AMAZING FEATURES OF THE CREATURES AROUND US
you know that the living things that you see everyday have
very interesting features?
After creating earth, Allah
created many living things on it. One of these living things
is the human being. We told you earlier how the human being
was created. There are beings other than humans on this planet.
These are the animals and plants.
In this section, we will explain
the amazing features of some of these animals and plants.
Some of these could be animals that you see everyday when
you are out for a walk, playing in the backyard or sitting
on the terrace. You probably haven't given a lot of thought
to their unique features.
Allah creates people, He gives them some features to constantly
remind them of Him. For example, you can see the pictures
of a human and a mosquito on this page. The mosquito is thousands
of times smaller than the human. But, no matter what, the
human is totally defenceless against the mosquito while sleeping
in bed. Whatever she does, she will not be able to prevent
the mosquito from biting. Allah has given the mosquito many
special features, even though it is a lot smaller than the
human being. As a result of this, He wants humans to ponder.
He wants them to understand that humans can do nothing, even
against a mosquito, without His wish. In this way, human beings
should realise that they have absolutely no power in front
A mosquito at work! In the bottom picture, can you
see how the abdomen of the mosquito reddens as a
result of the blood that it sucks?
Now, think about yourself. You go to bed and hear a continuous
buzz. This is the buzz of a mosquito. As you can see in the
picture the mosquito itself is tiny, but its noise is very
strong. This is due to a unique talent that Allah gave it.
However, do you know why the mosquito is trying continuously
to bite you? Come on now; letâ€™s tell you about the interesting
adventure of a mosquito.
AMAZING ADVENTURE OF THE MOSQUITO
Mosquitoes are creatures with
which most humans are familiar because of their visits to
our homes during the summer.
Did you ever get the chance to look at a mosquito closely?
If not, look at the picture on the previous page and we can
study it together. Do you know why the abdomen of this mosquito
is red? His abdomen is red because it is filled with the blood
of the person on whom the mosquito has landed. Why do mosquitoes
suck blood? Many people believe that the mosquitoes feed on
blood. In reality, mosquitoes feed on flower nectar.
The female mosquito is the only one that sucks blood, and
that is for the sake of the eggs that she carries.
After learning this, you will probably view mosquitoes with
different eyes. There are things about mosquitoes that will
surprise you even more. As you know mosquitoes are creatures
that live on land and that fly, but they grow in water and
after they mature, they come out of the water without even
getting wet. Did you ever hear of this incredible story? If
you did not, then read on and you will be quite surprised.
The Adventure Begins…
The adventure of the small mosquito
begins when the mother mosquito leaves her eggs on ponds or
wet leaves. Yet, she doesnâ€™t leave her eggs at random.
She aligns them neatly side-by-side. The eggs resemble a raft.
Do you know why the mother mosquito arranges her eggs in this
She gives her eggs this shape because, since they have been
left on water, the eggs could easily sink. If they are linked
in this way, the risk of sinking will no longer be there.
The white eggs that the mother lines up with care immediately
begin to darken. Insects and birds donâ€™t notice these
eggs because their colour is dark. In this way, the eggs are
safe from being attacked by insects and birds. So, from where
does a tiny mosquito egg learn to change its colour?
The mother mosquito links
her eggs in the shape of a raft to prevent them from
Obviously, this tiny egg couldnâ€™t
have this knowledge. The mosquito that is the mother of this
egg also canâ€™t know how to change its colour. Allah
is the One Who changes the colour of the eggs. Allah is very
merciful and is the Protector of the living things He creates.
He changes the colour of the mosquito eggs to protect them.
Wait! The mosquitoâ€™s adventure has only just begun.
The little ones inside the egg soon turn into wormlike creatures
called larvae. These larvae, as you can see on the next page,
stay in water with their heads upside down. How do you think
these larvae breathe when their heads are in water? Allah
has created them with an organ that allows them to breathe.
Do you know what this organ looks like? It looks like the
diverâ€™s snorkel the child in the next picture is using.
This is a tube and the top of it stays out of water. The air
that goes through this tube allows the tiny mosquito that
is under water to breathe.
there is an important problem. This tube stays out of water
but even the slightest wave could cause water to enter it
and this would mean that the tiny mosquito would drown. This
doesnâ€™t happen. A sticky substance at the end of this
tube prevents water from entering it. Do you think that the
larvae you see in the picture could have said, “Letâ€™s
put a sticky substance at the end of our tube, so that water
doesnâ€™t get inside”? Could little mosquitoes have
such intelligence and talent? Obviously little mosquitoes
cannot think of doing such things. Allah is the One Who creates
the tube so that they can breathe and the sticky substance
at the end of the tube so that water doesnâ€™t enter.
As you can see, Allah does not
protect just you, He also protects all other living creatures.
Donâ€™t think that the adventure is over. It is still
Meanwhile, the little mosquitoes change their skins a couple
of times. Finally, they take the shape that you see on the
left. It still doesnâ€™t look like a mosquito, does it?
This phase of the mosquito is called the pupal stage. Inside
the shell called the cocoon, the mosquito matures completely
and takes the true shape of a mosquito. He becomes ready to
fly with his antenna, mouth, feet, wings, and the eyes that
make up a large portion of its head. But first, he must get
out of the shell.
The Mosquito is Out for the
The mosquito that has come
out of its cocoon is standing on water! Allah protects
the mosquito from sinking with a sticky substance
that He created for its feet.
The cocoon is first torn from the side
of the head. However, the mosquito faces a very important
danger before it is born. What if the cocoon fills with water?
In that case, the mosquito would drown. However, the head
portion of the cocoon is covered with a special sticky substance
that prevents the head of the mosquito from coming into contact
This is a very important moment, because the mosquito must
stand on water on the tips of its feet, and it must not wet
its wings. Even the slightest wind could cause the mosquito
to tip over in the water and die. The mosquito manages this
with great skill, because Allah created him with this talent.
How is the Mosquito Able
to See You and Sting You at Night?
Did you ever wonder? It is dark
at night and you are lying down on your bed. You are covered
with your quilt. Only a little part of your arm is exposed.
Yet the mosquito comes around in the darkness of night; it
sees and stings that small part of you. So, while you are
unable to see anything at night, how does the mosquito manage
Mosquitoes are able to see the living things around them with
the heat that they radiate, which is a kind of light invisible
to us. Since this type of sight is not reliant on visible
light, they can find our blood vessels even during the darkness
of the night.
This is a unique talent. Due to this, scientists were able
to invent a camera that captures images by means of heat.
Even if it is dark, this camera images the surroundings as
if it were daylight. Can you imagine? People copying a small
mosquito! Could a mosquito possibly know more than a human,
especially could it know more than a scientist? Of course
not! Allah has given the mosquito extraordinary abilities.
People are in awe of these extraordinary talents and try to
copy them. They invented the aeroplane by copying birds. People
have copied many other things after seeing them in nature.
For now, let us continue the adventure of the mosquito.
The Mosquito at Work!
Mosquitoes see the living creatures around them according
to their heat patterns. This is how a mosquito sees
a group of people and then chooses its target.
The technique that the mosquito uses to suck blood is so meticulous
that it astonishes people.
First, the mosquito lands on a target. For example, your arm…
Then, with its needle-like tube, it chooses a suitable spot
for itself. The needle of a mosquito resembles a syringe and
it is protected with a special sheath. During blood suction,
the needle is released from this sheath. Many people think
that the mosquito pierces the skin by inserting its needle
into it, whereas the mosquito uses a different method to do
so. It moves its lower jaw back and forth, just like a saw
and, with the help of its lower jaw, cuts the skin. It inserts
its needle into this opening and when the needle reaches the
blood vessel, it starts to suck blood.
You could ask, “Can mosquitoes
become doctors?” After reading this page you will say,
“They really are doctors!”
When you get a cut, after a while, your blood stops dripping
of its own accord. This is because blood can coagulate and
stop flowing. Allah has created blood with this unique quality
to protect human beings. If blood did not coagulate on its
own, the tiniest cut on our finger or a wound from a fall
while running could cause you to die since you wouldnâ€™t
be able to stop the bleeding.
This is quite a vital benefit for us. However, mosquitoes
might not be too happy about it. Why? Because, just when the
mosquito starts to suck our blood, it would harden and not
go up the mosquitoâ€™s tube. If this were so, the mosquito
would not have existed, because none of the mosquitoes would
have been able to feed protein to their eggs. Again, Allah
has created mosquitoes with a unique skill that is just right
for this process. How? Before the mosquito begins to suck
blood, it secretes a special liquid, given it by Allah, into
the blood vessel of the person on whom it has landed. In this
way, the blood in that area doesnâ€™t coagulate and so
the mosquito is able to suck it.
liquid has another rare quality. While the mosquito does all
these things, you wonâ€™t feel a thing, because this substance
numbs the area that the mosquito cuts. This liquid is just
like a anaesthetic the dentist or surgeon uses. Doctors administer
a certain drug so that you wonâ€™t feel pain, and you
donâ€™t. You see, the mosquito works just like a doctor.
First, it anaesthetises and then it sucks.
After the mosquito bites you, you feel a little itching and
swelling. The reason for this itching and swelling is this
You might think that all these things take a long time. The
mosquito, however, manages most of these in a very short time.
You feel the bite of the mosquito only after it has finished
its job and packed away its equipment.
Now, letâ€™s think
together. The mosquito is as large as the tip of a pencil,
but the jobs it manages are very important and complex. Do
you think that it is possible for a mosquito to think all
of these things through? To prevent the flow of a humanâ€™s
blood, to anaesthetise the area that it cuts so that it doesnâ€™t
cause pain, to make an eye that can see easily even at night,
to arrange its eggs in the shape of a raft so that they donâ€™t
sink… It could not invent any of these, right?
can see in this picture, the course of action that
a mosquito takes when it bites a human being. The
mosquito does not suck blood to feed. It sucks blood
only to feed its eggs. Furthermore, you won't feel
a thing while the mosquito does these things, since
the mosquito anaesthetises the area that it cuts.
The mother mosquito
feeds the eggs inside her with the blood that it sucks.
Allah has created every living being with the features most
suitable for it so that they can feed themselves, protect
themselves and survive. This shows just how caring, merciful
and protective Allah is. If a mosquito is able to continue
its life, for example, then this is because Allah is protecting
it. Allah neither misses anything, nor does He forget. This
is why everything that a mosquito needs is complete. Nothing
THE FLY IS ONE OF THE BEST
FLYING CREATURES ON EARTH
We have so far mentioned the
special features of the mosquito. In reality, all the insects
that we see around us have interesting features. For example,
flies are able to fly superbly from the moment that they are
born. We can even say that, when it comes to flying, flies
are the most talented creatures.
A fly can flap its wings about 500 to 1000 times per second.
Stop here and think for a moment. The frame of time that we
mention is not an hour and not a minute; it is just a second.
That is, it is about the same time as the time in which you
close and open your eyes. You see; the fly has flapped its
wings at least 500 times while you closed and opened your
Now think about the following: What would you do if you were
asked to open and close your arms only 10 times and not 500
times? Without a doubt it is impossible for you to manage
this 500 times with the type of muscles your body has. The
fly, with its extraordinary body muscles, manages this task
that neither you nor mature adults can perform. Moreover,
flies do not feel any difficulty while flapping their wings;
their wing muscles do not wear out. This is because Allah
has created them with such a magnificent system.
you were to watch a fly closely, you would witness that it
experiences no difficulty while taking off; this may not have
seemed surprising to you and you may have taken this for granted.
However, this is a very important and difficult move.
You know quite a lot about helicopters
and aeroplanes. Well, do you know how long humans have been
able to use them? The machines that are able to fly today
were developed only during the last century. This means that
a hundred years ago, there were no aeroplanes or helicopters
like the ones that exist today. Engineers and technicians
researched for a very long time; they worked for many years
and developed this machinery only a short while ago. Look,
this is very important: Today, none of the machines that fly
have the complete ability to take off like flies do. This
feature exists in some helicopters to some extent. However,
even after all these lengthy efforts and the strong specially-developed
engines, these helicopters still do not have the ability to
fly as perfectly as flies.
When it comes to flying, even the helicopters that
are manufactured by humans with the most advanced
technologies are not as successful as flies.
Now, examine the first fly that you come
upon. See what you notice: you will notice especially that
the fly doesnâ€™t fly in a straight line. The fly can
take off towards any destination it wants by making manoeuvres.
It can, for example, zigzag in the air, and make abrupt turns.
It can land on any surface, no matter how unsuitable. It can
even land on ceilings or vertical walls with ease.
No flying machine can manage all these things. Try to imagine
in your mindâ€™s eye the take-off of an aeroplane and
a fly, and decide which one is more successful.
Now, this question may have occurred to you: Who teaches the
fly all these moves? Again, what we see here is the presence
of Allah the Most Powerful. Allah is the One Who has given
the fly such immaculate flying ability.
TINY PRODIGIES THAT PRODUCE HONEY
Do you know who makes the honey on your breakfast
will probably reply, "yes!" We all know that bees make honey.
However, do you know just how much these bees work to make
the honey from the moment they are born until the moment they
die, or just how giving and intelligent they are? Come on;
let's study together how Allah has created the bees…
In a beehive, there is one queen,
a few hundred male bees and a workforce of thousands of infertile
female bees, the worker bees. (The total number of bees in
the beehive can reach 80,000). The worker bees perform all
the activities inside the hive. Some duties of the worker
bees are as follows:
the honeycomb, cleaning and protecting the hive, feeding the
queen bee and the male bees, caring for the bee larvae, and
feeding them with the royal jelly, honey and pollen, building
cells for the eggs to grow in, cleaning these rooms, maintaining
the heat and moisture inside the hive, collecting nectar,
pollen, water and resin, etc.
We had mentioned earlier the
life story of a mosquito. Now, let's take a look together
at what type of life the worker bee leads.
A worker bee lives between 4
to 6 weeks. For 3 weeks after its birth it lives inside the
hive. Its first job is to take care of the growing bees. It
feeds the baby bees with the honey and pollen it takes from
When the worker bee becomes
12 days old, suddenly, beeswax starts to be produced in its
body. The beeswax is extremely important for bees, because
the bees build their honeycombs with beeswax. You will see
the picture of a honeycomb when you turn the page.
Isn't it neat? Could you have
made such neat hexagons side by side without a ruler? Furthermore,
take a blank piece of paper and start to draw hexagons from
one end of the paper while a friend starts to draw from the
other. Were you able to come up with a neat honeycomb shape,
right in the middle of the paper, without leaving any spaces?
You weren't able to, right? This is something that even adults
are unable to manage. Your teachers, parents, even your grandparents
would not be able to achieve such a task. To be able to do
this, you would need some instruments and you would have to
do very complicated calculations. However, the tiny bee, even
when it is just 12 days old, can make such a perfect honeycomb.
What's more, it does this without using any instruments.
It is impossible to form a perfectly
All the bees start making hexagonal
honeycombs from the corners, and meet in the middle. You might
have noticed that the honeycombs are the same height. How
can a bee manage such tasks that even humans are not able
to carry out and with such excellence? You see Allah is the
One Who lets the bee do these things. Allah has created the
bee with this talent.
The responsibilities of the
worker bee are not just these. Among its duties, until it
is 3 weeks old, are storing royal jelly and pollen in the
honeycombs, keeping the beehive clean and throwing dead bees
and garbage outside the beehive. During the last stage of
its 3-week duty, it starts its last task of serving as a security
guard and protecting the beehive from enemies. When the three
weeks are over, the bee becomes skilled enough to collect
royal jelly, pollen and water.
The worker bee becomes exhausted
after working non-stop for another 2 to 3 weeks and dies.
During their brief lives, the
bees work non-stop. In addition, no one teaches them the work
that they are supposed to do. They start to work straight
after birth. Just think, if a new-born baby were to get out
of its bed, first make its bed, wash up, and then begin to
take care of the other babies; wash them, feed them, dress
them. Isn't this just impossible? Yet, bees manage such an
impossible task, because Allah has created them with the capabilities
to do so.
The Honey Bees that Dance
Bees dance by making movements resembling the figure
"8". Their dance has a purpose: To show their
co-workers the location of a food source.
Did anyone ever tell you that
bees have a dance? Some bees look for a food source outside
the beehive. After flying about all day long, they find
their own source and take with them as much royal jelly
as they can, and then they return to their hive. There is
still a lot more royal jelly left at the source but the
bee cannot collect it all without the help of the other
bees. The scout bee keeps the location of the food source
in mind and quickly returns to the hive to gather its friends.
It starts to make moves that resemble the number 8 on the
honeycomb. The numbers of times the bee turns or shakes
its abdomen are signals that indicate the distance of the
food source from the hive. By the end of the dance, the
other bees have understood the location of the food source
and they quickly leave for the flowers that are their new
Where do you think tiny bees
have learnt how to communicate by dancing? Of course, the
One Who has given them this knowledge is their Creator and
Did You Know that Bees Make
Honey for Us as Well?
Bees can produce much more honey
than they need. As you know, bees make honey in their abdomens.
Their tiny bodies make enough honey for themselves as well
as for people.
The bee stores honey in the
cells it builds so perfectly. Here is the amazing
honeycomb of the bee! |
But why are the bees so giving?
Why don't they just make honey for themselves rather than
thinking of our needs as well? Honey is very nutritious for
people. This is the reason why Allah has created bees with
the ability to make honey and has ordered them to make it
in great quantities. Allah says in a verse in the Qur'an:
Your Lord revealed to
the bees: "Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees,
and also in the structures which men erect. Then eat from
every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which
have been made easy for you to follow." From inside them comes
a drink of varying colours, containing healing for mankind.
There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect.
(Surat an-Nahl: 68-69)