Why do some Muslims Support the Theory of Evolution?
Throughout history, people have thought about the universe and the origin
of life, and have put forward various ideas on the subject. We can divide
these into two groups: those who explain the universe from a materialist
point of view, and those who see that God made the universe out of nothing,
namely, the truth of creation.
In the introduction, we saw that the theory of evolution was constructed
upon materialist philosophy. The materialist view claims that the universe
consists of matter and that matter is the only thing that exists. Therefore,
matter has existed for all time and no other power rules over it. Materialists
believe that blind coincidence caused the universe to shape itself and
life to come about by gradually evolving from non-living substances. In
other words, all living things in the world emerged as the result of natural
influences and chance.
Materialist philosophy uses the theory of evolution, both of which complement
each other, to account for the emergence of life. This unity, which was
born in ancient Greece, once again was made public under the primitive
scientific conditions of the nineteenth century and, since the theory
allegedly backed up materialism, whether or not it had any scientific
validity, it was adopted immediately by materialists.
The fact of creation stands in opposition to the theory of evolution.
According to the creationist view, matter has not existed for all time
and therefore is controlled. God created matter out of nothing and gave
it order. All things, living as well as non-living, came into being by
God's creation. The amazing design, calculation, equilibrium, and order
seen in the universe and in living things are clear evidence of this.
Religion has taught the truth of creation, which all people can grasp
through reason and personal observation, since the beginning of time.
All divine religions have taught that God created the universe by commanding
"Be!," and that its flawless functioning is proof of His great creative
power. Many Qur'anic verses also reveal this truth. For example, Allah
reveals how He miraculously created the universe from nothing:
"The Originator of the heavens and Earth. When He decides on something,
He just says to it, 'Be!' and it is" (Qur'an, 2:117). He also reveals
He created the heavens and Earth with truth. The day
He says "Be!" it is. His speech is Truth. The Kingdom will be His on the
Day the Trumpet is blown, the Knower of the Unseen and the Visible. He
is the All-Wise, the All-Aware. (Qur'an, 6:73)
Modern science demonstrates the invalidity of the materialist-evolutionist
claim and confirms creation. Contrary to the theory of evolution, all
the proofs of creation that surround us show that chance had no role in
the universe's coming into existence. Every detail that emerges as we
observe the sky, Earth, and all living things is intended as evidence
of God's great power and wisdom.
This fundamental difference between religion and atheism is that the
former believes in God, while the latter believes in materialism. When
Allah asks those who deny, He draws attention to the claims that they
assert in order to reject creation: "Or were they
created out of nothing, or are they the creators?" (Qur'an, 52:35). Ever
since the dawn of time, those who deny creation have claimed that humanity
and the universe were not created and have sought to justify this irrational
and illogical claim. Their greatest support came in the nineteenth century,
thanks to Darwin's theory.
Muslims cannot seek a compromise on this issue. Of course people can
think as they please and can believe in whatever theories they wish. However,
there can be no compromise with a theory that denies Allah and His creation,
for this would involve compromising on religion's fundamental element.
Of course, doing so is totally unacceptable.
Evolutionists, aware of how such a compromise would damage religion,
encourage religious people to try and find such a compromise.
Darwinists Encourage the Creation-by-Evolution View
Scientists who blindly support the theory of evolution are being backed
further into a corner by new scientific advances that are becoming more
frequent and better known to the public. Given that every new discovery
works against the theory and attests to creation's truth, demagogy takes
pride of place over scientific evidence in evolutionist literature. On
the other hand, even the most prominent evolutionist scientific magazines,
like Science, Nature, Scientific American or New Scientist are forced
to admit that several aspects of Darwin's theory has reached a dead end.
Scientists who defend creation win these scientific debates, thereby exposing
the evolutionists' baseless claims.
At this point, the view of creation by evolution comes to the materialists'
aid. This is one of the tactics used by the evolutionists to appease the
supporters of creation (or "Intelligent Design") and to weaken their intellectual
position against the dogma of Darwinism. Although evolutionists do not
believe in God, for they have made a deity out of chance and totally oppose
the fact of creation, they think that their theory will become more acceptable
if they remain silent about the religious evolutionists' idea that God
created living things through evolution. In fact, they encourage a compromise
between the theory and religion so that evolution will become more acceptable
and belief in creation will weaken.
Given this, Muslims must understand that it is totally mistaken to believe
that Allah created the universe and yet support the theory of evolution
despite the lack of hard scientific evidence. Furthermore, it is just
as mistaken to claim that evolution is compatible with the Qur'an by ignoring
all the warnings in the Holy Book itself. Muslims who adopt such a position
must realize that they are supporting an idea designed to help materialist
philosophy and that, given this fact, they must withdraw their support
Rejecting Evolution does not Mean Rejecting Science
The number of Muslims who believe that all living things emerged by means
of evolution should not be underestimated. Their error is based upon a
lack of knowledge and mistaken viewpoints, particularly in regard to scientific
matters. Heading the list is the idea that evolution is a scientific and
|"THE THOUGHT OF THE EYE
MADE ME COLD ALL OVER!"
of the most insoluble dilemmas for the theory of evolution is the
complex structures in living things. For instance, evolutionists
claim that the eye, made up of some 40 different parts, came about
by chance. Yet they cannot explain how it did so. In fact, it is
impossible that blind chance should have "created" such a magnificent
structure. The diagram below shows some of the eye's components.
Such people do not realize that science has completely eroded the theory
of evolution's credibility. Whether on the molecular level or in biology
and paleontology, research has invalidated the claims that living things
emerged as the result of an evolutionary process. Darwin's theory continues
to survive, despite all scientific facts, only because the evolutionists
are doing all they can, including deliberately misleading people, to keep
it alive. Their writings and speeches are filled with scientific terms
that the average person cannot understand. Yet when their words are analyzed,
one can find no evidence to support their theory.
A careful examination of Darwinist publications reveals this fact quite
clearly. Their accounts are almost never based upon firm scientific proof.
The fundamental areas where the theory collapses are glossed over in a
few words, and many fantastic scenarios are written about natural history.
They never dwell on such essential questions as how life first emerged
from inanimate substances, the fossil record's huge gaps, and the complex
systems in living things. They do not do so because whatever they might
say or write would contradict their aims and reveal the emptiness of their
When Charles Darwin (1809-82), the founder of this theory, considered
one of the complex systems in living things, in this case the eye, he
realized the danger that this posed to his theory and even admitted that
thinking about the eye made him cold all over. Like Darwin, today's evolutionist
scientists know that their theory has no answer for such complex systems.
But instead of admitting this, they seek to overcome the lack of scientific
evidence by writing imaginary scenarios and imposing the theory on people
by giving it a scientific mask.
Such methods become obvious during face-to-face debates between evolutionists
and those who believe in creation, as well as in evolutionist writings
and documentaries. Actually, evolutionists are not bothered by such things
as scientific truth or reason, for their sole goal is to make people believe
that evolution is a scientific fact.
In this way, evolutionist Muslims are influenced by the theory's supposed
"scientific" image. They are particularly alarmed by such Darwinist slogans
as: "Anyone who does not believe in the theory of evolution is being dogmatic
or unscientific," and so give ground on their true beliefs. Influenced
by outdated information or evolutionist writings and arguments, they believe
that only evolution can account for the emergence of life. They then try
to reconcile religion and evolution, for they are unaware of the latest
scientific developments as well as the theory's own internal contradictions
and complete loss of credibility.
However, given that evolution and creation are diametrically opposed,
proving one means disproving the other. In other words, disproving evolution
means proving creation.
For these reasons, materialists see debates on evolution as a kind of
battleground, a direct ideological struggle rather than a scientific matter.
Thus they resort to all possible means to obstruct those who believe in
For example, evolutionist Lerry Flank recommends that the truth of creation
be opposed by the following methods:
Creationist watchers must keep a close eye on the composition of state
education boards. Ideally, people who are interested in quality education
and in keeping the fundamentalists from using the public schools for their
sermonizing should constitute the majority of these state boards... If
this fails, and creationist textbooks are actually adopted and approved,
then legal action becomes necessary.1
It is clear from these words that we are not talking about a scientific
debate, but a war of ideas waged by evolutionists in a framework of certain
strategies. Muslims who defend evolution must be aware of this. Darwinism
is not a scientific thesis; rather, it is a system of thought designed
to lead people to deny God. As this theory has no scientific foundation,
Muslims must not allow themselves to be misled by its arguments and thereby
give it any support, no matter how well-intentioned.
The Effects of Evolutionists Being in the Majority
Prof. Arda Denkel
The evolutionists' most important ploy to gain widespread acceptance
for Darwin's theory is to assert that it is widely accepted within the
scientific community. In short, they are claiming validity for their theory
based upon the supposed majority of its adherents and the supposed correctness
of the majority's view in all cases. By employing such logic, as well
as their claim that evolution's truth is further proven by its wide acceptance
within the universities, they attempt to use psychological pressure on
people, including believers in God, to accept it.
Arda Denkel, an evolutionist professor of philosophy at The Bosphorus
University, probably the most prestigious one in Turkey, even admitted
the erroneous nature of this method:
Does the fact that many respected people or organizations or bodies
believe in it prove the theory of evolution to be true? Could the
theory be proved by a court verdict? Does the fact that respected and
powerful people believe in something make it true? I would like to recall
a historical fact. Did not Galileo stand up before all the respected people,
lawyers, and particularly scientists of his time and speak the truth on
his own, with no support from anyone? Did not the courts of the Inquisition
reveal other, similar situations? Gaining the support of respected
and influential circles neither creates the truth nor has anything to
do with scientific fact.2
As Denkel noted, wide acceptance of a theory does not prove its truth.
In fact, the history of science is full of examples of theories that were
first accepted by a minority and then only later came to be accepted as
true by the majority.
Moreover, evolution is not accepted by the entire scientific community,
as its proponents would have people believe. Over the last 20-30 years,
the number of scientists rejecting it has risen enormously. Most of them
abandon their dogmatic belief in Darwinism after seeing the flawless design
in the universe and living things. They have published countless works
demonstrating the theory's invalidity. Even more important, they are members
of prominent universities all over the world, especially in the United
States and Europe, and experts and career academics in biology, biochemistry,
microbiology, anatomy, paleontology, and other scientific fields.3
Therefore it would be very wrong to say that the majority of the scientific
community believes in evolution.
Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker
Dr. Donald Chittick
S. Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Many contemporary scientists
reject evolution and accept that God, the Lord of Infinite Intelligence
and Might, created the universe. Some of the scientists who accept
the truth of creation are, from left to right, Owen Gingerich,
professor of astronomy and history of science at Harvard University;
Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker, professor of physics at Germany's
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft University; Donald Chittick, professor
of chemistry at Oregon State University; Robert Matthews, professor
of physics at Oxford University; Michael J. Behe, professor of
biology at Lehigh University; David Menton, professor of anatomy
at Washington University; S. Jocelyn Bell Burnell, professor of
physics at the Open University in England; and William Dembski,
associate professor in the conceptual foundations of science at
It would thus have no meaning, even if evolutionists are genuinely in
the majority. No majority view is definitely right just because it is
the majority view. Muslims who believe in evolution need to know that
the Qur'an discusses this matter when relating the fate of the many historical
communities who held a similar view and ended up denying Allah and His
religion by allowing themselves to be led away from the true path. Allah
warns believers against following such deceitful people, and informs humanity
that going along with the majority can lead to terrible mistakes:
If you obeyed most of those on Earth, they would guide
you away from Allah's Way. They follow nothing but conjecture. They are
only guessing. (Qur'an, 6:116)