What kind of a reckoning will there be on the Day
On the Day of Reckoning, everyone will be individually
judged. In the first stage of reckoning, everything a man has done throughout
his life will be shown without anything being withheld:
“…even if something weighs as little as a mustard-seed
and is inside a rock or anywhere else in the heavens or earth, Allah will
bring it out. Allah is All-Pervading, All-Aware.” (Surah Luqman: 16).
Nothing a person has done will remain a secret.
One may forget what he did in the world of this life, but
Allah does not forget any of his deeds and brings them before him on the
day of reckoning. Everybody will be given the record of his deeds on the
day of reckoning. At the same time, the scales of justice that weigh the
good and evil deeds of man are brought in and no one is wronged by so
much as the smallest speck. During the reckoning, the human being’s hearing,
his sight and his skin will testify against him and those who have witnessed
what he has done in the life of this world will be brought in to testify.
The unbelievers will be driven into hell after a dreadful reckoning. But
the believers will be given an easy reckoning, after which they will enter
heaven with all the joy and excitement of a great victory.
Can people take the responsibility for one another’s
Allah has proclaimed in the Qur’an that everybody will
be held accountable for what he has done. Everyone will be made to see
what he has done in the world, one by one, and no one will be able to
help another. This truth is stated in the Qur’an as follows:
No burden-bearer can bear another’s burden. If someone
who is weighed down calls for help to bear his load, none of it will be
borne for him, even by his next of kin… (Surat al-Fatir: 18)
Can a human being have the chance to make up for
what he has done when he sees the truth in the hereafter?
On that day, it is impossible to make up for anything.
To believe after death will not lead anyone to success. As is also stated
in the Quran, the unbelievers will beg to be allowed to do everything
demanded of them on the day of reckoning, but nothing will be accepted
from them any more. They will wish to go back to the world and do righteous
deeds but their wishes will be refused. When they realize that there is
no possibility of atonement, the unbelievers will feel an unbearable regret.
The feelings of hopelessness and regret experienced there is incomparable
to anything in this world, because the unbelievers will realize that they
will live in the punishment of hell forever, without the slightest hope
If only you could see them standing before the Fire,
saying, ‘Oh! If only we could be sent back again, we would not deny the
Signs of our Lord and we would be among those who believe.’ No, it is
simply that what they were concealing before has been shown to them; and
if they were sent back, they would merely return to what they were forbidden
to do. Truly, they are liars. They say, ‘There is nothing but this life
and we will not be raised again.’ If only you could see them when they
are standing before their Lord. He will say, ‘Is this not the Truth?’
They will say, ‘Yes indeed, by our Lord!’ He will say, ‘Then taste Our
punishment because you rejected the Faith.’ (Surat al-An’am: 27-30)
What kind of a place is Hell?
For unbelievers, Hell is a place where there are all
kinds of distress, torment and punishment which last forever. In the Qur’an,
it is said of Hell:
Hell lies in wait—a homecoming for the profligate
who shall remain in it for ages, not tasting any coolness there or any
drink, except for boiling water and decaying filth— a fitting recompense.
(Surat al-Naba’: 21-26)
What do the verses of the Qur’an tell us about Hell?
In the verses of the Qur’an, it is related that there
is literally a life in Hell. But it is a life in which all kinds of humiliation,
misery, disgrace, physical and psychological torture are experienced.
By the given standards of life in this world, man cannot
fully comprehend the punishment of Hell. The unbelievers undergo great
punishment in hell in every respect, both physically and spiritually.
Moreover, there is never any interruption in or lessening of this punishment:
But no! Hell is a Raging Blaze stripping away the
limbs and scalp, which claims all who drew back and turned away, and amassed
wealth and hoarded it up. (Surat al-Ma‘arij: 15-18)
What kind of a place is Paradise?
Paradise is a place where those who have observed the
verses of the Qur’an, obeyed Allah’s orders and lived their lives to gain
His approval, will live forever in happiness, possessing everything they
want. In paradise, man will be able to instantly enjoy whatever beauty
he may think of and do anything he wants, whenever he wants. Paradise
holds everything man’s self may desire and enjoy, and even more. The generous
recompense the believers will receive there is related in these verses:
My servants, you will feel no fear today; you will
know no sorrow.
As for those who believed in Our Signs and became
Enter the Garden, you and your wives, delighting
in your joy.
Platters and cups of gold will passed around among
you and you will have there all that the heart desires and the eye finds
delight in. You will remain in it timelessly, forever.
That is the Garden you will inherit for what you
did. (Surat az-Zukhruf: 68-72)
Who goes to Paradise?
…Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts
and will reinforce them with a spirit of His own and admit them into Gardens
with rivers flowing under them. There they shall remain timelessly, forever.
Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such people
are of the party of Allah. Truly, it is the party of Allah who are successful.
(Surat al-Mujadilah: 22)
Some other qualities of the believers to whom Allah promises
Heaven are stated in the Qur’an as follows:
those who believe and do good works (Surat al-Baqarah:
those who go in fear (taqwa) of Allah (Surat al ‘Imran:
those who control their rage (Surat al ‘Imran: 134),
those who do not knowingly persist in their misdeeds.
(Surat al ‘Imran: 135),
those who obey Allah and His Messenger (Surat an-Nisa:
those who say their prayers (salat) regularly and
give in charity (zakat) regularly, and believe in Allah’s Messengers and
respect and support them (Surat al-Ma‘idah: 12),
those who are sincere (Surat al-Ma‘idah: 119),
those who do good (Surah Yunus: 26),
those who humble themselves before their Lord (Surah
those who repent (Surah Maryam: 60),
those who honour their trusts and their contracts
(Surat al-Muminun: 8),
those who say their prayers (salat) regularly (Surat
those who outdo each other in goodness (Surah Fatir:
those who turn to Allah in sincere repentance (Surah
those who fear the All-Merciful in the Unseen and
come with a heart turned in devotion to Him. (Surah Qaf: 33).
What is true virtue?
In any society, there is a general concept of “virtue”
established by its members. People who give money to beggars, behave to
others in a friendly manner and, try to help them with their petty problems
are considered “virtuous people”. Yet, the virtue with which Allah will
be pleased is not a concept limited to such matters. A truly “virtuous
person” is one who believes in Allah with a sincere heart and organizes
his life in a way of which Allah will approve. In the Qur’an, Allah has
explained what true virtue is:
It is not a virtue to turn your faces to the East
or to the West. Rather, the truly virtuous are those who believe in Allah
and the Last Day, the Angels, the Book and the Prophets, and who, despite
their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans
and the very poor, and to travellers and beggars and to set servants free,
and who say their prayers (salat) and give in charity (zakat) regularly;
those who honour their contracts when they make them, and are steadfast
in poverty and illness and in times of war. Those are the people who are
true believers. They are the people who are the Allah-fearing. (Surat
What is the concept of love in the Qur’an?
In societies which do not live according to the Qur’an,
very different values can cause people to feel love and respect towards
each other, like sharing the same culture, holding a title, being beautiful,
or dressing smartly. Yet, the real goal of the believers is the approval
of Allah. Because of their love for Allah, they also feel love and affection
towards that which Allah created. Therefore, they can never be on friendly
terms with a person with whom Allah is not pleased, nor can they feel
any love or affection towards that person in their hearts. This is stated
in the Qur’an:
You will not find people who believe in Allah and
the Last Day having any regard for anyone who opposes Allah and His Messenger,
though they be their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their nearest
kindred. (Surat al-Mujadilah: 22)
What is the reason for believers to be together all
Allah orders believers in many verses of the Qur’an to
be together and not to turn away from believers by desiring the life of
Hold fast to the rope of Allah all together, and
do not separate. Remember Allah’s blessing to you when you were enemies
and He joined your hearts together so that you became brothers by His
blessing. You were on the very brink of the pit of the Fire and He rescued
you from it. In this way Allah makes His Signs clear to you, so that hopefully
you will be guided. (Surat Al Imran: 103)
A person who lives according to the Qur’an is surely
bound to obey these commands of Allah like all of Allah’s other commands.
To be with the believers is a great blessing and a support for every human
being. For instance, after Allah gave Musa the responsibility of prophethood,
Musa asked for his brother Harun to be a helper to him. Believers always
remind each other about Allah, they forbid one another to commit evil
acts or make mistakes, they help each other and cooperate in every way
possible. Also, of all people, believers are the ones who have the highest
moral standards and who always act conscientiously. Therefore, the most
peaceful environments are those in which the believers live together.
What kind of a life has Allah promised the believers
in this world?
The lives of those who believe in Allah in this world
are beautiful in every respect, just as their lives will be in the hereafter.
Allah gives the good news to those who act righteously that they will
also be rewarded generously in this world:
To all those, male or female, who, being believers,
act rightly, We will give a good life and We will recompense them according
to their noblest deeds. (Surat an-Nahl: 97)
How does one pray to Allah? Is there a specific place,
time or form of prayer?
There is no specific place, time or way of praying to
Allah. Allah is closer to us than our jugular vein and He knows and sees
everything that crosses our minds, everything that we think, everything
in our subconscience, and everything else too. Therefore, we can call
to Allah and ask for His help at any time – while walking, working at
something, eating, sitting, or standing. Allah defines what the attitude
of one who prays should be:
“Call on your Lord humbly and secretly.” (Surat al-A‘raf:
What is important is that one who prays must turn to
Allah alone and be sincere.
Does Allah accept every prayer?
Allah hears the call of everyone and responds to whoever
invokes His name. He has stated this truth thus:
“If My servants ask you about Me, I am indeed close
(to them). I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me...” (Surat
Allah states in the Qur’an that He will respond to the
oppressed and distressed when they call on Him, provided that the suppliant
truly and sincerely wants what he prays for.
However, it must not be forgotten that people may not
always identify what is favorable and good for them. It may be that something
that we imagine to be good for us is not so. Since Allah knows that we
are not fully knowledgeable and keeps everything under His control, He
may on some occasions refuse to grant a prayer, but may give us a greater
blessing when the time is ripe. Besides, man is created with a hasty nature
and sometimes he is over eager to have everything he wants realized. Allah
may then delay His response to a prayer. In that case, the suppliant has
to be patient and await Allah’s will.
How does one repent to Allah? Is saying “I repent”
It is enough for man to say sincerely that he repents
to Allah for his sins and mistakes, ask forgiveness from Allah and pledge
not to repeat them again. Allah says:
But if anyone repents after his wrongdoing and amends
his conduct, Allah will turn towards him. Allah is Ever-Forgiving and
Most Merciful. (Surat al-Ma’ida: 39)
Does Allah accept every act or profession of repentance?
Allah accepts every sincere form of repentance which
involves the offender pledging not to repeat his mistake and subsequently
amending his conduct. The greatness or the pettiness of the sin makes
no difference. The important thing is deciding to root out bad attitudes.
Allah’s verdict regarding repentance is as follows:
Allah only accepts the repentance of those who do
evil in ignorance and then quickly repent after doing it. Allah turns
towards such people in mercy. Allah is All-Knowing and All-Wise. (Surat
Is it right to think that since Allah is going to
forgive me when I repent, I can do anything and then repent?
This is an extremely insincere thought which causes many
people to go wrong. Allah knows all hearts and the secrets hidden in them.
Allah may have proclaimed that He will accept the repentance of those
who truly regret their deeds and who decisively correct their conduct,
but those who commit sins thinking, “Allah will forgive me anyway” will
nevertheless have to account in the hereafter for everything they have
done and they will be recompensed or punished accordingly.
Of no effect is the repentance of those who persist
in doing evil until death comes to them and who then say, ‘Now we repent’,
nor of people who die rejecting faith. We have prepared for them a painful
punishment. (Surat an-Nisa’: 18)
What does a person who starts living his religion
have to change about himself?
In addition to obeying Allah’s orders and performing
the rites of worship, the most important change a person who starts living
his religion should make is adopt a life built on good morals by always
following his conscience. Everyone will have the character and way of
life he adopted before becoming acquainted with religion. However, when
he starts living his religion, he must perpetuate his good character traits
for the approval of Allah, and immediately abandon those that do not meet
the standards of the Qur’an, or remould them in line with the morals of
the Qur’an. True believers will not have different world views, life styles
or viewpoints. The only criterion for them is the Qur’an and the only
models to be followed are the prophets and righteous believers whom Allah
gives as examples in the Qur’an.
After I start living Islam, will I be responsible before
Allah for the sins I have committed in my past life?
Before he is warned, a person would be considered ignorant
about religion, with no knowledge of what is right or wrong. Therefore,
if he repents and does not revert to the same sins and mistakes and seeks
forgiveness from Allah, he will not be held responsible for his sinful
past. What is important in Allah’s sight is not to try to justify any
mistakes or sins. Allah has given the believers this good news:
As for those who believe and do good deeds, We will
cleanse them of their sins, and recompense them for the best of their
deeds. (Surat al-‘Ankabut: 7)
Is it necessary to explain the morals of Islam to
Allah holds it the responsibility of all people to live
the religion of Islam. Everyone who is aware of the existence of the religion
will be asked in the hereafter whether he has abided by the Qur’an or
not. Therefore, those who live Allah’s religion must convey the good morals
laid down by religion to other people, inviting them to the righteous
way, urging them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong. In the Qur’an,
Allah gave the following commandment:
Let there be a community among you who call to the
good, and enjoin the right, and forbid the wrong. They are the ones who
achieve success. (Surat Al ‘Imran: 104)
In what sense does Allah appreciate patience?
The religion of Islam advises man to be patient for Allah’s
sake. In a verse, it is commanded: “Be steadfast for your Lord.” (Surat
al- Muddaththir: 7) One of the most significant qualities of man which
is inseparable from the good morals he upholds and the good deeds he performs
to gain Allah’s approval is patience.
Yet, we must distinguish between patience and “tolerance”.
Tolerance is the virtue of enduring any inconvenience that is unpleasant
or painful. However, patience, as referred to in the Qur’an, is not a
source of difficulty for the believer. The believer exercises patience
in order to gain the approval of Allah, therefore he does not suffer any
distress because of his patience; on the contrary, he derives spiritual
pleasure from it.
Also, patience is an attribute that covers all the characteristics
of a believer as set forth in the Qur’an, for a person may be humble,
generous, sacrificing and obedient, but these qualities will be truly
valuable only if he perseveres with patience in maintaining them. This
means that patience is an attribute which renders all other attributes
of a believer valuable and valid.