Adherence to the Values of Religion
Eradicates Jealousy and Envy
...People are prone to selfish greed. If
you do good and guard (against evil) God is aware of what
(Surat an-Nisa 128)
As dealt with earlier in this book, jealousy and envy are defined as
immoral states of mind in the Qur'an. That is why believers strictly avoid
jealousy, an attitude, which is not in compliance with God's Will. There
is no reason why someone who pays no attention to the values of religion
should not feel envy since, according to his own rationale, there is not
any kind of motive hindering such a feeling. Competition makes people
prone to feelings of jealousy, selfishness and passion. A young girl feels
envy of another girl who is more fashionable or better-looking than her.
Similarly, young man envies his friend because he is more popular. Age,
sex, profession or status, know of no exception to such a feeling. People
from all sections of society show a particular sort of jealousy. They
feel envy especially for others' possessions. Moving to a prestigious
neighbourhood, spending the summer in a popular summer resort, a brand
new car, travelling abroad may well be the reasons to envy others. Ambition
holds some so deeply in thrall that they cannot even express happiness
at what others have achieved or acquired. Especially in business life,
the damage done by competition to the human soul is clearly observable.
Ambition for prestigious status in business life and jealousy occurring
as a consequence of it are almost normal patterns of behaviour in daily
But the Qur'an ensures that the believers lead a life purified of selfish
desires: Believers feel pleased at the success their brothers attain or
at what they possess:
…(They) do not find in their hearts any need for
what they have been given and prefer them to themselves even if they themselves
are needy. It is the people who are safe-guarded from the avarice of their
own selves who are successful.
Those who have come after them say, "Our Lord,
forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and do not put any
rancour in our hearts towards those who believe. Our Lord, You are All-Gentle,
Most Merciful."(Surat al-Hashr: 9-10)
In accordance with the commandments of God, The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
also advised the believers to avoid jealousy: "Avoid envy, for envy devours
good deeds just as fire devours fuel." (Abu Dawud)
Islamic Morals Ensure the Prevalence of Love and Respect
The religion of truth is founded on the basis of good morals and love.
In the Qur'an, God calls man to love and sacrifice. God is The Merciful
to His servants. The love of God to His servants is related in the Qur'an
He is the Ever-Forgiving, the All-Loving. (Surat
God demands that man reflect this love to others. Thus believers show
deep respect and love for each other. That they will earn the approval
of God by doing so is another factor encouraging this love and respect.
Besides, believers know that a being God created and gave a soul and faith
to, is precious. The fact that the world is a place for man to be tested
leads believers to behave well to others, as they know that they will
be rewarded for their good deeds in the hereafter. The intense fear of
God in their hearts motivates them to do their best towards other people
in every action they carry out. They see the reflections of God's beauty
in every being they look at, which makes them full of love. Furthermore,
knowing that the life beyond awaits all believers and that they will all
be together in the hereafter make this love and respect rest on a stronger
and more rooted basis.
Thus a warm and peaceful life is the lot of those who strictly adhere
to religious values. The family relations will be better, with children
profoundly respecting their elders and parents. The command of God, as
stated in the Qur'an, also requires such an attitude:
Your Lord has decreed that you should worship none
but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents. Whether one
or both of them reach old age with you, do not say "Ugh!" to them out
of irritation and do not be harsh with them, but speak to them with gentleness
and generosity. (Surat al-Isra': 23)
The Prophet (saas) also drew attention to this point by saying, "He
does not belong to us who does not show mercy to our young ones and respect
to our old ones, who does not recommend what is reputable and prohibit
what is disreputable." (At-Tirmidhi)
In another verse God advises believers thus:
Worship God and do not associate anything with
Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very
poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are
not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves.
God does not love anyone vain or boastful. (Surat an-Nisa': 36)
When the morals of religion prevail, people eagerly compete with one
another to improve in conduct and in their manner of speaking. Surely,
only religion ensures such morality:
Do you do not consider how God makes up a parable?
A good word may be compared to a good tree whose root is firm and whose
branches soar up into the sky. It yields its fruit each season with its
Lord's permission. God composes parables for mankind so that they may
be reminded. (Surah Ibrahim: 24-25)
Those people who adhere to the commands of God experience the best examples
of friendship, love and respect. This is a pure love excluding all interests
other than earning the approval of God.
The true believers, both men and women, are friends
to one another. They command what is right and forbid what is wrong, they
attend to their prayers, practise regular charity, and obey God and His
Messenger. They are the people on whom God will have mercy. God is Almighty,
All-Wise. (Surat at-Tawba: 71)
The bond of friendship depicted in the above verse ensures an indivisible
solidarity in society as a whole, which is intensely felt by every one
of its members. Such people wish for their brothers the best.
In a society where religious values are not adopted, however, people
can never experience love in its true sense, since what they love and
respect is good looks, wealth and status.
The bonds of friendship of one who chooses his friends according to his
taste in fashion or on the basis of good looks will inevitably rest on
these values. In marriage too, the negative effects of this mentality
is deeply felt. For instance, in disbelieving societies, a man's decision
to marry a girl often depends on her good looks or prestigious status
in society. It is most likely that the man will cease to love his wife
if she loses her charms or she falls sick, for instance, if she becomes
crippled; moreover, one who does not have faith in the hereafter would
not like to "waste" his short life looking after a bed-ridden woman. Society
abounds in such examples.
Respect is as important as love. It is, in a way, the expression of how
much importance one attaches to another. Yet, in societies where the values
of religion are disregarded, in order to respect others, people need certain
criteria, which most of the time centre on money, status and power. In
the absence of these conditions, they find no reason to respect their
fellow men. Alternatively, they lose their respect for one who is no longer
in possession of power or status.
Islamic Morals Teach Friendship in its True Sense
In societies far removed from the values of religion, you must certainly
have heard people saying, "I have a lot of friends, but I do not have
a single real friend," or "I do not trust any one of my friends." Despite
having seemingly very close friends, these people feel deep inside that
they are friendless. Moreover, it is also unlikely that they will be able
to find a reliable friend. Knowing this fact, these people put no effort
into forming better friendships. That is simply because a true friendship
requires sacrifice and effort. In times of trouble, the individual should
be ready to make personal sacrifices for his friends. Without any hesitation,
he should readily spend his time, money or whatever he deems valuable
on his friends. Yet, in societies where principles of religion do not
prevail, people find it meaningless to make sacrifices.
For instance, if someone suddenly falls sick, his friend will most probably
find it troublesome to take him to hospital, to pay for his treatment
or to stay in the hospital with him and look after him. It is likely that
he will make up excuses to go to his work, or school or be with his family
rather than staying with his friend who needs help. What is interesting
is that everyone considers this a perfectly normal attitude.
This is the main reason why people who pay no attention to the values
of religion have no true friends. Even their spouses are not faithful:
love and respect vanish in a short time. For long years they endure one
another for economic reasons or because of social pressure. In brief,
despite being married, couples lead separate lives. Under such circumstances,
they rely on their children to secure their future, yet this is also a
vain endeavour, since children also live their own lives. In the grip
of worldly greed and selfishness, they often provide no help to their
parents. Consequently, people who do not live by the principles of religion
are doomed to be alone in this world, and this is a natural consequence
of their mindset.
Adherence to the Values of Religion Erases all
sorts of Worldly Fears
Every self will taste death. We test you
with both good and evil as a trial. And you will be returned
(Surat al-Anbiya': 35)
Not being companions of God and putting their trust in God, people who
do not live by the morals of religion inevitably harbour groundless fears.
They constantly go in dread of the future, of being alone, of losing their
property and health. They greatly fear having an accident, and most importantly,
are afraid of death:
Say: "Death, from which you are fleeing, will certainly
catch up with you. Then you will be returned to the Knower of the Unseen
and the Visible and He will inform you about what you did." (Surat al-Jumu'a:
For disbelievers, death is certainly a mystery. Even if they do not think
about the life beyond, they ponder much on how they will meet death and
they remain in the grip of this feeling. They think about all forms of
death and feel too terrified to contemplate the possibility that, one
day, one of these will befall them. With their having no serious faith
in the existence of the hereafter, death becomes utterly frightening.
They think they will be reduced to insignificance under the earth and
will have no chance whatsoever to go back to life again. Their fear of
death is basically oriented around losing worldly joys and being non-existent
rather than the reality of the Day of Judgement.
People mostly endeavour to overcome this feeling of being reduced to
nothingness by creating monuments to leave behind. This attitude is also
stressed in one of the verses:
You construct fine buildings, hoping to live for
ever. (Surat ash-Shu'ara': 129)
The very mention of death plunges disbelievers into a state of misery.
No matter how hard they avoid the thought of it, they come upon death
scenes every day in newspapers and on the TV. The death of people surrounding
them or the occurrence of accidents and illnesses elsewhere become constant
reminders of the end of this life. Yet, as is their general tendency,
they avoid it and do their very utmost not to give so much as a thought
to death. If anyone ever attempts to talk about death, they distract his
attention and make him forget the approaching end.
That death may come in various forms terrifies them. They do not want
to see a graveyard, for instance, nor do they buy a house close to a graveyard
to avoid the thought of death. However, no matter in which corner of the
world they are, death will lay hold of them one day. This immutable fact
is related in the following verse:
Wherever you are, death will catch up with you,
even if you are in impregnable fortresses… (Surat an-Nisa': 78)
Death and the hereafter are the two realities of which believers have
a sharp comprehension. They spend their lives in anticipation of it. For
them, death is actually the bliss of meeting with their Creator and attaining
the true abode. They recognise that death is not an end and consequently
they fear neither death nor anything else.
Adherence to the Values of Religion Erases The Fear of
Almost all human beings, with the exception of believers, are curious
about what the future holds for them. Considering all the unfavourable
things which may be experienced all throughout life, they feel concerned.
The undesirable events likely to happen in the future make them uneasy
and anxious. In addition to these permanent fears, there are the everyday
worries that appear in different forms at different ages. For a student,
it may be as simple as a term paper with a short deadline to meet. As
one grows old, however, people create different complications for themselves
and the fear of these complications may last a lifetime.
For a young boy at high school, his looks, his relationship with his
friends, his popularity in his group, his success at school, and his relations
with his family seem to be the most important problems in the world. A
minor unfavourable condition becomes a major source of distress. Especially
at the crossroads of making a decision about a career, one experiences
the toughest time. Needless to say, these are incidents at which one should
not be so deeply distressed. It is, of course, perfectly normal for one
to want to practise the profession in which he believes he will be both
successful and happy. However, if one does his best to attain such a goal
and still fails, then he should put his trust in God and pray to Him for
another favour. Surely, successes and failures are doomed to vanish with
death. What remains is merely the trust one puts in God and one's faith
However, those who do not live by the values of religion, being unaware
of this important fact, feel even more fear for the future as they grow
older. Apart from plans regarding the future, many mundane responsibilities
and tasks make them feel concerned. Countless troubles surround them;
in the course of time, they become obsessed with various thoughts like
whether they will be promoted in the company, whether they will go on
a holiday that summer, or where they will spend the holiday, will they
ever be able to afford to move to a better house, or will they be at the
meeting on time.
They are mostly haunted by the fear of a drop in their financial status.
Whether they will be able to support their family in the future gives
them serious concern. They have great worldly ambitions, yet possess limited
resources to attain them. This actually becomes the major source of their
fears. Because of this, despite having adequate money on which to live
comfortably, they avoid spending it for the good of others. Be they wealthy
or poor, they all feel fear for the future and behave meanly. But it is
surely God Who sustains them in this world and they will never fall into
trouble provided that they put their trust in Him. Yet, since they never
feel secure in putting trust in God, they are deprived of such ease. Man
is tested by his favours granted by God and he is responsible for using
these favours for His cause. Yet, due to this fear felt for the future,
the majority of people remain in the grip of self-interest. This situation
is expressed in the following verse:
Satan threatens you with poverty and commands you
to do what is indecent. But God promises you forgiveness and His bounty.
God is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (Surat al-Baqara: 268)
Another perpetual fear man has regarding the future is growing old. As
he grows old, he experiences changes in his body; wrinkles appear on his
face, his hair begins to fall out and starts turning white, and his sensory
organs gradually lose their sensitivity. Each one of these effects of
old age terrifies those who are unaware of the morality of religion. In
case of a serious illness, they wonder if their children will care for
them. They also think about how they will face death one day. Another
major concern of elderly people is having to remain alone after their
spouses pass away. They think about how they will manage to live in the
absence of their partners.
These are simply the unavoidable fears and troubles one suffers in the
absence of faith. For believers, however, the situation is otherwise.
They have none of these fears. They believe there is goodness in everything,
since whatever happens, it occurs under the control of God. They expect
no more than God's guidance since they consider God alone their real protector.
Besides, they are aware of the fact that they have nothing to fear in
this world. They have only to submit themselves to God and always seek
His approval. This point of view of the believers is related in the following
Say: "Nothing can happen to us except what God
has ordained for us. He is our Master. It is in God that the believers
should put their trust." (Surat at-Tawba: 51)
The strong points of the believers' submission are explained thus in
a saying of the Prophet Muhammad (saas):
…if you are mindful about God He will be mindful of you, and if you
are mindful of God, you will find Him before you. When you ask for anything,
ask it from God, and if you seek help, seek in God. Know that if the people
were to unite to do you some benefit, they could benefit you only with
what God had recorded for you and that if they were to unite to do you
some injury, they could injure you only with what God had recorded for
you. The pens are withdrawn and the pages are dry. (At-Tirmidhi)
When one sincerely lives by the principles of Islam, many troubles and
sufferings naturally vanish; everyone leads a happy and peaceful life.
Religion brings solutions to all concerns. People feel relieved and free
from their burdens. That is because they feel the comfort of being aware
that every incident one encounters in life is but a test by God. In times
of trouble, they never forget that they will earn their rewards by putting
their trust in God. Similarly, when they are granted a favour, they feel
grateful to God, thereby hoping to attain a benefit in the hereafter.
This state of contentment is surely a privilege given by Islamic morals
to believers. But, a strong faith, trust in and submission to God are
essential to enjoy this privilege. Only those who possess these strengths
can free themselves from their anxiety. Others, on the other hand, beset
by concerns and fears, start to take their punishment while they are still
in this world.
But as for those who have earned bad actions-a
bad action will be repaid with one the like of it. Debasement
will darken them. They will have no one to protect them from
God. It is as if their faces were covered by dark patches
of the night. Those are the Companions of the Fire, remaining
in it timelessly, for ever.
(Surah Yunus: 27)
Islamic Morals Teach Believers to be Modest
In many verses of the Qur'an, God commands human beings to be modest
and humble and repeatedly reminds us that He is displeased with those
who display arrogance. Consequently, a believer has no other alternative
but to be modest.
Nevertheless, it would be meaningless to expect a person who does not
live by the principles of Islam to be modest. Personal plus points like
intelligence, wealth, good looks, and renown become matters on which such
people praise themselves and because of which they feel an arrogant contempt
for others. They always want superiority by being the most attractive,
distinguished and intelligent of all the people of their circle. Meanwhile,
it never occurs to them that one day they will ultimately face death,
lose everything they are attached to by desire, and that their beauty
and bodies, about which they are so arrogant, will decay under the soil.
What they actually value is pride. To them, pride is almost a sign of
Pride hinders them from feeling sincere love and respect for people,
since this is also a matter of pride for them. They expect respect and
love from others, but they think that they will look foolish if they reciprocate.
Those who are not bound by the principles of Islam are "egocentric."
Assuming that they know everything, they endeavour to keep others under
control, and take every opportunity to humiliate them. The most important
point is that these people are no exceptions; many people in societies
where the values of religion do not prevail are of this character.
In the Qur'an, a very delicate criterion is set for arrogance:
Do not strut arrogantly about the earth. You will
certainly never split the earth apart, nor will you ever rival the mountains
in height. (Surat al-Isra': 37)
Another verse says:
Do not treat men with scorn, and do not strut about
arrogantly on the earth. God does not love anyone who is vain or boastful.
(Surah Luqman: 18)
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) also warned believers against arrogance:
He is a bad man who is proud and puts on airs and forgets the Most
Great and Sublime One. (Muslim)
Some people may deceive themselves by saying, "I am modest." However,
modesty, as a matter of Islamic morals, has its influence over every moment
of life and the entire behaviour of each individual. One who is modest
in the real sense owes this trait to the fact that the Owner of everything,
including oneself, and everything one possesses is God, and that God has
created everything. He is aware that everything happens within the Knowledge
of God. Such people cannot but be believers. A person devoid of religious
understanding is unlikely to conduct himself modestly in the true sense,
since he does not possess the grasp of morals and the outlook of a believer.
Unless he lives by the commandments of the Qur'an, the modesty he displays,
is no more than hypocrisy or behaviour which is a consequence of inferiority.
It is obvious that a society abounding in arrogant people is unbearable
and a mere source of trouble and torment. There is an unbridgeable gap
between a society with members who observe no rules or limits in being
arrogant, cruel and egoistic and a society of humble and modest people.
This gap exists merely because of those who have drifted apart from religion.
Islamic Morals Rid Society of Mercilessness and Disaffection
Cruelty, inhumanity and ruthlessness never appear
in societies where people scrupulously abide by the values of the
Qur'an. Instead, old people, children, the needy and the poor are
protected and cared for. The above images are the consequences of
a life far removed from the morality of the Qur'an.
As well as being an attribute of God, compassion is a virtue God demands
from His servants. In many verses in the Qur'an, God advises believers
to be compassionate. God's Messenger, the Prophet Muhammad (saas) also
reminded believers to be merciful: "Those who are merciful have mercy
shown them by the Compassionate One. If you show mercy to those who are
on this earth, He Who is in heaven will show mercy to you." (Abu Dawud,
Not being committed to earning God's approval or to living by the principles
of Islam will leave man without the purpose of attaining moral perfection.
In a disbelieving society, a lack of compassion emerges in every walk
of life and in all social relations. A disbeliever may treat even his
immediate family members, his mother, father, grandmother, sisters, relatives,
etc., in an uncompassionate manner. He may easily, become enraged at other
people's shortcomings or errors and hurt them. Every form of behaviour
becomes a matter for them to feel angry about, since they do not know
to look at events from a compassionate standpoint.
The disbeliever never shows mercy to the poor and disabled, because his
immediate or daily interests are more important than anything else. Such
concerns hinder him from thinking about others. Surely, such a person
develops his own interpretation of compassion, yet it is a perverted one…
For instance, he feels pity for beggars and sees this as a great demonstration
of compassion, yet in circumstances which call for real conscientious
decisions and behaviour and, more importantly, self-sacrifice, he simply
remains inconsiderate and thoughtless so as not to risk his own interests.
For instance, if he witnesses a serious traffic accident, he does not
stop and help. He makes up countless excuses for this. After all, taking
the wounded to hospital will ruin his day, and will probably mean spending
money and time. Furthermore, there is no point in going to any trouble
or making a sacrifice for a person with whom he is unacquainted. After
all, he will gain nothing in return.
A society where principles of religion are not observed abounds in such
incidents. These inhuman acts of omission disappear only when people strictly
adhere to the morals of the Qur'an. Only religion ensures an environment
of bliss where people feel compassion and mercy for each other and are
eager to display decent manners. Yet, it should also be stressed that
it is not at all adequate for only a few exceptional people to attain
these moral qualities. Moreover, adhering to Qur'anic principles when
one encounters certain situations and diverging from them at other times,
or avoiding certain wicked deeds on principle, but willingly committing
others, does not establish the desired environment either. The existence
of a truly peaceful social life is possible only when individuals collectively
live by the principles of God's religion and are consistently self-sacrificing
in their attitude.
Islamic Morals Ensure That Everyone Brings Solutions
One who adheres to the principles of the Qur'an brings solutions to problems
and acts wisely under all circumstances. Thus, an individual living by
the principles of the Qur'an never feels frustrated, no matter how complicated
the situation might seem. This is also why, in a society where religious
morals prevail, no member ever encounters a complication he cannot overcome.
When the morality of religion does not prevail, people do not show wisdom
as they should. That is why, simple problems remain unsolved in societies
far removed from the values of religion. Indeed, members of such societies
experience many problems and troubles throughout their lives. But, rather
than seek sound solutions for them, they incorporate the problems into
daily life, as if they were doomed to remain unsolved. Being incompetent
to solve problems has its repercussions in every aspect of the lives of
those who live a life distant from religion. Mostly they fall into despair
and complain. Meanwhile, failing to exercise their reason, they arrive
at no solutions. Even if they attempt to do so, their solutions prove
to be irrational, since they limit their thought to a very narrow perspective.
Furthermore, in societies where the values of religion are not observed,
not finding any solutions is almost accepted as a legitimate excuse for
inaction. It is often used as a pretext to cover up irresponsible, lazy,
indifferent or sluggish manners. Especially at the workplace, everyone
tries to present his responsibility as a complicated one and tries to
build up an image of one who undertakes difficult tasks. This, however,
is only a gambit designed to cover up his potential mistakes, negligence
The main reason why complications remain unsolved in societies far removed
from the values of the Qur'an is that people are not even able to cope
with their personal problems. One who does not adhere to the principles
of Islam is carried away by his own desires. In this sense, he merely
strives to satisfy his own desires and is not at all concerned about working
for the good of society or of individuals. At all events, he attaches
the utmost importance to his own interests and avoids going to trouble,
spending energy and money, or undertaking responsibility for the benefit
Even the most trivial, easily solved problem remains a riddle. Everyone
seeks to impress others, ingratiate himself with his seniors, have his
standpoint endorsed, or at least always wants to be the one who has the
"last word." Such personal complexes and expectations ultimately cause
man to fail to offer solutions. The main reason lying behind the incompetence
of people who do not live by the principles of religion to bring matters
to a satisfactory conclusion is stated in the following verse:
... Their adversity among themselves is very great.
You consider them united but, their hearts are divided. That is because
they do not use their intellect. (Surat al-Hashr: 14)
One frequently sees examples of this in the open discussion programs
held on TV. Participants discuss an issue for hours, sometimes until the
early hours of the morning. Since everybody is prone to argue, there is
general disagreement. Participants may grasp what others think is really
true, but their pride prevents them from admitting it and they simply
feel the urge to humiliate others and even to show open opposition to
it. This is because, what really matters is not to find the truth but
to be the one who tells the truth, or to put it another way, the one who
gives the last decision. Those who argue go into many petty details only
because they want to be recognised for their knowledge. The main purpose
here is to take any opportunity to look smart and knowledgeable. They
often diverge from the main issue and only hours later do they realise
that they had not arrived at a solution. To one's surprise, during these
discussions, more complications, conflicts and divergent views arise.
Actually, they initially do not intend to find solutions at all. They
develop and take shelter in vain philosophies, holding that what really
matters is to discuss, express and exchange views. They think it quite
acceptable not to arrive any solutions after extended hours of discussion.
Over and above this, they find this perfectly normal.
Believers, on the other hand, being conscious that God takes account
of all things, remain wise, conscientious and thoughtful under all circumstances.
They make the most pertinent decisions and find the best solutions. They
swiftly decide on matters and are not hindered by any obstacle, since
they are guided by the best morality, the strong feelings of responsibility
and the faculty of thinking granted to them by the Qur'an. They "manage
their affairs by mutual consultation." (Surat ash-Shura: 38) At all times,
they take the option which most pleases God. In no case do they diverge
from justice and righteousness, though it might be contrary to their personal
interest and the desire for self-satisfaction.
Only serving God and awaiting their rewards from Him, believers do not
descend to seeking the approval of others, attaining a particular status
in their eyes, being appreciated by them, attracting attention or showing
off. That is why, in every decision they take, they constantly receive
the support, assistance, inspiration and blessing of God.
Having a deep fear of God and being meticulously obedient to His limits
guide a believer in the exercise of discrimination (Surat al-Anfal: 29)
so as to arrive at the most pertinent decision and solution. Having this
fear and sedulously observing God's commandments, he is given a "way out" by God (Surat at-Talaq: 2), and "matters are
made easy for him." (Surat at-Talaq: 4)
Islamic Morals Teach Man to Put his Trust in God
In societies where people do not adhere to the
values of Islam, grief, sorrow, stress, trouble, anger and distress
become part of people's daily lives. The fact is, however, that everything
occurs under the control of God. For people who believe in this fact,
nothing is actually evil. Everything turns into goodness for them.
Unbelievers, on the other hand, will understand the meaningless of
those events over which they feel grief or rage when they meet death.
…It may be that you hate something when it is good
for you and it may be that you love something when it is bad for
you. God knows and you do not know. (Surat al-Baqara: 216).
The souls of those, who are unwilling to submit to the Will of God and
live by the principles of Islam, are always pessimistic, rebellious and
despondent; they see what befalls them as the consequence of pure chance.
Throughout their lives, they suffer feelings of tension, insecurity and
restlessness. Unlike the believers, they do not have the advantage of
placing their trust in God and knowing that everything proceeds as predestined
by God. They are unaware that, good or wicked, everything occurs by the
Will of God to put man to test in this world, and that they can attain
peace only when they act as God commands. This way, they suffer the consequences
of their preferences and experience grief in every situation they encounter
in life, no matter whether important or insignificant.
These people take their daily experiences too seriously and elaborate
upon mundane incidents, treating them as if they were the most important
events of the world. Thus, when things do not proceed as they like or
plan, they simply display a negative attitude. Being dragged down by pessimism,
they immediately fall into hopelessness and consider this as a misfortune
befalling them. Meanwhile, they feel frustrated and can find no way out.
If they encounter a seemingly unfavourable event, they are plunged into
despair, and, cry and even lament. Given the fact that they have not surrendered
themselves to God, they cannot conceive that every single incident occurs
under His control.
Based on daily affairs, their moods are like a roller-coaster. In this
life, there are many small details which make them uneasy. They spend
their days, and even their whole lives, in sorrow and lamenting. This
attitude of not putting their trust in God manifests itself in everyday
life under all circumstances and indeed, throughout their lives.
instance, a housewife's priorities in life are limited to her family,
home and housework. If she encounters a problem which she fails to handle,
she never thinks this to be an incident occurring under the control of
God and that ultimately there must be some good in it. She perceives a
trivial incident as a misfortune and nurses a grievance about it. This
minor event even makes her lament and causes her to sink into a depressed
mood. Yet, what troubles her so much is probably nothing but a meal she
forgot in the stove or the failure of the vacuum cleaner. However, not
surrendering herself to God and living by the principles of religion,
she finds even the simplest problems becoming a great source of sorrow
The same mentality characterizes this housewife's husband, the manager
of a company who has some problems in his business life. He thinks what
distresses his wife at home are all minor irritants. Yet, according to
him, his own matters are of vital importance. Failing to grasp that everything
proceeds under the control of God, such a person lacks a positive attitude
and psychologically becomes troubled. The same applies to children who
live in an environment where religious values are not honoured. In their
world, confined within school walls, the educational life, lasting 10
to 15 years, greatly obsesses them. They can hardly overcome their despair
at having had single poorly-done exam, even after earning a respectable
number of A's. They feel worried most about friendship and popularity.
Pessimism, hopelessness, failing to find solutions and complaining are
largely a legacy of their parents and people they are intimate with. This
remains a permanent mood for them. Yet, the sole reason for this mood
is their non-adherence to the principles of religion. That they do not
know their Creator and do not put their trust in God are other reasons
for their desperate situation.
In societies where religious values are not cherished, just as the above-mentioned
people live in constant pessimism and hopelessness, thinking that they
have the most important problems in the world, those who occupy respectable
positions in society likewise suffer the same gloomy mood when encounters
in life do not meet their expectations.
However, man needs never sink into depression and despondency provided
that he puts the solutions provided by the Qur'an into practise whenever
he feels frustrated and keeps in mind that there is definitely something
positive created by God in the most seemingly negative situation. Adherence
to the morals of Islam eradicates all sorts of pessimism and feelings
of failure. One then considers every issue minor or important, and whatever
befalls one, from a positive perspective. This stance brings peace both
to personal and social areas of life.
In adherence to the morals of Islam, nobody sees events as mere results
of chance or coincidences. Considering that every incident takes place
as predestined by God, one seeks to comprehend the purposes of creation
lying behind the events and the messages God conveys to mankind.
That is why, in a place where religious values prevail, nobody says the
words "if only". You never hear statements like, "If I had not gone yesterday,
this would not have happened… If I had not entered this school, I could
have gone abroad to study… If you had come earlier, you could have seen
him… Why did we take this route? There is traffic congestion here… If
I had not married you, I might have spent my youth… If I had not worn
this dress, I might not have ruined my night… If I had not gone out, I
would not have got sick… If I had not travelled, I would not have had
an accident…If she went to another doctor, she would recover earlier…If
he had not got on that plane, he would be alive." People spending their
lives forgetting God and disregarding religion frequently say "if only"
and ultimately say the same thing in the hereafter. Yet, surely this regret
will be in vain:
If only you could see when they are standing before
the Fire and saying: "Oh! If only we could be sent back again, we would
not deny the Signs of our Lord and we would be among the believers." (Surat