THE END TIMES AND THE EMERGENCE OF THE MAHDI
Some important explanations about the End Times are as follows: During
the terrible chaos of the final times, Allah will use a servant having
superior morality known as the Mahdi (the guide to the truth), to invite
humanity back to the right path. The Mahdi's first task will be to wage
a war of ideas within the Islamic world and to turn those Muslims who
have moved away from Islam's true essence back to true belief and morality.
At this point, the Mahdi has three basic tasks:
1. Tearing down all philosophical systems that deny Allah's Existence
and support atheism.
2. Fighting superstition by freeing Islam from the yoke of those hypocritical
individuals who have corrupted it, and then revealing and implementing
true Islamic morality based on the rules of the Qur'an.
3. Strengthening the entire Islamic world, both politically and socially,
and then bringing about peace, security and well-being in addition to
solving societal problems.
According to many hadiths, Prophet 'Isa (as) will return to Earth at
the same time, and will call upon all Christians and Jews, in particular,
to abandon their current superstitions and to live by the Qur'an. As the
Christians harken to him, the Islamic and Christian worlds will come together
in one faith, and the world will experience that period of great peace,
security, happiness, and well-being known as the Golden Age.
SIGNS OF THE MAHDI'S EMERGENCE
While a corrupt environment enablesbelievers with strong faith to increase
their faith and patience, and their rewards in the Hereafter, it leads
those with weak and superficial faith to lose their faith or weaken it
further. The Mahdi will come when the existing corrupt environment is
extremely intense and severe.
The Mahdi, one of my children, comes into being, by
the blessing of Allah, upon the approach of the Day of Judgment and the
weakening of the hearts of the faithful because of death, hunger, and
the disappearance of the sunnah, and the emergence of innovations and
the loss of means by which to enjoin the right and forbidding the wrong.
His justice and prosperity will ease the hearts of the faithful, and friendship
and love will settle between the non-Arab and Arab nations. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman, p. 66)
Disorder, corruption, and fear will emerge in the
West... Corruption will proliferate. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi)
A kind of corruption will surface, from
which no party will be able to protect itself, and spread immediately
to every direction. This situation will persist until one comes and says:
'O people, from now on your leader is the Mahdi.' (Ibn Hajar Haytahami,
Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi'alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 23)
The hadiths speak of a corruption that will touch everybody and spread
quickly. In other words, a certain type of corruption that is known to
everybody and opposes religion and Allah will target the people's faith.
Today, materialist philosophy is the largest and most comprehensive trend
designed to deny Allah's Existence and creation. Underlying this philosophy
is the 'theory of evolution,' which provides it with a self-proclaimed
'scientific' basis. Even though it is not based on any scientific and
logical evidence, certain materialist circles throughout the world continue
to work for its acceptance by using methods associated with strong propaganda,
deceit, and even fraud.
Today, as this theory has penetrated almost every household by means
of both the press and television, almost everyone in the Muslim world
and everywhere else has heard of it. This theory is first presented as
fact when people are children by means of countless lies and deceit. As
they grow older, they continue to be misled by such funny nonsense that
they, and humanity as a whole, came into being merely as a result of coincidences
and that they descended from monkeys. Youths of all age are brainwashed
at all stages of their education by evolutionist lies.
There is a noteworthy point here. As our Prophet (saas) noted in one
of his hadiths, corruption's global pervasiveness and rapid spread can
materialize only when suitable technological means are available, as they
are today (e.g., the press, publications, broadcasting, the Internet,
and satellite communication). As the relevant technology did not exist
in the past, corruption could not spread throughout the world. As a result,
no other worldwide corruption that had declared war against Allah's Existence,
creation, and religion was seen in the past. All of these are among the
important signs that the Mahdi's advent coincides with the present time.
Religious prohibitions gaining acceptance
The prevailing lifestyle of our own time, which has spread so widely
in the last several decades and makes no distinction between what religion
prohibits and allows, while tolerating all kinds of debauchery, reflects
the environment depicted in the hadiths. Several hadiths describe this
dark environment, the harbinger of the Mahdi's emergence, as follows:
The Mahdi will not emerge unless disbelief invades
everywhere and is openly committed in the public. What rules in such times
is the invasion by disbelief... That is its power. (Mektubat-i Rabbani,
The Mahdi will emerge following the instance of such
vile corruption (fitnah) whereby all of the prohibitions are regarded
as lawful. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi
al-Muntazar, p. 23)
There will be tumult in Shawwal (the tenth Islamic
month), talks of war in Dhul-Qa`dah (the eleventh Islamic month), and
the outbreak of war in Dhul-Hijjah (the twelfth month). (Allamah Muhaqqiq
Ash-Sharif Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Rasul, Al-Isaatu li Asrat'is-saat, p.
The three months referred to in this hadith coincide
with the months during which the Iran-Iraq war developed. The first uprising
against the Shah took place on 5 Shawwal 1398 (8 September 1976), as indicated
by the hadith, and a full-blown war broke out between Iran and Iraq in
Dhu'l-Hijjah 1400 (October 1980).
Another hadith describes the details of this war as follows:
A nation/tribe will come from the Farsi direction,
saying: 'You Arabs! You have been too zealous! If you don't give them
their due rights, nobody will have an alliance with you... It must be
given to them one day and to you the following day, and mutual promises
must be kept...' They will be going up Mutekh; Muslims will be coming
down to the plain... Mushrikun (idolaters) will be standing over there
on the bank of a black river (Rakabeh) on the other side. There will be
a war between them. Allah will deprive both armies of a victory... (Al
Barzeenji, Signs of the Judgment Day, p. 179)
- Those coming from the Farsi direction: those coming from the Iranian
- Farsi: Iran, Iranian
- Coming down to the plain: Plain, Iranian Plain
- Mutekh: Name of a mountain in the region
- Rakabeh: Region where the oil wells are concentrated
This hadith draws attention to the outbreak of a racial dispute that
would cause both sides to come down to the plain (Iranian Plain) and wage
war. Further, as noted by the hadith, the Iran-Iraq war lasted for 8 years
and, despite the many thousands of casualties, neither side could claim
victory or a decisive superiority.
The Occupation of Afghanistan
Pity poor Taliqan (a region in Afghanistan) that at
that place are treasures of Allah, but these are not of gold and silver
but consist of people who have recognised Allah as they should have. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p.59)
There is an indication that Afghanistan will be occupied during the Last
Days. The Russian invasion of Afghanistan took place in 1979 (1400, according
to the Islamic calendar). In addition, this hadith draws attention to
Afghanistan's material riches. Today, large oil deposits, iron basins,
and coal mines that have not been commercially exploited yet have been
Stopping the flow of the Euphrates river
Stopping and interrupting the flow of the Euphrates river is just one
sign of the Mahdi's emergence.
Soon the river Euphrates will disclose the treasure
(the mountain) of gold, so whoever will be present at that time should
not take anything of it. (Bukhari)
It (the Euphrates) will uncover a mountain of gold
(under it). (Abu Dawud)
Many respected books of hadith mention both of these events. Al-Suyuti
mentions this hadith as 'the stopping of water.' Actually, the Keban Dam
has stopped the flow of this river's water. The surrounding land has become
as valuable as gold for various reasons, such as electricity production
and higher soil fertility through the irrigation and transport facilities
that the dam has made possible. The dam resembles a concrete mountain,
and wealth as valuable as gold comes out of it. Therefore, the dam takes
on the properties of 'the golden mountain' (Allah knows best).
Eclipse of the moon and sun in Ramadan
There are two signs for the Mahdi... The first one
is the lunar eclipse in the first night of Ramadan, and the second is
the solar eclipse in the middle of this month. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami,
Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 47)
There will be two solar eclipses in Ramadan before
the Mahdi's advent. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi)
... The solar eclipse in the middle of the month,
and the lunar eclipse at the end... (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi
Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 37)
It has reached me that before the Mahdi emerges the
moon will be eclipsed twice in Ramadan. (Related by Abu Nu'aym in al-Fitan)
The most striking point here is that it is impossible for there to be
two solar as well as two lunar eclipses within one month. Such things
cannot occur under ordinary conditions. However, most signs of the End
Times are incidents that the human mind can grasp and realize, depending
on certain reasons.
A picture of the July 31, 1981, solar eclipse.
If these incidents are examined carefully, some differences become apparent.
The best thing to do in such a situation is to locate the areas of agreement.
Theses are the following: There will be solar and lunar eclipses during
Ramadan, these will be spaced about 14-15 days apart, and the eclipses
will be repeated twice.
In line with these calculations, there was a lunar eclipse in 1981 (Hijri
1401) on the 15th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 29th day
of the month. There was a "second" lunar eclipse in 1982 (Hijri 1402)
on the 14th day of Ramadan, and a solar eclipse on the 28th day of the
It is also particularly significant that in that particular instance,
there was a full lunar eclipse in the middle of Ramadan, a most striking
The occurrence of these incidents during the same period coinciding with
the signs of the Mahdi's emergence, and their miraculous recurrence at
the onset of the fourteenth Islamic century for two consecutive years
(1401-02) makes it possible for these events to be the signs foretold
by the hadiths.
The rise of a comet
On March 6, the Soviet Vega-1 spacecraft flew within 5.500 miles of
Halley's comet, sending back the first pictures of the comet's icy
A star with a luminous tail will rise from the East
before the Mahdi emerges. (Ka'b al-Ahbar)
A comet will be appearing in the East, giving out
illumination before he arrives. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar
fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 53)
The rise of that star will occur after the eclipse
of the Sun and the Moon. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi
Akhir al-zaman, p. 32)As referred to by the hadiths, In 1986 (1406),
Halley's comet passed by Earth. The comet is a bright, shining star that
travels from East to West. This happened after the lunar and solar eclipses
of 1981 and 1982 (1401-1402).
The concurrence of this star's rise with other signs of the Mahdi's emergence
indicates that Halley's comet is the star pointed to in the hadith.
Storming the Ka`ba and the subsequent bloodshed
People will perform hajj together and gather without an Imam. The Hajjis
will be looted and there will be a battle at Mina in which many will be
slain and blood will flow until it runs over the Jamra al-'Aqaba. (Jamra:
a stone pillar, which represents Satan, that is stoned during the pilgrimage.)
(Reported by 'Amr ibn Shu'ayb, al-Hakim and Nu'aym ibn Hammad)
In 1979, there was a massacre in an attack on the Kaaba during the
hajj pilgrimage, just as had been revealed in a hadith. This bloody
attack on the Kaaba took place on Muharram 1, 1400, (November 21,
1979), in other words on the first day of Hijri 1400, at the beginning
of the period when signs of the final times began to follow one another.
People make pilgrimage without an imam leading them.
Big wars break out when they come down to Mina, and they are entwined
just the way dogs entwine, and tribes attack on each other. This strife
is so widespread that legs are buried in lakes of blood. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi,
Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 35)
The phrase 'the year in which he will emerge' draws attention to a massacre
that will occur on the date of the Mahdi's emergence. In 1979, a massacre
very like this one occured during the Ka'ba raid, which took place during
the pilgrimage month. It is very interesting that this raid occured at
the very beginning of the period during which the signs of Mahdi's advent
appeared, that is, the first day of the Islamic year 1400 (21 November
The hadiths also mention bloodshed and massacres. The killing of 30 people
during the clashes between Saudi soldiers and attacking militants during
the raid confirms the rest of this hadith.
Seven years later, an even bloodier incident happened during the pilgrimage.
In this incident, 402 demonstrating pilgrims were killed, and vast amounts
of blood was shed. Both the Saudi soldiers and the Iranian pilgrims committed
great sins, for they killed one another. These bloody incidents have great
parallels to the environment described in the hadith.There come
the cries of war in (the month of) Shawwal with the outbreak of war, massacre,
and carnage in (the month of) Dhu'l-Hijja. The pilgrims are plundered
in this month, the streets cannot be crossed because of the blood shed,
and religious prohibitions are violated. Big sins are committed near the
Magnificient House (the Ka`ba). (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat
al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 37)
This hadith draws attention to the incidents that will occur near the
Ka`ba. The incidents during 1407 actually took place near the Ka`ba, and
not inside it, unlike the event of 1400. Both incidents happened just
the hadiths indicated that they would.
Sighting a flare in the East
In July 1991, Iraq invaded Kuwait, and as a result of the burning
of the Kuwaiti oil wells Kuwait, and the Persian Gulf were engulfed
In its section on the signs of the Mahdi's emergence,
the book Ikdiddurer states: 'The emergence of a big flare which is seen
in the East up on the sky for three nights. Sighting of an extraordinary
redness, not as red as the usual color of the dawn, and its spread over
the horizon. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir
al-zaman, p. 32)
A big flame will occur in the East for 3 or 7 days
in a row, followed by darkness in the sky and a brand new redness unlike
the usual color of red spreading over the sky. A proclamation will be
heard in a language Earth can understand. (Allamah Muhaqqiq Ash-Sharif
Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Rasul, Al-Isaatu li Asrat'is-saat, p. 166)
I swear that a flame will engulf you. That flame is
presently in an extinguished state at the valley called Berehut. That
flame swallows up people with terrible pain inside it, burns down and
destroys people and property, and spreads all over the world by flying
like a cloud with the assistance of winds. Its heat at night is much higher
than its daytime temperature. By going as deep as the center of Earth
from the heads of people, that flame becomes a terrible noise just like
the lightning between the earth and sky, he narrated. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah
A brief explanation of this flame, a sign of the Mahdi's advent, is
as follows:In July 1991, after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, a huge fire
spread through Kuwait and the Persian Gulf after the Iraqis fired Kuwait's
In addition, the first part of the hadith says that the flame 'is in
an extinguished state.' Given that the flame is the result of burning
an inflammable substance, what waits in an extinguished state is not the
flame itself but the material to be burnt by the flame.
In this context, this means underground oil. Berehut is the name of a
well-an oil well. When the time comes, oil extracted from these wells
will become a fire ready to be burned.
A sign out of the Sun
He (the Mahdi) will not come unless a sign emerges out of the Sun.
(Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar,
The Mahdi will not emerge unless the Sun rises as
a sign. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman,
This portent from the Sun may be the great
explosion that took place in the twentieth century. On the left
of the picture to the side is an image of the Sun taken in 1996.
The image on the right was taken in 2000, and shows its latest appearance,
after the explosion.
The large explosions detected on the Sun during the twentieth century
may well be this sign.
Also, the August 11, 1999 solar eclipse was the last of the century.
It was the first time that so many people had been able to watch and study
an eclipse for so long.
The Rebuilding of Ruined Places
The rebuilding of the ruined places in the world,
and the ruination of constructed places are signs and portents of Doomsday.
(Ismail Mutlu, Kżyamet Alametleri, (Signs of the Last Day), Mutlu Publications,
Istanbul, 1999, p.138)
The Reichstag (German Parliament) after its
destruction in 1945. The picture below shows the same building in
1999, after reconstruction. Many buildings are being restored and
brought back to their former appearance in the same way.
Various hadiths reveal that the Qur'an refers to the
The Mahdi will rule Earth, just like Dhu'l-Qarnayn
and Sulayman. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat
al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 29)
The Companions of the Cave (Ahl al-Kahf) will be the
Mahdi's helpers. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir
al-zaman, p. 59)
The number of the Mahdi's helpers
will be as many as those who crossed the river with Talut. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 57)
believe in him and honor him and help him, and follow the Light
that has been sent down with him, they are the ones who are successful."
(Surat al-A'raf: 157)