MIRACLES OF THE QUR'AN
SKY MADE A DOME
THE RETURNING SKY
THE LAYERS OF THE EARTH
THE EARTH DISGORGES ITS CHARGES
THE FUNCTION OF MOUNTAINS
THE MOVEMENT OF MOUNTAINS
DIFFERENT POINTS IN THE RISING
AND SETTING OF THE SUN
LAND LOSS AT THE EXTREMITIES
THE SPLITTING EARTH
THE MIRACLE OF IRON
THE SKY MADE A DOME
It is He Who made the earth a couch for you, and the
sky a dome. He sends down water from the sky and by it brings forth
fruits for your provision. Do not, then, knowingly make others equal
to Allah. (Qur'an, 2:22)
The Geminid meteor shower is observed at its highest intensity in
the second week of December each year. The short lines in the photograph
to the side are traces belonging to stars; the long ones belong
to meteors. The meteors in the shower seen in the picture fall at
a density of up to 58 per hour.
Here, the Arabic word for the sky is "assamaa binaan."
As well as the meaning of "dome" or "ceiling," this also describes a kind
of tent-like covering used by the Bedouin.22
What is being emphasised here, through mention of a tent-like structure,
is a form of protection against external elements.
if we are generally unaware of it, a large number of meteors fall to the
Earth, as they do the other planets. The reason why these make enormous
craters on other planets but do no harm on Earth is that the atmosphere
puts up considerable resistance to a falling meteor. The meteor is unable
to withstand this for long and loses much of its mass from combustion
due to friction. This danger, which might otherwise cause terrible disasters,
is thus prevented thanks to the atmosphere. As well as the verses regarding
the protective properties of the atmosphere cited above, attention is
also drawn to the special creation in the following verse:
Do you not see that Allah has made everything on the
earth subservient to you and the ships running upon the sea by His command?
He holds back the heaven, preventing it from falling to the earth-except
by His permission. Allah is All-Compassionate to mankind, Most
Merciful. (Qur'an, 22:65)
The protective property of the atmosphere we discussed in the preceding
section protects the Earth from space-in other words, from external elements.
With the word "dome," referring to the sky in the above verse, attention
is drawn to this aspect of the sky, which could not possibly have been
known at the time of our Prophet (saas). The fact that this information
was imparted 1,400 years ago in the Qur'an, when there were no spacecraft
or giant telescopes, shows that the Qur'an is the revelation of our Lord,
THE RETURNING SKY
The verse 11 of Surat at-Tariq in the Qur'an, refers to the "returning"
function of the sky.
[I swear] by Heaven which returns. (Qur'an, 86:11)
The word "rajaai" interpreted as "return" in Qur'an translations
has meanings of "sending back" or "returning." As is known, the atmosphere
surrounding the Earth consists of many layers. Each layer serves an important
purpose for the benefit of life on Earth. Research has revealed that these
layers have the function of turning the materials or rays they are exposed
to back into space or back down to the Earth. Now let us examine, employing
a few fitting examples, this "returning" function of the layers encircling
The presence of water
is essential for life on Earth. One of the factors acting in the
formation of water is the Troposphere, one of the layers of the
atmosphere. The troposphere layer enables water vapour rising from
the surface of the Earth to be condensed from whence it returns
to the Earth in the form of rain.
The atmosphere layer
that blocks the rays that might be fatal to life on Earth is the
Ozonosphere. The Ozonosphere turns harmful cosmic rays like ultraviolet
back to space, hence preventing them from reaching the Earth and
Each layer of the atmosphere
has beneficial attributes for human beings. For example, the Ionosphere
layer, one of the upper layers of the atmosphere, reflects radio
waves broadcast from a certain centre back down to the Earth, thus
enabling broadcasts to be received from long distances.
The troposphere, 13 to 15 kilometres above the Earth, enables water vapour
rising from the surface of the Earth to be condensed and turned back as
rain. The ozone layer, the lower layer of stratosphere at an altitude
of 25 kilometres, reflects harmful radiation and ultraviolet light coming
from space and turns both back into space.
The ionosphere reflects radio waves broadcast from the Earth back down
to different parts of the world just like a passive communications satellite.
Thus, it makes wireless communication, radio, and television broadcasting
possible over long distances. The magnetosphere layer turns the harmful
radioactive particles emitted by the Sun and other stars back into space
before they reach the Earth.
The fact that this property of the atmosphere's layers, that was only
demonstrated in the recent past was announced centuries ago in the Qur'an,
once again proves that the Qur'an is Allah's Word.
THE LAYERS OF THE EARTH
One item of information about the Earth given in the Qur'an is its similarity
to the seven-layered sky:
It is Allah Who created the seven heavens and of the
earth the same number, the Command descending down through all of them,
so that you might know that Allah has power over all things and that
Allah encompasses all things in His knowledge. (Qur'an, 65:12)
The information in the above verse is confirmed in scientific sources,
wherein it is explained that the Earth consists of seven strata. These,
as scientists have identified, are:
1st layer: Lithosphere (water)
2nd layer: Lithosphere (land)
3rd layer: Asthenosphere
4th layer: Upper Mantle
5th layer: Inner Mantle
6th layer: Outer Core
7th layer: Inner Core
The word lithosphere is derived from the Greek word lithos,
meaning stone, which is a hard stratum forming the Earth's top layer.
It is quite thin in comparison to the other strata. The lithosphere under
the oceans is still thinner, and is a region with volcanic activity. Its
average thickness is 80 km. It is colder and harder than the other strata,
and therefore, forms the earth's shell.
Below the lithosphere is the stratum known as the asthenosphere,
from the Greek word for "weak," asthenes. This layer is thinner
than the lithosphere and shifts. It was formed of hot, semi-solid substances
capable of melting when exposed to high temperatures and pressure over
geological time. It is thought that the hard lithosphere floats or moves
over the slowly moving asthenosphere.23
Under these layers is a high-temperature layer some 2,900 km thick, made
up of semi-solid rock known as the mantle. This contains more iron, magnesium
and calcium than the crust, and is also hotter and denser, because temperature
and density in the Earth increase with depth.
At the centre of the Earth is the core, approximately twice as dense
as the mantle. The reason for that density is that it contains a higher
proportion of metals (iron-nickel alloy) than rock. The Earth's core consists
of two parts. One is the 2,200 km thick liquid outer core, the other a
1,250 km thick solid inner core. The liquid outer core provides the Earth's
magnetic field as the planet rotates.
The truth of this similarity between the sky and the layers of the Earth,
only identified by 20th century technology, is without doubt another of
the Qur'an's scientific miracles.
THE EARTH DISGORGES ITS CHARGES
When the earth is convulsed with its quaking and the
earth then disgorges its charges and man asks, "What is wrong with it?",
on that Day it will impart all its news. (Qur'an, 99:1-4)
The word "zilzal"
in Arabic means earthquake, or tremors, and the word "athqalaha" means
"charges, heavy burdens." When one considers the above verses in the light
of the first meaning, it can be seen that reference is being made to an
important scientific fact about earthquakes.
Surat az-Zilzal 2 mentions the earth disgorging its charges. Indeed,
as a result of research in recent years, it has been realised that there
are heavy metals at the centre of the Earth, and that these appear as
a result of movements on the Earth's surface. According to geologists'
calculations, as the Earth cooled, heavy and dense substances sank to
its centre, while lighter ones rose to the surface. For that reason, the
Earth's crust consists of the least heaviest substances (basalt and granite
rocks), while heavy metals (nickel and iron) are found in the core. As
a result, the subsurface, which consists of molten metals, is made of
a material that is much heavier and denser than the surface.
During earthquakes, the heavy substances below the surface have an opportunity
to rise, and the Earth thus disgorges its charges, as revealed in the
Qur'an. Moreover, those regions where metal reserves are most concentrated
are also those with the greatest volcanic activity. These scientific findings,
which emerged only recently, and as a result of wide-ranging research,
are just some of the scientific facts indicated by Allah in the Qur'an.
THE FUNCTION OF MOUNTAINS
The Qur'an draws attention to a very important geological function of
We placed firmly embedded mountains on the earth, so
it would not move under them… (Qur'an, 21:31)
The verse states that mountains perform the function of preventing shocks
in the Earth. This fact was not known by anyone at the time the Qur'an
was revealed. It was, in fact, brought to light only recently, as a result
of the findings of modern geological research.
Formerly, it was thought that mountains were merely
protrusions rising above the surface of the Earth. However, scientists
realised that this was not actually the case, and that those parts known
as the mountain root extended down as far as 10-15 times their own height.
With these features, mountains play a similar role to a nail or peg firmly
holding down a tent. For example, Mount Everest, the summit of which stands
approximately 9 km above the surface of the Earth, has a root deeper than
||Mountains have roots deep under
the surface of the ground. (Press and Siever, Earth, 413.)
||Schematic section. Mountains, like pegs, have deep roots embedded
in the ground. (Andre Cailleux and J. Moody Stuart, Anatomy of the
Earth (McGraw-Hill Companies: 1968), 220.)
Another illustration shows how mountains are
peg-like in shape, due to their deep roots. (Edward J. Tarbuck
and Frederick K. Lutgens, Earth Science (USA: Macmillan USA: 1993),
Mountains emerge as a result of the movements and collisions of massive
plates forming the Earth's crust. When two plates collide, the stronger
one slides under the other, the one on the top bends and forms heights
and mountains. The layer beneath proceeds under the ground and makes a
deep extension downward. Consequently, as stated earlier, mountains have
a portion stretching downwards, as large as their visible parts on the
In a scientific text, the structure of mountains is described as follows:
Where continents are thicker, as in mountain ranges,
the crust sinks deeper into the mantle.25
Professor Siaveda, a world-renowned underwater geologist, made the following
comment in reference to the way that mountains have root-like stalks attaching
them to the surface:
The fundamental difference between continental mountains
and the oceanic mountains lies in its material... But the common denominator
on both mountains are that they have roots to support the mountains.
In the case of continental mountains, light-low density material from
the mountain is extended down into the earth as a root. In the case
of oceanic mountains, there is also light material supporting the mountain
as a root... Therefore, the function of the roots are to support the
mountains according to the law of Archimedes.26
Furthermore, a book titled Earth, by Dr. Frank
Press, former president of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, which
is still used as a text book in a great many universities, states that
mountains are like stakes, and are buried deep under the surface of the
In other verses, this role of the mountains is pointed out by a comparison
Have We not made the earth as a bed and the mountains
its pegs? (Qur'an, 78:6-7)
In another verse it is revealed that Allah "made the mountains
firm." (Qur'an, 79:32) The word "arsaha" in this verse means
"was made rooted, was fixed, was nailed to the earth." Similarly, mountains
extend to the surface layer joining lines on and below the surface, and
nail these together. By fixing the Earth's crust they prevent any sliding
over the magma layer or amongst the layers themselves. In short, mountains
can be compared to nails holding strips of wood together. The fixing effect
of mountains is known as isostasy in scientific literature. Isostasy is
the state of equilibrium between the upward force created by the mantle
layer and the downward force created by the Earth's crust. As mountains
lose mass due to erosion, soil loss or melting of glaciers, they can gain
mass from the formation of glaciers, volcanic explosions or soil formation.
Therefore, as mountains grow lighter they are pressed upwards by the raising
force implemented by the liquids. Alternatively, as they grow heavier
they are pressed into the mantle by the force of gravity. Equilibrium
between these two forces is established by isostasy. This balancing property
of mountains is described in these terms in a scientific source:
G.B Airy in 1855 suggested that the crust of the earth
could be likened to rafts of timber floating on water. Thick pieces
of timber float higher above the water surface than thin pieces and
similarly thick sections of the earth's crust will float on a liquid
or plastic substratum of greater density. Airy was suggesting that mountains
have a deep root of lower density rock which the plains lack. Four years
after Airy published his work, J.H Pratt offered an alternative hypothesis...
By this hypothesis rock columns below mountains must have a lower density,
because of their greater length, than shorter rock columns beneath plains.
Both Airy and Pratt's hypothesis imply that surface irregularities are
balanced by differences in density of rocks below the major features
(mountains and plains) of the crust. This state of BALANCE is described
as the concept of ISOSTASY.28
Today, we know that the rocky external layer of the Earth's surface is
riven by deep faults and split into plates swimming above the molten lava.
Since the Earth revolves very quickly around its own axis, were it not
for the fixing effect of the mountains, these plaques would shift. In
such an event, soil would not collect on the Earth's surface, water would
not accumulate in the soil, no plants could grow, and no roads or houses
could be built. In short, life on Earth would be impossible. Through the
mercy of Allah, however, mountains act like nails, and to a large extent,
prevent movement in the Earth's surface.
We subjected the mountains to glorify [Allah]
with him in the
evening and at sunrise.
He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so
it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that hopefully
you would be guided.
This vital role of mountains, which has been discovered by modern geological
and seismic research, was revealed in the Qur'an centuries ago as an example
of the supreme wisdom in Allah's creation.
… [He] cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth
so that it would not move under you… (Qur'an, 31:10)
THE MOVEMENT OF MOUNTAINS
In one verse, we are
informed that mountains are not motionless as they seem, but are in constant
You see the mountains you reckoned to be solid going
past like clouds. (Qur'an, 27:88)
This motion of mountains is caused by the movement of the Earth's crust
that they are located on. The Earth's crust "floats" over the mantle layer,
which is denser. It was at the beginning of the 20th century when, for
the first time in history, a German scientist by the name of Alfred Wegener
proposed that the continents of the Earth had been attached together when
it first formed, but then drifted in different directions, and thus separated
as they moved away from each other.
Geologists understood that Wegener was right only in the 1980s, 50 years
after his death. As Wegener pointed out in an article published in 1915,
the land masses on the Earth were joined together about 500 million years
ago, and this large mass, called Pangaea, was located in the South Pole.
Approximately 180 million years ago, Pangaea divided into two parts,
which drifted in different directions. One of these giant continents was
Gondwana, which included Africa, Australia, Antarctica and India. The
second one was Laurasia, which included Europe, North America and Asia,
except for India. Over the next 150 million years following this separation,
Gondwana and Laurasia divided into smaller parts.
These continents, that emerged after the split of Pangaea, have been
constantly moving on the Earth's surface at a rate of several centimetres
per year, and in the meantime changing the sea to land ratios of the Earth.
as a result of the geological research carried out at the beginning of
the 20th century, this movement of the Earth's crust is explained by scientists
The crust and the uppermost part of the mantle, with
a thickness of about 100 kms., are divided into segments called plates.
There are six major plates, and several small ones. According to the
theory called plate tectonics, these plates move about on Earth, carrying
continents and ocean floor with them. Continental motion has been measured
at from 1-5 cm per year. As the plates continue to move about, this
will produce a slow change in Earth's geography. Each year, for instance,
the Atlantic Ocean becomes slightly wider.29
There is an important point that needs to be stated
here: Allah referred to the motion of mountains as drifting in a verse
of the Qur'an. Today, modern scientists also use the term "continental
drift" for this motion.30
Continental drift is something that could not have been observed at the
time of the revelation of the Qur'an, though Allah clearly indicated how
it was to be understood: "You see the mountains you reckoned to
be solid" in the verse. Though, He further described this action
in the following verse, stating that the mountains were going past like
clouds. As has been indicated, attention is clearly drawn to the movement
of the layer in which the mountains are fixed.
It is without doubt a great miracle that this scientific fact, only recently
discovered by science, should have been revealed in the 7th century, when
conceptions of the nature of the universe were based on superstition and
myth. This is another very important proof that the Qur'an is the word
DIFFERENT POINTS IN THE RISING AND SETTING OF THE SUN
No! I swear by the Lord of the Easts and Wests that
We have the power. (Qur'an, 70:40)
Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between
them; Lord of the Easts. (Qur'an, 37:5)
The Lord of the two Easts and the Lord of the two Wests.
As can be discerned, the words east and west are used in the plural sense
in the above verses. For instance, the word "mashariq," used
in the first verse for "east," and the word "magharib" used for
"west," are in plural form, indicating that there are two of each. The
words "mashriqayn" and "maghribayn" in the last verse
are used for two easts and two wests. "Mashariq" and "magharib"
also mean the place where the Sun rises and sets. The above verses are
therefore referring to different sites of the dawning and closing of the
day. It is also worthy of note that the vow is taken by the Lord of "the
easts and wests" in the first verse.
The axis around which the earth revolves itself is at an angle of 23°
27'. Due to that angle, and the spherical shape of the Earth, the light
rays from the Sun do not always strike it at the same angle. This means
that since the Sun's rays fall on that area at different angles, someone
far away from the equator will observe the Sun rising at different points
in the east and setting at different points in the west. The further away
from the equator that person is the more different points he will identify
for the dawning and closing of the day.
Someone at the equator, however, will always observe that the Sun rises
exactly in the east and sets exactly in the west, since the Sun's rays
always fall perpendicularly there. Bearing in mind that the Arabian peninsula
is not that far from the equator, it would appear impossible for such
an observation to be made there. That is because someone in that region
would see that the Sun always rises at the same point, and always sets
at the same point. The expression regarding east and west in the above
verses may be indicating the Sun rising and setting at different points.
(Allah knows best.)
LAND LOSS AT THE EXTREMITIES
Do they not see how We come to the land eroding it
at its extremities?… (Qur'an, 13:41)
… Do they not see how We come to the land eroding it
from its extremities?… (Qur'an, 21:44)
A HUGE BALL OF FIRE
Immense twisting solar eruptions are filled with ionised helium
gas at a temperature of 60,000 degrees Centigrade. (As observed
by the SOHO satellite in extreme ultraviolet light.)
The Earth is bombarded by proton, electron
and alpha particles from the Sun. These solar winds are powerful enough
to separate the atmosphere from the Earth. However, it will take about
five times longer than the total life of the Sun at the Earth's present
rate of matter loss (at most 3 kg per second.) for the atmosphere to be
used up.31 That is because,
thanks to the powerful magnetic field formed by the magnetosphere in the
atmosphere, the Earth is to some extent protected from this powerful erosion.
The loss of ions-oxygen, helium and hydrogen-dispersed over the Earth's
ionosphere layer into the depths of space is of much smaller dimensions
than the vast layer of air surrounding the Earth. Even so, the amount
leaking into space is nevertheless of a significant size.32
Thanks to NASA spacecraft, researchers have obtained
concrete evidence that energy explosions on the Sun cause oxygen and other
gases to disperse into space from the outer layer of the Earth's atmosphere.
Scientists first observed that the Earth experiences a loss of matter
from its outer layers on September 24-25, 1998.33
However, the above verses may also be referring to the loss of land on
Earth in another regard.
At the present time, the polar ice caps are melting
and the water level in the oceans is rising. The increasing quantity of
water is covering ever more land. As coastal areas come under water, the
land surface or total amount of land is decreasing.34
The expression "eroding it from its extremities" in the above verses may
well be pointing to coastal areas being covered by water.
A New York Times report on this subject reads:
Over the last century, the average surface temperature
of the globe has risen by about 1 degree Fahrenheit, and the rate of
warming has accelerated in the last quarter-century. That is a significant
amount… Previous studies of satellite and submarine observations have
seemed to establish a warming trend in the northern polar region and
raise the possibility of a melting icecap. Scientists at the Goddard
Space Science Institute, a NASA research center in Manhattan, compared
data from submarines in the 1950's and 1960's with 1990's observations,
demonstrating that the ice cover over the entire Arctic basin has thinned
by 45 percent. Satellite images have revealed that the extent of ice
coverage has significantly shrunk in recent years.35
The findings made towards the end of the 20th century help
us to understand the wisdom of Surat ar-Ra'd 41, and Surat al-Anbiya'
2. 8 minutes : Ultraviolet and x-ray emissions travelling at the
speed of light can block out radio broadcasts.
3. 30 minutes: Charged particles at a high energy level can threaten
satellites and high-flying jets.
4. Between 48 minutes and 96 hours: The Earthâ€™s magnetic
field is disrupted by mass solar particles. The effect of this
is to endanger electricity networks.
5. THE MAGNETOSPHERE is a region in space occupied by the Earthâ€™s
magnetic field. It usually extends for 64,000 kilometres (40,000
miles) towards the Sun, although powerful solar storms can compress
the magnetosphere to a mere 42,000 kilometres (26,000 miles),
leaving satellites outside exposed to solar winds.
This loss at the extremities, as revealed by Allah, may be understood
in light of another scientific fact revealed in the Qur'an. The fact that
the Earth, which revolves around its own axis, has a geoid shape, is a
fact that has gained acceptance in recent centuries.
Research has revealed that the Earth keeps bulging at the equator.
Research has revealed that the equatorial diameter of the Earth expands
under the effect of the force stemming from this rotation, and that it
is compressed at its extremities, in other words the poles. Furthermore,
since the Earth is in constant rotation this change continues to occur.
Indeed, the term "nanqusu" in Surat ar-Ra'd 41, translated as "eroding,"
shows that this process of erosion is an ongoing one.
It is the force of gravity that has given such celestial
bodies as the Earth their spherical form. However, that shape is not exactly
spherical; it flattens out somewhat at the poles and thickens at the equator.
According to NASA figures, the radius of the Earth is 6,378.1 km (3,963.2
miles) at the equator but only 6,356.8 km (3,949.9 miles) from pole to
pole.36 This is a difference
of some 0.3%.
This model of the shape of the Earth was suggested by Sir Isaac Newton
in 1687. This fact, revealed in the Qur'an 1,400 years ago, is another
of its scientific miracles.
Caption: Research has revealed that the Earth keeps bulging at the equator.
Allah created the heavens and the earth with truth.
There is certainly a Sign in that for the believers.
THE SPLITTING EARTH
[I swear] by Heaven which returns and the earth which
splits. (Qur'an, 86:11-12)
The Arabic word "sadA" in the above verse means "cracking, splitting
apart." Allah's swearing by the splitting of the Earth points to an important
phenomenon, as do the other scientific miracles in the Qur'an. Scientists
first descended to the depths of the seas and oceans in order to study
mineral resources in 1945-1946. One of the most important facts to emerge
from that research was the fissured structure of the Earth. The rock layer
on the external surface of the Earth was split by large numbers of cracks
(faults), tens of thousands of kilometres long, running from north to
south and east to west. Scientists also realised that there was molten
magma under the sea, at depths of 100-150 km.
The above representative pictures show the fragmented structure
of the Earth. The magma layer under the Earthâ€™s crust is
allowed to escape to the surface by this fragmented structure.
This significantly reduces the temperature of the Earth.
Due to these splits and cracks, lava flows from volcanoes
on the sea bed. Due to this fissured structure, a significant amount of
heat is also given off, and a large part of molten rocks forms the mountains
under the oceans. If the Earth did not possess this structure, which allows
large amounts of heat to escape from its crust, life on Earth would become
If the Earthâ€™s surface did not permit high levels of heat
to escape, life on Earth would be impossible.
There is no doubt that such information, which required such advanced
technology to be discovered, being given 1,400 years ago is yet another
proof that the Qur'an is the Word of Allah.
THE MIRACLE OF IRON
Iron is one of the elements highlighted in the Qur'an. In Surat al-Hadid,
meaning Iron, we are informed:
And We also sent down iron in which there lies great
force and which has many uses for mankind… (Qur'an, 57:25)
The word "anzalna," translated as "sent down"
and used for iron in the verse, could be thought of having a metaphorical
meaning to explain that iron has been given to benefit people. But, when
we take into consideration the literal meaning of the word, which is,
"being physically sent down from the sky," as in the case of rain and
Sun rays, we realize that this verse implies a very significant scientific
miracle. Because, modern astronomical findings have disclosed that the
iron found in our world has come from giant stars in outer space.38
Not only the iron on earth, but also the iron in the
entire Solar System, comes from outer space, since the temperature in
the Sun is inadequate for the formation of iron. The sun has a surface
temperature of 6,000 degrees Celsius, and a core temperature of approximately
20 million degrees. Iron can only be produced in much larger stars than
the Sun, where the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees.
When the amount of iron exceeds a certain level in a star, the star can
no longer accommodate it, and it eventually explodes in what is called
a "nova" or a "supernova." These explosions make it possible for iron
to be given off into space.39
One scientific source provides the following information on this subject:
There is also evidence for older supernova events:
Enhanced levels of iron-60 in deep-sea sediments have been interpreted
as indications that a supernova explosion occurred within 90 light-years
of the sun about 5 million years ago. Iron-60 is a radioactive isotope
of iron, formed in supernova explosions, which decays with a half life
of 1.5 million years. An enhanced presence of this isotope in
a geologic layer indicates the recent nucleosynthesis of elements nearby
in space and their subsequent transport to the earth (perhaps as part
of dust grains).40
Surat al-Hadid is the 57th in the Qurâ€™an. The numerical value
of the word “al-Hadid” in Arabic is 57. The numerical
value of “hadid” on its own is 26. As can be seen from
the periodic table to the side, 26 is the number of the iron atom.
With the verse revealed in Surat al-Hadid Almighty Allah indicates
how iron formed, and with the mathematical code contained in the
verse He reveals to us a scientific miracle.
All this shows that iron did not form on the Earth, but was carried from
Supernovas, and was "sent down," as stated in the verse. It is clear that
this fact could not have been known in the 7th century, when
the Qur'an was revealed. Nevertheless, this fact is related in the Qur'an,
the Word of Allah, Who encompasses all things in His infinite knowledge.
Astronomy has also revealed that other elements also formed outside the
Earth. In the expression "We also sent down iron" in
the verse, the word "also" may well be referring to that idea. However,
the fact that the verse specifically mentions iron is quite astounding,
considering that these discoveries were made at the end of the 20th
century. In his book Nature's Destiny, the well-known microbiologist Michael
Denton emphasizes the importance of iron:
Of all the metals there is none more essential
to life than iron. It is the accumulation of iron in the center of a
star which triggers a supernova explosion and the subsequent scattering
of the vital atoms of life throughout the cosmos. It was the
drawing by gravity of iron atoms to the center of the primeval earth
that generated the heat which caused the initial chemical differentiation
of the earth, the outgassing of the early atmosphere, and ultimately
the formation of the hydrosphere. It is molten iron in the center of
the earth which, acting like a gigantic dynamo, generates the earth's
magnetic field, which in turn creates the Van Allen radiation belts
that shield the earth's surface from destructive high-energy-penetrating
cosmic radiation and preserve the crucial ozone layer from cosmic ray
Without the iron atom, there would be no carbon-based life
in the cosmos; no supernovae, no heating of the primitive earth,
no atmosphere or hydrosphere. There would be no protective magnetic
field, no Van Allen radiation belts, no ozone layer, no metal to make
hemoglobin [in human blood], no metal to tame the reactivity of oxygen,
and no oxidative metabolism.
The intriguing and intimate relationship between life and iron, between
the red color of blood and the dying of some distant star, not only
indicates the relevance of metals to biology but also the biocentricity
of the cosmos…41
This account clearly indicates the importance of the iron atom. The fact
that particular attention is drawn to iron in the Qur'an also emphasises
the importance of the element. In addition, there is another hidden truth
in the Qur'an which draws attention to the importance of iron: Surat al-Hadid
25, which refers to iron, contains two rather interesting mathematical
"Al- Hadid" is the 57th sura in the Qur'an. The abjad
of the word "Al-Hadid" in Arabic, when the numerological values of its
letters are added up, is also 57. (For abjad calculations see
the section on Numerological Calculations (Abjad) in the Qur'an.)
The numerological value of the word "hadid" alone is 26. And
26 is the atomic number of iron.
Moreover, iron oxide particles were used in a cancer treatment in recent
months and positive developments were observed. A team led by Dr. Andreas
Jordan, at the world famous Charité Hospital in Germany, succeeded in
destroying cancer cells with this new technique developed for the treatment
of cancer-magnetic fluid hyperthermia (high temperature magnetic liquid).
As a result of this technique, first performed on the 26-year-old Nikolaus
H., no new cancer cells were observed in the patient in the following
This method of treatment can be summarised as follows:
1. A liquid containing iron oxide particles
is injected into the tumour by means of a special syringe. These particles
spread throughout the tumour cells. This liquid consists of thousands
of millions of particles, 1,000 times smaller than the red blood corpuscles,
of iron oxide in 1 cm3 that can easily flow through all blood vessels.42
2. The patient is then placed in a machine with a powerful
3. This magnetic field, applied externally, begins to
set the iron particles in the tumour in motion. During this time the temperature
in the tumour containing the iron oxide particles rises by up to 45 degrees.
In a few minutes the cancer cells, unable to protect
themselves from the heat, are either weakened or destroyed. The tumour
may then be completely eradicated with subsequent chemotherapy.43
In this treatment it is only the cancer cells that are affected by the
magnetic field, since only they contain the iron oxide particles. The
spread of this technique is a major development in the treatment of this
potentially lethal disease. In the treatment of such a widespread disease
as cancer, the use of the expression "iron in which there lies
great force and which has many uses for mankind" (Qur'an,
57:25) in the Qur'an is particularly noteworthy. Indeed, in that verse,
the Qur'an may be indicating the benefits of iron for human health. (Allah