HOW DID THE UNIVERSE FORM?
Do you know what the universe
is? It is endless space and everything that it holds, earth,
the sun, the moon, the planets and the stars. Even if you
walk millions and millions of miles you will not be able to
reach the end of space, and in fact, you have hardly reached
its beginning. The reason for that is that space is too large
Earth exists within this limitless space. Along with earth,
the sun, moon, and millions of stars exist in it as well.
So how did all of these things form? How did the sun come
into being, for example? Or how did our earth appear?
There are two types of responses
to this question. One of these responses is right and the
other is wrong. Those who respond wrongly are also believers
in the theory of evolution. On the next page, we will first
show you the wrong response and then the right one.
Those who respond incorrectly
say: The universe was always there and it came about by itself.
That is, a lot of substances came together on their own by
chance to form the sun, stars, earth, seas, trees, rivers
Donâ€™t you think this thought is illogical? If a friend
of yours came to you and said something like: “I had
put some soil, stones, and a little bit of water inside a
big box. I waited for a couple of years and then a computer
emerged from this box.” Would you believe him? You would
probably think that your friend was joking, lying or mad.
Evolutionists openly tell a tall story just like that. A computer
cannot form all by itself as a result of some coincidences.
First, someone plans what the computer is supposed to be like,
and decides what components are to be used. Then, in large
factories, engineers, technicians and hundreds of workers
come together. They use huge machinery to put the computer
together. That is to say, when you see a computer you would
know that it did not just happen all by itself. Isnâ€™t
it obvious that intelligent people make computers?
The sun, earth and other plants are much larger than a computer.
So, if there are those who make computers, there must be a
power that creates the sun, earth, moon and stars.
The right response:
Did you understand
what the right response is? Allah is the Creator of the sun,
earth, planets, and stars. Everything in the universe is perfect
and orderly. That is because Allah created the universe, and
He has put everything where it belongs.
DID ALLAH CREATE THE UNIVERSE?
Scientists have made a very
important discovery in recent years. This important discovery
was that before the universe was formed, there was nothing
else. There was no land, no air, no water, and there were
no stars; there was even no space. Inside this nothingness,
there was this tiny spot. This spot was so tiny that it was
difficult even for an eye to see. A lot of matter had been
squeezed together inside this spot. Then, in an instant this
spot exploded. When it exploded, all the matter that was squeezed
inside it flew about. After that, the pieces of matter joined
together to first form atoms, then from those atoms, stars,
our sun, earth and the other planets. The scientists named
this explosion the “Big Bang”. Everything in the
universe was formed as a result of this Big Bang.
you have to think about something very important. Letâ€™s
imagine that you put the pieces of a puzzle randomly inside
a balloon. After that, you fill your balloon with air and
then suddenly pop it. That is to say the balloon “big
banged”. What happens to the puzzleâ€™s pieces that
you had stuffed inside the balloon? Could these pieces form
a beautiful villa or an airport—something even you could
hardly manage—in the middle of your room? Or would they
scatter all over the room? Of course, they would scatter all
over your room. You would have to put together the puzzleâ€™s
pieces for them to form an airport or a house.
Allah is the Maker of the “Big
Bang”, the Organiser of the matter that scattered in
space after the “Big Bang”. By bringing together
all this matter, He is also the Creator of the sun, earth,
planets and stars. When Allah wishes something to be, He gives
the order “Be” and it comes into being. Allah
is Superior and He is the Strongest. His strength is enough
for everything. When He wants something, He can create it
Allah has sent us His book “The Qurâ€™an”
through which He introduces Himself and His creation to us.
We can find all the right answers to every question from the
Qurâ€™an and the Sunnah (The Prophet Muhammadâ€™s
way of life). For example, when we ask, “How has Allah
created everything?” Allah responds in the Qurâ€™an
"He (Allah) is the Originator of the heavens
and the earth… He created all things and He has knowledge
of all things." (Surat al-An'am: 101)
"He (Allah) is the Creator of the
Heavens and the Earth..."
(Surat ash-Shura: 11)
Allah is the One Who created
earth, the sun, stars and moon. So how did all the living
things on earth come into being? Imagine a huge planet with
its surface completely empty. There are no humans or animals,
no plants or insects.
Earth has been decorated in a lot of detail for living things
to survive. Allah is the One Who has given earth all these
details. Otherwise none of us would have been able to live,
neither you, nor your parents, or indeed any of your friends
would have been here.
Letâ€™s consider how Allah created the earth so that living
things can survive:
1. Think about… how orderly everything in the universe
is. The sun has been put in the exact position from which
it could warm us and give us light at the same time. If there
were no sun, there would not have been one living thing on
earth. Neither us, nor the animals nor any other creatures
would have been able to live.
2. Allah has also distanced the sun from earth to just the
right extent. If earth was a little bit closer to the sun,
the heat would have scorched it and we would not have been
able to live. If earth was a little more distant from the
sun, then glaciers would have covered it and again, few living
things would have been able to survive. This is one of the
reasons why there is no life on other planets, because they
are either too close to the sun or too distant from it.
3. As you know, living things need to breathe in order to
live. We need oxygen in the air so that we can breathe. Exactly
the right amount of oxygen exists in the air so that human
beings can breathe. If there were a little bit more or a little
bit less, neither we, nor the animals, nor the plants would
have survived, because, as we have already said, we need to
breathe in order to live. For this we need oxygen.
4. One of the most important things that make it possible
for us to survive is water. No organism can live without water.
For this reason, Allah has created some parts of earth as
water. Three quarters of earthâ€™s surface is covered
with water. However, there is no water on any of the other
planets nor is there any water on the moon that you see at
night. The essentials for living things are only available
Many events on earth make it possible for us to live. If even
only one of these events doesnâ€™t take place, no living
thing would be left on earth. So, is it possible that these
thousands of events have come together spontaneously and formed
such a place as earth? Of course not. Not even one of these
events could happen by chance. Allah has created earth for
human beings. And, because of this, earth is the most suitable
place for us.
Do You Think This Is Possible?
You are playing on the beach and, all of a sudden, big
waves approach. So, you quickly leave for home. When
you returm to the beach after a few hours, you see an
amazing sight. There on the shore is a wonderful sandcastle.
The recent big waves couldn't have formed thes castle
"by chance". It is impossible for such a beautiful
neat building to have formed by chance, and just in
the same way it is impossible for living things to have
formed on earth by chance.
You can give the following example
to those that claim earth and the whole universe were formed
by chance. Letâ€™s say that you are playing on the beach
and you see some big waves approaching, so you go home. When
you return to the beach after a few hours, you see an amazing
sight. On the shore there is a wonderful city made of sand.
There are houses, hospitals, an airport, and buses. There
are even human figures. You ask a friend who is passing if
he knows how these things occurred. If he replied, “
I think the big waves that reached the shore must have formed
them,” what would you think? Wouldnâ€™t you be suspicious
that your friend imagined it, or wouldnâ€™t you laugh
thinking that he must be joking or had perhaps become insane?
It is impossible for waves to have formed such a perfect city
from sand by coincidence. It is obvious that someone who is
an expert in building such cities had arrived, built it and
However, certain people - even though they are professors
or scientists - accept such a ridiculous idea. They
wonâ€™t say, “Waves formed the city made of sand”,
but they would say “Tiny pieces of matter, namely the
atoms, came together by chance and they formed the sun, stars
and earth all by themselves.” This is because these
people wouldnâ€™t want to say that Allah created everything.
They defend the wrong without believing in the right. We will
explain who these people are in more detail towards the end
of the book.
THE SURROUNDING PROTECTIVE
SHIELD OF EARTH: THE ATMOSPHERE
Do you know that every day many
meteors fall on earth?
When meteors fall on other planets, they create giant craters,
but when they fall on earth, they donâ€™t cause much harm.
So how do meteors cause great damage to the surfaces of other
planets but not to the surface of earth?
The reason for this is the atmosphere that surrounds earth.
The atmosphere encircles our planet as a protective shield.
A meteor entering the atmosphere shrinks through combustion.
When it comes closer to the surface of earth, it becomes even
smaller. Therefore, the meteor becomes very small or even
diminishes and disappears completely by the time it reaches
the surface of the earth, and causes us no harm.
are stones that break off from planets or are the remnants
of material from stars. They go about in space, and from
time to time fall on the surfaces of planets causing them
great damage. But, because Allah has surrounded our planet
with a protective shield, they don't do us much harm.
atmosphere encircles earth as a protective shield. Thanks
to the atmosphere, we are protected from many threats
without even realising it.
The atmosphere doesnâ€™t
only prevent the harm of meteors but it also absorbs harmful
rays that come from the Sun. Yet again, if these harmful rays
were able to reach earthâ€™s surface, it would have been
impossible for living things to survive.
The two characteristics we have mentioned here are more than
enough to show us that the atmosphere is not some haphazard
thing. Allah—Who has endless mercy upon all living things
on earth and Who at the same time has eternal power—has
created the atmosphere, and with this atmosphere, He protects
us from danger.
CAN ATOMS THINK?
As we explained earlier, after
the Big Bang, particles emerged and came together as ATOMS.
Well, do you know what an atom is?
us first explain to you what an atom is like. We can compare
the atoms to marbles. But these marbles would be too tiny,
unlike anything you have seen before.
Now, look around you! Everything
that you see in reality is made of these marbles, namely the
atoms. The chair on which you are sitting, the book in your
hand, your mother, your teacher at school, the television
that you watch, apples, melons, and the chocolates in the
kitchen, your pet, water, the flowers in your garden, your
toys, and even your body, all are made up of these atoms.
As we explained earlier, the stars and suns that make up the
universe and the world in which we live are also formed of
atoms just like you. In all the places in which you go about
and all the corners that you turn, there are atoms.
cannot see these little things that we call atoms, because
they are a lot smaller than you can imagine. They are so small
that even with the largest microscopes, it isnâ€™t possible
to see even one of them. To be able to comprehend the tiny
size of the atom, look at this example:
Imagine that you have a key
in your hand. Without a doubt, it is impossible for you to
see the atoms that make up this key. If you say, “I
must see these atoms”, then you must visualise the key
to be as large as earth. If you were able to visualise the
key to be as large as earth then every atom inside it would
be as large as cherries and so you could see them.
how did all the atoms come together after the Big Bang? The
atoms are lifeless. They donâ€™t have any minds or any
intelligence. They cannot make any decisions. They cannot
say, for example, “Come on, letâ€™s get together
and form a star” or “Letâ€™s come closer and
form earth”. We can also use the following example:
We already mentioned a jigsaw puzzle. The pieces of this puzzle
are lifeless and, like atoms, they cannot make decisions.
If you spread them about, they cannot have thoughts such as
“Well, letâ€™s get together and form a castle or
letâ€™s ask again: “How did all these stars, planets,
humans and animals that are made up of atoms come into being?
If the atoms did not make a decision, then who put them together?”
course, nothing around us can occur by coincidence. Allah
is the One Who brings atoms together. Allah has created all
the vastness of space, the planets, stars, earth, animals,
plants and humans from atoms.
HOW ARE HUMANS MADE OF ATOMS?
We have said that atoms come
together to form human beings, but, of course, you must be
wondering how this can happen. First, atoms come together
to form CELLS. Again, we are learning something new: So, what
is a cell?
The bodies of all living organisms are made up of cells. Even
if cells are not as small as atoms, they are still very small
and cannot be seen with the naked eye. We can try to explain
their tiny size with the following example: If we brought
together about 10,000 cells, we could make up something just
about the size of the head of a pin. This is why you cannot
see them. But cells are the building blocks of humans, ants,
cats, roses, trees, and all other living organisms around
you. You, for instance, are made up of trillions of cells.
So, where did all these trillions of cells come from?
Look at your brother. He wasnâ€™t there two years ago,
then all of a sudden he appeared and slowly he started to
grow. How did this amazing event happen?
Your brother started out as
a single cell in your motherâ€™s abdomen. But this single
cell was storing a lot of important information inside. All
the information that has made your brother into who he is
used to be stored in this cell: his eye colour, hair colour,
Then this cell grew a little and started to divide. First,
it divided in two. However, here something happened that you
would find very interesting: The information in the cell did
not divide into two. That means the same information was duplicated
in the two cells. After this, the cells continued to divide
and the same information duplication happened in all of them,
resulting in many cells with the same information. Then these
were divided into others, and others divided into others.
This event continued until millions of cells formed.
While all this was happening, something you would never guess
These cells, although they contain
the same information, started doing tasks that are different
from each other. Some of them formed your brotherâ€™s
skin. Some others formed his muscles, yet others his skeleton,
and others his brain neurons.
While the cells continued to multiply, the group of cells
that was almost like a ball started to take shape. As you
can see in the pictures at the top of the page, first your
brotherâ€™s head appeared, followed by his thin arms and
then his legs. The cells continued to grow and divide and
after nine months, they turned into a complete baby. You met
him for the first time when he was “born”.
All the things that we have
said until now may surprise you. You probably have thought
about why cells took on different tasks or how they were able
to combine in such a neat shape. Allah is the One Who does
all of this. Cells are tiny beings that are invisible to the
naked eye. Like atoms, it is impossible for cells all on their
own to make decisions or to come together to form a human
being. It is nonsense to even think that your brother or other
human beings are made up of cells that came together by coincidence.
Allah, the Creator of all, has created all human beings perfectly
and He has told the people to think about this in the Book
that He has sent us:
Does not man recall that We created him before when he
was not anything? (Surah Maryam: 67)
You, like your brother and all
other human beings, started to grow from a single cell, continued
to grow and turned into a full person. Right now, you are
living a nice life in this world. You owe all of this to Allah.
Allah shows great mercy to you and gives you many blessings.
So, donâ€™t ever forget to thank your Creator, Allah.