MIRACLES OF THE QUR'AN
SEAS NOT MINGLING WITH ONE ANOTHER
DARKNESS IN THE SEAS AND
THE REGION THAT CONTROLS
HEARTS FIND PEACE IN THE
REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH
FORGIVENESS ACCORDING TO
THE MORALS OF ISLAM AND ITS BENEFITS ON HEALTH
HOW PRAYER ACCELERATES THE
TREATMENT OF THE SICK
STRESS AND DEPRESSION: THE
RESULTS OF NOT ABIDING BY THE RELIGION
THE BIRTH OF A HUMAN BEING
THE CREATION OF HUMAN BEINGS
THE SEAS NOT MINGLING WITH ONE ANOTHER
A satellite photograph of the Strait of Gibraltar.
One of the properties of seas that has only recently been discovered
is related in a verse of the Qur'an as follows:
He has let loose the two seas, converging together,
with a barrier between them they do not break through. (Qur'an, 55:19-20)
This property of the seas, that is, that they meet and
yet do not intermix, has only very recently been discovered by oceanographers.
Because of the physical force called "surface tension," the waters of
neighbouring seas do not mix. Caused by the difference in the density
of their waters, surface tension prevents them from mingling with one
another, just as if a thin wall were between them.60
It is interesting that, during a period when there was little knowledge
of physics, and of surface tension, or oceanography, this truth was revealed
in the Qur'an.
There are large waves, strong currents, and tides in the Mediterranean
Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Mediterranean Sea water enters the
Atlantic by Gibraltar. But their temperature, salinity, and densities
do not change, because of the barrier that separates them.
DARKNESS IN THE SEAS AND INTERNAL WAVES
Or [the unbelievers' state] are like the darkness of
a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which are waves above
which are clouds, layers of darkness, one upon the other. If he puts
out his hand, he can scarcely see it. Those Allah gives no light to,
they have no light. (Qur'an, 24:40)
Measurements made with today's technology have revealed that between
3 and 30 percent of the sunlight is reflected at the surface of
the sea. Then, almost all of the seven colours of the light spectrum
are absorbed, one after another, in the first 200 metres, except
for blue light (picture at left). Below a depth of 1,000 metres,
there is no light at all (above picture). This scientific fact was
pointed out in Sura Nur 40 in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago.
In deep seas and oceans, the darkness is found at a
depth of 200 meters and deeper. At this depth, there is almost no light,
and below a depth of 1,000 meters there is no light at all.61
Today, we know about the general formation of the sea, the characteristics
of the living things in it, its salinity, as well as the amount of water
it contains, and its surface area and depth. Submarines and special equipment,
developed with modern technology, have enabled scientists to obtain such
The picture to the left represents internal waves at interface
between two layers of water of different densities. The lower
layer is denser than the upper one. This scientific fact, declared
in Sura Nur 40 of the Qur'an 14 centuries ago, has been discovered
by today's scientists only very recently.
Human beings are not able to dive to a depth of more than 70 meters without
the aid of special equipment. They cannot survive unaided in the dark
depths of the oceans, such as at a depth of 200 meters. For these reasons,
scientists have only recently been able to discover detailed information
about the seas. However, that the depth of the sea is dark was revealed
in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago. It is certainly one of the miracles of
the Qur'an that such information was given at a time where no equipment
to enable man to dive into the depths of the oceans was available.
In addition, the statement in Surat an-Nur 40 "…like
the darkness of a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which
are waves above which are clouds…" draws our attention to another
miracle of the Qur'an.
Scientists have only recently discovered that there
are sub-surface waves, which "occur on density interfaces between layers
of different densities." These internal waves cover the deep waters of
seas and oceans because deep water has a higher density than the water
above it. Internal waves act like surface waves. They can break, just
like surface waves. Internal waves cannot be discerned by the human eye,
but they can be detected by studying temperature or salinity changes at
a given location.62
The statements in the Qur'an run parallel precisely the above explanation.
Certainly, this fact, which scientists has discovered very recently, shows
once again that the Qur'an is the word of Allah.
THE REGION THAT CONTROLS OUR MOVEMENTS
No indeed! If he does not stop, We will grab him by
the forelock, a lying, sinful forelock. (Qur'an, 96:15-16)
The expression "the lying, sinful forelock" in the above
verse is most interesting. Research carried out in recent years has revealed
that the prefrontal area, which is responsible for the management of particular
functions of the brain, lies in the frontal part of the skull. Scientists
only discovered the functions of this area, which the Qur'an pointed out
1,400 years ago, in the last 60 years. If we look inside to the brain
at the front of the head, we will find the frontal area of the cerebrum.
A book entitled Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, which includes the
results of the latest research on the functions of this area, says:
The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate
movements occur in the anterior portion of the frontal lobes, the prefrontal
area. This is a region of association cortex…63
The book also says:
In relation to its involvement in motivation, the
prefrontal area is also thought to be the functional center for aggression…64
So, this area of the cerebrum is responsible for planning, motivation,
and initiating good and sinful behaviour, and is responsible for telling
lies and the truth.
It is clear that the statement "the lying, sinful forelock" corresponds
completely to the above explanations. Again, this fact which scientists
have only discovered in the last 60 years, was stated by Allah in the
Qur'an centuries ago.
HEARTS FIND PEACE IN THE REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH
to research by David B. Larson, of the American National Health Research
Center, and his team, comparisons of devout and non-religious Americans
have given very surprising results. For instance, religious people suffer
60% less heart disease than those with little or no religious belief,
the suicide rate among them is 100% lower, they suffer far lower levels
of high blood pressure, and this ratio is 7:1 among smokers.65
It was reported in one study published in the International Journal
of Psychiatry in Medicine, an important scientific source in the
world of medicine, that people who describe themselves as having no religious
beliefs become ill more frequently and have shorter life spans. According
to the results of the research, those with no beliefs are twice as likely
to suffer stomach-intestine diseases than believers, and their mortality
rate from respiratory diseases is 66% times higher than that of believers.
Secular psychologists tend to refer to similar figures
as "psychological effects." This means that belief raises peoples' spirits,
and this contributes to health. This explanation may indeed be reasonable,
but a more striking conclusion emerges when the subject is examined. Belief
in Allah is much stronger than any other psychological influence. The
wide-ranging research into the connection between religious belief and
physical health carried out by Dr. Herbert Benson of the Harvard Medical
Faculty has produced surprising conclusions in this area. Despite not
being a believer himself, Dr. Benson has concluded that worship and belief
in Allah have a more positive effect on human health than that observed
in anything else. Benson states that he has concluded that no belief provides
as much mental peace as belief in Allah.66
What is the reason for this connection between belief
and the human soul and body? The conclusion reached by the secular researcher
Benson is, in his own words, that the human body and mind are regulated
to believe in Allah.67
This fact, which the world of medicine has slowly begun to appreciate,
is a secret revealed in the Qur'an in these words: "… Only in
the remembrance of Allah can the heart find peace." (Qur'an,
13:28) The reason why those who believe in Allah, who pray to and trust
in Him, are psychologically and physically healthier is that they behave
in accordance with the purpose of their creation. Philosophies and systems
which contradict human creation always lead to pain and unhappiness.
Modern medicine is now tending towards the realization
of this truth. As Patrick Glynn put it: "[S]cientific research in psychology
over the past twenty-five years has demonstrated that,… religious belief
is one of the most consistent correlates of overall mental health and
FORGIVENESS ACCORDING TO THE MORALS OF ISLAM AND ITS BENEFITS
One of the moral
traits recommended in the Qur'an is forgiveness:
Hold to forgiveness, command what is right, and turn
away from the ignorant. (Qur'an, 7: 199)
In another verse Allah commands: "… They should
rather pardon and overlook. Would you not love Allah to forgive you? Allah
is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Qur'an, 24:22)
Those who do not abide by the moral values of the Qur'an find it very
difficult to forgive others. Because, they are easily angered by any error
committed. However, Allah has advised the faithful that forgiveness is
The repayment of a bad action is one equivalent to
it. But if someone pardons and puts things right, his reward is with
Allah… (Qur'an, 42:40)
…. But if you pardon and exonerate and forgive, Allah
is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Qur'an, 64: 14)
It has also been revealed in the Qur'an that forgiveness is a superior
moral trait: "But if someone is steadfast and forgives, that is
the most resolute course to follow." (Qur'an, 42:43) For that
reason, believers are forgiving, compassionate and tolerant people who,
as revealed in the Qur'an, "control their rage and pardon other
people." (Qur'an, 3:134)
Believers' notion of forgiveness is very different to that of those who
do not live by the morals of the Qur'an. Even though many people may say
they have forgiven someone who has offended them, it nevertheless takes
a long time to free themselves of the hatred and anger in their hearts.
Their behaviour tends to betray that anger. On the other hand, the forgiveness
of believers is sincere. Because believers know that human beings are
tried in this world, and learn by their mistakes, they are tolerant and
compassionate. Moreover, believers are also capable of forgiveness even
when they are in the right, and the other in the wrong. When forgiving,
they make no distinction between large errors and small ones. Someone
may cause severe losses to them by mistake. However, believers know that
everything takes place under the command of Allah, and according to a
specific destiny, and therefore, they surrender themselves to these developments,
never acquiescing to anger.
According to recent research, American scientists established that those
capable of forgiveness are healthier in both mind and body. Dr. Frederic
Luskin, who holds a Ph.D. in Counselling and Health Psychology from Stanford
University, and his team, studied 259 people living in the city of San
Francisco. The scientists invited the subjects to attend six one-and-a-half-hour
sessions, and aimed to instruct the subjects in forgiveness during their
The subjects of the experiments stated that they suffered less after
forgiving people who had wronged them. The research showed that people
who learned to forgive feel much better, not only emotionally but also
physically. For example, it was established that after the experiment
psychological and physical symptoms such as stress-related backache, insomnia
and stomachaches were significantly reduced in these individuals.
In his book, Forgive for Good, Dr. Frederic Luskin describes
forgiveness as a proven recipe for health and happiness. The book describes
how forgiveness promotes such positive states of mind as hope, patience
and self-confidence by reducing anger, suffering, depression and stress.
According to Dr. Luskin, harboured anger causes observable physical effects
in the individual. He goes on to say that:
The thing about long-term or unresolved anger, is
we've seen it resets the internal thermostat. When you get used to a
low level of anger all the time, you don't recognize what's normal.
It creates a kind of adrenaline rush that people get used to. It burns
out the body and makes it difficult to think clearly-making the situation
In addition, Dr. Luskin says, when the body releases
certain enzymes during anger and stress, cholesterol and blood pressure
levels go up-not a good long-term disposition to maintain the body in.70
An article called "Forgiveness,"
published in the September-October 1996 edition of Healing Currents
Magazine, stated that anger towards an individual or an event led
to negative emotions in people, and harmed their emotional balance and
even their physical health.71
The article also states that people realise after a while that the anger
is a nuisance to them, and wish to repair the damage to the relationship.
So, they take steps to forgive. It is also stated that, despite all they
endure, people do not want to waste the precious moments of their life
in anger and anxiety, and prefer to forgive themselves and others.72
In another study involving 1,500 people depression, stress and mental
illness were observed to be less frequent in religious people. Dr. Herbert
Benson, who conducted the research, linked this to the way religions encourage
"forgiveness", and went on to say:
There's a physiology of forgiveness… When you do
not forgive, it will chew you up.73
According to an article titled, "Anger is Hostile To
Your Heart," published in the Harvard Gazette, anger is extremely
harmful to the heart. Ichiro Kawachi, an assistant professor of medicine,
and his team scientifically demonstrated this with various tests and measurements.
As a result of their research, they established that grumpy old men had
three times the risk of heart disease than their more tempered peers.
"The tripling of risk," Kawachi says, "involves high levels of anger,
explosive anger that includes smashing things and wanting to hurt someone
in a fight."74
Researchers believe that release of stress hormones,
increased oxygen demand by the heart's muscle cells, and added stickiness
of blood platelets, which leads to clots explain how anger increases the
chance of a heart attack.75
Furthermore, at times of anger, the pulse rises above its normal level,
and leads to increased blood pressure in the arteries, and thus to a greater
risk of heart attack.
According to researchers,
anger and hostility can also trigger the production of proteins linked
to inflammation in the blood. The journal Psychosomatic Medicine
suggested that the emotion triggers the production of inflammatory proteins,
which may in turn be causing the hardening of the arteries, causing heart
disease and stroke.76 According
to Associate Professor Edward Suarez of the Duke University Medical Centre
in North Carolina, the protein interleukin 6 (or IL-6) is much higher
in men who are angry and depressed. High blood levels of IL-6 lead to
atherosclerosis, the build-up of fatty deposits in the lining of the walls
of arteries.77 According
to Suarez, as well as factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, obesity
and high cholesterol, heart disease is also linked to psychological states
such as depression, anger and hostility.78
Another article, titled "Anger Raises
Risk of Heart Attack," published in The Times, stated that a
short temper might be a short cut to a heart attack, and that young men
who reacted to stress by becoming angry were three times more likely to
develop premature heart disease, and were five times more likely to have
an early heart attack.79
Scientists at John Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, found that
quick-tempered men are at risk of heart attack even if there is no family
history of heart disease.80
All the available research shows that anger is a state of mind that seriously
damages human health. Forgiveness, on the other hand, even if it comes
hard to people, is pleasing, an aspect of superior morals, that eliminates
all the harmful effects of anger, and helps the individual to enjoy a
healthy life, both psychologically and physically. Forgiveness, of course,
is one of a form of behaviour by which a person can stay healthy, and
a positive virtue everyone should live by. However, the true aim of forgiveness-as
in all else-must be to please Allah. The fact that the features of this
sort of morality, and that the benefits of which have been scientifically
identified, have been revealed in many verses of the Qur'an, is just one
of the many sources of wisdom it contains.
HOW PRAYER ACCELERATES THE TREATMENT OF THE SICK
Your Lord says, "Call on Me and I will answer you.
Those who are too proud to worship Me will enter Hell abject." (Qur'an,
According to the Qur'an,
prayer, meaning "calling, giving expression, requesting, seeking help,"
is a person's turning sincerely to Allah, and seeking help from Him, the
Almighty, the Compassionate and Merciful, in the knowledge that he is
a dependent being. Illness is one of those instances when a person feels
this dependence most and draws closer to Allah. Furthermore, sickness
is a test, devised in His Wisdom, that takes place by His Will, and is
a warning to remind people of the transience and imperfection of this
life, and is also a source of recompense in the Hereafter for the patient
Those without faith, on the other hand, imagine that the way to recovery
is through doctors, medicines or the advanced technological capabilities
of modern science. They never pause to think that it is Allah Who causes
their physical system to function when they are in good health, or Who
creates the healing medicines and doctors when they are ill. Many turn
only to Allah when they arrive at the opinion that doctors and medicines
are inadequate. People in such situations seek help only from Allah, realising
that only He can free them from their difficulty. Allah has revealed this
mindset in a verse:
When harm touches man, he calls on Us, lying on his
side or sitting down or standing up. Then when We remove the harm from
him he carries on as if he had never called on Us when the harm first
touched him. In that way We make what they have done appear good to
the profligate. (Qur'an, 10:12)
The fact is, however, that even in good health, or without tribulations
or other difficulties, a person must pray and give thanks to Allah for
the comforts, good health and all the other blessings He has imparted.
One very important aspect of prayer is this: In addition to praying out
loud, it is also important for a person to make every effort to pray through
his or her deeds. Prayer by action means doing everything possible to
attain a certain wish. For example, in addition to praying, a sick person
may also have to visit an expert doctor, use medicines that will be of
benefit, and receive hospital treatment if necessary, or some other form
of special care. Because, Allah has linked everything that happens in
this world to specific causes. Everything in the world and in the universe
happens in accordance with these causes. Therefore, the individual must
take the requisite measures in accordance with these causes, and yet await
the outcome from Allah, with humility, submission and patience, in the
knowledge that it is He Who brings about their results.
The positive effect of faith and prayer on the sick and the way these
accelerate treatment is a matter that has attracted the attention of and
is recommended by doctors. Under the heading "God and Health: Is Religion
Good Medicine? Why Science Is Starting to Believe," the 10 November, 2003,
edition of the famous magazine Newsweek took the curative effect
of religion as its cover story. It reported that faith in God raised people's
morale and helped them recover more easily, and that science had also
begun to believe that people with religious faith recover more easily
and quickly. According to a Newsweek survey, 72% of Americans
say they believe that praying can cure someone and that prayer facilitates
recovery. Research in Great Britain and the USA has also concluded that
prayer reduces patients' symptoms and accelerates the recovery process.
According to research conducted at Michigan University, depression and
stress are observed to lesser extent in the devout. And, according to
findings at Rush University in Chicago, the early death rate among people
who worship and pray regularly is some 25% lower than in those with no
religious convictions. Another study conducted on 750 people, who underwent
angiocardiography, proved scientifically the "curative power of prayer."
It was established that the death rate among heart patients who prayed
decreased by 30% within a year after their operations.
Examples of the prayers mentioned in the Qur'an are:
And Ayyub when he called out to his Lord, "Great harm
has afflicted me and You are the Most Merciful of the merciful," We
responded to him and removed from him the harm which was afflicting
him and restored his family to him, and the same again with them, as
a mercy direct from Us and a Reminder to all worshippers. (Qur'an, 21:83)
And Dhu'n-Nun [Yunus] when he left in anger and thought
We would not punish him. He called out in the pitch darkness: "There
is no god but You! Glory be to You! Truly I have been one of the wrongdoers."
We responded to him and rescued him from his grief. That is how We rescue
the believers. (Qur'an, 21:87-88)
And Zakariyya when he called out to his Lord, "My Lord,
do not leave me on my own, though You are the Best of Inheritors." We
responded to him and gave him Yahya, restoring for him his wife's fertility.
They outdid one another in good actions, calling out to Us in yearning
and in awe, and humbling themselves to Us. (Qur'an, 21:89-90)
Nuh called out to Us and what an excellent Responder
We are! (Qur'an, 37:75)
As has already been stated, prayer must not only be for alleviation of
sickness, or other mundane problems. A sincere believer must always pray
to Allah and accept whatever comes from Him. The fact that the benefits
of prayer revealed in many verses of the Qur'an are now being recognised
scientifically, once again reveals the miraculous nature of the Qur'an.
If My servants ask you about Me, I am near. I answer
the call of the caller when he calls on Me. They should therefore respond
to Me and believe in Me so that hopefully they will be rightly guided.
STRESS AND DEPRESSION: THE RESULTS OF NOT ABIDING BY THE
"But if anyone turns away from My reminder, his life
will be a dark and narrow one..." (Qur'an, 20:124)
When Allah desires to guide someone, He expands his
breast to Islam. When He desires to misguide someone, He makes his breast
narrow and constricted as if he were climbing up into the sky. That
is how Allah defiles those who have no faith. (Qur'an, 6:125)
The failure of irreligious people in submitting themselves to Allah causes
them to be in a constant state of ill-ease, anxiety and stress. As a consequence,
they are afflicted by various psychological illnesses which reveal themselves
in their physical selves. Their bodies wear down more quickly, and they
age rapidly and degenerate.
As a result of physical or psychological stress, the individualâ€™s
adrenal gland (the gland above each kidney) secretes large amounts
of glucocorticoid hormones. These hormones increase the energy level
of muscles, and temporarily halt such activities as growth—which
are inessential at that moment. In cases of extreme physical and
chronic psychological stress these hormones, which are otherwise
of vital importance, can give rise to stress related disorders,
such as high blood pressure, obesity, bone erosion and stomach ulcers.
However, since believers are psychologically healthy, they do not fall
prey to stress, or despondence, and their bodies are ever fit and healthy.
The positive effects of their submitting to Allah, their trust in Him
and fortitude, looking for the good in all things, and accepting what
happens with the hope of His promise, are reflected in their physical
selves. This, of course, applies only to those who live by the moral values
of the Qur'an, and who truly comprehend the religion. Of course, they
may fall ill and eventually grow old, but this natural process does not
involve the psychological breakdown it does in others.
Stress and depression, regarded as the diseases of our time, not only
cause psychological harm, but also manifests themselves in various physical
defects. The common stress and depression-related problems are some forms
of mental illness, drug addiction, insomnia, skin, stomach and blood pressure
disorders, colds, migraines, a number of bone diseases, kidney imbalances,
respiratory difficulties, allergies, heart attacks, and brain swelling.
Of course, stress and depression are not the only causes of these, but
it has been scientifically proven that the origins of problems such as
these are usually psychological.
Stress, which afflicts so many, is a state of mental anxiety caused by
such feelings as fear, insecurity, overexcitement, worry and other pressures,
that damages the body's equilibrium. When people become victims of stress,
their bodies react and sound the alarm, and various biochemical reactions
in the body are initiated: The level of adrenaline in the bloodstream
rises; energy consumption and bodily reactions reach their maximum levels;
sugar, cholesterol and fatty acids are deposited into the bloodstream;
blood pressure rises and the pulse accelerates. When glucose is sent to
the brain, cholesterol levels rise, and that all spells trouble for the
Because chronic stress, in particular, alters the normal functions of
the body, it can cause serious harm. Due to stress, adrenalin and cortisol
levels in the body rise to abnormal levels. Long-term increases in cortisol
levels lead to the premature appearance of disorders such as diabetes,
heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, ulcers, respiratory diseases,
eczema and psoriasis. The effects of high cortisol levels may even include
the killing off of brain cells. The disorders caused by stress are described
as follows in one source:
There is an important relationship between stress
and the tension and pain it gives rise to. The tension caused by stress
leads to narrowing of the arteries, disruption of the flow of blood
to certain regions of the head and a reduction in the amount of blood
flowing to that region. If a tissue is deprived of blood this leads
directly to pain, because a tense tissue on one side probably requiring
greater amounts of blood and on the other side already having insufficient
blood supply stimulates special pain receptors. At the same time substances
such as adrenaline and norepinephrine, which affect the nervous system
during stress, are secreted. These directly or indirectly increase and
accelerate the tension in the muscles. Thus pain leads to tension, tension
to anxiety, and anxiety intensifies pain.81
However, one of the most detrimental effects of stress
is heart attacks. Research shows that aggressive, nervous, anxious, impatient,
competitive, hostile and irritable people have a much higher incidence
of heart attacks than people less inclined to these traits.82
The reason for this is that extreme stimulation of the
sympathetic nervous system, initiated by the hypothalamus, also causes
excessive secretion of insulin, and therefore the accumulation of insulin
in the blood. This is a matter of vital importance. Because, none of the
conditions that lead to coronary heart disease play such a definitive
and harmful role as excess insulin in the blood.83
Scientists have recognized that the higher the level of stress, the more
the positive effects of the red cells in the blood are weakened. According
to an experiment developed by Linda Naylor, head of the Oxford University's
technology transfer company, the negative effect of stress levels on the
immune system can now be measured.
There is a close relationship between stress and the immune system. Physiological
stress has an important effect on the immune system and results in its
deterioration. When under stress, the brain increases production of the
cortisol hormone in the body, which weakens the immune system. To put
it another way, there is a direct relationship between the brain, the
immune system and hormones. Experts in the field state:
Studies on psychological or physical stress have revealed
that at times of intense stress there is a fall in immunity response
linked to the hormonal balance. It is known that the emergence and strength
of many illnesses including cancer is linked to stress.84
In short, stress harms a human being's natural equilibrium. Constant
exposure to this abnormal condition impairs the body's health, and leads
to a wide variety of disorders. Experts classify the negative effects
of stress on the human body under the following basic categories:
Anxiety and Panic: A feeling that events are spiralling out of control
Constantly increasing perspiration
Voice changes: Stammering, trembling speech
Hyperactivity: Sudden explosions of energy, weak diabetic control
Sleeping difficulty: Nightmares
Skin diseases: Spots, acne, fever, psoriasis and eczema
Gastrointestinal indications: Indigestion, nausea, ulcers
Muscular tension: Grinding or locking teeth, aches in the jaw, back,
neck and shoulders
Low intensity infections: Colds etc.
Palpitations, chest pain, high blood pressure
Kidney imbalances, holding water
Respiratory disorders, shortness of breath
Dry mouth and throat
Weakening of the immune system
Shrinkage in the brain region
Feelings of guilt and lack of self-confidence
Confusion, inability to analyse correctly, poor thinking ability, weak
Extreme pessimism, believing that everything is going badly
Difficulty in moving or staying still, constant rhythm beating
Inability to concentrate or difficulty in so doing
Irritability, extreme sensitivity
Feelings of helplessness or hopelessness
Loss of or increased appetite
The fact that those who fail to abide by religious moral values experience
"stress" is revealed by Allah in the Qur'an:
"But if anyone turns away from My reminder, his life
will be a dark and narrow one…" (Qur'an, 20:124)
In another verse, Allah has revealed that "… the
earth became narrow for them, for all its great breadth, and their own
selves became constricted for them and they realised that there was no
refuge from Allah except in Him…" (Qur'an, 9:118)
This "dark and narrow" life, or stress, to give it the current name,
is the outcome of non-believers' failure to abide by the moral values
imparted by faith. Today, doctors maintain that a calm and self-assured
composure are essential for protection from the effects of stress. A calm
and peaceful disposition is only possible by living according to the Qur'an.
Indeed, it has been revealed in many verses of the Qur'an that Allah imparts
"serenity" upon the believers. (Qur'an, 2:248, 9:26,
40, 48:4, 18) Our Lord's promise to the faithful has been revealed as
Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer,
We will give them a good life and We will recompense them according
to the best of what they did. (Qur'an, 16:97)
THE BIRTH OF A HUMAN BEING
Many diverse subjects are mentioned in the Qur'an while also inviting
people to believe. Sometimes the heavens, sometimes animals, and sometimes
plants are mentioned as evidence of Allah's existence. In many of these
verses, people are called upon to consider their own creation. They are
often reminded how man came into the world, which stages he has passed
through, and what his essence is:
It is We Who have created you. Why, then, do you not
accept the truth? Have you ever considered that [seed] which you emit?
Is it you who create it? Or are We the Creator? (Qur'an, 56:57-59)
The miracle of man's creation is emphasised in many verses. Some of the
information within these verses is so detailed that it was impossible
for anyone living in the 7th century to have known it. Examples of these
are as follows:
1. Man is not created from the entire semen, but only a very small portion
of it (sperm).
2. It is the male that determines the sex of the baby.
3. The human embryo adheres to the mother's uterus like a leech.
4. The embryo develops in three dark regions in the uterus.
The items of information just quoted were far above the level of learning
of the people living at that time. The discovery of these facts could
only become possible by the technology attained in the 20th
Now, let us examine these items one at a time.
A Drop of Semen
the picture to the left, we see semen ejected into the uterus. Only
very few sperms out of 250 million sperms emitted from the male
can make it to the ovum. The sperm that will fertilise the egg is
the only one out of a thousand sperms that have managed to survive.
The fact that man is made
not from the entire semen—but only a small part of it—is
related in the Qur'an with the expression, "a drop of ejected
Sperm undertake a journey into the mother's body until they reach the
ovum. Only a thousand out of 250 million sperm succeed in reaching the
ovum. At the end of this five-minute race, the ovum, half the size of
a grain of salt, will let only one of the sperms in. That is, the substance
of man is not the whole semen, but only a small part of it. This is explained
in the Surat al-Qiyama as follows:
Does man reckon he will be left uncontrolled [without
purpose]? Was he not once a drop of ejected semen? (Qur'an, 75:36-37)
As we have seen, the Qur'an informs us that man is made not from the
entire semen, but only a small part of it. That the particular emphasis
in this verse announces a fact only discovered by modern science is evidence
that the Qur'an is the Word of Allah.
The Mixture in the Semen
In the Qur'an, it is said that masculinity or femininity are created
out of "a drop of semen which has been ejected." Until
fairly recently, it was believed that a baby's sex was determined
by the mother's cells. Science only discovered this information
given in the Qur'an in the 20th century. This and many other similar
details about the creation of man were stated in the Qur'an centuries
The fluid referred to as semen, which contains the sperm, does not consist
of sperm alone. On the contrary, it is made up of a mixture of different
fluids. Seminal fluid is a collection of substances secreted from the
testicles, the seminal vesicles, the prostate gland and glands linked
to the urinary tract. A detailed analysis of this fluid shows that it
consists of a great many separate substances, such as citric acid, prostaglandin,
flavin, ascorbic acid, ergothioneine, cholesterol, phospholipids, fibrinolysin,
zinc, phosphatase acid, phosphase, hyaluronidase and sperm. These fluids
exercise different functions, such as containing the sugar necessary for
providing energy for the sperm, neutralizing the acids at the entrance
of the uterus, and providing a slippery substance for the easy movement
of the sperm.
When semen is mentioned in the Qur'an, this fact, which was discovered
by modern science, is also referred to, and semen is defined as a mixed
We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and
We made him hearing and seeing. (Qur'an, 76:2)
In other verses, semen is again referred to as a mixture, and it is stressed
that man is created from the "extract" of this mixture:
He Who has created all things in the best possible
way. He commenced the creation of man from clay; then He made his progeny
from an extract of discarded fluid. (Qur'an, 32:7-8)
The Arabic word "sulala," translated as "extract," means the essential
or best part of something. By either meaning, it refers to "part of a
whole." This shows that the Qur'an is the Word of Allah, Who knows the
creation of man to its minute details.
The Sex of the Child
Until fairly recently, it was thought that a baby's sex was determined
by the mother's cells. Or at least, it was believed that the sex was determined
by the male and female cells together. But, we are given different information
in the Qur'an, where it is stated that masculinity or femininity is created
out of "a drop of sperm which has been ejected."
He has created both sexes, male and female from a drop
of semen which has been ejected. (Qur'an, 53:45-46)
Was he not a drop of ejaculated sperm, then a blood-clot
which He created and shaped, making from it both sexes, male and female?
The developing disciplines of genetics and molecular biology have scientifically
validated the accuracy of this information given by the Qur'an. It is
now understood that sex is determined by the sperm cells from the male,
and that the female has no role in this process.
The Y chromosome carries characteristics of
masculinity, while the X chromosome carries those of femininity.
In the mother's egg, there is only the X chromosome, which determines
female characteristics. In the semen from the father, there are
sperms that include either X or Y chromosomes. Therefore, the
sex of the baby depends on whether the sperm fertilising the egg
contains an X or Y chromosome. In other words, as stated in the
verse, the factor determining the sex of the baby is the semen,
which comes from the father. This knowledge, which could not have
been known at the time when the Qur'an was revealed, is evidence
to the fact that the Qur'an is the Word of Allah.
Chromosomes are the main elements in determining sex. Two of the 46 chromosomes
that determine the structure of a human being are identified as the sex
chromosomes. These two chromosomes are called "XY" in males, and "XX"
in females, because the shapes of the chromosomes resemble these letters.
The Y chromosome carries the genes that code for masculinity, while the
X chromosome carries the genes that code for femininity.
The formation of
a new human being begins with the cross combination of one of these chromosomes,
which exist in males and females in pairs. In females, both components
of the sex cell, which divides into two during ovulation, carry X chromosomes.
The sex cell of a male, on the other hand, produces two different kinds
of sperm, one that contains X chromosomes and the other Y chromosomes.
If an X chromosome from the female unites with a sperm that contains an
X chromosome, then the baby is female. If it unites with the sperm that
contains a Y chromosome, the baby is male.
In other words, a baby's sex is determined by which chromosome from the
male unites with the female's ovum.
None of this was known until the discovery of genes in the 20th century.
Indeed, in many cultures, it was believed that a baby's sex was determined
by the female. That was why women were blamed when they gave birth to
Fourteen centuries before human genes were discovered, however, the Qur'an
revealed information that denies this superstition, and referred to the
origin of sex lying not with women, but with the semen deriving from men.
The "Clot" Clinging to the Uterus
In the first phase of its development, the baby in the mother's
womb is in the form of a zygote, which clings to the uterus in
order to take nourishment from the mother's blood. In the picture
above is a zygote, which looks like a piece of flesh. This formation,
which has been discovered by modern embryology, was miraculously
stated in the Qur'an 14 centuries ago with the word "alaq,"
which means "a thing that clings to some place" and
is used to describe leeches that cling to a body to suck blood.
If we continue to examine the facts announced to us in the Qur'an, about
the formation of human beings, we again encounter some very important
When the sperm of the male unites with the ovum of the female, the essence
of the baby to be born is formed. This single cell, known as a "zygote"
in biology, will instantly begin reproducing by dividing, and eventually
become a "piece of flesh," called an embryo. This, of course, can only
be seen by human beings with the aid of a microscope.
The embryo, however, does not spend its developmental
period in a void. It clings to the uterus, with something like roots that
is firmly fixed to the earth by its tendrils. Through this bond, the embryo
can obtain the substances essential to its development from the mother's
Here, an important miracle of the Qur'an is revealed. While referring
to the embryo developing in the mother's womb, Allah uses the word "alaq"
in the Qur'an:
Recite: In the name of your Lord Who created man from
alaq. Recite: And your Lord is the Most Generous. (Qur'an, 96:1-3)
The meaning of the word "alaq" in Arabic is "a thing that clings
to some place." The word is literally used to describe leeches that cling
to a body to suck blood.
Certainly, the use of such a specific word for the embryo developing
in the mother's womb, proves once again that the Qur'an is the Word of
Allah, the Lord of all the Worlds.
The Wrapping of Muscles over the Bones
Another important item of information provided in the verses of the Qur'an
is the developmental stages of a human being in the mother's womb. It
is stated in these verses that in the mother's womb, the bones develop
first, and then the muscles form which wrap around them.
[We] then formed the drop into a clot and formed the
clot into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones
in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed
be Allah, the Best of Creators! (Qur'an, 23:14)
The bones of the baby completing its development in the mother's
womb are clothed with flesh during one particular stage exactly
as stated in the Qurâ€™an.
Embryology is the branch of science that studies the development of the
embryo in the mother's womb. Until very recently, embryologists assumed
that the bones and muscles in an embryo developed at the same time. Yet,
advanced microscopic research conducted by virtue of new technological
developments has revealed that the revelation of the Qur'an is word for
These observations at the microscopic level showed that the development
inside the mother's womb takes place in just the way it is described in
these verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo ossifies. Then,
muscular cells that are selected from amongst the tissue around the bones
come together and wrap around the bones.
This event is described in a scientific publication titled Developing
Human in the following words:
… [T]he shape of the skeleton determines the general
appearance of the embryo in the bones stage during the 7th
week; muscles do not develop at the same time but their development
follows soon after. The muscles take their positions around the bones
throughout the body and therefore clothe the bones. Thus, the muscles
take their well known forms and structures… The stage of clothing with
muscle occurs during the 8th week…86
In short, developmental stages of man, as described in the Qur'an, are
in perfect harmony with the findings of modern embryology.
Many stages of a baby's development in the mother's womb are related
in the Qur'an. As described in Surat al-Muminun 14, the cartilage
of the embryo in the mother's womb ossifies first. Then these
bones are covered with muscle cells. Allah describes this development
with the verse: "… [We then] formed the lump into bones
and clothed the bones in flesh."
Three Dark Stages of the Baby in the Womb
In the Qur'an, it is related that man is created through a three-stage
process in the mother's womb.
... He creates you stage by stage in your mothers'
wombs in threefold darkness. That is Allah, your Lord. Sovereignty is
His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate? (Qur'an,
The expression "fee thulumatin thalathin," translated into English
as "a threefold darkness," indicates three dark regions involved during
the development of the embryo. These are:
The darkness of the abdomen
The darkness of the womb
The darkness of the placenta
As we have seen, modern biology has revealed that the embryological development
of the baby takes place in the manner revealed in the verse, in three
dark regions. Moreover, advances in the science of embryology show that
these regions consist of three layers each.
The lateral abdominal wall comprises three layers: the
external oblique, the internal oblique, and transverses abdominis muscles.87
Similarly, the wall of the womb also consists of three
layers: the epimetrium, the myometrium and the endometrium.88
Similarly again, the placenta surrounding the embryo
also consists of three layers: the amnion (the internal membrane
around the fetus), the chorion (the middle amnion layer) and
the decidua (outer amnion layer.)89
It is also pointed out in this verse that a human being is created in
the mother's womb in three distinct stages.
modern biology has also revealed that the baby's embryological development
takes place in three distinct regions in the mother's womb. Today, in
all the embryology textbooks studied in departments of medicine, this
subject is taken as an element of basic knowledge. For instance, in Basic
Human Embryology, a fundamental reference text in the field of embryology,
this fact is stated as follows:
The life in the uterus has three stages: pre-embryonic;
first two and a half weeks, embryonic; until the end of the eight week,
and fetal; from the eight week to labor.90
These phases refer to the different developmental stages of a baby. In
brief, the main characteristics of these developmental stages are as follows:
- Pre-embryonic Stage
In this first phase, the zygote grows by division, and when it becomes
a cell cluster, it buries itself in the wall of the uterus. While they
continue growing, the cells organize themselves in three layers.
- Embryonic Stage
The second phase lasts for five and a half weeks, during which the baby
is referred to as an "embryo." During this stage, the basic organs and
systems of the body start to appear from the cell layers.
- Foetal Stage
From this stage onward, the embryo is called a "foetus." This phase begins
at the eighth week of gestation, and lasts until the moment of birth.
The distinctive characteristic of this stage is that the foetus looks
much like a human being, with its face, hands and feet. Although it is
only 3 cm long initially, all of its organs have become apparent. This
phase lasts for about 30 weeks, and development continues until the week
Information on the development in the mother's womb became available
only after observations with modern devices. Yet, just like many other
scientific facts, in a miraculous way, Allah draws our attention to these
items of information in the verses of the Qur'an. The fact that such detailed
and accurate information was given in the Qur'an at a time when people
had scarce information on medical matters is clear evidence that the Qur'an
is the Word of Allah.
In Surat az-Zumar 6, it is pointed out that man is created in the
mother's womb in three distinct regions. Indeed, modern embryology
has revealed that the baby's embryological development takes place
in three distinct regions in the mother's womb.
THE CREATION OF HUMAN BEINGS FROM WATER
Allah created every [living] creature from water. Some
of them go on their bellies, some of them on two legs, and some on four.
Allah creates whatever He wills. Allah has power over all things. (Qur'an,
Do those who disbelieve not see that the heavens and
the earth were sewn together and then We unstitched them and that We
made from water every living thing? So will they not believe? (Qur'an,
And it is He Who created human beings from water and
then gave them relations by blood and marriage. Your Lord is All-Powerful.
When we look at the verses concerned with the creation of human beings
and living things, we clearly see evidence of a miracle. One such miracle
is of the creation of living things from water. It was only possible for
people to come by that information, clearly expressed in those verses,
hundreds of years afterwards with the invention of the microscope.
All life forms need water in order to survive. Animals in dry
regions, therefore, have been created with mechanisms to protect
their metabolisms from water loss and to ensure maximum benefit
from water use. If water loss takes place in the body for any
reason, and if that loss is not made good, death will result in
a few days. The famous 17th century scientist Jan Baptista van
Helmont discovered in 1640s that water in the soil was the most
important element of plant development.
The words "Water is the main component of organic matter. 50-90% of the
weight of living things consists of water" appear regularly in encyclopaedias.
Furthermore, 80% of the cytoplasm (basic cell material) of a standard
animal cell is described as water in biology textbooks. The analysis of
cytoplasm and its appearance in textbooks took place hundreds of years
after the revelation of the Qur'an. It is therefore impossible for this
fact, now accepted by the scientific community, to have been known at
the time the Qur'an was revealed. Yet, attention was drawn to it in the
Qur'an 1,400 years before its discovery.