The Real Ideological Root of Terrorism: Darwinism and
Most people think the theory of evolution was first proposed by Charles
Darwin, and rests on scientific evidence, observations and experiments.
However, the truth is that Darwin was not its originator, and neither
does the theory rest on scientific proof. The theory consists of an adaptation
to nature of the ancient dogma of materialist philosophy. Although it
is not backed up by scientific discoveries, the theory is blindly supported
in the name of materialist philosophy.
This fanaticism has resulted in all kinds of disasters. Together with
the spread of Darwinism and the materialist philosophy it supports, the
answer to the question "What is a human being?" has changed. People who
used to answer: "Human beings were created by God and have to live according
to the beautiful morality He teaches", have now begun to think that "Man
came into being by chance, and is an animal who developed by means of
the fight for survival." There is a heavy price to pay for this great
deception. Violent ideologies such as racism, fascism and communism, and
many other barbaric world views based on conflict have all drawn strength
from this deception.
This article will examine the disaster Darwinism has visited on the world
and reveal its connection with terrorism, one of the most important global
problems of our time.
The Darwinist Lie: 'Life is conflict'
Darwin set out with one basic premise when developing his theory: "The
development of living things depends on the fight for survival. The strong
win the struggle. The weak are condemned to defeat and oblivion."
According to Darwin, there is a ruthless struggle for survival and an
eternal conflict in nature. The strong always overcome the weak, and this
enables development to take place. The subtitle he gave to his book The
Origin of Species, "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life", encapsulates
Furthermore, Darwin proposed that the 'fight for
survival' also applied between human racial groups. According to that
fantastical claim, 'favoured races' were victorious in the struggle.
Favoured races, in Darwin's view, were white Europeans. African or Asian
races had lagged behind in the struggle for survival. Darwin went further,
and suggested that these races would soon lose the "struggle for survival"
entirely, and thus disappear:
At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the
civilised races of man will almost certainly exterminate, and replace
the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous
apes… will no doubt be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest
allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more
civilised state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian,
and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or
Australian and the gorilla.1
The Indian anthropologist Lalita Vidyarthi explains how Darwin's theory
of evolution imposed racism on the social sciences:
His (Darwin's) theory of the survival of the fittest was warmly welcomed
by the social scientists of the day, and they believed mankind had achieved
various levels of evolution culminating in the white man's civilization.
By the second half of the nineteenth century racism was accepted as fact
by the vast majority of Western scientists.2
Darwin's Source of Inspiration:
Malthus's Theory of Ruthlessness
Darwin's source of inspiration on this subject was the British economist
Thomas Malthus's book An Essay on the Principle of Population. Left to
their own devices, Malthus calculated that the human population increased
rapidly. In his view, the main influences that kept populations under
control were disasters such as war, famine and disease. In short, according
to this brutal claim, some people had to die for others to live. Existence
came to mean "permanent war."
In the 19th century, Malthus's ideas were widely accepted. European upper
class intellectuals in particular supported his cruel ideas. In the article
"The Scientific Background of the Nazi 'Race Purification' Programme",
the importance 19th century Europe attached to Malthus's views on population
is described in this way:
In the opening half of the nineteenth century, throughout Europe, members
of the ruling classes gathered to discuss the newly discovered "Population
problem" and to devise ways of implementing the Malthusian mandate, to
increase the mortality rate of the poor: "Instead of recommending cleanliness
to the poor, we should encourage contrary habits. In our towns we should
make the streets narrower, crowd more people into the houses, and court
the return of the plague. In the country we should build our villages
near stagnant pools, and particularly encourage settlements in all marshy
and unwholesome situations,"and so forth and so on.3
As a result of this cruel policy, the weak, and those who lost the struggle
for survival would be eliminated, and as a result the rapid rise in population
would be balanced out. This so-called "oppression of the poor" policy
was actually carried out in 19th century Britain. An industrial order
was set up in which children of eight and nine were made to work sixteen
hours a day in the coal mines and thousands died from the terrible conditions.
The "struggle for survival" demanded by Malthus's theory led to millions
of Britons leading lives full of suffering.
Influenced by these ideas, Darwin applied this concept of conflict to
all of nature, and proposed that the strong and the fittest emerged victorious
from this war of existence. Moreover, he claimed that the so-called struggle
for survival was a justified and unchangeable law of nature. On the other
hand, he invited people to abandon their religious beliefs by denying
the Creation, and thus undermined at all ethical values that might prove
to be obstacles to the ruthlessness of the "struggle for survival."
Humanity has paid a heavy price in the 20th century for the dissemination
of these callous views which lead people to acts of ruthlessness and cruelty.
What 'The Law of the Jungle' Led
As Darwinism fed racism in the 19th century, it formed the basis of an
ideology that would develop and drown the world in blood in the 20th century:
A strong Darwinist influence can be seen in Nazi ideologues. When one
examines this theory, which was given shape by Adolf Hitler and Alfred
Rosenberg, one comes across such concepts as "natural selection", "selective
mating", and "the struggle for survival between the races", which are
repeated dozens of time in the works of Darwin. When calling his book
Mein Kampf (My Struggle), Hitler was inspired by the Darwinist struggle
for survival and the principle that victory went to the fittest. He particularly
talks about the struggle between the races:
History would culminate in a new millennial empire of unparalleled splendour,
based on a new racial hierarchy ordained by nature herself.4
In the 1933 Nuremberg party rally, Hitler proclaimed that "a higher race
subjects to itself a lower race… a right which we see in nature and which
can be regarded as the sole conceivable right".
That the Nazis were influenced by Darwinism is a fact that almost all
historians who are expert in the matter accept. The historian Hickman
describes Darwinism's influence on Hitler as follows:
(Hitler) was a firm believer and preacher of evolution. Whatever the
deeper, profound, complexities of his psychosis, it is certain that [the
concept of struggle was important because]… his book, Mein Kampf, clearly
set forth a number of evolutionary ideas, particularly those emphasizing
struggle, survival of the fittest and the extermination of the weak to
produce a better society.5
Hitler, who emerged with these views, dragged the world to violence that
had never before been seen. Many ethnic and political groups, and especially
the Jews, were exposed to terrible cruelty and slaughter in the Nazi concentration
camps. World War II, which began with the Nazi invasion, cost 55 million
lives. What lay behind the greatest tragedy in world history was Darwinism's
concept of the "struggle for survival."
The Bloody Alliance: Darwinism and Communism
While fascists are found on the right wing of Social Darwinism, the left
wing is occupied by communists. Communists have always been among the
fiercest defenders of Darwin's theory.
This relationship between Darwinism and communism goes right back to
the founders of both these "isms". Marx and Engels, the founders of communism,
read Darwin's The Origin of Species as soon as it came out, and were amazed
at its 'dialectical materialist' attitude. The correspondence between
Marx and Engels showed that they saw Darwin's theory as "containing the
basis in natural history for communism". In his book The Dialectics of
Nature, which he wrote under the influence of Darwin, Engels was full
of praise for Darwin, and tried to make his own contribution to the theory
in the chapter "The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to
Russian communists who followed in the footsteps of Marx and Engels,
such as Plekhanov, Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin, all agreed with Darwin's
theory of evolution. Plekhanov, who is seen as the founder of Russian
communism, regarded marxism as "Darwinism in its
application to social science".6
Trotsky said, "Darwin's discovery is the highest
triumph of the dialectic in the whole field of organic matter." 7
'Darwinist education' had a major role in the formation of communist
cadres. For instance, historians note the fact that Stalin was religious
in his youth, but became an atheist primarily because of Darwin's books.8
Mao, who established communist rule in China and killed millions of people,
openly stated that "Chinese socialism is founded
upon Darwin and the theory of evolution." 9
The Harvard University historian James Reeve Pusey goes into great detail
regarding Darwinism's effect on Mao and Chinese communism in his research
book China and Charles Darwin.10
In short, there is an unbreakable link between the theory of evolution
and communism. The theory claims that living things are the product of
chance, and provides a so-called scientific support for atheism. Communism,
an atheist ideology, is for that reason firmly tied to Darwinism. Moreover,
the theory of evolution proposes that development in nature is possible
thanks to conflict (in other words "the struggle for survival") and supports
the concept of "dialectics" which is fundamental to communism.
If we think of the communist concept of "dialectical conflict", which
killed some 120 million people during the 20th century, as a "killing
machine" then we can better understand the dimensions of the disaster
that Darwinism visited on the planet.
Darwinism and Terrorism
As we have so far seen, Darwinism is at the root of various ideologies
of violence that have spelled disaster to mankind in the 20th century.
The fundamental concept behind this understanding and method is "fighting
whoever is not one of us."
We can explain this in the following way: There are different beliefs,
worldviews and philosophies in the world. It is very natural that all
these diverse ideas have traits opposing one another. However, these different
stances can look at each other in one of two ways:
1) They can respect the existence of those
who are not like them and try to establish dialogue with them, employing
a humane method. Indeed, this method conforms with the morality of the
2) They can choose to fight others, and
to try to secure an advantage by damaging them, in other words, to behave
like a wild animal. This is a method employed by materialism, that is,
The horror we call terrorism is nothing other than a statement of the
When we consider the difference between these two approaches, we can
see that the idea of "man as a fighting animal"
which Darwinism has subconsciously imposed on people is particularly influential.
Individuals and groups who choose the way of conflict may never have heard
of Darwinism and the principles of that ideology. But at the end of the
day they agree with a view whose philosophical basis rests on Darwinism.
What leads them to believe in the rightness of this view is such Darwinism-based
slogans as "In this world, the strong survive", "Big fish swallow little
ones", "War is a virtue", and "Man advances by waging war". Take Darwinism
away, and these are nothing but empty slogans.
Actually, when Darwinism is taken away, no philosophy of 'conflict' remains.
The three divine religions that most people in the world believe in, Islam,
Christianity and Judaism, all oppose violence. All three religions wish
to bring peace and harmony to the world, and oppose innocent people being
killed and suffering cruelty and torture. Conflict and violence violate
the morality that God has set out for man, and are abnormal and unwanted
concepts. However, Darwinism sees and portrays conflict and violence as
natural, justified and correct concepts that have to exist.
For this reason, if some people commit terrorism using the concepts and
symbols of Islam, Christianity or Judaism in the name of those religions,
you can be sure that those people are not Muslims, Christians or Jews.
They are real Social Darwinists. They hide under a cloak of religion,
but they are not genuine believers. Even if they claim to be serving religion,
they are actually enemies of religion and of believers. That is because
they are ruthlessly committing a crime that religion forbids, and in such
a way as to blacken religion in peoples' eyes.
For this reason, the root of the terrorism that plagues our planet is
not any of the divine religions, but in atheism, and the expression of
atheism in our times: "Darwinism" and "materialism."
ISLAM IS NOT THE SOURCE OF TERRORISM, BUT ITS SOLUTION
Some people who say they are acting in the name of religion may misunderstand
their religion or practice it wrongly. For that reason, it would be wrong
to form ideas about that religion by taking these people as an example.
The best way to understand a religion is to study its divine source.
The holy source of Islam is the Qur'an; and the model of morality in
the Qur'an-Islam-is completely different from the image of it formed in
the minds of some westerners. The Qur'an is based on the concepts of morality,
love, compassion, mercy, humility, sacrifice, tolerance and peace, and
a Muslim who lives by that morality in its true sense will be most polite,
considerate, tolerant, trustworthy and accomodating. He will spread love,
respect, harmony and the joy of living all around him.
Islam is a Religion of Peace and
The word Islam is derived from the word meaning "peace" in Arabic. Islam
is a religion revealed to mankind with the intention of presenting a peacable
life through which the infinite compassion and mercy of God manifest on
earth. God calls all people to Islamic morals through through which mercy,
compassion, tolerance and peace can be experienced all over the world.
In Surat al-Baqara verse 208, God addresses the believers as follows:
You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Ýslam).
Do not follow in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you.
As the verse makes clear, security can only be ensured by 'entering into
Islam', that is, living by the values of the Qur'an.
God Has Condemned Wickedness
God has commanded people to avoid committing evil; He has forbidden disbelief,
immorality, rebellion, cruelty, aggressiveness, murder and bloodshed.
He describes those who fail to obey this command as "following in Satan's
footsteps" and adopting a posture that is openly revealed to be sinful
in the Qur'an. A few of the many verses on this matter in the Qur'an read:
But as for those who break God's contract after
it has been agreed and sever what God has commanded to be joined, and
cause corruption in the earth, the curse will be upon them. They will
have the Evil Abode. (Surat ar-Ra'd: 25)
Seek the abode of the hereafter with what God has
given you, without forgetting your portion of the world. And do good as
God has been good to you. And do not seek to cause mischief on earth.
God does not love mischief makers.' (Surat al-Qasas: 77)
As we can see, God has forbidden every kind of mischievous acts in the
religion of Islam including terrorism and violence, and condemned those
who commit such deeds. A Muslim lends beauty to the world and improves
Islam Defends Tolerance and Freedom of Speech
Ýslam is a religion which provides and guarantees freedom of ideas, thought
and life. It has issued commands to prevent and forbid tension, disputes,
slander and even negative thinking among people.
In the same way that it is determinedly opposed to terrorism and all
acts of violence, it has also forbidden even the slightest ideological
pressure to be put on them:
There is no compulsion in religion. Right guidance
has become clearly distinct from error. Anyone who rejects false gods
and believes in God has grasped the Firmest Handhold, which will never
give way. God is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (Surat al-Baqara: 256)
So remind, you need only to remind. You cannot
compel them to believe. (Surat al-Ghashiyah: 22)
Forcing people to believe in a religion or to adopt its forms of belief
is completely contrary to the essence and spirit of Ýslam. According to
Ýslam, true faith is only possible with free will and freedom of conscience.
Of course, Muslims can advise and encourage each other about the features
of Qur'anic morality, but they will never resort to compulsion, nor any
kind of physical or psychological pressure. Neither will they use any
worldly privilege to turn someone towards religion.
Let us imagine a completely opposite model of society. For example, a
world in which people are forced by law to practice religion. Such a model
of society is completely contrary to Ýslam because faith
and worship are only of any value when they are directed to God by the
free will of the individual. If a system imposes belief and worship
on people, then they will become religious only out of fear of that system.
From the religious point of view, what really counts is that religion
should be lived for God's good pleasure in an environment where peopls'
consciences are totally free.
God Has Made the Killing of Innocent People Unlawful
According to the Qur'an, one of the greatest sins is to kill a human
being who has committed no fault.
...If someone kills another person - unless it
is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth
- it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to
another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. Our Messengers
came to them with Clear Signs but even after that many of them committed
outrages in the earth. (Surat al-Ma'ida: 32)
Those who do not call on any other deity together
with God and do not kill anyone God has made inviolate, except with the
right to do so, and do not fornicate; anyone who does that will receive
an evil punishment. (Surat al-Furqan: 68)
As the verses suggest, a person who kills innocent people for no reason
is threatened with a great torment. God has revealed that killing even
a single person is as evil as murdering all mankind. A person who observes
God's limits can do no harm to a single human, let alone massacre thousands
of innocent people. Those who assume that they can avoid justice and thus
punishment in this world will never succeed, for they will have to give
an account of their deeds in the presence of God. That is why believers,
who know that they will give an account of their deeds after death, are
very meticulous to observe God's limits.
God Commands Believers to be Compassionate and Merciful
Islamic morality is described in one verse as:
...To be one of those who believe and urge each
other to steadfastness and urge each other to compassion. Those are the
Companions of the Right. (Surat al-Balad: 17-18)
As we have seen in this verse, one of the most important moral precepts
that God has sent down to His servants so that they may receive salvation
and mercy and attain Paradise, is to "urge each
other to compassion".
Ýslam as described in the Qur'an is a modern, enlightened, progressive
religion. A Muslim is above all a person of peace; he is tolerant with
a democratic spirit, cultured, enlightened, honest, knowledgeable about
art and science and civilized.
A Muslim educated in the fine moral teaching of the Qur'an, approaches
everyone with the love that Ýslam expects. He shows respect for every
idea and he values art and aesthetics. He is conciliatory in the face
of every event, diminishing tension and restoring amity. In societies
composed of individuals such as this, there will be a more developed civilization,
a higher social morality, more joy, happiness, justice, security, abundance
and blessings than in the most modern nations of the world today.
God Has Commanded Tolerance and
The concept of forgiveness and tolerance, described in the words, 'Make
allowences for people' (Surat al-A'raf: 199), is one of the most fundamental
tenets of Ýslam.
When we look at the history of Ýslam, the way that Muslims have translated
this important feature of Qur'anic morality into the life of society can
be seen quite clearly. Muslims have always brought with them an atmosphere
of freedom and tolerance and destroyed unlawful practices wherever they
have gone. They have enabled people whose religions, languages and cultures
are completely different from one another to live together in peace and
harmony under one roof, and provided peace and harmony for its own members.
One of the most important reasons for the centuries-long existence of
the Ottoman Empire, which spread over an enormous region, was the atmosphere
of tolerance and understanding that Ýslam brought with it. Muslims, who
have been known for their tolerant and loving natures for centuries, have
always been the most compassionate and just of people. Within this multi-national
structure, all ethnic groups have been free to live according to their
own religions, and their own rules.
True tolerance can only bring peace and well-being to the world when
implemented along the lines set out in the Qur'an. Attention is drawn
to this fact in a verse which reads:
A good action and a bad action are not the same.
Repel the bad with something better and, if there is enmity between you
and someone else, he will be like a bosom friend. (Surat al-Fussilat:
All of this shows that the morality that Ýslam recommends to mankind
brings to the world the virtues of peace, harmony and justice. The barbarism
known as terrorism, that is so preoccupying the world at present, is the
work of ignorant and fanatical people, completely estranged fromQur'anic
morality, and who have absolutely nothing to do with religion. The solution
to these people and groups who try to carry out their savagery under the
mask of religion is the teaching of true Qur'anic morality. In other words,
Ýslam and Qur'anic morality are solutions to the scourge of terrorism,
not supporters of it.