Jesus (as), Son of Maryam (as), In The Qur'an
In this section, we will examine the details regarding the second coming
of Jesus (as) provided in the most reliable sources. The first of these
sources is definitely the Qur'an, the unaltered Speech of Allah, as expressed
in the Qur'an, "No one can change His words." (Surat al-An'am 115), and
the second is the Sunnah of the Last Messenger of Allah, Muhammad, may
Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Qur'an provides detailed information
about many stages of Jesus' (as) life including his birth, his being raised
to the presence of Allah, his second coming and his death.
Jesus (as), who lived 2000 years ago, is a blessed messenger of Allah.
He is of high esteem both in this world and the hereafter, as the Qur'an
informs us. The true religion brought by him remains today, albeit merely
in name. That is because, the original teaching communicated by Jesus
(as) is distorted today. The book Allah revealed to Jesus (as), too, remains
in our day only in name. Today, the original text of this book is not
available. Christian sources have undergone various alterations and distortions.
Consequently today, it is unlikely that we can obtain true knowledge regarding
Jesus (as) from Christian sources.
The only sources from which we can have accurate knowledge about Jesus
(as) are the Qur'an, the book Allah assures He will keep unchanged until
the Day of Judgement, and the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad (saas).
In the Qur'an, Allah gives an account of the birth and life of Jesus (as),
some incidents he met in his life, the people surrounding him and many
other subjects related to him. Furthermore, the Qur'anic verses also inform
us about the life of Maryam before she gave birth to Jesus (as), how she
became pregnant in a miraculous way and the reactions of the people surrounding
her to this incident. Moreover, Allah gives the good tidings that Jesus
(as) will come to earth for a second time in the end times. In this section,
you will find some of the information given in the Qur'an about Jesus
The Birth of Maryam and the Way She Was Raised
Maryam, who was chosen to give birth to Jesus (as), was born at a time
of disorder when the Children of Israel placed all their hopes on a Messiah's
coming. Allah specially Allah chose Maryam for this blessed duty and brought
her up accordingly. Maryam came from a noble family, the family of 'Imran.
Allah chose this family over all people.
The members of the family of 'Imran were known to be people having deep
faith in Allah. They turned to Him while doing all their deeds and meticulously
observed His limits. When 'Imran's wife learned that she was pregnant,
she turned to her Creator and prayed, and she devoted what was in her
womb to the service of Allah. Allah gives an account of this in the Qur'an:
Remember when the wife of 'Imran said, "my Lord, I have
pledged to You what is in my womb, devoting it to Your service. Please
accept my prayer. You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing." When she
gave birth, she said, "My Lord! I have given birth to a girl" - and Allah
knew very well what she had given birth to, male and female are not the
same - "and I have named her Maryam and placed her and her children in
Your safekeeping from the accursed shaytan." (Surah Al 'Imran: 35-36)
When Maryam was born, Imran's wife sought only the good pleasure of Allah.
She turned to Allah and placed Maryam and her children in His safekeeping
from the accursed shaytan. In return for her sincerity and prayer, Allah
gave Maryam noble virtues. In the Qur'an, Allah explains how Maryam was
brought up under His protection and meticulous care. "Her
Lord accepted her with approval and made her grow in health and beauty."
(Surah Al 'Imran: 37) Zakariyya (Zachariah) became Maryam's guardian
and during the time she spent with him, he realised that she was favoured
with exceptional qualities. Moreover, Allah showed her many favours "without
… Every time Zakariyya visited her in the Upper
Room, he found food with her. He said, "Maryam, how did you come by this?"
She said, "It is from Allah. Allah provides for whomever He wills without
any reckoning." (Surah Al 'Imran: 37)
Just as Allah chose the family of 'Imran, He also chose Maryam, a member
of 'Imran's family, and provided her with an exceptional upbringing. Allah
purified Maryam and chose her over all other women. This attribute of
hers is stated in the Qur'an as follows:
And when the angels said, "Maryam, Allah has chosen you
and purified you. He has chosen you over all other women. Maryam, obey
your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow." (Surah Al 'Imran:
In the community in which she lived, Maryam became a person known for
the loyalty and sincerity she showed to Allah. She is especially distinguished
as a woman "who guarded her chastity." In Surat at-Tahrim, we find an
account of this:
Allah Maryam, the daughter of 'Imran, who guarded her
chastity - We breathed Our Spirit into her and she confirmed the Words
of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (Surat at-Tahrim:
Jesus (as) Was Born Without a Father
One of the greatest miracles regarding Jesus is the manner in which Maryam
became pregnant. The Qur'an gives a great many details on this subject.
The way that Gabriel (Jibril) appeared to her is described in these terms
in Surah Maryam:
Mention Maryam in the Book, how she withdrew from her
people to an eastern place, and veiled herself from them. Then We sent
Our Spirit to her and it took on for her the form of a well-made man.
(Surah Maryam: 16-17)
As we are informed in the verses above, in one of the phases of her life,
Maryam withdrew from her people to an eastern place and spent some part
of her life there. At this time, Gabriel appeared to her as a normal human
being. Another important matter stressed in the verses is Maryam's modest
behaviour and strong fear of Allah. The first words she spoke when seeing
'I seek refuge from you with the All-Merciful if you
have AllahAllahtaqwa.' (Surah Maryam: 18)
Yet, Gabriel introduced himself and explained that he was a messenger
sent by Allah to give her glad tidings. The verses report Gabriel's reply
'I am only your Lord's messenger so that He can give
you a pure boy.' (Surah Maryam: 19)
When the angels said, "Maryam, your Lord gives you good
news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, 'Isa, son of Maryam
of high esteem in the world and the hereafter, and one of those brought
near." (Surah Al 'Imran: 45)
Upon these glad tidings, Maryam raised the question of how she could
have a son when no man had ever touched her:
She said, "How can I have a boy when no one has touched
me and I am not an unchaste woman?" He said, "It will be so! Your Lord
says, 'That is easy for Me. It is so that We can make him a Sign for mankind
and a mercy from Us.' It is a matter already decreed." So she conceived
him and withdrew with him to a distant place. (Surah Maryam: 20-22)
She said, "My Lord! How can I have a son when no one
has ever touched me?" He said, "It will be so." Allah creates whatever
He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it, 'Be!' and
it is." (Surah Al 'Imran: 47)
As can be seen from the above verses, Gabriel gave Maryam the glad tidings
that she was with child and told her "Allah just says to it, 'Be!' and
it is." Maryam had never been touched by a man. In other words, Jesus
did not come into the world in the normal way in which children are created.
This is just one of the miracles that Jesus experienced during his life
and will experience when he returns to earth for a second time.
During the time Maryam remained in the "distant place", Allah supported
her both physically and materially. She was totally under His protection
and care during her pregnancy. Allah especially took care of all her needs.
Meanwhile, by making her settle in a secluded place, Allah prevented all
the harm that people devoid of understanding of this situation were likely
to do her.
Jesus (as) Is a Word of Allah
In the Qur'an Allah draws our attention to the fact that, from his birth
to death, Jesus (as) was very different from all other men on earth. The
Qur'an confirms his virgin birth, a type of creation with which we are
not familiar. Before Jesus was born, Allah informed his mother about many
of Jesus' (as) attributes including that he was sent as a Messiah to the
Children of Israel. He was also declared "a Word from Allah":
… The Messiah, 'Isa, son of Maryam, was only the
Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He cast into Maryam, and a Spirit
from Him… (Surat an-Nisa: 171)
When the angels said, "Maryam, your Lord gives you good
news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, 'Isa, son of Maryam
of high esteem in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought
near. (Surah Al 'Imran: 45)
Allah gave him his name before his birth, as He did with
Yahya (John) (as). Allah gave him the name the Messiah, Jesus, the son
of Maryam. This is one of the most explicit indications that Jesus (as)
was created differently from other people.
Indeed, just like his birth, the miracles he displayed throughout his
life, and the way he was raised up to the presence of Allah are signs
of his difference from other people.
Birth of Jesus (as)
As is well known, birth is a very difficult process demanding much care.
Delivering a baby without the assistance of an experienced person and
due medical care is difficult. However, Maryam, all alone, succeeded in
delivering a baby, thanks to her loyalty to Allah and the trust she put
While feeling severe labour pains, Allah inspired Maryam and instructed
her in each step. In this way, she delivered her baby effortlessly and
in the best circumstances. This was a great favour shown to Maryam:
The pains of labour drove her to the trunk of a date
palm. She said, "Oh if only I had died and was something discarded and
A voice called out to her from under her, "Do not grieve! Your Lord has
placed a small stream at your feet. Shake the trunk of the palm towards
you and fresh, ripe dates will drop down onto you.
Eat and drink and delight your eyes. If you should see
anyone at all, just say, 'I have made a vow of abstinence to the All-Merciful
and today I will not speak to any human being.'" (Surah Maryam: 23-26)
Jesus (as) Spoke While Still in the Cradle
And she (Maryam) who guarded her chastity. We breathed
in her some of Our Spirit and made her and her son a Sign for all the
worlds. (Surat al-Anbiya: 91)
One of the incidents with which Allah tested the people of Maryam is
the birth of Jesus (as). This birth, which was an unusual event for people,
was a test both for Maryam and her people. In reality, the way Jesus (as)
was born was a miracle Allah employed to summon people to true faith and
one of the most explicit evidences of the existence of Allah. Yet, her
people failed to grasp it and were suspicious. This subject is mentioned
in the Qur'an thus:
She brought him to her people, carrying him. They said,
"Maryam! You have done an unthinkable thing! Sister of Harun (Aaron),
your father was not an evil man nor was your mother an unchaste woman!"
(Surah Maryam: 27-28)
As explained in the verses above, upon Maryam's return from the distant
place with Jesus (as), her people did not let her make an explanation.
They simply slandered Maryam in an ugly manner. However, those who spread
these slanders about Maryam knew her almost from the day she was born
and were aware of her purity and piety (taqwa), like the other members
of the family of 'Imran.
Surely, these slanders were a test for Maryam. It was apparent that a
person, so pure and pious, would not act as alleged. This was only a test
for Maryam. From the time Maryam was born, Allah always helped her and
turned everything she did to good. Maryam, in return, knew that every
incident happens by the Will of Allah and only Allah could prove the groundless
nature of these slanders.
Indeed, Allah provided comfort to Maryam and inspired her to remain quiet.
Allah instructed her not to speak with her people but to point to Jesus
(as), if they ever approached her and attempted to make accusations. This
way, Maryam avoided any trouble such a discussion was likely to create.
The one who would provide the most accurate answers to the people was
Jesus (as). When Allah gave the good tidings of the birth of Jesus (as)
to Maryam, He also informed her that he would speak clearly while he was
still in his cradle:
He will speak to people in the cradle, and also when
fully grown, and will be one of the righteous. (Surah Al 'Imran: 46)
Thus Allah made things easier for Maryam and provided the true explanation
to the people through the words of Jesus (as). With such a miracle, the
disbelief of the people surrounding Maryam simply failed. We are informed
in the Qur'an as follows:
She pointed towards him. They said, "How can a baby in
the cradle speak?" He said, "I am the slave of Allah. He has given me
the Book and made me a Prophet. He has made me blessed wherever I am and
directed me to do prayer and pay poor-due as long as I live, and to show
devotion to my mother. He has not made me insolent or arrogant. Peace
be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die and the day I am raised
up again alive." (Surah Maryam: 29-33)
No doubt, a baby speaking fluently in his cradle is a great miracle.
The people of Maryam were astonished on hearing these words of wisdom
from a baby in the cradle and this occasion proved to them that his birth
was a miracle. All these miraculous incidents showed that the baby in
the cradle was a messenger of Allah.
This is the relief Allah provided Maryam because of the trust she placed
in Him. By showing such an astounding miracle, she responded to the slanders
against her. Yet, Allah informs us that a grievous disaster awaited those
who did not dismiss their bad thoughts about Maryam despite this miracle:
And on account of their disbelief and their utterance
of a monstrous slander against Maryam. (Surat an-Nisa: 156)
Miracles of Jesus (as)
Jesus (as) performed many other miracles, by the permission of Allah,
other than his virgin birth and his declaration of his prophethood as
a new born child in the cradle. In fact, these two miracles are sufficient
to reveal the extraordinary nature of Jesus (as). After all, only a miracle
could make a new-born child speak so rationally and with faith:
Remember when Allah said: "'Isa, son of Maryam, remember
My blessing to You and to your mother when I reinforced you with the Purest
Spirit so that you could speak to people in the cradle and when you were
fully grown; and when I taught you the Book and Wisdom..." (Surat al-Ma'idah:
In the Qur'an, the miracles of Jesus (as) are related thus:
… As a Messenger to the tribe of Israel, saying:
"I have brought you a Sign from your Lord. I will create the shape of
a bird out of a clay for you and then breathe into it and it will be a
bird by Allah's permission. I will heal the blind and the leper, and bring
the dead to life, by Allah's permission. I will tell you what you eat
and what you store up in your homes. There is a Sign for you in that if
you are believers. (Surah Al 'Imran: 49)
Despite all the extraordinary events related so far, some people arrogantly
rejected the miracles of Jesus (as) and said they were all magic.
Jesus (as) Communicates the Message, and Some of
the Difficulties He Faced
At the time Jesus (as) was sent, the people of Israel were in complete
turmoil, both in the political and the economic sense. On one hand, there
were the cruel conditions inflicted on the public and, on the other, dissenting
beliefs and sects made life difficult. Under such conditions, people desperately
needed a way out.
The Messiah for whom people waited for so long was Jesus (as). By the
will of Allah, Jesus (as) spoke when he was still in the cradle and thus
indicated to people that the Messiah they expected had arrived. From then
on, many placed their hopes in him for guidance.
Yet, there were also some people who avoided accepting Jesus (as). Supporters
of the system of disbelief of his time, especially, considered him merely
a threat to their existence. That is why they made plans to prevent him
as soon as they heard about him. To their dismay, however, their plans
were doomed to failure from the beginning. Still, this did not stop them
being avowed enemies of Jesus (as) throughout his mission.
Nevertheless, those who reacted against him were not limited to disbelievers.
During that period, for various reasons, a majority of the rabbis took
sides against Jesus (as) asserting that he was abolishing their religion,
and of course by that they became disbelievers because of their opposition
to a Messenger of Allah. What Jesus (as) did, in reality, was only to
summon people to the original way, and eliminate the false rules introduced
into Judaism by the rabbis themselves. The people of Israel distorted
their religion by prohibiting what was allowed by the original revelation
and allowing what was prohibited by it. In this way, they changed the
true way revealed by Allah entirely. Upon this, Allah sent Jesus (as)
to purify the true religion of all the innovations incorporated into it
at a later stage. Jesus (as) called his people to the Injil, which confirmed
the original Torah (Tawrah) revealed to Musa (as). The relevant verse
in the Qur'an is:
I come confirming the Torah I find already there, and
to make lawful for you some of what was previously forbidden to you. So
have fear of Allah and obey me. (Surah Al 'Imran: 50)
In another verse Allah informs us that the Injil revealed to Jesus (as)
was a guide to the true path for the believers and to help them discern
between good and evil. It was also a book that confirmed the Torah:
And we sent 'Isa son of Maryam following in their footsteps,
confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Injil containing
guidance and light, confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance
and admonition for those who have fear." (Surat al-Ma'idah: 46)
The prominent people among the Children of Israel, concerned more about
the rules which had become tradition, doubted what Jesus (as) had brought.
That was simply because Jesus (as) did not stress the, by then, traditional
rules but rather summoned people to devotion to Allah, renunciation of
the world, sincerity, brotherhood and honesty. Encountering a different
understanding of religion, the Jews were frustrated by what Jesus (as)
advised. In the Qur'an, Allah gives an account of how Jesus (as) communicated
the commands of Allah:
And when 'Isa came with the Clear Signs, he said, "I
have come to you with Wisdom and to clarify for you some of the things
about which you have differed. Therefore have taqwa of (heed) Allah and
obey me. Allah is my Lord and your Lord so worship Him. This is a straight
path." The various factions among them differed. Woe then to those who
did wrong on account of the punishment of a painful Day! (Surat az-Zukhruf:
The sincerity and different attitude of Jesus (as) attracted people's
attention. The number of his adherents steadily increased.
The Jews Claim They Killed Jesus (as)
No doubt, everyone is familiar with the allegation that the Romans crucified
Jesus (as). As the allegation goes, the Romans and the Jewish rabbis arrested
Jesus (as) and crucified him. Indeed, the Christian world embraces the
belief that Jesus (as) died but then came to life again and ascended to
heaven. However, when we refer to the Qur'an, we see that what really
happened is not as people believe:
And (on account of) their saying, "We killed (qatalna)
the Messiah, 'Isa son of Maryam, Messenger of Allah." They did not kill
(wa ma qataloohu) him and they did not crucify (wa ma salaboohu) him but
it was made to seem so (shubbiha) to them. Those who argue about him are
in doubt about it. They have no real knowledge of it, just conjecture.
But they certainly did not kill (wa ma qataloohu) him. (Surat an-Nisa':
In the same verse, the information mentioned below on Jesus' ascension
Allah raised him up to Himself (rafa'aahu). Allah is
Almighty, All-Wise. (Surat an-Nisa': 158)
The fact the Qur'an reveals to us is obvious. The attempts of the Romans,
provoked by the Jews to murder Jesus (as), proved unsuccessful. The expression
quoted from the above verse "… but it was made to seem so to them"
explains the real nature of this event. Jesus (as) was not murdered but
he was raised up to Allah's presence. Furthermore, Allah draws our attention
to the fact that those making this claim know nothing about the truth.
How Are Prophets' Deaths Recounted in the Qur'an?
Examination of the stories in the Qur'an that deal with how prophets
died, and the verses that describe the death of Jesus (as), reveal an
important fact about that death. In this section we shall examine the
meaning of the Arabic words used to describe the deaths of Jesus and other
prophets, and will see how they are used in the verses.
As we shall be seeing in greater detail later, a number of special words
are used in the Qur'an to describe the deaths of prophets, such as qataloohu
(to kill), maata (to die), halaka (to perish) and salaboohu (they crucified
him). However, it is clearly stated in the Qur'an that "They did not kill
him (wa ma qataloohu) and did not crucify him (wa ma salaboohu)," meaning
Jesus (as) was not killed in any way. It is emphasized that someone who
resembled Jesus (as) was put forward and that Jesus (as) was raised to
the presence of Allah.
In Surah Al 'Imran, we are informed that Allah took Jesus (as) back and
He raised him up to Him.
When Allah said, "'Isa, I will take you back (mutawaffeeka)
and raise you up (wa rafi'uka) to Me and purify you of those who are disbelievers.
And I will place the people who follow you above those who are disbelievers
until the Day of Rising..." (Surah Al 'Imran: 55)
The following are the ways in which the words referring to death in the
Qur'an and the word "to cause to die" which appears in Surah Al 'Imran
1. TAWAFFA: TO CAUSE TO DIE, TO TAKE IN SLEEP OR TO TAKE BACK
The word tawaffa as used in this verse has other meanings than simply
"death" in English. A study of the Arabic equivalents of the words in
the verses reveals that Jesus (as) did not die in the accepted sense.
This is how his being taken back to Allah is described in Surat al-Ma'ida,
"I said to them nothing but what You ordered me to say:
'Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.' I was a witness against them as
long as I remained among them, but when You took me back to You (tawaffa),
You were the One watching over them. You are Witness of all things." (Surat
In Arabic the word that is translated in some translations of these verses
as "You have caused me to die" is "tawaffa" and comes from the root wafa
- to fulfil. Tawaffa does not actually mean "death" but the act of "taking
the self back" either in sleep, in death or as in the case of Jesus being
taken back into the presence of Allah. From the Qur'an again, we understand
that "taking the self back" does not necessarily mean death. For instance
in a verse in which the word tawaffa is used, it is not the death of a
human being that is meant but "taking back his self in his sleep":
It is He Who takes you back to Himself (yatawaffakum)
at night, while knowing the things you perpetrate by day, and then wakes
you up again, so that a specified term may be fulfilled... (Surat al-An'am:
The word used for "take back" in this verse is the same as the one used
in Surah Al 'Imran 55. In other words, in the verse above, the word tawaffa
is used and it is obvious that one does not die in one's sleep. Therefore,
what is meant here is, again, "taking the self back."
The same word is used in the verse below as follows:
Allah takes back people's selves (tawaffa) when their
death (mawtiha) arrives and those who have not yet died, while they are
asleep (lam tamut). He keeps hold of those whose death (mawt) has been
decreed and sends the others back for a specified term... (Surat az-Zumar:
As these verses suggest, Allah takes back the self of the one who is
asleep, yet He sends back the selves of those whose deaths have yet not
been decreed. In this context, in one's sleep one does not die, in the
sense in which we perceive death. Only for a temporary period, the self
leaves the body and remains in another dimension. When we wake up, the
self returns to the body. (Prof. Suleyman Ates, Yuce Kur'an'in Cagdas
Tefsiri (The Contemporary Tafsir of the Holy Qur'an))
Imam al-Qurtubi makes clear that there are three meanings to the term
wafat which is from the same root as tawaffa: the wafat of death, the
wafat of sleep, and last, the wafat of being raised up to Allah, as in
the case of Sayyiduna 'Isa (as).
2) QATALA: TO KILL
The word generally used for "to kill" when speaking of death in the Qur'an
is the Arabic word qatala. The word is used in this way in Surat al-Mu'min:
Pharaoh said, "Let me kill Musa and let him call upon
his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about
corruption in the land." (Surat al-Mu'min: 26)
The expression "let me kill Musa" in the verse appears in the Arabic
form aqtulu Musa. That word comes from the verb qatala. In another verse,
the same word is used in this way:
... (That was because they) killed (yaqtuloona) the Prophets
without any right to do so. (Surat al-Baqara: 61)
The words "they killed" in the verse appear as yaqtuloona in the original
Arabic, which again derives from the verb qatala. And as the translation
makes quite clear, it means "to kill."
It is clear how the verb qatala is used in the following verses that
describe the death of prophets. All the words whose meaning appears in
brackets derive from the verb qatala.
... We will write down what they said and their killing
(wa qatlahum) of the Prophets without any right to do so... (Surah Al
... Did you grow arrogant, and deny some of them and
murder (taqtuloona) others? (Surat al-Baqara: 87)
... Say, "Why then, if you are muminun, did you previously
kill (taqtuloona) the Prophets of Allah?" (Surat al-Baqara: 91)
As for those who reject Allah's Signs, and kill (yaqtuloona)
the Prophets without any right to do so, and kill (yaqtuloona) those who
command justice... (Surah Al 'Imran: 21)
... So why did you kill them (qataltumoohum) if you are
telling the truth? (Surah Al 'Imran: 183)
... The one said, "I shall kill you (la aqtulannaka)."
... (Surat al-Ma'ida: 27)
Even if you do raise your hand against me to kill me
(li taqtulanee), I am not going to raise my hand against you to kill you
(li aqtulaka) ... (Surat al-Ma'ida: 28)
"Kill (uqtuloo) Yusuf or expel him to some land ..."
(Surah Yusuf: 9)
The wife of Pharaoh said, "A source of delight for me
and for you; do not kill him (la taqtuloohu)..." (Surat al-Qasas: 9)
... "Musa, the Council are conspiring to kill you (li
yaqtulooka) ..." (Surat al-Qasas: 20)
The only answer of his (Ibrahim's) people was to say:
"Kill (uqtuloohu) him or burn him!" (Surat al-'Ankabut: 24)
3) HALAKA: TO PERISH
Another verb used with the meaning of "to perish" in the Qur'an is ,
halaka. This verb is used in verses in the sense of "to perish, be destroyed,
die". For instance, Surat al-Mu'min 34 reads:
... when he (Yusuf) died (halaka), you said, "Allah will
never send another Messenger after him." ... (Surat al-Mu'min: 34)
In the verse, the expression translated in English as "when he died"
is idha halaka in Arabic, used in the sense of "to die".
4) MAWT: DEATH
Another word used in the Qur'an in the context of prophets' deaths is
mawt. The word maata - he died - and other words from the same root is
used in the verses. One of these concerns the death of the prophet Sulayman
(as) in Surah Saba':
Then when We decreed that he should die (mawt), nothing
divulged his death (mawtihi) to them except the worm which ate his staff
... (Surah Saba': 14)
Another word from the same root is used in reference to the Prophet Yahya
Peace be upon him the day he was born, and the day he
dies (yamootu), and the day he is raised up again alive. (Surah Maryam:
The word translated here as "when he dies" is the Arabic word yamootu.
The same word appears in verses in the context of the death of the prophet
Ya'qub (as). It appears in Surat al-Baqara, for instance:
Or were you present when death (mawt) came to Ya'qub?
... (Surat al-Baqara: 133)
The word mawt in the verse comes from the same root and means death.
In a verse about the Prophet Muhammad (saas) the verbs qutila and maata
are used at one and the same time:
Muhammad is only a Messenger and he has been preceded
by other Messengers. If he were to die (mata) or be killed (qutila), would
you turn on your heels? ... (Surah Al 'Imran: 144)
The word mawt which comes from the same root as mata (to die) appears
in other verses to do with the deaths of prophets:
... She said, "Oh if only I had died (mittu) before this
time and was something discarded and forgotten!" (Surah Maryam: 23)
We did not give any human being before you immortality
(khuld). And if you die (mitta), will they then be immortal? (Surat al-Anbiya':
"He Who will cause my death (yumeetunee), then give me
life." (Surat ash-Shu'ara': 81)
5) KHALID: IMMORTAL
Another word that appears in verses without directly meaning "to die"
or "to kill" but which means "immortality" is khalid. The meaning of khalid
is along the lines of being permanent. The word khalid is used in that
sense in Surat al-Anbiya':
We did not give them bodies which did not eat food, nor
were they immortal (khalideena). (Surat al-Anbiya': 8)
6) SALABA: TO CRUCIFY
One of the words used in the Qur'an when speaking of the death of prophets
and others is the verb salaba (to crucify). The verb carries meanings
such as "to crucify, hang, and execute." The verb is used in verses as
... They did not kill him and they did not crucify him
(wa ma salaboohu)... (Surat an-Nisa': 157)
... (Yusuf said,) One of you will serve his lord with
wine, the other of you will be crucified (yuslabu)... (Surah Yusuf: 41)
... they should be killed or crucified (yusallaboo)...
(Surat al-Ma'ida: 33)
(Pharaoh said,) "I will cut off your alternate hands
and feet and then I will crucify (la usallibannakum) every one of you."
(Surat al-A'raf: 124)
... (Pharaoh said,) "I will cut off your hands and feet
alternately and have you crucified (wa la usallibannakum) ..." (Surah
Ta Ha: 71)
... (Pharaoh said,) "I will cut off your alternate hands
and feet and I will crucify (wa la usallibannakum) every one of you."
(Surat ash-Shu'ara': 49)
As can be seen from the verses, very different words are used in verses
dealing with the wafat of Jesus (as) and the death of other prophets.
Allah has revealed in the Qur'an that Jesus (as) was not killed, nor crucified,
that someone who resembled him was shown in his place, and that he was
taken back (in other words that his soul was taken). While the word tawaffa
meaning "to take the soul" is used in the context of Jesus (as), expressions
such as, qataloohu and mata, expressions of normal death, are used to
refer to other prophets. These facts demonstrate once again that the situation
of Jesus (as) is an extraordinary one.
To conclude, we can say that Jesus (as) may have been in a special state,
raised up to the presence of Allah. What he actually experienced was not
death in the sense with which we are familiar, but merely a departure
from this dimension. Surely, Allah knows best.