THE SUGAR FACTORY IN OUR BODIES
If you ate food containing a little more sugar that you needed, a system
in your body would go into action to prevent the elevation of the proportion
of sugar in your blood.
1. First, the pancreas cells would find and distinguish the sugar molecules
from among all the millions of other molecules in your blood. Moreover,
they would count the sugar molecules to decide if the number were too
high or too low. Amazingly, cells too small for the eye to see, without
eyes, hands, or a brain know the correct proportion of sugar molecules
in a fluid.
2. If the pancreas cells determine that there is more sugar in the blood
than required, they decide to store the excess. But they themselves do
not do the storing; they have other cells, located far away, to do this
3. These distant cells, unless a command to the contrary comes to them,
have no desire to store sugar. But the pancreas cells send a hormone to
these cells commanding them to store sugar. The formula of this hormone,
called insulin, has been coded in the DNA of the pancreas cells from the
moment they come into being.
4. Special enzymes in the pancreas cells (worker proteins) read this
formula and produce insulin accordingly. In this production hundreds of
individual enzymes perform a different function.
5. The insulin produced reaches the target cell by the most reliable
and rapid communications network-the bloodstream.
6. The various cells that read the command to store sugar written in
the insulin hormone obeys it unconditionally. As a result, the doors that
permit sugar molecules to enter the cells are opened.
7. But these doors do not open randomly. The reservoir molecules distinguish
sugar molecules from among all the hundreds of other molecule types in
the blood; they intercept them and lock them inside themselves.
8. The cells always obey the commands sent to them. They do not misunderstand
this command and try to intercept the wrong material, or to store more
sugar than is necessary. They work with great discipline and effort.
When you drink some tea with too much sugar, this remarkable system goes
into action and stores the excess sugar in your body. If this system did
not function, the level of sugar in your blood would rapidly increase
and you could eventually go into a coma. This wonderful system can even
work in reverse when necessary. If the level of sugar in the blood falls
below normal, the pancreas cells produce a different hormone called glucagon.
Glucagon sends a command to those cells that were storing sugar and causes
them to release it to be mixed with the blood. The cells that obey this
command release the sugar they had stored.
In the intestines, carbohydrates become glucose
and are assimilated into the blood. If the level of glucose rises
too high, the pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin which helps
the cells to absorb glucose.
unites with the receptor that activates the glucose transporter.
The glucose enters the cell and is converted into energy. The level
of glucose in the blood remains stable. In the case of diabetes,
insulin does not bond with the receptor and the transporter becomes
inactive. Glucose circulates in the blood and raises its level of
How can it be that cells without a brain, nervous system, eyes or ears
can manage to make such a complex calculation and carry out their function
perfectly? How can these unconscious cells formed by the coming together
of proteins and fat molecules do things too complicated for humans to
achieve? What is the source of this remarkable awareness demonstrated
by these unconscious molecules? Surely all of these delicate operations
taking place in our bodies show us the existence and power of God Who
rules over the universe and all living things.