What is the divine reason for mentioning former nations
in the Qur’an?
Allah states in the Qur’an that He has shown the right
way to all the nations that have existed throughout the ages and that
He has reminded them through His prophets that the world is temporary
and that the real abode is the hereafter. Yet, again we learn from the
Qur’an that most of the people refused to do anything except disbelieve
and did not listen to the call of the prophets. Allah, therefore, meted
out a harsh punishment to them from unexpected quarters and wiped some
of them off the face of the earth.
One of the most important reasons why past nations are
mentioned in the Qur’an is to ensure that the people of today avoid falling
into the same error. Assessing the disasters that befell past nations
and their archaeological remains merely as historical data without learning
any lessons from them would be very wrong. Allah ordered us to take guidance
from the calamities that befell these nations:
How many generations far greater in prowess have
We destroyed before them! They scoured many lands, but did they find any
way of escape? There is a reminder in this for anyone who has a heart,
or who listens well, having seen the evidence. (Surah Qaf: 36-37)
For what purposes were the jinn created?
Allah refers to the existence of jinn in many verses.
Jinn, too, are beings that are created by Allah to worship Him. They live
in a different dimension from that of man. As related in certain verses,
people cannot see them, but they can see people. A wrong but widespread
belief holds that jinn can supply information about the future. In the
Qur’an, however, it is stated that they have no such ability. Also, we
are told in the scriptures that the jinn are also held responsible for
the safeguarding of the Qur’an. Allah states that the jinn were created
with the same purpose as people:
I only created the jinn and man to worship Me. (Surat
adh- Dhariyat: 56)
What kind of beings are angels?
Angels are beings who never err in their duty to Allah
and live in a different dimension from that of human beings. Unlike people,
angels are not created to be tested. Allah created them as faultless beings.
Allah has assigned each one of them different tasks which they perform
with precision. Gabriel has the duty of communicating the revelations
of Allah to His prophets. There are writer angels on either side of every
individual who write down everything he does. There are angels appointed
to take a man’s soul at the time of death. And there are the demons of
Hell, angels who are responsible for making sure that the inmates of Hell
suffer the greatest punishment.
Allah states that angels are servants to Him:
Christ would never disdain to be a servant to Allah,
nor would the angels near to Him... (Surat an-Nisa’: 172)
Allah bears witness that there is no god but Him,
as do the angels and the sages. He is the Executor of justice. There is
no god but Him, the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Surat Al ‘Imran: 18)
How can we define time?
Time can be defined as a method by which one moment is
compared to another. Let us explain this with an example. For instance,
if anyone taps an object, he hears a particular sound. When he taps the
same object five minutes later, he hears another sound. He perceives at
that point that there is an interval between the first sound and the second
and he calls this interval time.
Yet at the time he hears the second sound, the first
sound he heard is no more than a figment of his imagination. He formulates
the concept of “time” by comparing the moment in which he lives with what
he has stored in his memory. If this comparison is not made, there can
be no concept of time.
What does the relativity of time mean?
As mentioned above, time is apprehended through a comparison
made between two events. However, this is a conclusion reached in the
brain and is relative. This is plainly experienced in dreams. Although
what we see in our dreams seems to last for hours, it lasts, in fact,
for only a few minutes, or even a few seconds.
Many verses of the Qur’an quote various examples on this
subject. Some verses indicate that people perceive time differently and
that sometimes they can perceive a very short period as a very lengthy
one. The following verse in which Allah addresses the wrongdoers is an
He will say, ‘How many years did you tarry on the
earth?’ They will say, ‘We tarried there for a day or part of a day. Ask
those able to count!’ He will say, ‘You only tarried there for a little
while, if you but knew it! (Surat al-Muminun: 112-114)
What is destiny?
We have created all things in due measure. Our command
is only one word, like the blinking of an eye. (Surat
Destiny is Allah’s apprehension of all events past or
future as if they were “a single moment.” Most people question how Allah
can already have knowledge of events that have not yet been experienced,
and this leads to their failing to understand the authenticity of destiny.
However, “events not yet experienced” are only so for us. Allah is not
bound by time or space, for He Himself has created them. There is no concept
of time in the presence of Allah. For this reason, past, future, and present
are all the same to Him; for Him, everything has already taken place and
People cannot change the destiny determined by Allah,
This is a distorted understanding of destiny which is
prevalent in our society. For instance, people make superficial statements
about a patient who returns from death’s door, such as “he defeated his
destiny”. No one is able to change his destiny. The person who returned
from death’s door, didn’t die precisely because he was destined not to
die at that time. It is, ironically, the destiny of those people who deceive
themselves by saying “I defeated my destiny” that they should say so and
maintain such a mindset.
Destiny is the eternal knowledge of Allah and for Allah,
Who perceives time as a single moment and Who prevails over the whole
of time and space; everything is determined and finished as a matter of
destiny. We also understand from what He relates in the Qur’an that time
is one for Allah: occurrences that are going to take place after our death
(from our point of view) are related in the Qur’an as past events already
experienced. Allah is not bound by the relative time frame in which we
are confined. Allah has willed these things in timelessness: people have
already performed them and all these events have been lived through and
are at an end.
How will resurrection come about?
Allah is All-powerful and He is the Creator of every
being. No doubt, Allah, Who brought everything into being out of nothing,
Who created man from a single drop of fluid, has the power to create all
of them once again in a similar way. Allah, castigating the disbelievers,
answers this question in the Qur’an:
That (Hell) is their repayment for rejecting Our
Signs and saying, ‘What, when we are bones and crumbled dust, will we
then be raised up as a new creation?’ Do they not see that Allah, Who
created the heavens and earth, has the power to create the like of them,
and has appointed fixed terms for them of which there is no doubt? But
the wrongdoers still persist in unbelief. (Surat al-Isra:’ 98-99)
Why isn’t the materialistic philosophy valid?
Materialist philosophy is a system of thought that holds
that everything is composed of matter, that the universe was not created,
but has existed since time immemorial and will continue to exist for all
However, the scientific developments of the last century
have proven that the claims of this philosophy are totally invalid. First
of all, it has been accepted by the scientific community that the universe
had a beginning, it was created from nothing and will have an end just
as it was proclaimed in the Qur’an 1400 years ago. Later on, it was discovered
by science that what we call “matter” is a “collection of perceptions.”
It was the rebuttal of these two basic claims of the materialist philosophy
which ultimately invalidated it.
How did the universe come into being?
He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth…
(Surat al-An‘am: 101)
Today, scientists have reached a consensus that the universe
came into being out of nothing—suddenly, with a great explosion called
the Big Bang. Compelling evidence which caused the Big Bang Theory to
be inevitably accepted is as follows:
Expansion of the universe: In 1929, Edwin Hubble discovered
that all heavenly objects move away from each other, which is evidence
that the universe constantly expands. This is conclusive proof that the
universe came into being by the explosion of a single point (the Big Bang).
Cosmic Background Radiation: Since the universe emerged
as a result of an explosion, there had to be some radiation left over
from this explosion and this radiation should have pervaded the entire
universe uniformly. Unsurprisingly, this radiation was found in 1965.
Subsequently its existence was conclusively confirmed with the help of
The hydrogen-helium ratio in the universe: Another significant
place of evidence for the Big Bang is the amount of hydrogen and helium
gases in space. In the latest calculations, it was understood that the
hydrogen-helium concentration in the universe complied with the theoretical
calculations of the hydrogen-helium concentration remaining from the Big
Bang. If the universe had no beginning and if it had existed forever,
its hydrogen constituent should have been completely consumed and converted
The Big Bang Theory, which implies that the universe
came into being out of nothing, meaning that it was created, ultimately
destroyed the claim of the materialist philosophy that the universe had
always existed and would always exist.
How do materialists explain the human spirit?
Materialists who claim that everything consists of matter
that can be touched by the hand and seen by the eye, are never able to
explain the human spirit and consciousness. As we know, the building blocks
of everything on the earth, including the human body, are the atoms. This
means that all beings, living or non-living, are formed by the combination
of atoms in different forms. This is what troubles materialists most.
Man is a conscious being with willpower, who can think,
speak, reason, judge and comprehend. It is impossible for such a being
to have emerged out of random coincidences by the spontaneous combination
of unconscious atoms as materialists claim. It is impossible for atoms
that are not able to think, reason, and judge to come together with a
sudden decision to form the human spirit.
Therefore, materialists have no explanation for the spirit
What does the theory of evolution claim?
The theory of evolution claims that life is formed by
chance. According to this claim, lifeless and unconscious atoms came together
to form the cell and then they somehow formed other living things, including
man. Let us formulate an “experiment” on this subject under the heading
of “Darwinian formula” and let us examine on the behalf of evolutionists
what they really claim without their actually having spelled it out:
Let evolutionists put plenty of materials present in
the composition of living beings into big barrels. Moreover, let them
add to these barrels any form of matter that does not exist under normal
conditions, but which they may think is necessary. Let them add to this
mixture as many amino acids—which have no possibility of forming under
natural conditions–and as many proteins–a single one of which has a formation
probability of one in 10 to the power of 950—as they like. Let them expose
these mixtures to as much heat and moisture as they see fit and then let
them stir these with whatever technologically developed device they choose.
Let them wait in turn beside these barrels for billions, or even trillions
of years. No matter what they do, they cannot produce from these barrels
a human being. They cannot produce tigers, lions, ants, roses, lilies,
magnolias, pheasants, woodpeckers, whales, kangaroos, horses, parrots,
bananas, oranges, olives, pomegranates, grapes and millions of other living
beings such as these. Indeed, they will not be able to obtain even a single
cell of any one of them.
Do evolutionists’ claims about the formation of life
have any validity?
No. The claims of evolutionists holding that living beings
formed by coincidence is not valid. No evolutionary process ever took
place. Still, let us explain the evidence on the invalidity of the theory
for those who are insistent on the subject. Evolutionists have a few classical
claims which are listed below:
They claim that new living species form by natural selection
It is impossible for the mechanism of natural selection,
which is based on the idea that living beings unfitted to their habitat
will become extinct, while the fit ones will survive and cause a new species
to emerge. Such a mechanism only results in the selection of existing
species yet never produces a new species.
Mutations, on the other hand, only causes damage in the
DNA. The effect of mutations is harmful. It is not possible for them to
cause a new species to be formed.
They allege that the living beings came out of the sea
and on to the land.
It is impossible for a sea-dwelling living being to emerge
from the sea and start living on the land, because a living being could
not of its own transform itself into a totally different creature by modifying
its body weight, body temperature, its system of body water usage, its
kidney structure, respiration system and way of life.
They claim that birds evolved from reptiles.
This is not possible either because;
It is impossible for bird wings to be formed by the
modification of the scales of reptiles.
The lungs of birds function in a totally different
way from those of land-dwelling animals.
The bones of birds that are an important factor
in birds’ ability to fly are lighter than those of land-dwelling animals.
The muscular-skeletal systems of birds and reptiles
are totally different from each other.
They allege that mammals evolved from reptiles.
This, too, is a groundless claim, because the bodies
of reptiles are covered with scales, they are cold blooded and they reproduce
by laying eggs. Mammals, on the other hand, are warm blooded, their bodies
are covered with hair and they reproduce by giving birth to their offspring.
What are the other pieces of evidence that refute
It is possible to delve into the details of many of these
pieces of evidence, but the principal ones are the following:
First of all, contemporary science has conclusively
proved that animate matter cannot emerge from inanimate matter.
So far, not a single transitional intermediate form
of fossil has been unearthed to support the evolutionist claim that living
beings have evolved from each other. Although millions of fossils belonging
to normal species have been found, there is no trace of any half reptile-half
bird, half fish-half reptile or half ape-half human creatures.
Proteins, which are the building blocks of living
beings, cannot develop by coincidence. The probability of the chance formation
of a protein with 500 amino acids is one in 10 to the power of 950. In
short, such a possibility, which is incomprehensible to the human mind,
has “0” chance of realization.
Can the theory of evolution explain the sudden emergence
of life on earth?
No, the theory of evolution does not offer any explanation
for the emergence of life on earth.
When terrestrial strata and the fossil record are examined,
it is seen that living organisms appeared suddenly. The oldest stratum
of the earth in which fossils of living creatures have been found is that
of the “Cambrian,” which has an estimated age of 520-530 million years.
The fossils found in the Cambrian rocks belonged to various
complex invertebrate species. Most interestingly, this wide mosaic of
living creatures emerged all of a sudden without any pre-existing ancestors.
This is why this miraculous event is referred to as the “Cambrian Explosion”
in geological literature.
How the earth came to overflow with such a great number
of animal species all of a sudden and how these distinct types of species
with no common ancestors could have emerged without undergoing any evolutionary
period are questions evolutionists can never answer.
What are the frauds committed by evolutionists to
deceive the public?
The “ape-men” we see in newspapers, magazines, or films
are all drawings based on the imagination of evolutionists. Inspired by
a single tooth, evolutionists sometimes give shape to features that do
not actually leave any fossil traces, such as the structure of the nose
and lips, the shape of the hair, the form of the eyebrows, and they prepare
illustrations of half ape/half men creatures and even draw false pictures
depicting the families and social lives of these creatures. They try to
mislead the public by this method.
Evolutionists also “produce” fossils which they are unable
to find, whereby they commit fraud. The most famous of these forgeries
are the following:
Piltdown man: Evolutionists deceived the world of science
by this forgery by attaching the jaw of a recently dead orangutan to a
500-year-old human skull. The teeth were added later in order to make
the skull resemble that of a man, and the joints were filed. Then all
the pieces were stained with potassium dichromate to make them look old.
Nebraska man: In 1922, evolutionists claimed that a molar
tooth fossil, which they unearthed, bore the common characteristics of
both man and ape. Extensive scientific research was carried out on this
subject and the tooth was called the Nebraska man. Based on this single
tooth, reconstructions of the Nebraska Man’s head and body were drawn.
Moreover, the Nebraska Man was even pictured along with his wife and children,
as a whole family in a natural setting. However, in 1927, other parts
of the skeleton were found and it was established that the tooth belonged
to a wild pig.
Is there such a thing as “primitive man”?
There is no such thing as “primitive man”. A few of the
numerous proofs on this subject are the following:
The human fossil unearthed in Spain in 1995
utterly destroyed the tale of the “evolution of man”. The 800,000 year-old
human skull fossil unearthed in the Atapuerca Region belongs to the era
in which half-ape creatures allegedly existed according to evolutionists,
and it is no different from the modern man. This means that there is no
difference between the man of 800,000 years ago and the man of today.
A news item published in the New Scientist on March
14th, 1998, titled “Early humans were much smarter than we suspected...”
tells us that the humans called Homo Erectus by evolutionists were practicing
seamanship 700 thousand years ago. These humans, who had enough knowledge
and technology to build a vessel and possessed a culture that made use
of sea transport, can hardly be called “primitive.”
The 26 thousand year old needle fossils that were
unearthed show that the being which the evolutionists call the Neanderthal
man, had knowledge of clothing tens of thousands of years ago. This reveals
that Neanderthals, who were deliberately pictured as ape-like creatures
in false illustrations, were in fact no different from modern man.
Can the formation of complex systems in living beings
be explained by evolution?
No, it cannot. Complex systems in living beings, like
the eye and the ear, which are made up of multiple components, can function
only when all its components are intact. For instance, for an eye to see,
it is necessary that its approximately 40 components be intact. The eye
would not be able to see if any one of these, for instance the eye retina
or the tear glands, was missing. The conclusion we must arrive at, therefore,
is that all the parts of such systems must have been created simultaneously.
This, of course, proves the invalidity of evolution once again.
So, what would it mean if a complex structure were to
come into being in a single moment?
Unquestionably, the emergence of many components at the
same time, at the same place could only be the result of a special creation.
Why is the theory of evolution defended so persistently
by certain circles although it has no scientific validity whatsoever?
People who disregard the existence of Allah and are reluctant
to admit that they are responsible to Him seek a logical justification
for their stance and a means of convincing other people to agree with
them. Claiming that everything has been formed by chance, they try to
make people admit that a Creator does not exist and therefore they are
not responsible to anyone.
At this juncture, the theory of evolution serves as a
so-called scientific mainstay for nonbeliever philosophies. This is why
people, who are obdurate in denying Allah, defend this theory as an ideological
and philosophical possibility although it has no scientific validity,
and no matter whether they believe that it is right or not.
They said, ‘Glory be to You! We have no knowledge
except what You have taught us. You are the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.’
(Surat al-Baqara: 32)