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The Sublime System of Photosynthesis


Pick up a leaf and look at it closely. Although it appears quite ordinary, what you cannot see are the wide-ranging and magnificent chemical processes that enable it to carry out photosynthesis. Its countless factories, which are invisible to the naked eye, accomplish in seconds a process that is so sublime that scientists equipped with the most modern laboratory facilities cannot replicate it. This chemical process, which is performed very quietly by a usually unnoticed part of Creation, is one of the main reasons why humanity is still present on this planet.

Every square millimeter of each leaf contains around 500,000 chlorophylls, the magnificent molecules that are necessary for photosynthesis. Were we able to examine this molecule, a great many more details would become apparent. For example, the entire photosynthesis process that takes place inside this particular molecule occurs within one ten-millionth of a second. In other words, the complex process initiated by the light reaching a leaf’s water and then activating the relevant subatomic particles and changing their orbits is repeated 10 million times a second. In addition, this process takes place separately in each chlorophyll molecule.

If Allah willed chlorophyll molecules to cease their activities or the wavelength of the light reaching the leaf to change, no means of locating another source of oxygen would exist. If photosynthesis stopped, there would be no other way to convert into oxygen the carbon dioxide that human beings and animals exhale. It would be illogical to expect a chlorophyll molecule, which is essential for continued life, to come into being and set about cleaning the air and giving rise to nutrients all by itself.

The fact that a plant can consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen is a great miracle. This extraordinary system is a great blessing and astonishing work of Allah, the Lord of the Worlds:

Good land yields up its plants by its Lord’s permission, but that which is bad only yields up scantily. In this way, We vary the Signs for people who are thankful. (Surat al-A‘raf, 58)


The Perfect and Astonishing Details in the Human Eye


Even when you look at the pen in your hand for just a few seconds, hundreds of billions of processes take place in your eye. Light passes through its cornea and pupil and then the lens, where light-sensitive cells convert it into electrical signals to be transmitted to the nerve endings as impulses. The image reaching the retina is reversed and upside down, and yet the brain can interpret it and provide a normal image by collecting the separate images from both eyes, identifying all of the object’s features, and combining the images from both eyes into a single picture. It also determines the object’s nature, color, and distance. The eyes do all of this in as little as a tenth of a second.

The same processes take place in the brain whether you look at a tiny dot or a large ship, and the resulting image forms in a 1 mm (0.0393 in) point. You can never be sure that the pen in your hand is close to you or that a far-off ship is larger than a pencil, for the size of the place where these images form is exactly the same. Yet there is a sense of distance in everything you look at, for how else could you so easily stretch out your hand to pick up a glass? Allah, Who created this flawless organ, has equipped it with unimaginably fine detail and enabled the brain see an object where it is and in full detail. The extraordinarily complex human eye is just one of His sublime works.

No human technology can duplicate such feats. Constant research is being carried out to unravel how the eye can do such incredible things, and scientists are attempting to understand just how it shows us a brightly colored world. Of course, neither the eye, which is just a few centimeters in size, nor the millimeter-sized region in which the image forms have the power to form a colored world. It is the soul that sees all of the matter existing on the outside and that reinterprets this inside the brain. Allah, the Almighty, enables people to see, perceive, and sense by breathing His own spirit into them at birth and makes these things dependent upon extraordinary conditions. The image created, the astonishing eyes that perceive it, and the countless systems involved in all of this exist only because Allah so wills it.


Talented Liver Cells


Each liver cell carries out some 500 different chemical processes. Somehow, they are aware of each activity taking place in the body’s circulatory, digestive, excretory, and other systems. Due to these tasks that they perform, each cell is the site of intense and continuous activity.

If any part of the liver is damaged or extracted, its cells immediately switch to a new function—high-speed multiplication—to repair the affected part. As a result of the cells’ extraordinary abilities, the liver is the only bodily organ that can reconstitute itself. When the liver regains its normal size and is fixed, the cells suddenly cease this activity.

There is no difference between liver cells and those in your finger tips, for both sets carry exactly the same information. What makes them different is what part of that information they use. A single cell, invisible to the naked eye, knows that the reproduction process has to begin and so begins copying itself. When it learns that the regeneration process has been completed, it and all other cells stop this activity in a perfectly orderly manner that betrays no haphazardness. During reproduction, no cell decides to postpone the other functions and thereby cause interruptions in the system. No new copied cell is told what to do. Nonetheless, every new cell unhesitatingly begins its work inside the liver.

This wide-ranging system does not belong to human beings. For only the Omniscient Allah Who creates all living things and their cells, and Who controls and supervises them at every moment, can perform such a miracle. This miraculous system is the work of Almighty Allah, Who remains unchanging, Omniscient, and All-powerful:

O humanity, if you are in any doubt about the Rising, know that We created you from dust then from a drop of sperm, then from a clot of blood, then from a lump of flesh, formed yet unformed, so that We may make things clear to you. (Surat al-Hajj, 5)


The Honeybees' Superior Architectural Abilities


When it comes to making contiguous hexagons with an exact angle of 109 degrees and 28 minutes, one would need compasses and set squares to produce the various angular measurements and regularity necessary for devising the angles that determine these shapes. In the absence of such tools, there is both a considerable likelihood of error as well as the need to make various adjustments and redraw some of the hexagons. All of this would probably take a considerable amount of time. While this is a difficult matter for human beings, who possess reason and consciousness the same task is carried out by honeybees, who possess no reason or consciousness, in a perfect and continuous manner without any compasses or set squares. All honeybees build their combs using this flawless angle. Although there are hundreds of bees around the hive, there is no deviation from the angles of 109 degrees and 28 minutes and 70 degrees and 32 minutes when building their honeycombs. The combs are built by bringing in their edges by 13 degrees, which prevents the honey from pouring out.

If you stand close to a honeycomb, all you will see is honeybees flying around it. Yet every one of them is also an expert mathematician that knows where to stick the wax it is carrying and at what angle. How is this possible? It is Almighty Allah, the infinitely powerful, Who creates these creatures together with their superior abilities and Who inspires His own knowledge within them.

Your Lord revealed to the honeybees: “Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures which men erect. Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow.” From inside them comes a drink of varying colors, containing healing for humanity. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect. (Surat al-Nahl, 68-69)


The Brain's Superior Nerve Cells


Everything that you do, think, say, or feel takes place inside the brain. Nerves belonging to the brain, known as neurons, make such communication possible. An average neuron is 10 microns in size, and a micron is equivalent to .001 millimeter. They are so small that 50 average-sized ones could fit into the period at the end of this sentence. The brain contains an average of 100 billion neurons. It would take us 3,171 years to count all of them; if we laid them out end to end, they would stretch for 1,000 kms (621.4 miles). The presence of such an extensive communication network in an organ that represents only 2% of a human being’s body weight is certainly a wondrous miracle.1

Even if we were to bring together all man-made communication networks in the world, we could never obtain such a systematic, complex, flawless, and rapid system. This system must function in an incredible state of activity to produce even the smallest movement that we wish to make. Each person was given this flawless communication system while in the womb. No technology in the world can compare with the sublime, complex co-ordination displayed in the human brain.

If even a small component of this perfect system is damaged or if a single neuron fails to function properly, the brain’s electrical transmission may be damaged, which leads to losses of feeling and sensation. In that event, any random event that occurs in this extraordinarily delicate system could do away with the majority, or even all, of its cerebral functions. This extraordinary structure belongs to Allah, Lord of Majesty and Greatness, Who creates all the living cells and makes them a means by which life is bestowed:

Say: “Travel throughout the land and see how He brought Creation out of nothing. Then later Allah will bring about the next existence. Allah has power over all things.’ (Surat al-‘Ankabut, 20)



The Size of the Earth


When people stand up and begin walking, they feel no pressure in an upward or downward direction. Sitting, walking, and running are exceedingly mundane activities. Yet each time people engage in such activities, they are completely unaware that they are resisting a very powerful gravitational force.

The most important reason for this is the size of Earth. If it were just slightly smaller, gravity would be far weaker, the planet’s atmosphere would fragment and disappear, and we would be unable to remain stable in the world. If the Earth were larger, gravity would increase considerably and various poisonous gases would make our atmosphere lethal. Even if we managed to protect ourselves from these gasses, we would be unable to move.

Yet such a problem never arises, because Earth’s size has been determined in a manner that makes human life possible. The conditions that combine are so delicate that there is no way even one of them could have come about by chance. Scientists have calculated the odds of such an event as 1 in  10123.1 Clearly, the accidental formation of an environment suited to life is impossible.

Were Allah willed so, He could make each star and planet suitable for life, arrange matters so that human beings had no need to eat or drink, breathe gasses in specific proportions, or gravity or the Sun. But Allah, Who created all that exists, willed to bring together all of the astonishingly detailed conditions necessary for life to remind people that He created and controls everything and to give us the opportunity to appreciate His infinite might and turn to Him:

He to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and Earth belongs. He does not have a son, and He has no partner in the Kingdom. He created everything and determined it most exactly. (Surat al-Furqan, 2)

1. Roger Penrose, The Emperor’s New Mind (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1989); Michael Denton, Nature’s Destiny (New York: The Free Press, 1998), 9.


A Fly's Incredible Compound Eyes


The fly is a marvel of Creation; its wings beat 500 times per second and, as a result, it has a glorious flying ability. Even more amazing are its eyes, each one of which has thousands of extraordinarily complex lenses. A fly has compound eyes on both sides of its head, each of which is divided into 4,000 sections, each of which, in turn, has a lens that perceives an image from a slightly different angle. When a fly looks at a flower, the full image appears separately in each of its 8,000 lenses. When these images reach the brain, they combine together like the components of a jigsaw puzzle. As a result, an image that is highly significant for the fly emerges.

It is extraordinary that such a small creature should have thousands of lenses in its eyes and a cerebral system capable of interpreting what it sees. We can only acquire this information by studying the animal. Yet all flies have had this perfect structure since they were first created, for, like all the other living things, they are miracles created by Allah, matchless marvels of Creation that amaze one the more one researches and studies them.

Scientists lack the knowledge and technology to install 8,000 lenses into an area just a few millimeters in size and to enable each one to see. None of them can produce a nervous system that will permit these lenses to perceive light and then make that perception visible in such a perfect way.

Only Almighty Allah, Who sees and observes all entities at all times, creates all beings with their perfect details, equips a tiny fly with such miraculous abilities, and bestows reason and conscience on human beings so that they can comprehend and reflect on these matters, can create in such a manner:

O humanity, an example has been made, so listen to it carefully. Those whom you call upon besides Allah are not even able to create a single fly, even if they were to join together to do it. And if a fly steals something from them, they cannot get it back. How feeble are both the seeker and the sought! (Surat al-Hajj, 73)


The Superior Details in Bacteria


Life on Earth could not survive in the absence of bacteria. All of the wastes we throw into the ground, certain that they will be broken down and rot away, disappear because of bacteria. Thus, all of our waste products can be processed and recycled. Bacteria break down each part of a dead substance into small minerals that living things can use as food. They purify our water, make our soil fertile, synthesize vitamins in our intestines, convert what we consume into useful sugars and polysaccharides (a carbohydrate group), and combat the harmful bacteria we ingest with our food.

The nitrogen cycle, which is of vital importance to Earth, depends entirely upon bacteria to take nitrogen from the air and convert it into nucleotides and amino acids, our own building blocks. This literally amazing process cannot be carried out by any other living thing, including humanity. Bacteria effortlessly carry out a process that can be achieved only at a temperature of 500 degrees Celsius and at a pressure 300 times greater than normal by using industrial techniques in a matter of seconds.

More important, bacteria provide us with the oxygen we breathe. In fact, much of Earth’s breathable oxygen is supplied by micro-organisms through photosynthesis. Cyanobacteria, algae, and other micro-organisms that fill the oceans, release some 150 billion kilos (331 billion lbs.) of oxygen every year.

All of these things are manifestations of Allah’s artistry, for He created and brought together these awesome complexities, perfect structures, and flawless abilities. This example shows just how complex a single cell can actually be and what superior characteristics it can actually possess. Allah reminds us that we live in need of a single-celled life form. Those who learn from this will strive to attain His mercy and Paradise and appreciate Him as is His due, for He created everything for a purpose:

The keys of the Unseen are in His possession. No one knows them but Him. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the ground, and nothing moist or dry that is not in a Clear Book. (Surat al-An‘am, 59)


The New Horizon Broadened by the Structure in Atom: Conductive Plastics


Numerous materials in nature have features needed by people such as solidity, lightness, flexibility. However, it may not always be possible to use the perfectly designed materials in nature commonly used in everyday life. The reason for this is that a high level of technology is required in order to imitate these materials. (Harun Yahya, Miracle in the Atom)

The use of natural organic materials like skin, bone, tree and cellulose fibrous in time, could not meet the ever-growing demand. Therefore, scientists began to produce artificial materials and had great success in doing so.

Today, commonly used nylon, rubber, plastic and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) have been found as a result of the studies of scientists to produce artificial materials. Plastics scientifically named polymers are being used in a number of places from offices to homes and streets. The word polymer is a combination of the words poly: many and meros: part. Polymer materials are composed of giant molecules formed by small molecule chains that look like one another and pieced together in the form of a chain. These molecules are used in the basic structure of many things from nylon bags to car tires; from children toys to foot bed of boots used in winter.

Even though they are produced in a cheap and easy way, polymers have some disadvantages. For example, they do not decay and shatter and so not lead to any great scale pollution on the ground and in the sea as they stay unspoiled for hundreds of years when thrown away.

Regardless of the fact that polymers have some disadvantages like not being shattered by factors such as bacteria etc., they also have some good features: They are non-conducting. Therefore, electric cables are covered with cables made up of polymers to avoid short circuits. The reason for this is that they have the ability to stretch just as they have the ability to conduct.

Discovery with Nobel Prize

Scientists called Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. Diarmid and Hideli Shirakawa have achieved to change the electrical resistivity feature of plastic. Now polymer (polyacetylene) can also be made as conductive as a metal. So this great achievement was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in year 2000.

In 1977, Shirakawa, Mac Diarmid and Heeger; observed that polyacetylene films are 109 times more conductive than their initial states as a result of their reaction with chlorine, bromine and iodine steams. They increased the conductibility of polyacetylene to 105 S/m2 with this method. The conductibility of copper commonly used in electric cables is around 108 S/m.

Great Changes in Electronic Technology

Scientists believe that conductive plastics will result in great changes in technology world. These plastics are to be used in the production of lighter and smaller circuit elements as well as in the manufacture of ghost planes not caught on the radar. In addition, electro chromic features of some conductive polymers enable these polymers to be used in “smart windows” that darken under sun light in summer. After the discovery of conductive polymers in 1977, science of conductive polymer began to develop quickly in many fields. Lastly, as high purity polymers are synthesized, semi-conductive polymers began to be used in the production of electronic circuits. In the near future, transistors that are the basic parts of electronic circuits, FETs and photodiodes will be made up of conductive plastics.

It is important that tools used in the military and space technology are light. If electronic circuit and batteries can be made up of polymer, then the weight of these tools would be decreased by 90%.  In the future it will be possible to push a car, which is built with motor blocks made up of aluminum, most sections made up of hard plastic and electric circuits made up of conductive polymer, with only one hand.

Today there is great work done directed to nanotechnology. However there is one basic problem faced with those who work with nanotechnology:  To connect circuits built with nanotechnology to one another or to macro systems that we can use. To try something like that with the copper wires used now is like getting a warp through a pin hole. On top of that, when you reduce the connections of normal cables to sizes used in nanotechnology, the conductivity feature changes and they cannot do the job it is expected to do. At this point the role of conductive plastics comes up. Because conductive plastics are more suitable to be reduced and used, and they do not neglect their job when reduced. If this can be done, most probably circuits with microscopic size will be connected to conductive polymer wires and it will be possible to reduce the size of these circuits from 200 nanometers to 0,2 nanometers. This reduction in size can increase the speed and memory of computers 108 times. A development like this would be equal to the 40-year development in computer technology. Consequently, conductive polymers could have a very important role in the world of molecular electronics.

Until a short while ago, no one has thought that a material used to avoid electricity can also be used for electrical conduction. Conductive polymers are now a part of our daily life. As scientists discover the features of creation in the atom, they will have the means to produce many more new materials.

Works done about the shape, movement and formation of the atom, revealed the fact that there is a flawless order, an infallible balance and a conscious Creation in the atom. Almighty Allah created the atom in the way to determine the optical, mechanical, conductance and magnetic characteristics of matters. Each new scientific study about atoms conduce us to see the evidences of both Allah and His supreme Creation and light the way of discovering new materials.


Did you know that rubber is made from plant? Rubber Plant: GUAYULE


Almost 2000 types of the plants known across the globe contain rubber material. However, only some of these are used as source for rubber production. Guayule (Parthenium argentatum), which is one of these plants, is found in the semi-arid regions of North America and commonly used as an alternate source of rubber. Guayule, which is especially used to manufacture rubber tires, is a durable, long-lived, bush-like plant and generally 60 cm in height. It lives for 30-40 years in deserts where rainfall supply per year is very low.

These plants have roots that can go down to 6 meters and have thickly fibrous lateral roots on top of these. Thanks to the network of roots that can spread for 3 meters to the sides, guayule can collect moist from the desert soil and thus survives in seasonal droughts.  Thus in the time of a drought, the plant employs another of its protective mechanisms; remaining in a state of sleep. In some parts of Mexico, the guayule survives even in times when no rain falls for years. The rubber is in the thin cell membranes of the guayule. Two third of the rubber is in the body and branches and the rest is in the cells.

When dry, 10% of natural guaye’s average weight contains rubber. If the plant is under pressure, growth slows down and products of photosynthesis are transformed into rubber production. In this way, when growth slows down in cold weather or very low moist, the content of rubber begins to increase. In addition, it is observed that the rubber is not used and metabolized by the plant but kept in the plant’s system for at least ten years.

No doubt the guayule plant’s flawless features are created by our Almighty Lord, Who is the Creator of the heavens and the Earth, and eveything in between them without any prior example and is only one of the signs of Creation. Allah is the Creator of all and He is Guardian over everything.

Allah is the Creator of everything and He is Guardian over everything. (Surat az-Zumar, 62)


Plants Continue to Amaze


New ones were added to the smart tactics used by plants discovered up until today. Plants are able to deceive enemy insects and even use them through their very fine-tuned tactics. For this they draw patterns like a talented artist or produce perfume or killer hormones like a chemist. The complexity of these behaviors is amazing. But watch out! These plants do not even have any brains. They do not have the ability to think or even organs to sense the patterns and smells that they imitate. These miraculous behaviors show us that our Almighty Lord keeps everything under His control.

The first research about plants was about pattern imitation. Patterns of caterpillar, ant and leaf beetle were discovered on the plants that were inspected. A seed coat resembles a caterpillar with its shape and the patterns on it. Some patterns on the body of the plant looks just like a louse, which is yet another harmful living. All these patterns work as a deceiving signal against enemy insects. Thus the plants look as if they have a disease and give the impression of ‘I’m under bug occupation” to other insects around. Insects that meet this plant immediately lose their interest to attack the plant.  They move to other plants as it would not be advantageous to share their source of food with other insects.

This smart technique of defense is very effective against bigger animals like deer. Deer do not come and take a bite of these plants with this cover in case that fake insects on the plants bite and disturb the deer. Scientists named Simcha Lev-Yadun and Moshe Inbar from the University of Haifa-Oranim state that they have found half a dozen types of deceptive plants only in Israel.
Lev-Yadun says that these plants are so perfect that they can even deceive human beings with imitation. Even a friend of his who saw the pictures could not realize it is a plant and not an insect in the picture, even though he is a scientist. (Harun Yahya, The Miracle of Creation in Plants)

A chamomile of the xanthium trumarium family makes itself appear as if it has been occupied by an army of ants. The attack of ants as an army can overcome many animals. So in this way the plant uses this intimidating ant factor against animals. Some plants are known to produce special nectars that invite ants, in order to benefit this deterrence of ants.
Lev-Yadun says,” I am sure there are thousands of kinds of plants that imitate insects.” But how could these smart behaviors happen to surface in these plants? Could plants have found and developed these tactics on their own? Where did plants with no eyes learn to imitate the patterns of insects?

Surely, such complex tactics, such smart and effective systems do not happen with the plant’s will by coincidence. Furthermore, no coincidence can result in such a complex and smart system. It is a clear fact that these behaviors are a result of the inspiration of Almighty Allah. Allah controls everything living or non-living at any moment and the ownership of everything in the universe belongs to Allah.

The kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everything in them belongs to Allah. He has power over all things. (Surat al-Ma’ida, 120)


Fear of Allah and Hell is an important sign of a believer


Allah has commanded human beings to fear Him in many verses of the Qur’an. Some of the verses are as follows:

You who have faith! Have fear of Allah and let each self look to what it has sent forward for tomorrow. Have fear of Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat Al-Hashr, 18)

… So have fear of Allah, people of intelligence – those who have faith –Allah has sent down a reminder to you. (Surat At-Talaq, 10)

In another verse, Allah advises human beings to fear Him as much as they have the strength to, and to increase their fear of Allah as best as they can:

So have fear of Allah, as much as you are able to, and listen and obey and spend for your own benefit... (Surat At-Taghabun, 16)

People who do not know or live the morality of the Qur’an in its true sense are not able to comprehend the importance and entailment of fear of Allah well enough. This is because they possess inadequate knowledge of the Qur’an and don’t know the real meaning of fear of Allah.

Fear of Allah is not like some type of fear, which are fundamental in societies where the morality of the Qur’an is not experienced. Communities that maintain a life far off the morality of religion have become slaves of many types of fear in line with their pessimistic state of mind. People who fall into the trap of fear of future, growing older, being alone, death, catching a sudden disease, being mocked, being unsuccessful, earthquake, catching a deadly disease and many other types of fear lead very unhappy lives and live in very stressful states with the anxiety that they may get into trouble any moment.

These people fall into the error of supposing that fear of Allah is just as the fears they live in their dark worlds. However, fear of Allah does not have any similarity with the types of fear listed above. Fear of Allah is a very noble feeling that composes enthusiasm and excitement for someone who knows the mighty morality of Allah, who knows Allah and who deeply loves Him. Contrary to the fears listed above, it is a fear that directs people to great peace and happiness, increases the intelligence and courage of the person, ensures a never-ending enthusiasm and an overwhelming faith and that gives the person a deep understanding, wisdom and solemnity. A person who fears Allah does not possess worldly fears like the fear of future, death, disease or being alone. Because he knows that, no matter what happens, Allah Who is his best friend creates the most blessed destiny for him. He lives the comfort of Allah’s being his minister and for his every issue, he turns only to Him.

Fear of Allah gives the person a good morality

A person who fears Allah is the most trustworthy individual in society. Because he fears Allah, he would not lie, he would not display any behavior with that Allah would not be pleased, he would oversee the interests of others and not his own, he would think of other’s comfort rather than his own and he would always try to do kindness and favor to the people around him.

A person who fears Allah would have all attitudes belonging to good morality such as sincerity, honesty, cordialness, fidelity, commitment and dedication in the highest quality. It is not possible for someone to possess these characteristics continuously and in real terms. Since he does not fear Allah, give account to our Lord or to repay his doings in Hell, he thinks that there is no need to engage in good behavior by sacrificing his own interests in the short life of this world. A Muslim who fears Allah, on the other hand, exhibits the opposite attitude. He appeals to his conscience, strong due to fear of Allah, for every subject and protects the boundaries of good morality and not of his own interests.
A Muslim fears the torment in Hell

Having fear of Hell and increasing fear of Allah by thinking about the torment in Hell is one of the important characteristics of a Muslim. Allah reveals in His verses that Muslims fear the torment in Hell. Some of these verses are as follows:

And I am commanded to be the first of the Muslims.’ Say: ‘I fear, were I to disobey my Lord, the punishment of a terrible Day.’ (Surat Az-Zumar, 12-13)

Say: ‘Am I to take anyone other than Allah as my protector, the Bringer into Being of the heavens and the earth, He Who feeds and is not fed?’ Say: ‘I am commanded to be the first of the Muslims,’ and, ‘Do not be among those ascribing partners to Allah.’ Say: ‘I fear, were I to disobey my Lord, the punishment of a dreadful Day.’ (Surat Al-An‘am, 14-15)

To think about the existence of Hell is an important way of contemplation for a Muslim that will deepen his faith, strengthen his fear of Allah and embellish his morality. A Muslim fears the Hell, which Allah reveals in the Qur’an in detail, always keeps in mind the characteristics of Hell and acts as if Hell is one step ahead.


Our life spans are simply a perception


During the time we spend in this world, we make comparisons, think about what we did yesterday and accordingly make plans for tomorrow. We think about what happened ten years ago, assuming that time has passed and we have grown older. What gives rise to this belief is simply the comparisons we make between those previous moments and the present one.

If you were watching television before reading this article, you compare the time when you were watching television with the time you are reading, and assume that time has passed between the two events. You refer to when you were watching television as “the past,” imagining there has been a passage of time between the two events. In fact, the time you were watching television is information stored in your memory. You compare “the present,” when you are reading this article, with the information in your memory, and perceive this interval as “time.” The fact is, however, that there is only the present moment in which you are living. When you make no comparison with recollections in your memory, then no concept of time remains.

The well-known physicist John Barbour makes this definition of time:

“Time is nothing but a measure of the changing positions of objects. A pendulum swings, the hands on a clock advance.” (Tim Folger, “From Here to Eternity,” Discover, Vol. 21 No.12, December 2000.)

Time, therefore, consists of a comparison between various perceptions that arise in the brain. A study of people suffering from the memory loss known as anterograde amnesia makes it easier to see that time is nothing more than a human perception. Such people lose all their short-term memory, they are unable to remember what happened before, and are therefore unaware whether there’s been any interval between two events. This is one further proof that time exists solely as a perception.

Since the events occurring in our daily lives are shown to us in a specific sequence, we subdivide time into the past, present and future. But in fact, the idea of a progression from the past to a future is mere conditioning. If we watched the information in our memories in the same way that we watch a film running backwards, then for us the past would be the future, and the future would be the past. This shows that time is not absolute, but forms in line with our perception.

The famous physicist Roger Penrose makes the following comment:

“I think there’s always something paradoxical about the way we seem to perceive time to pass and the way physics describes time. And partly it’s a question of is there a clear temporal order of things in our perceptions, or do we somehow put lots of things together and form pictures of things...” (

The sequencing we perform in our own minds between events that we recall gives rise to what we refer to as past, present and future. This, however, is a decision we make of our own will. François Jacob, French biologist and Nobel laureate, makes this comparison:

“Films played backward, make it possible for us to imagine a world in which time flows backwards. A world in which milk separates itself from the coffee and jumps out of the cup to reach the milk-pan; a world in which light rays are emitted from the walls to be collected in a trap (gravity center) instead of gushing out from a light source; a world in which a stone slopes to the palm of a man by the astonishing cooperation of innumerable drops of water making it possible for the stone to jump out of water. Yet, in such a world in which time has such opposite features, the processes of our brain and the way our memory compiles information, would similarly be functioning backwards. (François Jacob, Le Jeu des Possibles, University of Washington Press, 1982, p. 111.)

This all goes to show that the concepts of past and future are concerned with how we perceive our memories. The truth is that we have no means of knowing how time passes or does not pass. In the same way that we can never have direct experience of the images we see, so we can never know for sure whether we are exposed to time and, if we are, how it functions, because time is merely a mode of perception.

The fact that time is a perception was confirmed with the general theory of relativity proposed by Albert Einstein. In his book The Universe and Dr. Einstein, Lincoln Barnett writes:

“Along with absolute space, Einstein discarded the concept of absolute time—of a steady, unvarying inexorable universal time flow, streaming from the infinite past to the infinite future. Much of the obscurity that has surrounded the Theory of Relativity stems from man’s reluctance to recognize that a sense of time, like sense of colour, is a form of perception. Just as space is simply a possible order of material objects, so time is simply a possible order of events. The subjectivity of time is best explained in Einstein’s own words. “The experiences of an individual,” he says, “appear to us arranged in a series of events; in this series the single events which we remember appear to be ordered according to the criterion of ‘earlier’ and ‘later.’ There exists, therefore, for the individual, an I-time, or subjective time. This in itself is not measurable.” (Lincoln Barnett, The Universe and Dr. Einstein, New York: William Sloane Associates, 1948, pp. 39-40.)

Since time is a perception, it is also a relative concept that depends on the perceiver. The speed at which time passes varies according to the reference we use to measure it. There is no natural clock in the human body to confirm the passage of time with absolute accuracy. As Lincoln Barnett has stated, “Just as there is no such thing as colour without an eye to discern it, so an instant or an hour or a day is nothing without an event to mark it.”  (Lincoln Barnett, The Universe and Dr. Einstein, New York: William Sloane Associates, 1948, p. 40.)

According to Einstein’s general theory of relativity, the speed of time changes according to the velocity of a body and its distance from the center of gravity. As velocity rises, time contracts and is compressed, in such a way as to run slower and eventually approach the point of stopping altogether.

The passage of time is merely a sensation created for us. Since we perceive it in this way, we think that what we do takes place within a temporal process. The fact is that we always live in the present “moment.” The concept of passing time is illusory.

Mathematical physicist Roger Penrose of the University of Oxford has won countless awards for his work on perception. He gave this reply to a question by the host on a radio program:

Physicist: We have this subjective feeling, that time goes by. But physicists would argue this is just an illusion.

Roger Penrose: Yes. I think physicists would agree that the feeling of time passing is simply an illusion, something that is not real. It has something to do with our perceptions. (

The way that such a seemingly objective factor operates as a perception in our minds and how all times exist within one single time are without doubt beyond our comprehension. We can only understand as much as Allah reveals to us. We can only know as much as He shows us. No doubt that it is an easy matter for Allah to create time as a perception and to give rise to past, present and future within a concept which actually does not exist. That is because Allah is beyond time. He creates time, but is not subject to it. All events we perceive as past or future already exist in the memory of Allah. They are all created in a single moment. Therefore, all events belonging to the future have in fact been created at the same moment, and exist now. But since we are subject to time, we are as yet unable to see them.

Allah sees and knows every circumstance of every entity. It is He Who creates them all. Every meter a person travels, the images he encounters and the time to which he is subject are all known to and controlled by Allah. In one verse, He informs us that:

“You do not engage in any matter or recite any of the Qur’an or   do any action without Our witnessing you while you are occupied with it. Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on Earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book.” (Surah Yunus, 61)


The miracle of windpipe


The structure of the windpipe is an example of the perfect system in the human body.

The walls of the windpipe are supported by C-shaped rings of cartilage. This allows movement in different directions.

If the windpipe were made of flesh alone, the resulting softness would lead to constant blockages. That would make it impossible for us to breathe.

If it were made of something as hard as bone, then our movements would be to a large extent restricted.

Yet the cartilaginous structure which makes up the windpipe is perfectly suited to all kinds of movement, and it always remains open due to its flexibility.

There is another very special system right in the entrance to the windpipe. This system saves our lives every time we have something to eat. How is that?

The oesophagus and the windpipe lie side by side in the throat. One might therefore expect that when eating the food would get stuck in the windpipe and choke himself. Yet nothing of the sort happens. Although we continue to eat and breathe, the food never gets caught in our windpipe. So what is it that protects us when eating?

There is a small flap of elastic cartilage called the epiglottis right at the entrance to the windpipe.

This flap automatically closes the entrance to the windpipe during swallowing.

During all the thousands of meals we have eaten, from babyhood right up to the present, we have swallowed tens of thousands of times. And every single time this little flap has closed the entrance to our windpipe at exactly the right moment. Although we are unaware of its presence and can exert no control over it, this little flap has saved our life by closing the entrance to your windpipe at just the right moment.

In the absence of that system, a human being would choke the first moment he took a bite to eat. This is yet another proof that Allah created all the features possessed by human beings.


The Prophet Noah (pbuh)


The Prophet Noah, peace be upon him, like all the other prophets, summoned his people to the true path. He told them that they must have faith in Allah, that He is the Creator of everything, that they must worship none but Him, otherwise they would be punished. This is related in the Qur'an as follows:

We sent Noah to his people: "I am a clear warner to you. Worship none but Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful day." (Surah Hud: 25-26)

Despite all his warnings, only a few people believed in the Prophet Noah (pbuh). Upon this, Allah commanded the Prophet Noah (pbuh) to build a great ship. Allah informed him that the people of faith would be saved in that ship.

The Prophet Noah’s (pbuh) building a ship despite there being no sea in that area surprised those people who had no faith in Allah, and they therefore ridiculed him. Those who had no faith did not know what would happen to them, but Allah did. When the ship was built, heavy rain poured for days and water rose over the land, flooding everything. This historical disaster has been confirmed by scientists. In the Middle East, much evidence has been uncovered revealing that many of today's mountains were once covered with water.

On television, you have probably seen many floods in different corners of the world. In the face of such a disaster, people generally get up on roofs and wait for help. In such a situation only helicopters or boats can rescue them. In the time of the Prophet Noah, peace be upon him, however, it was only the Ark that could have saved them. This disaster, which is called "Noah's flood," was actually a punishment specially created by Allah to punish people who did not believe in the Prophet Noah (pbuh). Because they expected help from other than Allah, none of the insolent people who turned a deaf ear to Allah's warnings embarked on the Prophet Noah’s (pbuh) Ark. They did not put their trust in Allah, but relied on other beings.

Unless Allah wills it, nothing can protect us. The people at that time who denied this, climbed mountains or moved to higher regions, but still could not save themselves from drowning.

A very few people believed in Allah and put their trust in Him, which led them to embark on the ship with the Prophet Noah (pbuh) and save themselves. Complying with Allah's command, they took a pair from each animal species with them. This is related in the Qur'an as follows:

Before them the people of Noah denied the truth. They denied Our slave [i.e., Noah], saying, "He is a madman," and he was driven away with jeers.
He called upon his Lord: "I am overwhelmed, so help me!"
So We opened the gates of heaven with torrential water and made the earth burst forth with gushing springs. And the waters met together in a way which was decreed.
We bore him on a planked and well-caulked ship, which ran before Our eyes-a reward for him who had been rejected.
We left it as a Sign. But is there any rememberer there?
How terrible were My punishment and warnings! (Surat al-Qamar: 9-16)

All the prophets who were sent to their individual communities communicated basically the same teaching and summoned their people to worship Allah and to obey the prophets. In return for their services, they asked for no wages since those people sent by Allah to communicate His Words do not do so. They render their services only because they love Allah and fear Him. Meanwhile, they face many difficulties: their people slander them and subject them to cruel treatment. Furthermore, some peoples plotted to kill the prophets sent to them, and some even dared to do so. Yet because the prophets feared only Allah and no one else, no hardship daunted them. They never forgot that Allah would reward them bountifully both in this world and beyond.


Important similarity between dream world and the life of this world


A person who wakes up with the voice of the alarm clock while dreaming experiences short-time astonishment. The happiness or sadness he felt, the food he tasted or the smells he sensed in his dream are still so real to him that he is not able to shake the dream’s effect off.

Many philosophers throughout history have sought the true nature of dreams and the relation between dream world and the life of this world. A German philosopher said the following about this subject:

Are we now awake or dreaming? This is no doubt a meaningful question. In fact we have experienced dream situations in which we did ask this question, answered by the conclusion that we were awake and later discovered…. (Hans Reichenbach, Rise of Scientific Philosophy, p. 179)

Descartes made this comment about this subject:

I dream of doing this or that, going here or there; but when I awake I realize that I have done nothing, that I have been nowhere, but have been lying quietly in bed. Who can guarantee that I am not dreaming now, or that even my entire life is not a dream? Resulting from all of these, the reality of the world that I live in is something completely debatable. (Macit Gökberg, History of Philosphy, p. 263)

As a matter of fact, dream world and the life of this world have an important common point. In order to understand this common point, we can give an example: Let’s assume you dreamt up of yourself and when you were asked, “Where do you see?” you answered saying “I see in my brain.” However it is clear that when you give this answer in your dream, there is no real brain around. The body or brain in your dream is completely consisting of an imaginary image. The consciousness, which sees the images in the dream, is most certainly a being “beyond” the brain.
The answer you have supposedly given in your dream, is the real answer given to the question of, “Where do you see?” in the life of this world. As it is known it is not the “eye” that sees, and all images form in the brain. The only task of the eyes and millions of nerve cells connected to the eyes is to communicate a message to the brain in order for the seeing process to be accomplished. If we recall the information we learned in high school; light coming from an object passes through the lenses in the front part of the eye and the image is reflected on the area in the back part, the images that fall onto the layer called the retina are transformed in to electrical current and transferred to the visual cortex in the brain, and the brain turns these signals into three dimensional, meaningful images. It is clear from this information that it is not the eyes that see, but there is also certainly no doubt that it would be very wrong to claim that it is that piece of meat composed of water, proteins and fat molecules that see. From this, it is crystal clear that the piece of meat that we call the brain does not possess a characteristic that could form the consciousness, shortly the being called “me” to watch and interpret the images around. However, there is someone who watches the lightened, colorful world, listens to the sounds of birds and symphonies and smells the roses in his brain. So, whom this consciousness that experiences all the senses without needing eyes, ears or a nose, belong to?

The consciousness in question is by no doubt the soul created by Allah. The soul does not need any eyes to see images or any ears to hear sounds. Furthermore, it does not need any brain to think.

Every person who understands this clear and scientific fact that he deals only with the copies of the three dimensional, colorful, shadowed and lightened Universe in the a few cubic centimeter, dark place in his brain, would realize that he can only see the copies of all of the things seen no matter what he does, and as a result he would think about and appreciate the eternal power of our Almighty Lord, become committed to Him with a deep love and respect, turn to Him and seek refuge in Him.

Consciousness gets sharp in the time of death

To get on by the information above we can say that we can never see the real versions of the things that we claim “we see.” We can only see an image of the material world. The life of this world only consists of the images, which are being perceived by human beings’ soul and they are created in order for human beings to be tested and to make deeds to be accounted for in the Judgment Day. A human being will best understand this during the time of death. Thus the image of the world seen by a human being in his mind will change with death and instead the image of the time of death, the Judgment Day and the Hereafter will be observed. As revealed by Allah, with death the person will awake as he were waking up from sleep, and move to his true and eternal life as moving from his dream to the real world. Allah reveals this fact in one verse:

‘You were heedless of this so We have stripped you of your covering and today your sight is sharp.’ (Surah Qaf, 22)

In a hadith, our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace) drew attention to this great fact by saying, “People are asleep and they wake up with death.” (Imam Gazali, Islam Classics 2, Bedir Publishing, 18 p. 36152).


Satan's power is weak


There is a very important truth about satan that must not be forgotten. Satan is not a being independent of Allah. Allah created satan and he is under His command. His hostility is against human beings.

Those who think that satan has power independent of Allah are deeply mistaken. Such people suppose that satan has a struggle against Allah (Allah is beyond this). In fact, the only reason of satan not wanting people to live the true religion of Allah is because he knows for sure that this is the only way of destroying them. After all, he too is created by Allah, and continues his work with His Will. When the time allowed for him is up, he will be put into Hell to be punished with the people whom he urged toward committing wickedness.

I will fill up Hell with you and every one of them who follows you.’ (Surah Sâd, 65)
The thing that must not be forgotten is that satan has no coercive power over believers. Satan’s power can only influence human beings whom Allah determined and created especially for Hell.

Satan cannot call a servant whom Allah created as a believer to adopt immoral behavior. He can only lead a believer to make small mistakes as a matter of the test in the life of this world. Satan’s effect of wickedness is only for those who have sickness in their hearts. This is revealed in the Qur’an as follows:

He has no authority over those who believe and put their trust in their Lord. He only has authority over those who take him as a friend and associate others with Allah. (Surat An-Nahl, 99-100)

In another verse, it is revealed that believers cannot be urged toward wickedness by satan:

But as for My slaves, you will not have any authority over them.’ Your Lord suffices as a guardian. (Surat Al-Isra’, 65)

Since satan is also a Creation of Allah, there is eternal wisdom in his existence as is in everything else.

For example, the fact that a large group of people will be dragged to Hell along with satan, is a factor that will increase believers’ gratitude for Allah in the Judgment Day and their joy for the Garden.

The existence of satan also ensures that hypocrites hiding in the community of believers are exposed. Satan controls these sick people and leads them to work against believers. Thereby hypocrites cannot hide among believers and so uncover themselves. And believers easily identify this group of people who try to harbor among them. Moreover, believers’ faith in and closeness to Allah increase as they realize the works of satan and his influence over hypocrites – since they see the manifestation of a verse in the Qur’an:

So that He can make what satan insinuates a trial for those with sickness in their hearts and for those whose hearts are hard – the wrongdoers are entrenched in hostility – and so that those who have been given knowledge will know it is the truth from their Lord and believe in it and their hearts will be humbled to Him. Allah guides those who believe to a straight path. (Surat Al-Hajj, 53-54)

This means a general cleaning in the believer community. This is also one of the wisdoms why Allah gives time to satan. Allah reveals this in the Qur’an:

Diabolis was correct in his assessment of them and they followed him, except for a group of the believers. He had no authority over them except to enable Us to know those who believe in the Hereafter from those who are in doubt about it. Your Lord is the Preserver of all things. (Surah Saba’, 20-21)

Another point no known by non-believers is that satan has no exercise power. He only invites people. If the person has sickness in his heart, then he listens to this call. Otherwise, satan has a no power to use force over human beings. He knows that those who listen to and worship him are in utter blindness. On one verse, the confession of satan to those who listen to him, in the Judgment Day is revealed as follows:

When the affair is decided satan will say, ‘Allah made you a promise, a promise of truth, and I made you a promise but broke my promise. I had no authority over you, except that I called you and you responded to me. Do not, therefore, blame me but blame yourselves. I cannot come to your aid nor you to mine. I reject the way you associated me with Allah before.’ The wrongdoers will have a painful punishment. (Surah Abraham, 22)


How to prevent familiarity?


Since the moment of birth, a human being’s nails continuously grow and get cut, grow and get cut again. And this physical event goes on until he dies. A person may find this normal because he is familiar with it. However, he does not think, “my eyebrows grow as well but stops at a certain height, so there is no reason for my nails to continue growing. How could my body make such a decision that my nails grow even though I regularly cut them for 50 years, 60 years or 70 years.” Or on the contrary, a person’s hair may also have grown and need to be cut constantly for health and aesthetic purposes. But such a thing never happens. In fact, the system that we are used to does not differ -except for special health conditions- for almost none of the almost 7 billion people in the world.

When a person thinks deeply like this, he cannot claim any one of these can happen by coincidence. When he avoids familiarity and evaluates the world with a reasonable point of view, he sees that there are billions of evidences around to believe in the existence of Allah. Every spot we lay our eyes on is full of evidences of Allah’s Existence and Mightiness.

To give another example about this subject, a new-born baby begins to grow teeth after a while. In time that tooth begins to wriggle and comes off. Instead very durable teeth with even stronger roots come out. But this doesn’t continue afterwards. If a person stops and thinks, he can immediately realize how uncommon this is. However, such a thing may not even enter his mind throughout his life because of the intensity of familiarity.

If Allah willed, He may have created no helplessness in the life of this world. But Allah created the ‘knowledge of helplessness’ at one side and the ‘knowledge of cure’ at the other, in order to remove helplessness. For example, disease is a kind of helplessness and also a miracle on its own. Because if Allah wills, a person may not become ill ever. If Allah wills, a person may continue to be as healthy as he was before the disease until he dies. However, life does not progress in this manner due to the wisdom of Allah’s tradition. There are hundreds of different diseases in the world. Human being’s mind is open to familiarity also in this matter. People who think with the suggestion that “everyone gets sick”, cannot realize the wisdoms behind the helplessness they face when they catch a disease. A person who cannot realize this cannot distinguish the miraculous cures Allah creates in return for their helplessness. Because the diseases faced by a person are a miracle, but the medicine that help cure those diseases are even a greater miracle. Believing that a tiny pill can cure a disease is a result of the common suggestion resulting from not thinking thoroughly. Of course Allah makes the pill a cause for people to get back their health. But it is not that tiny pill that helps the person leave his sickbed. It is Allah Who gives and cures the disease. It is a result of familiarity to forget that Allah is the One Who gives health and to hope for medicine to help. Since the moment of his birth, a person who acts with the suggestion that “I will take a medicine and it will be gone”, whenever he has an ache, does not think “how could a tiny medicine cure a disease that makes a 60-70 kg person lie down.” Therefore, he lives in a state of mind closure so that he cannot realize the signs of faith and the miracles of Allah that he sees and experiences at every moment and in every second.

“He Who created me and guides me; He Who gives me food and gives me drink; and when I am ill, it is He Who heals me.” (Surat Ash-Shu‘ara’, 78-80)

There is no doubt that this situation resulting from familiarity is a serious obstacle that stops some people to have faith in Allah and some people to achieve a deeper understanding of faith. To avoid familiarity leads to an open mind and consciousness with Allah’s Will. An open-minded and clear-headed person would have the intelligence to think things with their wisdoms. Such a person would see the beauties, details and miracles in Allah’s Creation wherever he looks, appreciates them greatly and becomes deeper in faith. An important way of avoiding familiarity is to leave the method of thinking that everything has a cause, which is suggested at home, on the street, in newspapers and on television for years, and to evaluate everything with an open mind as if they are created just now and as if he is getting to know them for the very first time. Such a person would not evaluate any detail he comes across with an understanding of familiarity and get excited about everything. In the Qur’an, it is revealed that believers think thoroughly about every detail created for them in the life of this world and that they understand the Mightiness of Allah, His infinitely beautiful art of Creation, and His mercy and compassion over His servants very well:

Those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and lying on their sides, and reflect on the Creation of the heavens and the earth: ‘Our Lord, You have not created this for nothing. Glory be to You! So safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire. (Surat Al ‘Imran, 191)


Unprecedented Abundance in the Golden Age


The Golden Age will be a period of great abundance, for each individual's material wants will be satisfied according to need. Technology will produce such an abundance of goods that hunger will be eradicated forever and all people will be provided with the necessities of life. Earth's wealth will serve humanity, and new agricultural technologies will lead to an unparalleled increase in crop production. People of faith will receive great rewards for every good deed they do, both in this world and the Hereafter. Bounty and abundance, which will permeate every moment of life, will be a grace that Allah will grant to those who live by the Qur'an's moral code. Every good act they do will turn into a great fortune. In one verse, Allah describes the great reward all believers will receive when they spend for His good pleasure:

The metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allah is that of a grain that produces seven ears: in every ear there are a hundred grains. Allah gives such multiplied increase to whoever He wills. Allah is All-Encompassing, All-Knowing. (Surat al-Baqara: 261)

Many hadiths reveal that there will be an unprecedented abundance of crops and goods, all of which will be distributed without measure:

During this (period), my ummah (people) will lead a kind of comfortable and carefree life that they have never known before. (The land) will bring forth its yield and will not hold anything back.

In the last of times there will be a khalifa (successor) who will distribute wealth without even counting it. (Muslim)

Then my Ummah, be its members good or wicked, will be blessed with a blessing the like of which they have never heard before. Allah sends them an abundance of rain, the land will produce a great abundance of crops, and possessions will be commonplace.( Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan, p. 16)

In those years my community will enjoy a time of happiness such as they have never experienced before. Heaven will send down rain upon them in torrents, the earth will not withhold any of its plants, and wealth will be available to all. A man will stand and say, "Give to me, Mahdi!" and he will say, "Take." (At-Tabarani)

Both the Ummah's good and wicked members will be blessed with a blessing, the like of which they have never seen before. Despite the abundance of rain, not a drop will go to waste. The land will grow fruitful and fertile, without demanding a single seed...(Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 23)

The land will emit the treasures within.(Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 45)

The land will turn like the silver tray growing vegetation...(Ibn Majah)

How To Attain Such Bounty

Someone sowing a measure of wheat will find 700 in return ... A person will scatter a few handfuls of seeds, but will reap 700 handfuls … Despite an abundance of rain, not a drop will go to waste.( Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar, p. 24)

This hadith refers to an increase in agricultural production that will occur in the End Times by transitioning to modern agriculture, developing new production techniques, improving seed stocks, and using rainwater more efficiently by constructing new dams and ponds.

Indeed in our day, remarkable improvements in technology have increased both the productivity and quality of field crops. As with all other forms of technology, rapid developments, especially in genetics, is causing a revolution in agricultural technology. Without a doubt, this productivity will continue to grow until it reaches its peak in the Golden Age.

The Improvement of Crops

In the End Times, every agricultural development will serve all of humanity. In our own time, only some groups or societies benefit from technology, but in the Golden Age everyone, regardless of their ethnicity, age, gender, or language, will enjoy its benefits. No one will enjoy special privileges, for both rich and poor will have equal access to these services. No one will suffer from poverty or starve, for opulence and welfare will mark this era. Technology will ensure the transition to an agricultural system that secures healthy, tasty, durable, cheap, and abundant yields. Current scientific developments, especially in genetics, already provide hints about the nature of these technological developments and the kind of abundance that they will bring.

Genetics has a vast field of application in food production. Thanks to genetics, genes that cause abnormalities in the genetic codes (DNA) of plants can be eliminated, and those that improve plant quality and durability can be identified. Considering that substantial agricultural products can be obtained only from quality raw material, these methods, which ensure the production of plants resistant to salt and temperature extremes, will lead to an agricultural revolution. A plant's level of protein or vitamin can be increased by injecting DNA pieces into its cells. The same method can produce plants that are resistant to pests, herbicides, disease, severe weather conditions, and poor soil. Genetic studies of seeds seek to minimize anything that might harm a seed and support a year-round agricultural industry. The finalization of these studies will bring great prosperity and abundance in agriculture.

In the End Times, the prevailing Qur'anic morality will ensure that everyone will receive their just share of goods. In fact, these goods will be so abundant that everyone will receive all that they ask for, and much more besides. At all times, Allah grants to His servants who display this moral excellence an abundant life and promises them great blessings both in this world and beyond. This is related in Surat an-Nahl:

Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, We will give them a good life and recompense them according to the best of what they did. (Surat an-Nahl: 97)

Like genetics, scientific researchers are working to produce fruits and vegetables that can stay fresher longer and field crops that can thrive in extreme climates. Long-term storage and preservation of food, as well as eliminating the factors that cause rot and decay, will be the sign of the abundance that people will experience in the End Times. Recent breakthroughs in technology and new methods (e.g., radiation, high temperature, high pressure, and genetic studies) render bacteria ineffective and thus make months-long food storage possible. Gamma or electron radiation, for instance, reduces or eradicates such disease-producing agents as microbes, bacteria, and nits. Food that is treated according to such methods become durable and carries no risk of food poisoning. Furthermore, processed food can maintain its flavor, freshness, taste, and color in a form very similar to its natural state and never lose its juice. A radiated strawberry can be safely stored in a refrigerator for months, and a potato can be kept for an extended period of time without budding.

Such processes will end waste and ensure the optimum employment of resources. Such technological developments, which are still at a very early stage, have only limited applications today. However, they will be very effective in maintaining the land's abundance in the End Times. People will be able to allocate resources wisely and minimize waste, and farmers will be able to produce huge amounts of long-lasting and quality agricultural products.

In the Golden Age, technology will serve humanity, and its blessings will be allocated evenly among all people regardless of ethnicity, community, and country. Nations that are far from one another, as well as societies of dissimilar cultures, will benefit from these sources evenly, and everyone will enjoy a just administration. Adherence to the Qur'an's morality in its true sense will ensure the maintenance of this Paradise-like order on Earth. The just administration of sincere Muslims, who turn to Allah for every deed they perform, will secure peace and security, as well as continued blessings.
The High Cost of Living and Poverty Will End

As the Golden Age will be a time of welfare and great wealth, all people will receive more than they demand. Nothing will be measured or counted. However, the high cost of living and poverty are the main features of the earlier periods of the End Times, for the poor will become poorer while the rich will become richer. This feature is also emphasized in a hadith, as follows: Poverty will spread. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi, p. 457)

Allah sends starvation and poverty to warn people who are far removed from religion. If such people had faith, they would find relief from the great troubles and hardships that they meet throughout their lives. Indeed, Allah grants great wealth, happiness, and welfare to Muslims who have faith in Him and earnestly serve His cause, while He sends trouble and suffering to unbelievers in return for their disbelief. When people become ungrateful, Allah takes back their blessings and tests them with starvation and fear. One verse mentions this Divine Justice:

Corruption has appeared in both land and sea because of what people's own hands have brought about, so that they may taste something of what they have done, so that hopefully they will turn back. (Surat ar-Rum: 41)

Allah gives the example of Pharaoh and his people, who were subjected to drought and scarcity of crops because of their ungratefulness. Allah tested Pharaoh with drought at a time when he had been enjoying great wealth and possessions:

We seized Pharaoh's people with years of drought and scarcity of fruits so that hopefully they would pay heed. (Surat al-A'raf: 130)

Throughout the Qur'an, Allah calls attention to these attributes of disbelieving societies:

Allah makes an example of a city that was safe and at peace, its provision coming to it plentifully from every side. Then it showed ingratitude for Allah's blessings, so Allah made it wear the robes of hunger and fear for what it did. (Surat an-Nahl: 112)

Allah reveals the real reason why He makes the unbelievers' lives troublesome:

But if anyone turns away from My reminder, his life will be a dark and narrow one … (Surah Ta-Ha: 124)

Those societies that turned away from Messengers' warnings and insisted upon denial have always encountered great trouble. However, as the verses and hadiths inform us, sincere Muslims are always rewarded with great blessings for their faith. In addition to this, our Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant him peace) said that his people will live in blessings, especially during the Last Days:

A time will come when a person, with his golden alms in his hand, will go around, finding no one (in need) who is willing to receive the alms.( Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi, p. 462)

Then will my Ummah be blessed, the number of animals will increase and the land will bear its fruits.(Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar, p. 26)

Definitely possessions will be in abundance then, flowing like water. Yet no one will (condescend) to take any.(Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi, p. 464)


The Golden Age's Paradise-like Environment


In the Qur'an, Allah informs us that the believers' real abode is Paradise. Consequently, the aesthetic understanding of a person who lives by the Qur'an's morality is also shaped according to Paradise's standards. As their real home is Paradise, the way for the believers to beautify this world is to turn it into a place that reminds them of Paradise.

The believers' longing for Paradise urges them to transform their surroundings into Paradise-like places. Paradise, no doubt, abounds with works of art beyond our imagination. It is a place of images and beauties of such perfection that they are unlikely to be attained in this world. Still, the Qur'an's outlook urges us to use all of Earth's available resources to turn our planet into an image of Paradise.

First of all, the believers manifest the Qur'anic understanding of cleanliness in their immediate surroundings. In the Golden Age, all places (e.g., highways, places of worship, recreational places, workplaces, and houses) will be very clean. In one verse, Allah commands them to "purify your clothes. Shun all filth." (Surat al-Muddathtir: 4-5) In compliance with this verse, their clothes will be perfectly clean and the necessary cleansers will be available to everyone so that cleaning one's clothes will become an easy task.

Keeping the environment clean also will be a very important issue. Environmental and air pollution will no longer be a threat to city dwellers. Public places will provide all forms of comfort to people. For example, both hot and cold water will be available in places of worship and everyone will have easy access to public transportation. People will no longer have unpleasant experiences in crowded, airless public places, for innovative systems and technology will make such places only a distant memory.

People will have vivid social lives. Recreational places will be designed to provide comfort and will be very clean. Places where young people gather will be free of harmful foods and drinks, and human health will be the primary concern.

People will be encouraged to love animals, there will be parks in which people can see all sorts of animals. Furthermore, such wild animals as cheetahs, lions, and leopards will be domesticated. Dangerous animals, such as scorpions or snakes, will no longer pose a threat to humanity, for their poisons will be eliminated through biological methods. In one of his sayings, our Prophet (May Allah bless him and grant him peace) called attention to this favorable environment:

A person will let his sheep and animals out to pasture. They will go and, being in the midst of crops, will not bite a single ear of corn. Snakes and scorpions will harm no one, and wild animals will be on the doorway, causing no harm.( Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rasul Barzanji , Al-Isha‘ah li-ashrat al-sa‘ah, p. 245)

People will long for Paradise and hope for Allah's good pleasure, which will enable them to enter Paradise. Consequently, they will do their best to produce works of art similar to those in Paradise or to imitate the beauty and aesthetics of Paradise. Allah depicts Paradise's environment as follows:

And [He] will reward them for their steadfastness with a garden [in Paradise] and with silk. Reclining in it on couches, they will experience there neither burning sun nor bitter cold. Its shading branches will droop down over them, its ripe fruit hanging ready to be picked. Vessels of silver and goblets of pure crystal will be passed round among them, crystalline silver—they have measured them very exactly. They will be given there a cup to drink mixed with the warmth of ginger. In it there is a flowing spring called Salsabil. Ageless youths will circulate among them, serving them. Seeing them, you would think them scattered pearls. And when you look, it is there that you will see a Bliss and a Realm Magnificent. (Surat al-Insan: 12-20)

Allah will present countless blessings and beauties to the believers in Paradise. In return for their moral excellence and efforts to spread the Qur'an's morality, they will be rewarded with a blissful and glorious life. With the verse, "And when you look, it is that there you will see a Bliss and a Realm Magnificent" (Surat al-Insan: 20), Allah informs Muslims about the magnificence of Paradise.

Allah provides a detailed account of Paradise's blessings, such as mansions built in gardens, food, shade, clothes of striking colors, jewels, and thousands of other things of which the believers are unaware. This world's blessings are only imitations of those in Paradise. However, in this world Allah may well present blessings beyond one's imagination. Indeed, Allah informs us that Paradise's blessings are similar to those in this world:

Give the good news to those who believe and do right actions that they will have gardens [in Paradise] with rivers flowing under them. When they are given fruit there as provision, they will say: "This is what we were given before." But they were only given a simulation of it. They will have there spouses of perfect purity and will remain there timelessly, forever. (Surat al-Baqara: 25)

The Golden Age will be the time when Allah will grant the most glorious beauties and blessings to people. To form an accurate image of this period, look at the verses that depict Paradise.

Artistry in Paradise

An image of Paradise that is promised to the righteous: In it there are rivers of water that will never spoil, rivers of milk whose taste will never change, and rivers of wine that are delightful to all who drink it, and rivers of honey of undiluted purity. In it they will have fruit of every kind and forgiveness from their Lord. Is that like those who will be in the Fire timelessly, forever, with boiling water to drink, which lacerates their bowels? (Surah Muhammad: 15)

In them [two other gardens] are two gushing springs. (Surat ar-Rahman: 66)

But those who heed their Lord will have high-ceilinged halls, and more such halls built one above the other, and rivers flowing under them. That is Allah's promise. Allah does not break His promise. (Surat az-Zumar: 20)

Allah has promised male and female believers gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, forever, and fine dwellings in the Gardens of Eden. And Allah's good pleasure is even greater. That is the great victory. (Surat at-Tawba: 72)

Such people will be repaid for their steadfastness with the Highest Paradise, where they will meet with welcome and "Peace." (Surat al-Furqan: 75)

We place in it gardens of dates and grapes, and cause springs to gush out in it, so they may eat its fruits—they did not do it themselves. So will they not be thankful? (Surah Ya Sin: 34-35)

Dark-eyed (women), secluded in cool pavilions. (Surat ar-Rahman: 72)

Reclining in it on couches, they will experience there neither burning sun nor bitter cold. (Surat al-Insan: 13)

The Companions of Paradise are busy enjoying themselves today, they and their wives reclining on couches in the shade. They will have fruits there and whatever they request. (Surah Ya Sin: 55-57)

They will recline on couches ranged in rows, and We will marry them to dark-eyed maidens. (Surat at-Tur: 20)

We will strip away any rancor in their hearts—brothers [and sisters], resting on couches face-to-face. (Surat al-Hijr: 47)

They will have Gardens of Eden with rivers flowing under them. They will be adorned in them with bracelets made of gold and wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (Surat al-Kahf: 31)

Those are the Ones Brought Near in Gardens of Delight. A large group of the earlier people but few of the later ones. On sumptuous woven couches, reclining on them face to face. (Surat al-Waqi'a: 11-16)

Sweet fruits and high honor in Gardens of Delight on couches face-to-face; a cup from a flowing spring passing round among them, as white as driven snow, delicious to those who drink, which has no headache in it and does not leave them stupefied. (Surat as-Saffat: 42-47)

Platters and cups of gold will be passed around among them, and they will have there all that their hearts desire and all in which their eyes find delight. You will remain in it timelessly, forever. (Surat az-Zukhruf: 71)

Carrying goblets and decanters and a cup from a flowing spring. (Surat al-Waqi'a: 18-19)

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses, silver stairways and silver doors to their houses, silver couches on which to recline, and gold ornaments. All that is merely the trappings of the life of the world. But the Hereafter, with your Lord, is for those who do their duty. (Surat az-Zukhruf: 33-35)

[In them are sweet, lovely maidens] reclining on green quilts and exquisite rugs. (Surat ar-Rahman: 76)

[In them they will] wear green garments made of the finest silk and rich brocade, reclining there on couches under canopies. What an excellent reward! What a wonderful repose! (Surat al-Kahf: 31)

A large group of the earlier people, but few of the later ones. On sumptuous woven couches, reclining on them face-to-face. There will circulate among them ageless youths carrying goblets and decanters and a cup from a flowing spring—it does not give them any headache nor does it leave them stupefied. And any fruit they specify and any bird-meat they desire. And dark-eyed maidens like hidden pearls. As recompense for what they did. They will hear no prattling in it nor any word of wrong. All that is said is: "Peace. Peace." And the Companions of the Right: what of the Companions of the Right? Amid thornless lote-trees, fruit-laden acacias, wide-spreading shade, outpouring water, and fruits in abundance never failing, unrestricted. And on elevated couches. (Surat al-Waqi'a: 13-34)

Wearing fine silk and rich brocade, face-to-face with one another. (Surat ad-Dukhan: 53)

They will enter Gardens of Eden, where they will be adorned with gold bracelets and pearls, and where their clothing will be of silk. (Surah Fatir: 33)

They will wear green garments of fine silk and rich brocade. They will be adorned with silver bracelets. And their Lord will give them a pure draught to drink. (Surat al-Insan: 21)



The Arts in an Environment Permeated by Qur'anic Morality


In the Golden Age, the bounty, abundance, wealth, beauty, arts, and improvements will mark every instant of life. People will always meet beauty and, like the moral excellence they display, the places in which they live, as well as their gardens, home decorations, clothes, music, entertainment, artworks, paintings, and conversations, will become more beautiful. Consequently, people will experience all of the beauties that Allah mentions in the Qur'an. In one verse, Allah states that the faithful believers will be given a beautiful life in this world:

What is with you runs out, but what is with Allah goes on forever. Those who were steadfast will be recompensed according to the best of what they did. Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, We will give them a good life and recompense them according to the best of what they did. (Surat al-Nahl: 96-97)

The Qur'an calls attention to the fact that the environment of those who abide by Allah's commands will be transformed into a kind of "Abode of Peace." Allah also gives the good news that He will reward people for their fine morality, and give a better life in this world and an infinite life in the Hereafter.

Allah calls to the Abode of Peace and guides whom He wills to a straight path. Those who do good will have the best and more! Neither dust nor debasement will darken their faces. They are the Companions of Paradise, remaining in it timelessly, forever. (Surah Yunus: 25-26)

We can imagine the daily life, arts, economy, and social life that will exist in the Golden Age, for the Qur'an prescribes an understanding that comprises every instant of life. This understanding is based on doing good works that will find favor in Allah's sight, and adopting the best, most accurate, and rational conduct. This Qur'anic understanding and the wisdom it offers will cause a heretofore unprecedented and superior understanding of arts to flourish.

In our day, the majority of people involved in different branches of the arts consider art as a materialistic profession that will earn them fame and a high standard of living. Most of the time, they make art not for art's sake but for money. Their sense of art is driven by a concern for profit or fame rather than following their own inspiration. For this reason, they undertake no serious effort and feel no need to expand their horizons to produce novel works of art, for they only desire immediate material returns. However, the telling attribute of an artist is his or her ability to think freely and deeply, and thereby produce unique works.

Meanwhile, even if an artist is committed to produce quality works and succeeds in doing so, those responsible for the business part of this undertaking fail to support his or her endeavor, for such works may not be profitable in the prevailing market conditions. In our day, instead of appreciating a work's artistry, meaning, aesthetics, and quality, many art galleries present productions that lack taste, artistry, quality, and meaning.

The Golden Age will eliminate such views, for material concerns that corrupt artistic values will disappear when everyone receives their share from the prevailing abundance and welfare. This free state of mind will allow artists to devote all their attention to displaying their talents in a peaceful atmosphere. People will realize that art is a divine beauty, and finally will give all types of art their due attention. Inspired by the beauties that they see in Allah's creation, artists will produce remarkable works. The Qur'an's values and the wealth of senses that these values bring will generate in people the will to produce ingenious works.

Another reason for this flourishing of the arts will be the abandonment of any tendency to portray hideousness, which is a popular tendency today. The penetration of nihilist and pessimistic beliefs into society, along with the prevalence of materialist philosophy, accounts for this tendency. Hideousness is valued, and productions introduced under the guise of art cause people to drift toward pessimism, tension, and depression. The themes of such art is often death, pain, hate, loneliness, purposelessness, and meaninglessness. This situation is a natural consequence of the chaos and destruction inflicted by unbelief on the human soul. In the End Times, all of these psychological disorders will disappear, and humanity will experience the joy, happiness, and security brought about by the Qur'an's values. This will, in turn, transform the arts into an endeavor that depict beauty rather than hideousness.

Advances in the Arts

The Qur'an gives a detailed account of such a society's life. Those who comply with the Qur'an's commands can readily recognize the right and beautiful and eliminate what is undesirable, since they are guided by their conscience and reason. Consequently, those who have based their morality on the Qur'an's teachings will render invaluable services in the arts, music, theatre, and literature.

As the above examples suggest, Allah provides all believers with the understanding of aesthetics, art, and beauty, both in Paradise and in daily life. In the Qur'anic sense, art cannot be confined to music, literature, and painting, for art fills every field of life with its own vigor. Believers display their understanding of the arts in a number of ways; speaking beautifully, being witty and humorous, being able to use the tone of voice in a fine manner, having a taste for clothes, home decoration, landscaping, cooking tasteful dishes that also look pleasing to the eye, preparing aesthetic tables, showing affection and love, sincerely expressing the affection felt for children, for instance, or likewise, displaying respect and love to an elderly person or hosting visitors.

The Golden Age will be a period when people will strive to engage in art and present beauty to other people with their works of art, looks, conversations, and conduct.

Advances in Cinema, Theater and Music

People need to broaden their horizons in order to understand the Golden Age's superior and unique arts. Most contemporary works of art either lack creative power or are imitations, for most people make no effort to think and produce new ideas. Meanwhile, any novelty is imitated and thus quickly loses its originality.

Monotony also manifests itself in music-making. For instance, a song's performance is limited to certain instruments, while a musical work may have many variations. Being resistant to true innovation, narrow-mindedness and competition underlie this lack of ingenuity. People tend to imitate popular works, since they prefer fame and material gain over aesthetic values. For this reason, despite belonging to different genres, the identical rhythms, melodies, and lyrics are repeated.

This is also why innovative theater plays are not produced. For centuries, the same plays are repeated with minor alterations. The characters' conversations, answers and behaviors become so similar that a regular theater-goer almost knows them by heart. The actors' actions, voices of tone, style, and way of addressing are far from natural.

However, in the Golden Age, everyone will learn how to take pleasure from the surrounding beauties and will strive for perfection. Its welfare will enable artists to produce amazing works of art. In music and other branches of art, various and unique works will be produced. Perfectly original video clips and forms of entertainment will make every instant of life more enjoyable and vivid.

Some contemporary artists produce fine works of art. But due to the reasons mentioned above, they are few in number and thus their works are accessible to only a mere handful of people. In the Golden Age, however, these works will be available to the public.

These are only a few of the Golden Age's unique advances. In an environment where people comply strictly with the Qur'an's commands, the believers' lives will become perfect. In the following verse, Allah informs us that the only reason why people remain deprived of blessings is unbelief:

Were it not that mankind might all become one community, We would have given those who reject the All-Merciful silver roofs to their houses, silver stairways to ascend, silver doors to their houses, silver couches on which to recline, and gold ornaments. (Surat az-Zukhruf: 33-35)



Great Advances in Science in the Golden Age


Thinking is essential to recognize the wonders and beauties surrounding us. The Qur'an invites people to ponder so as to see the signs of Allah encompassing them. This is the only way to appreciate Allah's superior wisdom and power, which He manifests in living beings. Subtleties concealed in the creation of the heavens, Earth, animals, plants, and human beings deserve our deep thought. In the following verses, Allah invites people to think on these subtleties:

He Who created the seven heavens in layers. You will not find any flaw in the creation of the All-Merciful. Look again—do you see any gaps? (Surat al-Mulk: 3)

Man has only to look at what he was created from. (Surat at-Tariq: 5)

Have they not looked at the camel—how it was created? And at the sky—how it was raised up? And at the mountains—how they were embedded? And at the earth—how it was smoothed out? (Surat al-Ghashiyya: 17-20)

Complying with Allah's commands, which encourage people to think, analyze, and research, will open new scientific horizons. These very developments, which flourish wherever people live according to the real spirit of the Qur'an's moral teachings, will be evident in the Golden Age, a time of unprecedented scientific development.

In the Golden Age, the major factor that will enable such scientific development will be science's purification from some dogmas and erroneous goals. In recent centuries, such bigoted beliefs as materialist philosophy and Darwinism have impeded scientific progress. Many scientists concentrated their efforts on proving entirely mistaken assumptions, and great amounts of effort and time have been wasted. In the Golden Age, the scientific world will embrace the fact that Allah created the universe and everything that it contains. This will allow science to be practiced on sound foundations. Available resources that were used to support Darwin's fantasies or to produce chemical weapons and nuclear bombs will be channeled to humanity's service in compliance with Allah's consent. Aware that serving humanity will earn Allah's good pleasure, scientists will engage in more fruitful research.

Developments in Genetics

Each development in the Golden Age will lead to great advances in medicine. The discovery of the structure of DNA in the mid-twentieth century opened new horizons in medicine and biology. Similarly, all scientific and technological developments in the Golden Age will add momentum to medical studies, minimize errors, shorten the time required for an accurate diagnosis, and enable patients to receive the optimum treatment.

Genetics, which will be the science of this new century, will be the impetus behind medical advances. Studies on the human DNA code seek to disclose the genetic causes of many diseases. One goal of the Human Genome Project, originally planned to last for 15 years and being worked upon by thousands of scientists from more than eight countries, is to identify the genes in human DNA and thereby uncover its mysteries. Determining the sequences of human DNA's 3 billion chemical base pairs, entering this information in databases, and using the related technologies to serve science will open a new era. The project's primary goals are to protect people against disease by altering the DNA code, predetermining how the body responds to medicines, and ensuring protection by predetermining every human beings' weaknesses. Devising medicines solely for an individual's needs, as well as forming a database of genetic features and a genetic card for a person, are also on the scientists' agenda. As science can progress only as far as Allah wills, we should not be worried about such undertakings, as many people are today. Such research either will succeed and benefit humanity, or fail due to Allah's will.

Thanks to these developments, doctors will be able to detect minute differences of the same diseases and then use individualized treatment procedures or techniques. As a result, people living in the Golden Age will not suffer from maltreatment and feel desperate. Everyone will immediately receive the appropriate medical assistance, for ideal morality and good conduct complies with the duty to help patients and save their lives. In the Golden Age, enhancing an individual's health and quality of life will be of primary importance.

Advances in Medicine

People guided by the Qur'an's values consider human life to be very precious. In a society of believers, therefore, people pay great attention to issues related to human health. Regardless of their status or qualities, anyone, whether rich or poor, young or old, will receive the treatment he or she deserves. All solutions will be exhausted, and great sacrifices will be made to save a person's life, for according to the Qur'an's values, people receive great rewards for trying to treat and cure those who are sick so that they might have healthier and fuller lives.

So We decreed for the tribe of Israel that if someone kills another person—unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth—it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind. (Surat al-Ma'ida: 32)

In compliance with this verse, Muslims in the Golden Age will make serious efforts to develop and implement workable strategies to promote quality health care for all and to ensure that patients receive optimal care.


The easiness of Islam is a blessing from Allah


Believers constantly live their lives according to what the All-Merciful and Most Merciful has revealed in the Qur’an. No matter where they are, they display a moral character that pleases Allah and avoid any behavior that displeases Him. In His mercy, Allah gave Islam to humanity, a religion that is easy to follow and results in a good and contented way of life. From the Qur’an, we can see that Islam’s requirements are extremely easy, because “Allah desires ease for you; He does not desire difficulty for you” (Surat al-Baqara, 185).

Due to His compassion and mercy, all true religions contain rules that are very easy to obey. The various attempts made throughout history to deviate from the essence of religion and to prevent people from living according to it have added several enforced practices and myths to it. When such distortions become firmly established and self-generating traditions, people, either with or without their knowledge, become far removed from the religious morality. One of the most dangerous of these distorted beliefs is that it is hard to live according to the religious morality. However, both Allah and our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) state that it is very easy for believers to follow this morality.

As with everything else that exists, Allah has created human beings from nothing. With full knowledge of them, as well as being closer to them than their jugular veins, He created religion in such a way that it fully corresponds with each person’s inherent human nature:

So set your face firmly toward the Religion, as a pure natural believer, Allah’s natural pattern on which He made humanity. There is no changing Allah’s creation. That is the true Religion – but most people do not know it. (Surat ar-Rum, 30)

The Qur’an is a clear teaching that anyone, regardless of age and culture, can understand. The oft-heard assertion that this is not true is based mainly on people’s ignorance of Islam’s essence. Today, many people are unaware of the truths revealed in the Qur’an, the existence of the Afterlife, the pangs of Hell, the incomparable blessings of Paradise, and of what He has revealed concerning various matters. However, the Qur’an was sent down so that people could read it, know its wisdom, and learn the purpose of life:

It’s revealed in the Qur’an that: “And [I have been ordered] to recite the Qur’an.” (Surat an-Naml, 92)

A Muslim’s greatest responsibility is to read the Qur’an and live according to It. The Qur’an is clear, and everyone who reads It can understand It. But only those whom Allah guides to the straight path can apply Its morality to their lives. Allah promises to guide everyone who turns to Him in complete sincerity. Those who assert that the Qur’an is hard to understand seek to prevent others from reading it, turning toward Allah, and living according to its moral teachings. However, Allah says in many verses that the Qur’an is clear and understandable:

We have sent down Clear Signs to you, and no one rejects them except the deviators. (Surat al-Baqara, 99)

O humanity! A clear proof has come to you from your Lord. We have sent down a Clear Light to you. (Surat an-Nisa, 174)

Allah has been pleased to choose the religion of Islam for humanity; moreover, the rules and practice of the Qur’an are very simple. In its verses, Allah says of the Qur’an:

We did not send down the Qur’an to you to make you miserable, but only as a reminder for those who fear [and respect Allah]. (Surah Ta Ha, 2-3)

In His endless mercy and compassion, Allah has detailed in the Qur’an the kind of life that will ensure our happiness and contentment. Allah states this in the Qur’an as follows:

But as for him [or her] who believes and acts rightly, he [or she] will receive the best of rewards, and We will issue a command, making things easy for him [or her]. (Surat al-Kahf, 88)

He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion – the religion of your forefather Abraham. (Surat al-Hajj,78)

One of the most important features of the hadiths of our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), who made the Qur’an his guide, is that they are very easy to follow. Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), who made the Qur’an his guide gave this advice to his people: "Make things easy for the people, and do not make it difficult for them. Make them calm (with glad tidings), and do not repulse (them)" (Sahih Bukhari).

It is important for every Muslim to show that religion, in its essence, is easy in order to kindle the people’s hearts with the Qur’an and Islamic morality, teach them the Qur’an and our Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) Sunnah as the only guides for their lives. Many people are unaware of this truth and think that their lives will be more comfortable if they disregard the Qur’an’s morality out of concern that it will restrict their enjoyment of life’s pleasures. However, such great errors and deceptions obscure the fact that such morality is easy to follow, for Allah, Who created humanity, is fully aware of what system of morality is best for His creation. Actually, what is difficult is to live in a society composed of individuals who do not know the boundaries that Allah has set.

Those who sincerely submit to Allah, fear and respect Him, and observe the Qur’an’s morality will enjoy success in both worlds. Above all, they experience the spiritual enjoyment and clear conscience that come from obeying Him, for Allah gives glad tidings to those who do His will and keep within the boundaries:

Those who repent, those who worship, those who praise, those who fast, those who bow, those who prostrate, those who command the right, those who forbid the wrong, and those who preserve the limits of Allah: give good news to the believers. (Surat at-Tawba, 112)

Some people who cannot understand the essence of religion can easily become fanatical by prohibiting what Allah has not prohibited, and thereby assume that they are superior to others. Allah has warned believers about this danger:

Say: “O People of the Book. Do not go to extremes in your religion, asserting other than the truth, and do not follow the whims and desires of people who were misguided previously and have misguided many others, and are far from the right way.” (Surat al-Ma’ida, 77)


Great Advances in Technology in the Golden Age


The technological advances of the twentieth century, especially during its last quarter, were without historical precedent. Many technological instruments that were unknown just 100 years ago have become integral parts of our lives. The gap between the technology of the previous century and of today has reached unimaginable dimensions. Current developments provide important signs regarding the technological advances from which people will benefit in the Golden Age.

That age's technological advances will provide great comfort and ease to people's lives. The time spent at home, at one's job, and in school will be comfortable, enjoyable, and pleasant. Housework, shopping, security systems, heating, ventilation, electricity are just a few of the things that will be monitored by computers. Robots will replace human labor in many areas. In their comfortable armchairs, watching television, people will be able to handle their work through remote-controlled robots. Scientists predict that housework, instrument maintenance, removing of dust at home will be done by robots, some as small as nanochips. By Allah's Will, all of these predictions will come true, and the majority of time-consuming tasks will be accomplished by technological instruments.

Technology will present the beauties of the world to people. Through high-tech television, people will have the privilege to see and enjoy three-dimensional environments and even to participate in recreational activities and games. Virtual reality technology will enhance learning and provide people with valuable life skills.

The extensive use of computers and Internet technologies will bring radical changes to education. Home-schooling will be easier and more involved with the developing virtual reality technologies. More efficient learning systems, which will rely on gaining personal experience through virtual reality technologies or the Internet, will replace the classical education methods, which are based on memorization. Virtual reality is used extensively today in training. For example, environments that may be hazardous in the real world can be simulated quite easily by using virtual reality technology. Thanks to this technology, pilot training, for instance, has become safe. In the Golden Age, these technologies will be applied from business and planning to manufacturing and entertainment, and to many diverse business domains.

The radical changes due to appear in education and training in the Golden Age will benefit entire nations. As is the case with all other times, those people of the Golden Age who live according to the real spirit of the Qur'an's moral teachings will attain all of the beauty, comfort, and ease that they deserve. They will live amidst abundance.

Advances in Transportation

Advances in transportation will offer comfort and security and minimize time loss. New highways and high-tech vehicles will be instrumental in preventing accidents.

The extensive use of underground transportation will eliminate traffic congestion. Electricity, solar energy, or wind power will replace the air polluting fuel oils used in vehicles and thus make cities more livable places.

Supersonic planes, trains, and other high-tech vehicles will offer all the comforts one may need. More importantly, this technology will serve everyone, and not just a particular part of the world's population. All people will have access to the same technology, and discrimination will end.

Advances in Communication

Great advances in communication will provide very rapid communication and information exchange among all people, regardless of location. Satellite-based telecommunication networking, in particular, will provide tremendously rapid communication, and holographic telephones will introduce a new dimension to communication by projecting a life-size holographic image of the person being called.

Computer and Internet Technology
in Humanity's Service

Computer technologies will surely play a great role in the abundance of blessings. Today, computers are improving life quality in houses, workplaces, medicine, communication, the arts, and so on. In the Golden Age, these developments will accelerate in the socioeconomic domain on a global basis and bring more comfort to humanity.

In the twentieth century, Internet technology opened a new era by making communication and information sharing almost instantaneous. Learning, reading an international organization's reports, researching in a library, getting news, learning about technological developments and relevant comments now takes only a few minutes. As a result, comprehensive information collection that used to take long years of research can now be done with a minimum of effort.

As the Internet has overcome all obstacles to sharing accumulated information, all people and nations can have access to it. The ever-developing Internet technologies will have more to offer in the future.

One point deserves a special mention here. At no time in human history has the world witnessed such rapid development. In particular, the twentieth century's technological developments have been unprecedented. Only 100 years ago, no one could have imagined the world in which we live today. Only 15 or 20 years ago, people would have seen the Internet as a very advanced technology that could only be attained maybe after 100 years. Each of these developments indicates that humanity is approaching a very important time. It appears that the Golden Age will be a glorious time when people will benefit from all sorts of technology and thousands of blessings.

Technological Revolution in Energy

The energy age that began with the Industrial Revolution, usually considered to designate the period of 1750-1830 in Britain, reached a defining point with the technological developments of the twentieth century. In the coming 50 years, the world's population is expected to double and energy consumption to triple. Meanwhile, according to the best estimations, available oil reserves will meet humanity's needs for no longer than a century. Natural gas reserves, on the other hand, will be exhausted within a few decades. These facts have led scientists to turn their attention to cheaper and readily available energy sources, such as the sun, wind, and water.

Energy production from non-polluting sources is the major development of the foreseeable future. For instance, wind power will make coastal cities, in particular, less dependent on customary energy supplies and promote economic development by lessening dependency on foreign supplies and thereby increasing the general welfare. Wind power's non-abating nature and easy-accessibility have encouraged scientists to focus on producing renewable energy from wind.

Solar energy is another potential energy source. On an annual basis, Earth receives an amount of solar energy that amounts to 15,000 times our total current energy consumption. The solar energy received over a 20-day period equals the world's total energy reserves. Therefore, the efficient use of these resources will end our oil dependency.


Justice in the Golden Age


According to our Prophet (may Allah grant him peace and bless him), before the Golden Age a great degeneration and injustice will prevail in society. Theft and fraud will grow, people will not seek to meet the needs of the needy, and only a small group of people will enjoy the benefits of affluence. But during the Golden Age, when the Qur’an’s morality will prevail, every strata will benefit equally from justice, security, and peace. In such a secure environment, people will not commit any form of fraud, wickedness, and unlawful acts. The following sayings are only a few that describe the justice unique to the End Times:

Earth will be filled with equity and justice, just as it was previously filled with oppression and tyranny.( Abu Dawud)

... There will be no injustice or oppression under his [the Mahdi's] rule.( Ad-Dani)

The earth fills with justice.(Imam Rabbani, Mektubat Imam Rabbani (Letters of Imam Rabbani), vol. 1, no. 251)

He [the Mahdi] will distribute wealth evenly among people. His justice will permeate everywhere. Earth, replete with violence and wickedness, will overflow with justice upon his arrival.( Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar, p. 23)

During the time of Mahdi, justice will prevail to such an extent that every possession taken by force will be returned to his owner; furthermore, some other person’s thing, even if it rests within one’s teeth, will be given back to its owner… Security will permeate all over Earth and even a few ladies will be able to fulfil their hajj without the company of men.( Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar, p. 23)

Allah Commands Justice

O you who believe, be upholders of justice, bearing witness for Allah alone, even against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether they are rich or poor, Allah is well able to look after them. Do not follow your own desires and deviate from the truth. If you twist or turn away, Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat an-Nisa’: 135)

As this verse maintains, Allah commands the believers to be just under all circumstances. For this reason, when the Qur’an’s morality prevails, they will exercise justice in its true sense. Their system will ensure that all people take advantage of all benefits and will receive what they request, and that everyone will be protected and guarded. For this reason, people will no longer have an attitude that does not comply with the Qur’an’s morality, and injustice and violence will disappear completely.

In the Golden Age, people will comply scrupulously with each Qur’anic verse and thereby bring about a Paradise-like environment of peace and security. One of the most telling attributes of a Muslim living in such an environment is his or her commitment to uphold justice under all circumstances, provide justice to others, and never to swerve from it. In such a society, the believers will maintain justice at every instant of life. No one will be allowed to live in misery or be subjected to injustice, for all people will receive a just recompense for their work, and no one will need to suffer to make ends meet. Everyone will be asked to accomplish things in line with his or her own ability and will be provided with all kinds of opportunities. Allah commands His believing servants to rule with justice. Some of the related verses are as follows:

Allah commands justice, doing good, and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency, doing wrong, and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed. (Surat an-Nahl: 90)

Allah commands you to return to their owners the things that you hold on trust and, when you judge between people, to judge with justice. How excellent is what Allah exhorts you to do! Allah is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (Surat an-Nisa’: 58)

Among those We have created there is a community who guide by the Truth and act justly according to it. (Surat al-A`raf: 181)

O you who believe, show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to heedfulness… (Surat al-Ma’ida: 8)

At present, we can see clearly the existence of great injustice and an unequal allocation of resources. Images of children starving to death or of people murdering one another for a loaf of bread bring to mind social justice. That the wealth of the 200 richest people amounts to the wealth of 2.5 billion fellow human beings is the most explicit indication of the prevailing unjust system. When there are so many people in need, many affluent people still strive to hoard even more goods to add to their fortunes. Money spent only for pleasure and debauchery, or for no purpose at all, may well become the way out for hundreds of thousands of people dying of hunger. However, some miserly people still turn their faces away from those who are suffering. In the Qur’an, Allah describes these people as follows:

No indeed! You do not honor orphans or urge the feeding of the poor; you devour inheritance with voracious appetites and have an insatiable love of wealth. (Surat al-Fajr: 17-20)

Such moral corruption is the result of being selfish and losing the feelings of cooperation and solidarity. In this case, the only solution is to establish the Qur’an’s morality throughout society, for those people who display its morality are just, compassionate, and seek to help those in need. Only through the existence of such morally excellent people can this Earth be filled with justice, abundance, and blessings.

Some Qur’anic verses regarding the establishment of social justice on Earth are as follows:

You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love. Whatever you give away, Allah knows it. (Surah Al ‘Imran: 92)

As for those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in the Way of Allah, give them the news of a painful punishment. (Surat at-Tawba: 34)

O you who believe, give away some of the good things you have earned and some of what the land produces for you. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. Know that Allah is Rich Beyond Need, Praiseworthy. (Surat al-Baqara: 267)

Those who give in times of both ease and hardship, those who control their rage and pardon other people—Allah loves the good-doers. (Surah Al ‘Imran: 134)

[Charity is] for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask from people insistently. Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it. (Surat al-Baqara: 273)

If someone is in difficult circumstances, there should be a deferral until things are easier. But making a free gift of it would be better for you, if you only knew. (Surat al-Baqara: 280)

They give food, despite their love for it, to the poor and orphans and captives [saying]: “We feed you only out of desire for the Face of Allah. We do not want any repayment from you or any thanks.” (Surat al-Insan: 8-9)

Have you seen him who denies the religion? He is the one who harshly rebuffs the orphan and does not urge the feeding of the poor. (Surat al-Ma‘un: 1-3)

And how is it with you that you do not give in the Way of Allah, when the inheritance of the heavens and Earth belongs to Allah? Those of you who gave and fought before the Victory are not the same as those who gave and fought afterward. They [the former] are higher in rank. But to each of them Allah has promised the Best. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surat al-Hadid: 10)

The Golden Age will be a blessed period during which people will comply scrupulously with Allah’s commands, and, as a result, justice, self-sacrifice, and charity will prevail. In this blessed period, the rich will not hesitate to give to the needy, and everyone will think of the good and comfort of others. This spirit of sharing will make everyone enjoy the same level of welfare and will solve many age-old problems, such as poverty and hunger.


The Good Life in the Age of the Mahdi: The Golden Age


The hadiths of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace) contain a great deal of detailed information and signs about the End Times that will take place close to the Day of Judgment. According to the information imparted by our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace), a great many significant events will take place one after the other at that time. In the first stage of the End Times there will be great corruption and disorder on earth, and in the second stage peace and security will prevail as people begin living by true religious moral values.

In the first stage of the End Times there will be terrible degeneration among people because of various philosophical systems that inculcate atheism and irreligion by their refusal to accept the existence of Almighty Allah. Humanity will turn away from the purpose behind its Creation, leading to enormous spiritual emptiness and moral degeneration. There will be terrible disasters, wars and famines, and all people will seek the answer to the question, ‘How can we be saved?’ in order to bring these troubles to an end. The majority of these developments related as portents of the End Times in the hadiths of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace) have taken place in our time, just as reported. The recent growing rise in war and conflict, terror, violence, anarchy and disorder, slaughter and torture are a sign that the first stage of the End Times is now taking place.

According to the information in the hadiths of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace), Allah will rescue people from the corruption of the End Times after this period of darkness and bestow a great salvation upon them. Allah will make Hazrat Mahdi (as), in other words a servant with superior moral values and who bears the title of he who leads to the truth, lead people who have turned their backs on proper moral values and societies that have suffered degeneration to the true path. In the hadiths of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace) and expositions by Islamic scholars, Hazrat Mahdi (as) is reported as assuming three great responsibilities in this regard. First and foremost, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will ensure the intellectual defeat of those philosophical systems that refuse to accept the existence of Almighty Allah and that support atheism. On the other hand, he will restore Islam to the essence revealed in the Qur’an and the Sunnah of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace). In this first stage of the End Times he will produce a solution to the disorder, social problems and societal difficulties facing humanity and will be a means whereby peace, happiness and virtue prevail over the entire world.

The Prophet Jesus (pbuh), on the other hand, who will return to earth during the same period in which Hazrat Mahdi (as) lives, will address the Christian and Jewish worlds in particular, rid them of the superstitions into which they have fallen, and call on them to live by Qur’anic moral values. As Christians comply with the Prophet Jesus (pbuh), Islam and Christianity will unite in a single faith and a period of great peace, security, happiness and well-being, known as The Golden Age will commence.

This holy age, awaited with great longing for hundreds of years, will last more than half a century according to the indications in the hadiths, and will resemble The Age of Happiness that took place during the time of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace). Life will be so delightful during the Golden Age that all people will wish to have lived in that time. They will fail to notice the passage of time, and will beseech Allah to extend their lives so that they can take greater enjoyment from these delights. This longing felt for the Golden Age is revealed as followed in the hadiths of our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace):

the younger ones wish they were grown-ups, while the adults wish they were younger.1

Naim b. Hammad related from Ibn Abbas:

The Mahdi is a young one from our Ahl al-Bayt. Our elderly will not reach him whereas the young ones will hope for him.2

His time will be so just that even the dead in the tombs will envy the alive...3

In the hadiths, our Prophet (May Allah  bless him and grant him peace) has revealed that people will join with Hazrat Mahdi (as), a most worthy individual who will be a means whereby they attain salvation in this world and in the Hereafter, and has indicated the good things that will take place in his time:

In the work Fiten, Ibn Abu Shayba and Naim b. Hammad, and Ibn Majah and Abu Naim related from Ibni Mas’ud. He said:

A man from my family appears to fill earth with justice, just as it has been filled with corruption. So whoever reaches that [time] ought to come to them, even if crawling on the ice/snow, since among them is the caliph of Allah al-Mahdi.4

People will experience all these delights revealed to His servants by Allah in the Qur’an during this period. In one verse of the Qur’an Allah reveals that He will bestow a pleasant life in this world on His faithful believers:

Anyone who acts rightly, male or female, being a believer, We will give them a good life and We will recompense them according to the best of what they did. (Surat an-Nahl: 97)

1. (Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, The Book of Portents of the Awaited Mahdi, p. 17.))
2. Portents of the Mahdi of the End Times, Jallalladdin Suyuti, p. 23
3. (Al-Qhavlu’l Mukhtasar Fi Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, (The Book of Portents of the Awaited Mahdi), p. 22)
4. Portents of the Mahdi of the End Times, Jallalladdin Suyuti, p. 14


Sending a warner manifests Allah's name all-merciful


Out of His endless mercy and compassion, Allah has sent messengers to warn humanity and teach them about the Hereafter and life’s real meaning and purpose. His messengers struggled throughout their lives to direct human beings to the straight path by rescuing them, with Allah’s permission, from a life of ignorance. For example, the Prophet Noah (pbuh) made a great effort to tell his people about Allah’s existence and eternal power, and to lead them away from their mistaken views and beliefs. Undeterred by their rebellion and rejection, he did his best to carry out Allah’s commands:

He [Noah] said: “My Lord, I have called my people night and day, but my calling has only made them more evasive. Indeed, every time I called them to Your forgiveness, they put their fingers in their ears, wrapped themselves up in their clothes, and were overweeningly arrogant. Then I called them openly. Then I addressed them publicly and addressed them privately.” (Surah Nuh, 5-9)

These messengers’ sincere efforts are a great blessing for believers and a manifestation of our Lord’s great love for His servants. As a mercy from Allah, messengers struggle against unbelief and, without any expectation of reward, try to show believers the way to the straight path:

Allah showed great kindness to the believers when He sent a Messenger to them from among themselves to recite His Signs to them, purify them, and teach them the Book and Wisdom, even though before that they were clearly misguided. (Surah Al ‘Imran, 164)

For this We sent a Messenger to you from among yourselves to recite Our Signs to you, purify you teach you the Book and Wisdom, and teach you things you did not know before. (Surat al-Baqara, 151)

[Noah asked his people:] “Or are you astonished that a reminder should come to you from your Lord by way of a man from among you, to warn you and make you guard against evil so that, hopefully, you will gain mercy?” (Surat al-A’raf, 63)

We have only sent you [O Muhammad] as a mercy to all the worlds. (Surat al-Anbiya, 107)

Allah’s blessed messengers are the most trustworthy, honest, good-tempered, moral, intelligent, circumspect, perceptive, courageous, and patient people in the world. They evoke trust in everyone, are sincere and zealous, and their creation is a great act of His generosity. Messengers are also exemplary in their moral lives. They are a boon to their societies, for they invite people to follow His way, to obey the Qur’an, avoid evil deeds, and embrace goodness and honesty. They remind people of life’s transitory nature and that real life is in the eternal world to come. The Qur’an tells us that a messenger is sent to every society:

We have sent you with the truth, bringing good news and giving warning. There is no community to which a warner has not come. (Surah Fatir, 24)

Nor were you on the side of the mount when We called. Yet it is a mercy from your Lord, so that you can warn a people to whom no warner came before, so that, hopefully, they will pay heed. (Surat al-Qasas, 46)

O People of the Book. Our Messenger has come to you, making things clear to you, after a period with no Messengers, lest you should say: “No one came to us bringing good news or a warning.” Someone has come to you bringing good news and a warning. Allah has power over all things. (Surat al-Ma’ida, 19)

Messengers were a great blessing to the societies to which they were sent, for they taught people things they did not know and showed them how to live a life of contentment, security, peace, and justice. As a consolation, the Qur’an tells us that throughout history only a very few people have ever approached the messengers out of appreciation of their being a great mercy for them: “Those are the Signs of the Book. And what has been sent down to you from your Lord is the Truth. But most people have no faith” (Surat ar-Ra’d, 1). Those who denied Allah could never believe; others believed what the messengers said but never implemented their teachings or lived by the Qur’an’s morality. Such situations never deterred the messengers, however, because their sole desire was to see their people believe, know the blessing of this life and the Hereafter, and live the best and happiest life possible: “Then We will rescue Our Messengers and those who believe as well. It is incumbent upon Us to rescue the believers” (Surah Yunus, 103). The messengers receive no reward if the people around then believe and are happy in both worlds. But because of their sincere fear and respect for Allah and their superior morality, they spend their lives eagerly fulfilling these two commands as best as they can.

They endure great hardships and face many trials, and yet remain undaunted by anything. With Allah’s help and support, they are paradigms of courage and, by His will, are always victorious.

Allah has written: “I will be victorious, I and My Messengers.” Allah is Most Strong, Almighty. (Surat al-Mujadala, 21)

As for those who make Allah their friend, and His Messenger and those who believe: It is the party of Allah that is victorious! (Surat al-Ma’ida, 56)

Allah, Who has endless mercy for His servants, calls every human being to the straight path through His messengers, gives every person enough time to heed advice, explains the truth in various ways, and rewards everyone as they deserve. The Qur’an says that a society that has not received a messenger will not be destroyed, as that would violate His justice:

That was because their Lord would never have destroyed the cities unjustly while their people were unaware. (Surat al-An’am, 131)

Your Lord would never destroy any cities without first sending to their chief a Messenger to recite Our Signs to them. We would never destroy any cities unless their inhabitants were wrongdoers. (Surat al-Qasas, 59)



The miracle in the dolphins


Allah has created every living thing with the wonderful visual system it needs. Human beings have marvelous eyes that allow them to see on land. But underwater vision is quite blurred. The reason for this is that the human eye has problems focusing under water. To solve this difficulty, we use underwater goggles that form a pocket of air around our eyes. We can only see clearly under water with the help of these goggles. In the same way, human beings use high-tech cameras in order to take pictures under water. Dolphins’ eyes are just like special cameras that let them see clearly both under the water and above it. They have elastic lenses on their eyes that expand and contract to allow them to focus below and above water. This is an important need for dolphins.

Every time dolphins surface, they take careful notice of the movements of the flocks of birds around them. This is because, wherever a flock of birds gathers, there is a school of fish. Dolphins know this very well and use the information to find easy hunting opportunities.

This special system in the dolphins’ eyes also protects them from the salty sea water.

Dolphins’ eyes have another special characteristic: each eye can focus on a different point at the same time. Because of this, a dolphin can look ahead with one eye in the direction in which it is swimming while it can scout around for danger with the other--a school of sharks, for example.

When necessary, a dolphin can even shut one eye and let one half of its brain go to sleep. Later, it shuts the other eye allowing the other half of its brain to sleep. In this way, it never goes completely to sleep and is always protected from danger.

Those that support the theory of evolution claim that all living creatures on earth with all their flawless systems came into existence as a result of coincidence.

If that were the case, it would also be necessary for the dolphins’ sonar system and superior seeing mechanisms to be the work of coincidence, whereas no one would suggest that an electronic sonar system or a camera could come into existence in this manner. To claim that a dolphin’s eyes, which are technologically far superior to a normal camera, or its wonderful sonar system, are the result merely of chance is illogical. The fact that such an advanced technological system has been placed in the body of a living creature shows us a plain fact: Allah created dolphins and gave them the special qualities that they possess.


How, exactly, do turtles navigate?


Much research has been conducted on how migrating turtles return to their birthplace after decades of oceanic wandering, but results are inconclusive. However, not only do these  turtles return to their birthplace, but can also find their way home after being in the feeding grounds. All that is known is that in finding their way every time, these creatures show great intelligence.

Many ideas have been advanced on this subject, but none of them provides adequate explanation. It is thought that some species reach their destination by following the coast, other species that cross oceanic waters follow scent trails carried by the currents, and others react to changes in the magnetic field in different parts of the world.

To understand the degree of difficulty in what the turtle accomplishes, suppose that for the first time in your life, you are going someplace with the right conditions for you to be able to live. You manage to find this place without going wrong, and then also for the first time in your life—set off for another spot that is also right place for you. Assuming beforehand that you will have to return, you try to keep in mind every characteristic of this place, taking note of its smells, the environment’s natural features, even the magnetic field of the region. When you return to this place, you bring all this recorded information into play. In doing so, of course, your physiological system cannot only determine the magnetic field of the place, but you can also work out what your right environment should be by identifying these characteristics.

Of course it is impossible to do all this without the help of technological devices. It is equally unreasonable to imagine that turtles can do the same on their own.

In spite of more than thirty years of research, turtles’ navigational mechanisms are still not clearly understood. Even if we knew how they manage to do this, obviously their system could not have developed of its own accord. Allah creates everything in the universe and manifests His eternal intelligence in every corner of the universe. Allah gives whomever He desires of His eternal knowledge to the extent that He wills. Those who deny Allah can find no other explanation, even if they research for their entire lifetime. It is revealed in the Qur’an that there is no other deity:

Your deity is Allah alone, there is no deity but Him. He encompasses all things in His knowledge. (Surah Ta Ha, 98)


The miracle in the creation of plants


The existence of green plants is indispensable for the continuation of life, because they provide the balance required by oxygen, water, and nutrients. Other balances are also very important both for humanity and all other living things, for they control Earth’s temperature and protect the balance of gasses in the atmosphere. Our Lord endowed Earth with millions of different plant species, each having its won colors and appearances. Besides their usefulness, plants also give comfort, joy, and pleasure to the human spirit.

The fact that different plants sprout from the same soil is a blessing from Allah. For example, look at melons, kiwis, bananas, cherries, tomatoes, grapes, peaches, and beans. When you peel off a banana’s dark yellow skin, a light colored and aromatic banana reveals itself. An apple’s peel can be red, green, or yellow with a smooth glaze. Inside, the juice has its own particular taste and smell, neither of which scientists can reproduce. So, we may ask ourselves, why do all flowers, trees, vegetables, and fruits have such different colors even though they all come from the same soil? This is proof of Allah’s infinite knowledge and unique creation.

Allah clothes all plants with colors and attractive appearances so that they will appeal to the human spirit. Fruits, vegetables, trees, and flowers all have an incomparable variety of colors, esthetic appearance, marvelous patterns, and their own characteristics. For example, the purple-colored violet with its velvet-soft leaves is incomparable. Velvet cloth seeks to imitate its texture, but it can never possess the same quality. No matter what plant we consider, we must conclude that Allah created the best and most beautiful things for human beings.

This generosity is one of His countless graces to human beings, for there is no way that we could ever produce something that He has not created. He created all fruits with unimaginable beauty, taste, and colors, and then wrapped them in the most perfect manner and offered them to us. The different tastes of every fruit and vegetable were created to appeal to us and give us pleasure, for as our Creator, He knows what will give us the most pleasure. Whenever we see a cherry tree with its branches laden with fruit, or smell the aroma of a banana or a strawberry, or see hundreds of grapes growing on a dry branch, we will remember, hopefully, that Allah created them. Out of His generosity and love for humanity, He offers us the best and the most beautiful of everything.

Human beings cannot create such blessings. We can imitate them, but they will not awake in our spirits the deep amazement and excitement produced by the natural ones. Indeed, we are indebted to Allah for all of these pleasant and beautiful things that move the human spirit. Apart from His will and mercy, we could not attain even one of these blessings:

He Who created the heavens and Earth and sends down water for you from the sky by which We make luxuriant gardens grow – you could never make their trees grow. Is there another deity besides Allah? (Surat an-Naml, 60)

Scientists could never make a tree grow nor create a majestic plane tree, a palm tree, a pine tree with its musky smell, or a willow tree with its hanging branches. A human being has neither the strength nor the lifespan to create a tree. But everywhere we go, we see majestic trees, each with its own particular beauty. Some are laden with fruit, and some are remarkably beautiful. Allah created them from nothing, for He created all beauty and every blessing to please human beings.

A very small seed planted in the ground will eventually bring forth a huge tree that will grow 4-5 meters (13-16 feet) high and weigh hundreds of kilos (pounds). In the first stages, its extra internal nutrients are essential; later on, more essential nutrients come from the soil and the sunlight. For example, an apple seed produces a well-designed tree that has its own transport system and roots that process materials in the soil. An intelligent creature, such as a human being, would find it hard even to draw a tree, and even harder to draw its roots and branches. But a seed produces this highly complex living thing, including all its systems, even though it has no independent intelligence, consciousness, or will. So, we cannot say that the seed is responsible for the tree. In reality, each seed contains a high intelligence and all-embracing knowledge given to it by Allah, Who is the only possessor of such knowledge and power.

Those who consider seeds to be no more than insignificant objects might think that they are something like fruit pits or twigs. Plant each of these and see what happens. Only the seeds, provided that their needs are met, will sprout and produce a variety of plants. What makes them different from a splinter of wood? For one thing, seeds contain information about every branch and stem of the plant species to which they belong. They know about every leaf, their number and shapes, their thickness and what color their bark or covering will be; their width and the number of capillaries that will carry nutrients and water, their height and whether they will produce fruit or not; and how the fruit will taste and smell, what shape and color it will have, and everything else.

We are amazed that these little seeds bring forth an infinite number of fruits and vegetables, flowers and trees, all of which benefit us. It is beyond belief that for millions of years, seeds have used their stored knowledge to produce the same item each time, without ever making a mistake. Clearly Allah, Who stores so much incomparable information in a dry splinter of wood and brings forth from it sweet-smelling plants with delicious tastes, is extremely generous.

... and also the things of varying colors He has created for you in the soil. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who pay heed. (Surat an-Nahl, 13)

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