SIGNS OF THE END TIMES FROM SURAT AL - KAHF
The Prophet Muhammad (saas) highlighted this sura
Many prophetic hadith connect Surat al-Kahf with the End Times. Some
of these are given below:
Related by An-Nawwas ibn Sam'an:
'He who among you will survive to see him (the Dajjal)
should recite over him the opening verses of Surah al-Kahf.' (Muslim)
Related by Abu Umamah al-Bahili:
Whoever enters his (the Dajjal's) Hell, let him seek
refuge with Allah and recite the opening verse of Surat al-Kahf, and it
will become cool and peaceful for him, as the fire became cool and peaceful
for Ibrahim. (Ibn Kathir)
Signs and secrets about the End Times
One reason why the Prophet (as) recommends that believers read Surat
al-Kahf is that it contains very important signs about the End Times,
such as those that are required to defend and fight against the Dajjal
and the irreligious movements that bring so much evil to humanity, and
which he wants to spread around the world. It also contains many lessons
for Muslims. Our Prophet's (as) recommendation to memorize and to read
this surah attentively is a clear indication of this. As we will see throughout
this chapter, the experiences of the Companions of the Cave (Ahl al-Kahf),
who lived in an unbelieving society, the lessons that Musa (as) learned
from Khidr, and the rule over the world that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) established
in order to disseminate the values of Islam, are matters upon which believers
need to reflect.
The extraordinary situation of the People of the Cave
Do you consider that the Companions of the Cave
and Ar-Raqim were one of the most remarkable of Our Signs? When the young
men took refuge in the cave and said: 'Our Lord, give us mercy directly
from You and open the way for us to right guidance in our situation.'
(Surat al-Kahf: 9-10)
These verses touch upon this group's extraordinary situation. As the
narrative unfolds, we see that their experiences are of an unusual and
metaphysical nature. Their entire life is full of miraculous developments.
Their situation is subject to our Prophet's (as) hadith, which make the
connection between them and the End Times. This indicates that people
living in the End Times may have supernatural experiences.
You would have supposed them to be
awake whereas in fact they were asleep. We moved them to be right
and to the left, and, at the entrance, their dog stretched out its
paws. If you had looked down and seen them, you would have turned
from them and run and have been filled with terror at the sight
of them. (Surat al_Kahf:18)
The tenth verse tells us that those young people sought refuge in the
cave from the existing oppressive system, which did not allow them to
express their views, tell the truth, and call to Allah's religion. Thus,
they distanced themselves from their society.
However, this should not be understood as an idle period away from society,
for they took refuge there while asking for Allah's grace and help. They
also sought to improve and develop themselves. Muslims of the End Times
living under oppressive regimes will conceal themselves and hope for Allah
to increase His grace upon them, and also to make their lives and struggle
against anti-religious movements easier.
Their secrecy continued for some time
So We sealed their ears with sleep in the cave
for a number of years. Then We woke them up again so that we might see
which of the two groups would better calculate the time they had stayed
there. (Surat al-Kahf: 11-12)
The reason for this state of sleep was their surrender to fate and peace,
because Allah, Who created the universe out of nothing, arranges everything
for the benefit of Muslims. In our own time, some Muslims have adopted
a similar spiritual detachment. This way, they remain uncorrupted by the
materialist ideologies that seek to distance people from their faith,
and also are untouched by the violence to which these ideologies lead.
Thus, they can continue to live according to the Qur'an without being
affected by the surrounding moral degeneration, cruelty, and chaos. TheCompanions
of the Cave remained hidden for some time, and Allah roused them at a
time of His choosing.
They proclaimed Allah's religion to their people
Our people have taken deities apart from Him. Why
do they not produce a clear authority concerning them? Who could do greater
wrong than someone who invents a lie against Allah? (Surat al-Kahf: 15)
As this verse states, this group of people called their idolatrous people
to faith, invited them to Allah's religion, asked them to stop associating
others with Allah, and demanded that they bring forth the evidence upon
which they based their denial. When they could not do this, the Companions
of the Cave exposed their idolatrous people as liars and slanderers.
Today, Muslims also demand proof from those who take idols besides Allah.
In the End Times, there exists an idolatrous belief that idolizes matter
and chance: Darwinism.
Darwinism claims that the universe has no purpose, was formed by accidental
coincidences, and that only the fittest members of nature survive. This
anti-religious system is based on conflict and violence. In reality, these
claims of accidental coincidences being responsible for everything are
no more than acts of slander by the Darwinists against Allah, Who is All-powerful
and has created everything that exists.
They distanced themselves utterly from the surrounding idolatrous worldview
When you have separated yourselves from them and
everything they worship except Allah, take refuge in the cave, and your
Lord will unfold His mercy to you and open the way to the best for you
in your situation. (Surat al-Kahf: 16)
Due to the unbelievers' oppression, the Companions of the Cave felt the
need for total segregation. Thus, they severed all links with the unbelievers
by seeking refuge in the cave. During this period, Allah's grace descended
on them, and He made things easier for them in many respects. The most
important aspect of His help and support was sparing them from the negative
impact of the unbelievers.
They hid themselves
For if they find out about you, they will stone
you or make you revert to their religion, and then you will never have
success. (Surat al-Kahf: 20)
'They will stone you' describes a form of terror. This character trait
is clearly recognizable today in people who are under the influence of
irreligious ideologies. For example, terrorists who subscribe to communism
are led by their hostility to the state to throw stones and attack its
officials, as well as at the police forces. These attacks aim to weaken
and demoralize them so that the communists can realize their anti-religious
ideals and establish their rule by dragging the country into chaos and
Given this, it is vital for the people of the End Times to stay clear
of the bloodstained ideologies that have brought nothing but evil to the
world, not to side with conspirators, and not to be influenced by the
provocations of anti-religious ideologies or their agitations.
Only Allah and a handful of people knew their number
They will say: 'There were three of them, their
dog being the fourth.' They will say: 'There were five of them, their
dog being the sixth,' guessing at the Unseen. And they will say: 'There
were seven of them, their dog being the eighth.' Say: 'My Lord knows best
their number. Those who know about them are very few.' So do not enter
into any argument concerning them, except in relation to what is clearly
known. And do not seek the opinion of any of them regarding them. (Surat
'Those who know about them are very few' indicates also that a few people
could have this knowledge. For instance, one such person could be Khidr,
whose miraculous circumstances we will explore shortly. It is also possible
that his disciples might have this knowledge, with Allah's will and revelation.
The Qur'an reveals that Allah reveals some of the Unseen to His Messengers.
The journey of Prophet Musa (as) and his young servant
to the 'meeting-place of the two seas'
Remember when Musa said to his young servant: 'I
will not give up until I reach the meeting-place of the two seas, even
if I must press on for many years.' (Surat al-Kahf, 60)
Here, 'young' suggests that when doing something, one should seek the
assistance of young people and work with them.
Young people should be motivated to use their energy, dynamism, strength,
ambition, and excitement for right action for Allah's pleasure. Some of
the verses speak of youth, and the following verse states that only some
young people of his nation believed in Musa (as):
No one believed in Musa, except (some) offspring
(i.e., youths) among his people, out of fear that Pharaoh and the elders,
would persecute them. Pharaoh was high and mighty in the land. He was
one of the profligate. (Surah Yunus, 83)
The sixtieth verse of Surat al-Kahf refers to the meeting point toward
which Musa (as) is traveling. Musa (as) knows that he will meet with someone,
and he knows that this will take place at the 'meeting-place of the two
seas.' This place could be any place on Earth that fits this description.
Prophet Musa (as) meets with the blessed and merciful
They found a servant of Ours whom We had granted
mercy from Us and whom We had also given knowledge direct from Us. (Surat
Allah is most compassionate, graceful, and merciful toward His servants.
Musa (as) set out to meet Khidr (as), someone to whom Allah has given
mercy. Therefore, Allah's attributes of grace and mercy are reflected
on him, which has caused him to receive a superior knowledge from Allah
and to become one of His distinguished servants.
They will ask you about Dhu'l-Qarnayn. Say: 'I
will tell you something about him that is worthy of remembrance and mention.'
(Surat al-Kahf, 83)
Throughout history, many scholars have interpreted the narrative of Dhu'l-Qarnayn
in many ways. The verse says that it was revealed to remind Muslims and
is connected with the revelations of hidden meanings and reasons.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) had power and was enlightened
We gave him power and authority on Earth, and granted
him a way to everything. So he followed a way. (Surat al-Kahf, 84-85)
From these verses, we understand that Dhu'l-Qarnayn's country is away
from problems. In other words, his rule is solid, rational, and strong.
'We granted him a way to everything' suggests that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as)
was given the ability to solve every problem, which means that he was
a very intelligent, sagacious, and perceptive Muslim. With these Allah-given
faculties, he solved all complex issues quickly and removed the obstacles.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) was also a spiritual guide
He (Dhu'l-Qarnayn) said: 'As for those who do wrong,
we will punish them. Then they will be returned to their Lord, and He
will punish them with a dreadful punishment. But as for him who believes
and acts rightly, he will receive the best of rewards, and we will issue
a command, making things easy for him." (Surat al-Kahf: 87-88)
When Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) spoke, he reminded his people of Allah and the
Hereafter. He spoke in a Muslim manner. From the expressions used in the
verse, we understand that he was a Muslim leader who ruled a Muslim nation.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) proceeded straight away to call the people he met
to believe in Allah, devotion, the good deeds prescribed by the Qur'an,
and to perform the prayers and acts of worship. He drew their attention,
in order to encourage them, to the rewards that they are promised in this
world and the next, and thus called them to faith.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) helped people
We can deduce from the narrative in Surat al-Kahf that Dhu'l-Qarnayn
was a Muslim ruler controlling many lands in the world.
They said: 'Dhu'l-Qarnayn! Yajuj and Majuj are
causing corruption in the land. Can we, therefore, pay tribute to you
in return for your constructing a barrier between us and them?' (Surat
For the corruption of Yajuj and Majuj, the people in trouble sought Dhu'l-Qarnayn's
(as) help and offered to reward him in return. From this, we understand
that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) did not represent a single person; rather, he
ruled a nation. Just like Sulayman (as), He commanded a nation and an
This verse indicates that he must have had teams of construction experts
and civil engineers with him. From the people's request, we can deduce
that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) was interested in, and was knowledgeable about,
construction and civil engineering. He might even have been renowned for
his expertise in these fields. Accordingly, other nations requested his
assistance. All of these factors demonstrate the size and power of his
That Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) was well respected and effective in the East
and the West could indicate that he was ruling a nation whose power was
extensive. Therefore, he was a leader, aware of his responsibility to
bring peace, justice, and security not only to his own nation, but also
to every part of the world.
The narrative of Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) indicates that in the End Times,
just as it was during his own time, the values of Islam will rule the
A different interpretation
Another possibility is that this narrative conveys events that will happen
in the future.
In Allah's presence, all time is one. Future, past, and present are experienced
all at once. In some verses, the events of the Day of Judgment in Hell
and Paradise are related as if they have already taken place. The following
verse is an example of this technique.
Thanks to satellite technology, it is possible
to take detailed pictures of the earth and especially intelligence
satellites are capable of "watching" every country closely.
The Trumpet is blown, and all who are in the heavens
and all who are on the earth swoon away, save him who Allah wills. Then
it is blown a second time, and behold them standing waiting! And the earth
shone with the light of her Lord, and the Book is set up, and the prophets
and the witnesses are brought, and it is judged between them with truth,
and they are not wronged. (Surat az-Zumar: 68-69)
The events related in this verse are told as if they have already taking
place, even though to us, they are future events yet to happen. Therefore
it is possible that the Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) narrative is from the future,
related to us in the past tense.
The eighty-fourth verse says:'... (we) granted him a way to everything.'
This might indicate that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) will rule the world in the
Thanks to infrared technology, all kinds
of criminal tools can be detected easily and crimes committed in
the dark can be seen in detail as the pictures show. Important advancements
have been made in the diagnosis of illnesses.
today's world, a leader or a nation that has dominion over the world must
have both communication technology and conventional power. As the leader
cannot inspect all of them personally, we can assume that he will stay
in a central capital city and control the other areas through satellites
and other means of communication. As the ninety-fifth verse expresses,
'He said: 'The power my Lord has granted me is better than that,''
it is probable that Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) had an established power. If
we look at the narrative from this perspective, we realize that each verse
could be conveying a different message. For example, Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as)
went first to the West, then to the East, and then back again. These verses
might be implying that he communicates with different areas by changing
channels broadcasting from satellites. The verses speak constantly of
'finding.' Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) 'found' a people by the 'spring,' that he
'found' a people in the East, who did not understand. These acts of 'finding'
happen by searching, and this could be a finding based on looking up satellite
The verses say that the people of the East had no shelter from the sun.
If we consider this information in the light of communication technology,
there are two possible messages here. Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) could be watching
or gathering intelligence via satellite from these areas (Allah knows
best), or infrared technology, used in many different areas in the latter
days, could be implied. Infrared cameras are used in medicine, criminal
pathology, meteorology, criminology, intelligence, industry, and other
fields. Such cameras also can observe the human body in great detail.
If Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) was addressing a nation, he could do so via satellite
and TV broadcasts. This would enable him to learn of the people's needs
and complaints, regardless of where they lived, and then rule the areas
under his control accordingly.
The Yajuj and Majuj conspiracy could be a classic act of terror or anarchy
or even be committed by means of broadcasting. For example, they could
be disrupting other broadcasts in order to broadcast their conspiracy.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (as) could have prevented this broadcast and thus the conspiracy.
For instance, he could have used the copper and steel mentioned in the
verse to create an electromagnetic field and disrupt the radio and TV
broadcasts. Transformers, which are made by winding copper wire around
a steel core, are one of the sources of electromagnetic fields. A powerful
electromagnetic field can disrupt radio and TV broadcasts.
possibility is that a huge communal satellite dish is implied. The reason
for it being so big could have been to overcome Yajuj and Majuj's global
disruptive system. The surfaces of these dishes are usually made of the
cheaper and lighter aluminum, which is not the ideal material for performance.
Copper is a much better conductor, and might have been preferred for this
reason. However, covering such a huge dish with copper sheets is not rational.
On the other hand, copper-plating the dish with molten copper would give
it the smoothest surface and deliver the highest possible performance.
The wall or barrier created by the competing broadcasts or by creating
a magnetic field could be termed an 'invisible barrier.' Some scholars
read the word 'saddayn' in the ninety-third verse as 'suddayn,' and 'sadd'
in the following verse as 'sudd.' In the first case, the meaning would
be a 'visible barrier'; in the second, it means an 'invisible barrier'
(Allah knows best).
'They were, therefore, unable to climb over it, nor were they able
to make a breach in it,' as stated in the ninety-seventh verse, might
be referring to this, because Yajuj and Majuj attempt to overcome or breach
the transmitter's broadcast. Significantly, the current expression used
for pirate stations that broadcast by interfering with another broadcast
is 'breaching transmission.'
Considering the expression 'scarcely able to understand speech' in this
light might mean that this satellite broadcast is sometimes not understood
by some people. When the broadcast is disrupted, the people cannot understand;
but when the normal broadcast is restored, they begin to understand (Allah
The expression 'a muddy spring' in the eighty-sixth verse is also interesting,
because seeing the sunset on the TV screen is just like the sun setting
in a spring. The colors on the screen change as the sun sets in the distance
over the sea, and this appears grayer on the screen. Thus, for someone
viewing this, it will appear as if setting in a muddy spring. The 'aynin
hami'e' expression, made up of 'ayn' (spring) and 'hami' (muddy) could
be implying this unclear view.
Also, his contact with the East and the West could indicate that he is
in touch with the various parts of the globe. While the sun rises over
one part, it sets on the other.
THE NUMERICAL VALUES (ABJAD) IN SOME OF THE VERSES IN
SURAT AL-KAHF POINT TO TIMES VERY CLOSE TO OUR OWN DAY
We fortified their hearts... (Surat al-Kahf: 14)
1400 A.H. (Anno Hegirae, the Islamic calendar) or 1979 A.D. (Anno
Domini, 'In the year of our Lord,' the Christians' Gregorian calendar)
He said: 'The power my Lord has granted me is better than that...'
(Surat al-Kahf: 95)
1409 A.H., or 1988 A.D. (Without shaddah)
We gave him power and authority on Earth, and granted him a way
to everything... (Surat al-Kahf: 84)
1440 A.H., or 2019 A.D. (With shaddah)
A sign pointing at the beginning of the fourteenth Islamic century and
the end of the twentieth and the beginning of the twenty-first Christian
century is the number 1980, which is obtained by multiplying Surat al-Kahf's
number of verses with its order number.
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi also often indicated that this time was the beginning
of the End Times. He says, for example:
Thus, unfair people who do not know this truth say: 'Why did the Companions
of the Prophet with their vigilant hearts and keen sight, who had been
taught all the details of the hereafter, suppose a fact that would occur
one thousand four hundred years later to be close to their century, as
though their ideas had deviated a thousand years from the truth?'9
Sura 18: Surat al-Kahf (contains 110 verses) 18 x 110 = 1980
Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, by saying '1400 years after' the Companions of
the Prophet indicated the years around 1980 as the end times. Here it
is important to note that he said 1400, not 1373, 1378, and not 1398.
In other words, the fourteenth Islamic century.
Surat al-Kahf contains very good news for the Muslims. This news, as
our Prophet (saas) revealed, is the approaching blessed period of the
End Times. If Surat al-Kahf is viewed from this perspective, it is pointing
at the different phases, beginning, development, and conclusion of Islam
in the End Times, culminating in the rule of Islam and concluding with
the arrival of 'Isa (as).