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Harun Yahya - General Knowledge From The Qur'an
General Knowledge From The Qur'an
   


THE STORY OF THE PROPHET SHU'AYB (AS)

The Prophet Shu'ayb (as) Was Sent to
Madyan As a Messenger

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu'ayb who said, 'My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people's goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. (Surat al-A'raf, 85)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu'ayb, he said, 'My people, worship Allah and look to the Last Day and do not act unjustly on earth, corrupting it.' (Surat al-'Ankabut, 36)

And to Madyan their brother Shu'ayb. He said, 'My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. Do not give short measure and short weight. I see you prospering and I fear for you the punishment of an all-encompassing Day. (Surah Hud, 84)

 

The Prophet Shu'ayb (as) Called His People to Religion

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu'ayb who said, 'My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people's goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. Do not lie in wait on every pathway, threatening people, barring those who believe from the Way of Allah, desiring to make it crooked. Remember when you were few and He increased your number: see the final fate of the corrupters! (Surat al-A'raf, 85-86)

 

The Prophet Shu'ayb's (as) Efforts to Correct
Corrupt Practices in Trading

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu'ayb who said, 'My people, worship Allah! You have no other god than Him. A Clear Sign has come to you from your Lord. Give full measure and full weight. Do not diminish people's goods. Do not cause corruption in the land after it has been put right. That is better for you if you are believers. (Surat al-A'raf, 85)

And to Madyan their brother Shu'ayb. He said, 'My people, worship Allah! You have no god apart from Him. Do not give short measure and short weight. I see you prospering and I fear for you the punishment of an all-encompassing Day. My people! Give full measure and full weight with justice; do not diminish people's goods; and do not go about the earth, corrupting it. What endures with Allah is better for you if you are believers. I am not set over you as your keeper.' (Surah Hud, 84-86)

 

The People of Madyan Ridicule the Prophet Shu'ayb (as)

They said, 'Shu'ayb, do your prayers instruct you that we should abandon what our fathers worshipped or stop doing whatever we want to with our wealth? You are clearly the forbearing, the rightly-guided!' (Surah Hud, 87)

 

The Prophet Shu'ayb's (as) Persistence in Communicating
the Message of Religion

He said, 'My people! What do you think? If I do possess a Clear Sign from my Lord and He has given me His good provision, I would clearly not want to go behind your backs and do something I have forbidden you to do. I only want to put things right as far as I can. My success is with Allah alone. I have put my trust in Him and I turn to Him. My people! Do not let your breach with me provoke you into doing wrong so that the same thing happens to you as happened to the people of Nuh and the people of Hud and the people of Salih; and the people of Lut are not far distant from you. Ask your Lord for forgiveness and then repent to Him. My Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving.' (Surah Hud, 88-90)

 

The People of Madyan Threaten the Prophet Shu'ayb (as)

The ruling circle of those of his people who were arrogant said, 'We will drive you out of our city, Shu'ayb, you and those who believe along with you, unless you return to our religion.' He said, 'What, even though we detest it? We would be inventing lies against Allah if we returned to your religion after Allah has saved us from it. We could never return to it unless Allah our Lord so willed. Our Lord encompasses everything in His knowledge. We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, judge between us and our people with truth. You are the best of judges.' The ruling circle of those of his people who were disbelievers said, 'If you follow Shu'ayb, you will definitely be lost.' (Surah al-A'raf, 88-90)

They said, 'Shu'ayb, We do not understand much of what you say and we see you are weak among us. Were it not for your clan, we would have stoned you. We do not hold you in high esteem!' (Surah Hud, 91)

He said, 'My people! Do you esteem my clan more than you do Allah? You have made Him into something to cast disdainfully behind your backs! But my Lord encompasses everything that you do! My people! Do as you think best. That is what I am doing. You will certainly come to know who will receive a punishment to disgrace him, and who is a liar. So look out. I will be on the lookout with you.' (Surah Hud, 92-93)

 

The Destruction of Madyan

When Our command came, We rescued Shu'ayb and those who believed along with him by a mercy from Us. The Great Blast seized hold of those who did wrong and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (Surah Hud, 94)

And to Madyan We sent their brother Shu'ayb, he said, 'My people, worship Allah and look to the Last Day and do not act unjustly on earth, corrupting it.' But they denied him so the earthquake seized them and morning found them lying flattened in their homes. (Surat al-'Ankabut, 36-37)

as if they had never lived there at all. Yes indeed! Away with Madyan just like Thamud! (Surah Hud, 95)

As for those who denied Shu'ayb, it was as if they had never lived there. It was the people who denied Shu'ayb who were the lost. So he turned away from them and said, 'My people, I transmitted My Lord's message to you and gave you good counsel. Why should I grieve for a disbelieving people?' (Surat al-A'raf, 92-93)

 

The Prophet Shu'ayb (as) is Also Sent to
the Thicket as a Messenger

The Companions of the Thicket denied the Messengers, when Shu'ayb said of all the worlds. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 176-180)

 

The Prophet Shu'ayb's (as) Efforts to Correct
Morally Degenerate People

Give full measure. Do not skimp. Weigh with a level balance. Do not diminish people's goods and do not go about the earth, corrupting it. Have fear of Him Who created you and the earlier creatures.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 181-184)

 

The Reply of the People of the Thicket

They said, 'You are merely someone bewitched. You are nothing but a human being like ourselves. We think you are a liar. So make lumps from heaven fall down on us if you are telling the truth.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 185-187)

 

The Destruction of the Thicket

The Companions of the Thicket denied the Messengers. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 176)

He said, 'My Lord knows best what you are doing.' They denied him and the punishment of the Day of Shadow came down on them. It was indeed the punishment of a terrible Day. There is certainly a Sign in that, yet most of them are not believers. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 188-190)

The people of the Thicket were also wrongdoers. We took revenge on them as well. They are both beside a well-beaten track. (Surat al-Hijr, 78-79)

 

THE STORY OF THE PROPHET Musa (AS) AND
THE PROPHET HARUN (AS)

We recite to you with truth some news of Musa and Pharaoh for people who believe. (Surat al-Qasas, 3)

 

The Tribe of Israel in Egypt

We recite to you with truth some news of Musa and Pharaoh for people who believe. Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. We desired to show kindness to those who were oppressed in the land and to make them leaders and make them inheritors and establish them firmly in the land and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their troops the very thing that they were fearing from them. (Surat al-Qasas, 3-6)

 

The Birth of the Prophet Musa (as) and Allah's Promise

We revealed to Musa's mother, 'Suckle him and then when you fear for him cast him into the sea. Do not fear or grieve; We will return him to you and make him one of the Messengers.' The family of Pharaoh picked him up so that he might be an enemy and a source of grief to them. Certainly Pharaoh and Haman and their troops were in the wrong. The wife of Pharaoh said, 'A source of delight for me and for you; do not kill him. It may well be that he will be of use to us or perhaps we could adopt him as a son.' They were not aware. Musa's mother felt a great emptiness in her heart and she almost gave him away; only We fortified her heart so that she would be one of the believers. She said to his sister, 'Go after him.' And she kept an eye on him from afar and they were not aware. And We had before forbidden foster-mothers for him, so she said: Shall I show you a household who will rear him for you and take care of him? That is how We returned him to his mother so that she might delight her eyes and feel no grief and so that she would know that Allah's promise is true. But most of them do not know this. And when he reached his full strength and maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge. That is how We recompense good-doers. (Surat al-Qasas, 7-14)

 

The Prophet Musa (as) is Involved in an Incident in the City

He entered the city at a time when its inhabitants were unaware and found two men fighting there - one from his party and the other from his enemy. The one from his party asked for his support against the other from his enemy. So Musa hit him, dealing him a fatal blow. He said, 'This is part of Satan's handiwork. He truly is an outright and misleading enemy.' He said, 'My Lord, I have wronged myself. Forgive me.' So He forgave him. He is the Ever-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. He said, 'My Lord, because of Your blessing to me, I will never be a supporter of evildoers.' Morning found him in the city, fearful and on his guard. Then suddenly the man who had sought his help the day before, shouted for help from him again. Musa said to him, 'You are clearly a misguided man.' But when he was about to grab the man who was their common enemy, he said, 'Musa! Do you want to kill me just as you killed a person yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land; you do not want to be a reformer.' (Surat al-Qasas, 15-19)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Departure from Egypt

A man came running from the furthest part of the city, saying, 'Musa, the Council are conspiring to kill you, so leave! I am someone who brings you good advice.' So he left there fearful and on his guard, saying, 'My Lord, rescue me from the people of the wrongdoers!' (Surat al-Qasas, 20-21)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Prayer to Allah for Help

When turned his face in the direction of Madyan, he said, 'Hopefully my Lord will guide me to the right way.' When he arrived at the water of Madyan, he found a crowd of people drawing water there. Standing apart from them, he found two women, holding back their sheep. He said, 'What are you two doing here?' They said, 'We cannot draw water until the shepherds have driven off their sheep. You see our father is a very old man.' So he drew water for them and then withdrew into the shade and said, 'My Lord, I am truly in need of any good You have in store for me.' (Surat al-Qasas, 22-24)

 

The Days of the Prophet Musa (as) in Madyan

One of them came walking shyly up to him and said, 'My father invites you so that he can pay you your wage for drawing water for us.' When he came to him and told him the whole story he said, 'Have no fear, you have escaped from wrongdoing people.' One of them said, 'Hire him, father. The best person to hire is someone strong and trustworthy.' He said, 'I would like to marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for eight full years. If you complete ten, that is up to you. I do not want to be hard on you. You will find me, Allah willing, to be one of the righteous.' He said, 'That is agreed between me and you. Whichever of the two terms I fulfil, there should be no bad feeling towards me. Allah is Guardian over what we say.' (Surat al-Qasas, 25-28)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Departure from Madyan

When Musa had fulfilled the appointed term and had set off with his family, he noticed a fire from one side of the Mount. He said to his family, 'Stay here, I can see a fire. Hopefully I will bring you back some news from it or a burning branch from the fire so that you will be able to warm yourselves.' (Surat al-Qasas, 29)

 

The Prophet Musa (as) is Endowed with Prophethood

But when he reached it a voice called out to him from the right hand side of the valley in the part which was full of blessing, from out of the bush: 'Musa, I am Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. (Surat al-Qasas, 30)

I am your Lord. Take off your sandals. You are in the holy valley of Tuwa. I have chosen you, so listen well to what is revealed. I am Allah. There is no god but Me, so worship Me and perform prayer to remember Me. The Hour is coming but I have concealed it so that every self can be repaid for its efforts. Do not let those who do not believe in it and follow their whims and desires debar you from it or you will be destroyed. (Surah Ta Ha, 12-16)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Miracles

What is that in your right hand, Musa?' He said, 'It is my staff. I lean on it and beat down leaves for my sheep with it and have other uses for it.' He said, 'Throw it down, Musa.' He threw it down and suddenly it was a slithering snake. (Surah Ta Ha, 17-20)

Throw down your staff!' Then when he he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. 'Musa, approach and have no fear! You are one of those who are secure. (Surat al-Qasas, 31)

Throw down your staff.' Then when he saw it slithering like a snake he turned and fled and did not turn back again. 'Have no fear, Musa. In My Presence the Messengers have no fear. (Surat an-Naml, 10)

He said, 'Take hold of it and have no fear. We will return it to its original form. Put your hand under your arm and press it to your side. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed, another Sign. (Surah Ta Ha, 21-22)

Put your hand inside your shirt front. It will emerge pure white yet quite unharmed. And hug your arms to your sides to still your fear. These are two proofs from your Lord for Pharaoh and his ruling circle. They are a deviant people.' (Surat al-Qasas, 32)

In this way We show you some of Our greatest Signs. (Surah Ta Ha, 23)

 

The Prophet Musa (as) is Appointed to Communicate
the Message of Religion to Pharaoh

Go to Pharaoh. He has overstepped the bounds.' (Surah Ta Ha, 24)

'Go to Pharaoh - he has overstepped the limits. (Surat an-Nazi'at, 17)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Prayer to Allah for Help

He said, 'O Lord, expand my breast for me. (Surah Ta Ha, 25)

He said, 'My Lord, I killed one of them and I am afraid they will kill me. (Surat al-Qasas, 33)

He said, 'My Lord, I fear they will deny me. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 12)

and make my task easy for me. Loosen the knot in my tongue so that they will understand my words. Assign me a helper from my family, my brother Harun. (Surah Ta Ha, 26-30)

and my brother Harun is more eloquent than me so send him with me to support me and back me up. I am afraid they will call me a liar.' (Surat al-Qasas, 34)

Strengthen my back by him and let him share in my task, so that we can glorify You much and remember You much, (Surah Ta Ha, 31-34)

They said, 'Our Lord, we are afraid that he might persecute us or overstep the bounds.' (Surah Ta Ha, 45)

They hold a wrong action against me and I fear that they may kill me.' He said, 'By no means! Go, both of you, with Our Signs. We will certainly be together with you, listening. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 14-15)

 

Allah's Reply to the Prophet Musa's (as) Prayer

He said, 'Have no fear. I will be with you, All-Hearing and All-Seeing. (Surah Ta Ha, 46)

He said, 'We will reinforce you with your brother and by Our Signs will give you both authority, so that they will not be able to lay a hand on you. You and those who follow you will be the victors.' (Surat al-Qasas, 35)

He said, 'Your request has been granted, Musa We were gracious to you another time. (Surah Ta Ha, 36-37)

I have chosen you for Myself. Go, you and your brother, with My Signs and do not slacken in remembering Me. Go to Pharaoh; he has overstepped the bounds. But speak to him with gentle words so that hopefully he will pay heed or show some fear.' (Surah Ta Ha, 41-44)

 

The Prophet Musa (as) and the Prophet Harun (as)
Call Pharaoh to Religion

Go to Pharaoh and say, "We are the Messenger of the Lord of all the worlds. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 16)

Go to him and say, "We are your Lord's Messengers so send the tribe of Israel away with us and do not punish them. We have brought you a Sign from your Lord. Peace be upon those who follow the guidance. It has been revealed to us that punishment is for him who denies the truth and turns away."' (Surah Ta Ha, 47-48)

And say: "Do you resolve to purify yourself. I will guide you to your Lord so that you may fear Him?"' (Surat an-Nazi'at, 18-19)

 

The First Reaction of Pharaoh

He said, 'Did we not bring you up among us as a child and did you not spend many years of your life among us? Yet you did the deed you did and were ungrateful.' He said, 'At the time I did it I was one of the misguided and so I fled from you when I was in fear of you but my Lord gave me right judgement and made me one of the Messengers. And anyway you can only reproach me with this favour because you made the tribe of Israel into slaves!' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 18-22)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Communication
of Religion to Pharaoh

Pharaoh said, 'What is the Lord of all the worlds?' He said, 'The Lord of the heavens and the earth and everything between them if you knew for sure.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 23-24)

He said, 'Your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers, the previous peoples.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 26)

He said, 'The Lord of the East and the West and everything between them if you used your intellect.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 28)

He said, 'Our Lord is He Who gives each thing its created form and then guides it.' He said, 'What about the previous generations?' He said, 'Knowledge of them is with my Lord in a Book. My Lord does not misplace nor does He forget.' It is He Who made the earth a cradle for you and threaded pathways for you through it and sent down water from the sky by which We have brought forth various different types of plants. Eat and pasture your cattle. Certainly there are Signs in that for people of sound intellect. From it We created you, to it We will return you, and from it We will bring you forth a second time. (Surah Ta Ha, 50-55)

 

Pharaoh's Insolence

He said to those around him, 'Are you listening?' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 25)

He said, 'This Messenger, who has been sent to you, is mad.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 27)

He said, 'If you take any god other than me, I will certainly throw you into prison.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 29)

 

Miracles the Prophet Musa (as) Performed

He said, 'Even if I were to bring you something undeniable?' He said, 'Produce it then if you are someone telling the truth.' So He threw down his staff and there it was, unmistakably a snake. And he drew out his hand and there it was, pure white to those who looked. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 30-33)

 

Pharaoh Accuses the Prophet Musa (as)
of Practicing Magic

He said to the High Council round about him, 'This certainly is a skilled magician who desires by his magic to expel you from your land, so what do you recommend?' They said, 'Detain him and his brother and send out marshals to the cities, to bring you all the skilled magicians.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 34-37)

He said, 'Have you come to us to expel us from our land by means of your magic, Musa? (Surah Ta Ha, 57)

 

Pharaoh's Intention to Confront the
Prophet Musa (as) with Magicians

We will bring you magic to match it. So fix a time between us and you which neither we nor you will fail to keep at a place where we can meet halfway.' He said, 'Your time is the day of the Festival. The people should gather in the morning.' (Surah Ta Ha, 58-59)

So the magicians were assembled for a meeting on a specified day. The people were asked, 'Are you all assembled. (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 38-39)

When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh, 'Will we be rewarded if we are the winners?' He said, 'Yes, and in that case you will be among those brought near.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 41-42)

 

The Confrontation of the Prophet Musa (as)
with the Magicians

They said, 'Musa, will you throw first or shall we be the ones to throw?' (Surat al-A'raf, 115)

Musa said to them, 'Throw whatever it is you are going to throw!' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 43)

 

The Magic of the Magicians

He said, 'You throw.' And when they threw, they cast a spell on the people's eyes and caused them to feel great fear of them. They produced an extremely powerful magic. (Surat al-A'raf, 116)

He said, 'No, you throw!' And suddenly their ropes and staffs appeared to him, by their magic, to be slithering about. Musa experienced in himself a feeling of alarm. We said, 'Have no fear. You will have the upper hand. (Surah Ta Ha, 66-68)

When they had thrown, Musa said, 'What you have brought is magic. Allah will certainly prove it false. Allah does not uphold the actions of corrupters.' Allah confirms the Truth by His words, even though the evildoers hate it. (Surah Yunus, 81-82)

 

The Prophet Musa's (as) Superiority over the Magicians

Throw down what is in your right hand. It will swallow up their handiwork. Their handiwork is just a magician's trick. Magicians do not prosper wherever they go.' (Surah Ta Ha, 69)

We revealed to Musa, 'Throw down your staff.' And it immediately swallowed up what they had forged. So the Truth took place and what they did was shown to be false. They were defeated then and there, transformed into humbled men. (Surat al-A'raf, 117-119)

 

The Magicians' Acceptance of Faith and Pharaoh's Anger

The magicians threw themselves down in prostration. They said, 'We believe in the Lord of Harun and Musa.' Pharaoh said, 'Do you believe in him before I have authorised you? He is your chief, the one who taught you magic. I will cut off your hands and feet alternately and have you crucified on palm trunks. Then you will know for certain which of us has the harsher and longer lasting punishment.' They said, 'We will never prefer you to the Clear Signs which have come to us nor to Him Who brought us into being. Decide on any judgment you like. Your jurisdiction only covers the life of this world. We have believed in our Lord so that He may forgive us for our mistakes and for the magic which you forced us to perform. Allah is better and longer lasting.' (Surah Ta Ha, 70-73)

We remain hopeful that our Lord will forgive us our mistakes for being the first of the believers.' (Surat ash-Shu'ara', 51)

You are only avenging yourself on us because we believed in our Lord's Signs when they came to us. Our Lord, pour down steadfastness upon us and take us back to You as Muslims.' (Surat al-A'raf, 126)

 

Pharaoh's Persistence in Insolence

But then he rallied and called out, saying, 'I am your Lord Most High!' (Surat an-Nazi'at, 23-24)

No one believed in Musa except for a few of his people out of fear that Pharaoh, and the elders, would persecute them. Pharaoh was high and mighty in the land. He was one of the profligate. (Surah Yunus, 83)

Pharaoh said, 'Let me kill Musa and let him call upon his Lord! I am afraid that he may change your religion and bring about corruption in the land.' Musa said, 'I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every proud man who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.' (Surah Ghafir, 26-27)

 

The Man in the Palace Keeps His Faith Concealed

A man among Pharaoh's people who believed, but kept his faith concealed, said, 'Are you going to kill a man for saying "My Lord is Allah" when he has brought you Clear Signs from your Lord? If he is telling a lie, be it on his own head. But if he is telling the truth, then some of what he is promising you will certainly happen to you. Allah does not guide any unbridled inveterate liar. My people! The kingdom is yours today, as masters in the land, but who will help us against Allah's violent force, if it comes upon us?' Pharoah said, 'I only show you what I see myself and I only guide you to the path of rectitude.' The man who believed said, 'My people! I fear for you a day like that of the Confederates, the same as happened to the people of Nuh and 'Ad and Thamud and those who followed after them. Allah does not want any injustice for His servants. My people! I fear for you the Day of Calling Out, the Day when you will turn your backs in flight, having no one to protect you from Allah. Whoever Allah misguides will have no guide. Yusuf brought you the Clear Signs before, but you never stopped doubting what he brought to you to the extent that when he died, you said, "Allah will never send another Messenger after him."That is how Allah misguides those who are unbridled and full of doubt.' Those who argue about the Signs of Allah without any authority coming to them do something hateful in the sight of Allah and in the sight of the people who believe.That is how Allah seals up the heart of every arrogant oppressor. (Surah Ghafir, 28-35)