness of Allah, and about what he has to do in order to deserve
Paradise and to avoid Hell.
In brief, believers neither plunge into long discussions on topics that
are not relevant to the benefit of the religion and of Muslims, nor spend
more than a sufficient and reasonable time on these subjects. They use
their time efficiently by properly distinguishing between all worldly
matters. They do this by use of their conscience and reason. They decide
what is "worthless" and what is useful, and do not compromise
this. The attitude adopted by believers when they hear "worthless
talk" is related in the Qur'an in these words:
When they hear worthless talk they turn
away from it and say, "We have our actions and you have your actions.
Peace be upon you. We do not desire the company of the ignorant."
(Surat al-Qasas: 55)
What is the concept of cleanliness in the Qur'an?
Believers are people who are physically very clean. The cleanliness
and tidiness of their bodies, of the food they eat, of the clothes they
wear, and of the environments they live in always attract the attention
of others. They try to make the places they are in similar to the elegant
environment of Paradise described in the Qurâ€™an. Allah has stressed
in a number of verses what a believerâ€™s idea of cleanliness should
Purify your clothes. Shun all filth. (Surat al-Muddaththir:
You who believe! Eat of the good things we have
provided for you... (Surat al-Baqara: 172)
Do not associate anything with Me and purify My
House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate.
(Surat al-Hajj: 26)
What does moral cleanliness mean?
In the Qur'an Allah states that people should be morally clean too.
It is stated that he who avoids the evil of his soul (nafs) and purifies
it will succeed. Allah states in Surat ash-Shams:
By the soul and the One Who proportioned and inspired
it with knowledge of depravity and with its sense of duty, he who purifies
it has succeeded, he who covers it up has failed. (Surat ash-Shams: 7-10)
Moral purity is attainable, as we are informed in the verse, when one
avoids the evil that one's soul commands one to commit. Someone who is
morally pure has a sincere faith and a peaceful spirit. All his thoughts
and all his deeds are righteous. In every event he encounters, he behaves
in a manner that shows that he is well pleased with Allah. He is sincere
and genuine. He well knows that there is definitely goodness in everything
Such people are purified from the corruption in their soul. Allah heralds
the good end that these people will meet:
... You can only warn those who fear their
Lord in the Unseen and establish prayer. Whoever is purified, is purified
for himself alone. Allah is your final destination. (Surah Fatir: 18)
He who has purified himself will have success.
(Surat al-Aâ€™la: 14)
How is jealousy mentioned in the Qur'an?
Envy is condemned in the Qur'an. Allah has revealed that He created
the soul of mankind prone to selfishness, but that believers should be
wary of it:
... But people are prone to selfish greed. If
you do good and guard against evil, Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat
Some people answer “yes” or ”a bit” when they
are asked if they are jealous. Yet they do not think much about the meaning
hidden behind this answer.Jealousy comes as a result of not accepting
that somebody else is superior to oneself in a particular aspect. This,
indeed, is an attitude which may lead a person even to haughtiness against
Allah, because it is Allah Who grants people everything they possess;
He gives as He wills and no one can ever prevent this.
The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) also warns believers
Beware of envy because envy consumes (destroys) the virtues just as
the fire consumes the firewood. (Abu Dawud)
Apart from this, it is also related in the Qur'an that Satan rebelled
against Allah by not prostrating himself before Adam. We are informed
that he regards himself superior to Adam. So we face an important fact
at this point: jealousy is, in fact, an attribute of Satan, and anyone
who fears Allah should strictly avoid it.
In the Qur'an, Allah tells believers to take refuge in Him to protect
themselves from the evil of the envious:
[Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of Daybreak]
from the evil of an envier when he envies." (Surat al-Falaq: 5)
What does the Qur'an say about "mockery"?
Mockery is an example of poor morality which Allah certainly does not
approve of. There are many manifestations of mockery in irreligious societies,
including mocking the imperfections or defects of others, and calling
one another by unpleasant nicknames. In the Quran, Allah warns people
against this evil act as follows:
Woe to every scorner and mocker. (Surat al-Humaza:
Another type of mockery referred to by Allah in the Qur'an is that of
believers by unbelievers. It is revealed in the Qur'an that because they
were unable to grasp that the believers were on the true path, those who
believed themselves to be superior to the believers used to mock them.
Some of the verses on this subject read:
Those who did evil used to laugh at those who
believed. When they passed by them, they would wink at one another. (Surat
Yet, Allah reveals that these people are greatly mistaken and heralds
the tragic end they will come to as follows:
So today those who believe are laughing at the
disbelievers, on couches, gazing in wonder. Have the disbelievers been
rewarded for what they did? (Surat al-Mutaffifin: 34-36)
Furthermore, Allah describes in the Qur'an those who hold Islam and
His revelations up to mockery, and reveals that these people reject every
warning from Allah and His messengers. They are the people who do not
measure the power of Allah to its full extent and ignore the fact that
they will be judged in His presence. Yet, these people will be bewildered
in the Hereafter and will be repaid for the mockery they used to engage
in. This fact is clearly mentioned in the Qur'an:
Those are the people who reject their Lord's Signs
and the meeting with Him. Their actions will come to nothing and, on the
Day of Rising, we will not assign them any weight. That is their repayment—Hell—because
they disbelieved and made a mockery of My Signs and of My Messengers.
(Surat al-Kahf: 105-106)
Follow the best that has been sent down to you
from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly when you
are not expecting it;lest anyone should say, "Alas for me for neglecting
what Allah was due, and being one of the scoffers!" (Surat az-Zumar:
Where does calling others by offensive nicknames
stand in the Qur'an?
People who do not live by the religion of Allah deride other people
by calling them by offensive nicknames in an attempt to dishonour them
and thus exalt themselves. Believers, on the other hand, never behave
in such a poor manner. Allah strictly prohibits believers from doing so,
stating that those who do not obey this injunction are wrongdoers:
You who believe! People should not ridicule others
who may be better than themselves; nor should any women ridicule other
women who may be better than themselves. And do not find fault with one
another or insult each other with derogatory nicknames. How evil it is
to have a name for evil conduct after coming to faith! Those people who
do not turn from it are wrongdoers. (Surat al-Hujurat: 11)
Those who conform to the morals of the Qur'an never behave in this indecent
way, which is disapproved of by Allah. They address each other in the
most pleasing way and deeply respect each other as sincere servants of
What is the place of gossip in the Qur'an?
In the Qur'an, Allah forbids believers backbiting, and refers to it
as an indecency:
... and do not backbite one another. Would any
of you like to eat his brother's dead flesh? No, you would hate it. Heed
Allah. Allah is Ever-Returning, Most Merciful. (Surat al-Hujurat: 12)
As commanded by this verse, people who live by the religion and are like
brothers and sisters to each other strictly avoid this behaviour. On the
contrary, believers remember only each other's good intentions and always
try to highlight their good attributes. They do not try to find defects
or faults in believers—people who are submissive to the will of
Allah. Gossip, which indeed causes great distress to people in societies
remote from religion, is a corruption that never exists among believers
who maintain the limits set by Allah. When believers notice an imperfection
or other defect in another, they do not backbite, but instead advise the
person directly so that he will amend his unacceptable behaviour.
The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) also said to the
If he/she is as you've said (and you've spoken about it behind his/her
back), then you have committed the gross sin of backbiting, and if what
you have said is not found in him, then you have slandered him/her. (Muslim)
Why is despair not an approved state?
Despair is unthinkable for a person who is aware of the fact that Allah
is the creator of every being and every event, and who measures the power
of Allah by its true measure. Because Allah is the One Who removes difficulties
for His servants, is most forgiving, is full of mercy and has complete
power and knowledge. Every incident that people may regard as a reason
for despair, including all impediments, unexpected obstacles, diseases,
accidents or mistakes, in fact occurs under the complete control of Allah.
Allah is All-Knowing and nothing is absent from His knowledge. Being aware
that one's destiny is designated by His endless knowledge is the greatest
comfort one can ever have. Knowing this fact, one can never give way to
Besides this, believers, knowing that it is possible that their mistakes
may be remitted in this world, do not lose hope. Indeed, people are commanded
in the Qur'an not to despair of the mercy of Allah:
Do not despair of solace from Allah. No one despairs
of solace from Allah except for those who disbelieve. (Surah Yusuf: 87)
Say: "My servants, you who have transgressed
against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah
forgives all wrong actions. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful."
(Surat az-Zumar: 53)
Is being sentimental approved of in the Qur'an?
Being sentimental is not approved of in the Qur'an, although being a
man of "wisdom" is essential. Allah bestows intelligence and
understanding upon those who heed Him. Believers who possess wisdom consider
all events within the framework of absolute truths specified in the Qur'an.
They make appropriate decisions acting in the light of their reason and
conscience, thereby easily resolving all matters, whereas sentimentality
plays a significant role in confounding one's understanding. If one approaches
events emotionally instead of using reason, the ability to discriminate
between right and wrong becomes impaired. One's decision-making and judgments
can no longer be relied upon to be impartial or just. Since one attributes
importance to what other people think, one cannot make quick and appropriate
decisions. Evaluations made in an emotional state would be based on personal
value judgements instead of the criteria of the Qur'an.
What is the concept of sincerity in the Qur'an?
"Sincerity", literally, has the meaning of being pure and
unadulterated. The concept of sincerity mentioned in the Qur'an denotes
turning to Allah in devoutness. A sincere believer devotes all his deeds
throughout his entire life to seeking the pleasure of Allah and expects
his reward only from Him. He does not make devious calculations orientated
around the opinions of other people or trying to find favour with them.
Therefore all of his actions are sincere and candid, such as would earn
the pleasure of Allah.
A sincere person is honest first with Allah and then with people; because
he well knows that Allah hears and sees all things, and that he will be
judged in His presence and will be held responsible for all of his deeds,
words and thoughts. For this reason the sincerity and candour of believers
are among the most significant signs of the firmness of their faith.
Allah has made the sincere attitudes of the messengers, who always sought
to earn the good pleasure of Allah, an example for believers:
And remember Our servants Ibrahim, Ishaq and Ya'qub,
men of true strength and inner sight. We purified their sincerity through
sincere remembrance of the Abode. In Our eyes they are among the best
of chosen men. (Surah Sâd: 45-47)
Those who turn to Allah in sincerity are praised in the Qur'an. The
Qur'an heralds the good outcome of these people as follows:
Those who shun the worship of false gods and turn
towards Allah will have good news. So give good news to My servants. Those
who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it, they are the
ones whom Allah has guided, they are the people of intelligence. (Surat
The importance of deeds performed solely for Allah's sake is mentioned
in the hadith below:
Allah accepts those deeds which were performed purely for His sake and
which were meant to seek His pleasure. (Abu Dawud)
Do believers grieve over events?
Believers do not grieve over events, because they know that Allah will
try them with all manner of circumstances. They put their trust in Allah
and maintain their steadfastness. They remember that Allah creates everything
with wisdom. An example is given in the Qur'an as follows:
If you do not help him, Allah did help him when
the disbelievers drove him out and there were two of them in the Cave.
He said to his companion, "Do not be despondent, Allah is with us."
... (Surat at-Tawba: 40)
As stated in the verse, our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him
peace) advises his companion, even in the very midst of hardship, not
to be despondent. Since believers have an excellent model in the messenger,
they behave accordingly in difficult situations.
Among the most important reasons why believers never despair is that
they know that every incident Allah brings about will ultimately turn
out to be good for them. Allah has promised believers a good life in this
world. During this good life, believers hope Allah will place them in
the eternal Hereafter in an outstandingly splendid abode, which is much
more beautiful than this world and where Allah's blessings never diminish.
This is certainly the best news one can ever receive and is the greatest
source of joy. Therefore believers never become despondent. Allah gives
believers the good news as follows:
Indeed, those who have said, "Our Lord is
Allah", and then remained on a right course—the angels descend
upon them [saying]: "Do not fear and do not grieve but rejoice in
the Garden [i.e., Paradise] you have been promised. We are your protectors
in the life of this world and the Hereafter. You will have there all that
your selves could wish for. You will have there everything you demand.
(Surah Fussilat: 30-31)
Do believers feel anger?
Believers, like anyone else, may naturally feel anger at certain events.
However one of the most important indications of their virtuous character
is their ability to control their anger. They know that no good will come
of an uncontrolled, intense fury, and that they will just lose their ability
to act reasonably or to be just. They avoid making wrong decisions that
may harm both themselves and those around them. For that reason believers
exhibit steadfastness and forgiveness. Allah praises this feature of believers
in the Qur'an in these words:
Those who give in times of both ease and hardship,
those who control their rage and pardon other people—Allah loves
the good-doers. (Surah Al 'Imran: 134)
Yet, "controlling rage" should not be misunderstood: it does
not mean to accept everything as it is or being passive. Believers certainly
act in response to events, and try to prevent any wrongdoing or situations
that may cause harm to other believers. However, they do not react emotionally;
instead they try to find sensible ways to influence people's behaviour,
or otherwise limit whatever damage is being caused.
Our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has this to say
on controlling anger:
The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength,
but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger. (Bukhari)
Do believers make mistakes?
As informed in the Qur'an believers may make mistakes. But, since they
fear Allah and are sincere to Him, they do not knowingly persist with
their wrongdoing, and immediately try to make amends for it. They seek
forgiveness and self-improvement in the areas they were wrong, with the
aim of not falling into the same error again. They are well aware of the
fact that this world is a place of testing; therefore they draw lessons
from their mistakes. Allah praises this commendable attribute of believers
in many verses and promises them forgiveness:
Those who, when they act indecently or wrong
themselves, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their bad actions (and
who can forgive bad actions except Allah?) and do not knowingly persist
in what they were doing. (Surah Al 'Imran: 135)
What is the concept of justice in the Qur'an that
believers are commanded to possess?
Allah has commanded believers to evaluate all events with justice and
within the boundaries stated in the Qur'an. He has instructed them to
be absolutely just while judging between people and always to be on the
side of justice.
When believers bear witness, they are the most honest and just in their
witnessing. A decision one makes or evidence one gives may sometimes be
to one's own disadvantage, or may affect the interests of a friend or
relative. However, this is of no importance for one who fears Allah because
the measure for the deeds of believers is the good pleasure of Allah.
In the moment, the most convenient thing to do may appear to be to bear
witness or to make a judgement in a way that Allah does not approve. A
worldly expediency, however, does not afford believers serenity or happiness,
as long as Allah is not pleased with it.
For that reason believers render justice even if it is against themselves
or their relatives. Allah forbids believers the contrary as follows:
You who believe! Be upholders of justice, bearing
witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives.
Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them.
Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist
or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat an-Nisa': 135)
Another risk that is likely to prevent people from being just in their
judgements is the anger they may feel towards other people. If one bears
anger or malice towards someone else, then he would be unlikely grant
that person the benefit of the doubt or to act in his favour. Believers,
however, consider the pleasure of Allah to be of paramount importance
and do not cease acting with justice no matter who the other party may
be, because Allah has commanded believers:
... Do not let hatred for a people incite you
into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness... (Surat
How should the remembrance of Allah be?
Believers are aware of the fact that Allah sees and hears them at every
instant, and that Allah has created every event they encounter. For that
reason they always bear Allah in mind. At every instant of their lives
they internally reflect on Allah, and in their dialogues with other believers
they remember their Lord's might, His exaltedness, and the perfection
of His handiwork in the creation. It is related in the Qur'an that believers
always remember Allah as follows:
Those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and
lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the
earth, [saying]: "Our Lord, You have not created this for nothing.
Glory be to You! So safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire."
(Surah Al 'Imran: 191)
One remembers Allah by being aware of the fact that every occurrence
is created by Him, reflecting on the meaning of those occurrences in one's
own life, trying to see and understand the wisdom in the creation of Allah,
trying to grasp His exaltedness at every instant and transmitting all
these to other people. A person can steadfastly put his trust in Allah
when he is facing an apparently difficult situation only if he remembers
Allah at that very moment. Therefore, one who is constantly mindful of
Allah, is constantly aware of Him and His power, and hence behaves properly.
How is the Day of Judgement described in the Qur'an?
As stated in the Qur'an, "the Hour is coming..."(Surah
Ta Ha: 15). On that day all living things, along with the stars, planets
and galaxies, in short, everything in the heavens and the earth will vanish.
Some of the occurrences that are due to take place are depicted in the
Qur'an as follows:
Heaven will be split apart, for that Day it will
be very frail. (Surat al-Haqqa: 16)
The stars will fall in rapid succession. (Surat
The sun and moon will be fused together. (Surat
The oceans will surge into each other. (Surat
The mountains will become like shifting dunes.
(Surat al-Muzzammil: 14)
The mountains will be like tufts of coloured wool.
(Surat al-Qari'a: 5)
The earth will be crushed and ground to dust.
(Surat al-Fajr: 21)
The earth will disgorge its charges. (Surat az-
These are only a few of the terrifying happenings that will occur on
the Day of Judgement. On that day, essentially everything that man values
will vanish, and everyone will understand that nothing, other than the
right actions done for the pleasure of Allah, is of any value.
How will the unbelievers be on the Day of Judgement?
The Day of Judgement is the most dreadful and terrifying day one can
ever imagine living through. On that day unbelievers will meet a manifest
truth which they never thought about even though they were promised it,
and it will be impossible to be sent back again to compensate for what
they did in the world. On that day, unbelievers will understand in terror
that death is not a destruction, but on the contrary, the beginning of
a painful punishment which will last forever. Allah has stated in the
Qur'an that people will be like drunkards on that day, on account of the
intensity of the terror they feel:
... and you will think people drunk when they are
not drunk; it is just that the punishment of Allah is so severe. (Surat
On that day, all value judgements of unbelievers will change at once
because of the terror of the occurrence. Wealth and sons they used to
consider the most valuable won't be of any importance any more. Allah
heralds in the Qur'an that on that day people will seek only for their
own rescue and will flee from each other:
The Day a man will flee from his brother and his
mother and his father, and his wife and his children: on that Day every
man among them will have concerns enough of his own. (Surah 'Abasa: 34-37)
Some of the details related in verses about how people will be on that
day are as follows:
the eyes of those who disbelieved will be transfixed…
(Surat al-Anbiya': 97)
... Every nursing woman will be oblivious of the
baby at her breast, and every pregnant woman will abort the contents of
her womb... (Surat al-Hajj: 2)
How will you safeguard yourselves, if you disbelieve,
against a Day which will turn children grey... (Surat al-Muzzammil: 17)
Are believers in great numbers?
Allah states in many verses that real believers will be very small in
number. For that reason the numbers of believers have always been small
throughout history and unbelievers have always been the majority. This
is also an indication of the pre-eminence, value and superiority of believers.
The following verse affirms that most people will not be believers:
But most people, for all your eagerness, are not
believers. (Surah Yusuf: 103)
For that reason it would be a big loss for one to take the majority
as one's role model, and to believe the way the majority believes. These
people, no matter how great they are in number, will not find a way of
escape from Hell in the Hereafter.
How will believers be welcomed in the Hereafter?
Believers, unlike unbelievers, will be cordially welcomed to their lives
in the Hereafter. As stated in the verse "those
the angels take in a virtuous state...."(Surat an-Nahl: 32),
they are taken in death in a good state. They are safe from every kind
of fear. They are given an easy reckoning thanks to Allah's favour and
mercy to them. They are given by the angels the glad tidings of Paradise
that Allah promised them, and are eventually escorted there:
And those who heed Lord will be driven to Paradise
in companies and when they arrive there, finding its gates open, its custodians
will say to them, "Peace be upon you! You have done well so enter
it timelessly, for ever." They will say, "Praise be to Allah
Who has fulfilled His promise to us and made us the inheritors of this
land, letting us settle in Paradise wherever we want. How excellent is
the wage of those who work!" (Surat az-Zumar: 73-74)