CHINESE TORTURE IN EAST TURKESTAN
It has been shown in the preceding sections that the lands of East Turkestan
have been Muslim for the last 1,000 years. Yet for more than half a century
now, it has been living under occupation by the Chinese administration.
A graffiti on a door at the University of Urumchi, described by Andrew
Higgins (correspondent of The Independent) as "sheer racial venom"
clearly reflects the Chinese view of the Uighur Turks:
Make Uyghur men our slaves forever and take Uyghur
women as prostitutes for generations.25
China maintains up to 1 million soldiers under arms in the region, and
controls everything that the Muslims in East Turkestan do. All vehicles
are stopped at military checkpoints set up along the roads, the men are
sometimes insulted and slapped about as their cars are searched, and Muslim
women are abused. Chinese pressure is not restricted to stopping vehicles
or frequent house searches by the military. The June 29, 2000 edition
of the Japanese Mainichi Daily News described the oppression
in the following terms:
control [over East Turkestan] grows ever tighter and more intolerable.
People's Liberation Army soldiers are everywhere. Travel and attendance
at mosques are restricted. Communications are primitive and policed. Few
farm villages have telephones, and urban phones are liable to be tapped.
One can be jailed for years on mere suspicion of subversion.26
Muslims are arrested on invalid grounds and sent off to labor camps,
executed on groundless charges, and from time to time murdered en masse.
They are not allowed to fast, and are prevented from receiving religious
instruction. The method used to stop the Muslim population from growing
is utterly inhuman: Women are forced to have abortions, and the children
of those who have more than one child are taken away from them.
In the face of all this cruelty and oppression, the people of East Turkestan
have no means of protecting themselves or their rights. Muslims all over
the world can help these defenseless people in many different ways. All
measures to allow the voice of the people of East Turkestan to be heard
and to attract the attention of international organizations are important.
The greatest assistance that can be given is to wage a struggle on the
level of ideas to destroy the atheism that all that oppression stems from,
and replace it with a just and proper morality. In that way, not just
the Muslims of East Turkestan but all those who are wickedly killed all
over the world, or are forced from their homelands just for saying, "God
is our Lord," or can be helped.
All believers share an equal responsibility in this matter. God reveals
in a verse, "… Whoever strives does it entirely
for himself…" (Qur'an, 29:6). In another verse, He describes the
responsibility that falls to believers in these terms: "Would
that there had been more people with a vestige of good among the generations
of those who came before you, who forbade corruption in the earth…" (Qur'an,
11:116) Preventing evil in this world is the common duty of all
people of conscience.
The Chinese army controls East Turkestan
with an iron hand. The Muslims' lives are rigidly controlled, and
those whom the Communist Party regards as a threat are arrested.
THE STRUCTURE OF COMMUNIST SOCIETY
Communist ideology maintains that matter has no beginning or end, denies
the existence of God, and rejects all spiritual values. It has been put
into practice in a number of different countries, yet every time it has
ended up inflicting terrible suffering. The reason for this is communist
ideology's view of life and human beings. This is communist ideology's
world view and the general structure of those societies in which it has
-In communist societies, human beings are regarded as advanced
forms of animal, based on Darwin's theory of evolution. For that
reason, society is seen as a large herd of animals, and little value is
ascribed to human beings.
- The logic of "There are many members of the herd, so one fewer
does not matter" prevails. The mentality which regards life as
a "struggle for survival," sees nothing wrong with the elimination of
the weak. On the contrary, it regards it as necessary. Selfishness is
its defining feature. The crippled or those who cannot work are expelled
from the herd and left to die.
- Just like animals in a herd, society is made up of one type
of human being. People are made to dress, think and speak alike.
There is little room for different cultures, beliefs or ideas.
- Individuals' contributions to society are more important than
their own interests. Tireless workers and peasants are the ideal.
The system is based solely on the material concepts of work and production.
The logic of "production strengthens the herd" rules.
The communist regime's ideal is an entirely homogenous society.
The damage done by communist ideology, which attaches little worth
to human beings and regards society as no more than a herd of animals,
is even reflected in people's faces.
- No account is ever taken of human characteristics or proper
morality. There is little room in communist societies for human
feelings such as forgiveness, compassion, faith or love.
- Since fear of God is systematically destroyed, people are held
back from committing crimes mostly because they fear the system itself.
That is why an improper action can be committed if the system will not
see it, or if the culprit will not be punished. Theft, prostitution, murder
and moral degeneration are widespread in communist societies.
Under communism people are only of value if they produce. They must
therefore work like machines to benefit the system. According to
this twisted view, those who are not productive are condemned to
- According to communist ideology, which rejects belief in the
hereafter, people cease to exist when they die. That explains
why people do everything in their power to stay alive and remain strong.
Since they believe they are engaged in a struggle for survival and see
everyone else as a rival, they can easily perpetrate all kinds of evil
in their own interests.
In communist societies, good workers are the ideal human
beings. People work in terrible conditions and under the command
of oppressive leaders, and face severe punishment for the
slightest infringement of the rules.
CHINA'S EAST TURKESTAN POLICY CANNOT BE SEEN AS INDEPENDENT
OF COMMUNIST IDEOLOGY
China's policy on East Turkestan is a general reflection of communist
ideology. That is why it is impossible to evaluate what is going on in
East Turkestan independently of that ideology. Similar cruelty and oppression
is inflicted on different individuals and communities all over China,
which shows that a totalitarian structure is an inseparable part of communism.
In this section we shall, therefore, be considering the cruelty and suffering
inflicted by China's ideology and its despotic regime on its own people,
as well as the suffering of the people of East Turkestan.
Collections of the words of Mao were the people's only guides
in communist China. In some posters, Mao compares himself to
Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin.
THE DEATH TOLL OF MAO
ZE TUNG'S ADMINISTRATION: 40 MILLION DEAD
The teachings of Mao, based on ruthlessness and brutality, led to
the death of millions.
regimes that are hostile to religion resort to pressure and violence in
order to keep themselves in power. The most oppressive, dictatorial regimes
have always oppressed, even despised, the people who resisted their policies.
From this point of view there is little difference between Pharaoh and
Hitler, Hitler and Stalin, or Stalin and Mao. None of these leaders had
any hesitation about killing innocent people and ordering terrible slaughter
for the sake of power and their own ideologies. Just like the others,
Mao set up concentration camps in order to strengthen the communist regime,
turned them into torture centers, and had millions of people who failed
to think like him ruthlessly killed.
Nothing in the Chinese government's policy
of oppression changed during the time of Deng Xiaoping (side), who
came to power after Mao.
The People's Republic of China, founded in 1949, was built upon totalitarian
despotism, intense bureaucracy, and a system of state control of all resources
and means of production. The disasters brought about by Mao's economic
policies and his policies of restricted famine led to enormous loss of
life and a general collapse. Mao's successor, Deng Xiaoping, hoped to
put the economy right by carrying out economic reforms and opened the
country up to foreign investors and a liberal economy. Yet those economic
improvements only benefited the top levels of the state machinery. The
people of China benefited very little. Moreover, despite the trend towards
a liberal economy there was very little equivalent political or social
progress. No matter how much people talk about "the old communist system"
with regard to China, and claim that communism has come to an end, the
facts disprove this claim.
China is still run by a totalitarian mentality that has its roots in
Mao's vision of communism. The reforms in the economic field have not
brought about any major changes in the minds of the leadership of the
Chinese Communist Party.
A large part of the economic progress and revenues are used to increase
the repression of the population and to silence the voices of opposition.
China currently has the highest capital punishment rate of any country
in the world. Furthermore, it is perhaps the only country in which executions
are turned into public spectacles, and where the internal organs of those
executed are removed without their permission and sold for profit, where
pregnant women are forced to have abortions. There are more than 1,000
labor camps in the country, and those detained in them are systematically
Only Communist Party officials benefit
from the economic liberalization in China, and the people as a whole
continue to live in hunger and poverty.
EXECUTIONS IN CHINA ARE JUST A ROUTINE MATTER
The death penalty is an important control mechanism of the Red Chinese
regime. The famous Chinese dissident Harry Wu describes the situation
in his country as follows:
Party leaders accused of supporting capitalism
are first put on public display, and then are executed.
The dictatorship is tightly associated with violence
and has even grown dependent on it. It practices the Chinese idiom of
"Kill the Chicken to Scare the Monkey." The public education carried
out by sentencing rallies and mass executions shows the Party's reliance
on public violence.27
Although it is impossible to specify the exact number, millions of people
have executed by the Red Chinese regime. Most figures are based on estimates,
although the latest research has revealed that the number of people killed
is much higher than was previously believed. The fact that the communist
regime regards executions and murder as one of its basic principles is
well known. In a confidential document dated May 16, 1951, Mao revealed
that the number of people to be killed had been established in line with
a definite quota:
Talking about the number of counter-revolutionaries
to be killed, a certain proportion must be set. In rural areas, it should
not exceed 1/1000 of the population. In killing counter-revolutionaries
in the urban areas, generally it should be below 1/1,000 of the population;
the number .5/1000 seems appropriate. For example, among the 2,000,000
people of Peking, over 600 were killed. Another 300 are planned to be
killed. A total number of 1,000 will be enough… It is still necessary
to kill other big batches and we must do all we can do to kill two thirds
of those who are predetermined to be killed by the end of July.
When planning his massacres, Mao saw no need to prove
that the person to be killed actually committed a crime. He regarded killing
as necessary simply because of the fear it would instill in society, and
saw that number of executions as a "matter of quotas." Another example
of this way of thinking is found in Stalin's famous statement: "the
death of one person is a tragedy, a million deaths is a statistic."29
As a result of the communist Stalin's "statistical" murders, an estimated
40 million innocent people lost their lives.
Mao had no hesitation about personally signing the death warrants of
those to be killed. In a document dated January 17, 1951, he gave the
following order to his comrades, which included Deng Xiaoping:
In 21 counties in western Hunan, over 4,600 bandit
chieftains, local tyrants, and Kuomingtang agents were killed. Another
batch are planned to be killed this year by local authorities. I believe
this disposal is very necessary… in places, we must kill big batches…dealing
heavy blows means killing all reactionaries that should be killed with
a firm hand. 30
In the early days when Mao was still alive, executions were carried out
with great speed, sometimes in public and at other times in secret. In
1953, for instance, a woman called Yang Pei only learned that her husband
had been executed when she applied for a divorce.
Executions continued in the Deng period. At the same time, an unbelievable
"savings" measure was started, under which the cost of the bullet fired
into the skull of the person executed was paid by his family. The state
also found another means of turning a profit out of executions: The internal
organs of the victims were sold, and all the profits went into the state
It is clear, therefore, that the current rulers of Red China are merely
following in the footsteps of their so-called "eternal" leader Mao when
they stage public executions or murder people in labor camps.
Executions are still staged on a regular basis in China. It is not known
how many people are executed in the course of a year because the Chinese
government treats such information as a state secret. However, the following
figures will help to provide a general idea:
Amnesty International has reported there were 2,050
executions in China during 1994. It recently released the figure of 1,313
reported executions in China during the first half of 1995.31
The numbers have risen still further in the 2000s.
In the first three months of 2001, 1,781 people were executed.
That figure does not include the 2,960 people still awaiting execution.32
Wang Shouxin, accused of corruption in a
coal business, was just one of thousands of Chinese people
killed in the snow with a single bullet. Red China extracts
the cost of the bullet employed from the victims' families.
Such brutal scenes are often to be witnessed in China.
That figure is more than all the other countries in the rest of the world
combined for the last three years alone. Among those executed are people
from all kinds of social groups, including girls aged 15-16 and religious
The common "crime" of the great majority of these people was to want to
live in freedom in their own country and to enjoy the most basic human
freedoms, those of speech, thought and worship. Yet in the eyes of the
Chinese government, both common criminals and supporters of democracy
are all "counter-revolutionaries." That is why as many people are executed
for "thought crimes" as for ordinary criminal offences. What is more,
a number of new methods have recently been introduced in order for those
guilty of "political crimes" to be executed. The most widespread of these
is political detainees are accused of trumped up criminal offences.
In the article "Torture Hurries a New Wave
of Executions in China," in the September 9, 2001, edition
of The New York Times, it was stated that some 191 executions
are carried out daily as the result of statements given under
torture. According to the report, at least 3,000 people had
been executed since April, and a further two or three times
that figure were expected to be executed.
Chinese officials have always thought that capital punishment was necessary
in order to keep the public in line and to strengthen the government.
For that reason, they choose to parade those to be executed through the
streets and then kill them in full public view. Those to be killed are
brought before the public in handcuffs and made to face the spectators.
Their names and crimes are written on placards hung around their necks.
These scenes of savagery in full public view are also broadcast live on
Mass executions and the parading of those
due to be killed through the streets have been methods employed
since the earliest days of communist China.
Following the publication of scenes of mass executions in Newsweek magazine
in 1984, the Chinese government feared that this might damage the country's
image, and issued an order that those condemned to die should no longer
be paraded through the streets. That order was subsequently expanded,
and the fact that political detainees had been executed was to be kept
secret even from their families. These instructions did not mean that
political killings had been done away with in China, but that they were
still proceeding apace, albeit out of sight. Following the events in Tiananmen
Square in 1989, concerns over domestic policy overrode the country's image
abroad, and many involved in the opposition were publicly executed.
Red China's habit of executing people due to their ideas was also seen
during the time of the Prophet Moses and one of the cruelest despots in
history - the Egyptian Pharaoh. Pharaoh threatened the followers of Moses
with death because they refused to obey him and to abide by his rules.
That threat is reported in the Qur'an:
He [Pharaoh] said, "Have you believed in him before I
authorized you? He is your chief who taught you magic. But you will soon
know! I will cut off your alternate hands and feet and I will crucify
every one of you." (Qur'an, 26:49).
IMAGES OF EXECUTIONS IN RED CHINA
EXECUTIONS ARE STILL BEING CARRIED OUT IN EAST TURKESTAN
Although China's policy regarding its own people is utterly ruthless,
things are even worse in East Turkestan. The number of East Turkestan
Muslims executed is enormous. Any initiative by the Muslim population
to live according to their religion or speak their own language, which
are fundamental rights, is savagely punished.
Just as in China as a whole, executions still go on
in East Turkestan, and innocent people are killed in the absence of any
firm evidence. Chinese courts are not independent like those in democratic
countries, but operate within the framework of the Communist Party's political
agenda. That is why the cases of people condemned to death are heard very
quickly, and defendants are not given the necessary time and means to
defend themselves properly. The death penalty is usually carried out so
fast that victims' families are unaware of its event. According to official
figures, 210 Muslims were executed in East Turkestan alone in 1997-1999,
and it is believed that the true figure is actually a great deal higher.33
Executions are carried out every single month, and Mao's method of "killing
by quotas" is scrupulously implemented.
Muslims executed in East Turkestan.
One of the methods resorted to by the Chinese regime in order to intimidate
the Muslim population is mass arrests and torture while in detention.
Most Muslims under arrest are sentenced to long terms in labor camps,
and many of these are never heard of again. Families have no idea where
prisoners are being held, or whether they are alive or dead.
When the young people of East Turkestan
express the entirely justified demand to be allowed to live by their
own religion and culture, they are punished with death by the communist
regime. At the outset, some executions were broadcast by Chinese
television as a "deterrent." However, the Chinese government later
abandoned that practice out of concern over protests.
Pharaoh said, "Have you believed in
him before I authorized you to do so? This is just some plot you
have concocted in the city to drive its people from it. I will cut
off your alternate hands and feet and then I will crucify every
one of you."
Torture is widespread in Chinese prisons and labor camps. Various international
organizations have drawn attention to the systematic torture carried out
in China, and in their reports have warned the Chinese government. One
of these was a 34-page report published by Amnesty International in 1999,
which considered human rights violations in East Turkestan. One of the
many incidents described in the report concerned descriptions of the grim
prison conditions by the relatives of one 17-year-old detainee:
The jail was so crowded that prisoners were held 5 or 6 to a single cell
- too small to allow them all to lie down at night; they had to take turns
to sleep. Whenever police officers "visited" them in their cells, they
were beaten. Those prisoners selected for interrogation were taken
to a special room where they were beaten, kicked and given electric shocks
with electric batons. The interrogation room was equipped with a rail
fixed on the wall. Some prisoners were hung on the rail with one foot
and one hand tied to the rail with handcuffs. They were left in that position
for 24 hours. When they were untied, they could not stand straight. Some
prisoners had their fingernails pulled out with pliers. Others had wires
inserted under the nails.34
The prisoner who underwent those experiences spent two months in prison,
and was only released following payment of a 2,000 yen bribe by his family.
The torture inflicted on another prisoner at the Public Security Bureau
after being arrested was even more pitiless. What is more, that person's
only crime was to meet and engage in an exchange of ideas with friends:
Some Chinese torture methods
Next to the detention centre is an underground place
where some suspects are interrogated. He was questioned there in the evenings
and tortured in various ways. For example, his hands were tied behind
his back and the interrogators would lift his arms, pulling them up high
in a twisted and painful position behind his back. He was given electric
shocks with electric batons. The shocks were applied all over his body,
including in his mouth and on his penis, which caused intense pain. The
interrogators hit him on the bones of the legs with a wooden baton. They
made him kneel down and hit him on the thighs and the shoulders with the
baton. While tortured, he was made to wear a kind of metal helmet which
came down over his eyes. The interrogators used this helmet to
prevent fatalities, as some prisoners cannot bear the pain of torture
and try to kill themselves by bashing their heads against the walls.35
Conditions in the so-called "re-education through labor" camps that convicted
prisoners are sent to are even worse. "Re-education" in China
means making someone accept communist ideology and be willing to obey
the orders of the Communist Party, at no matter what price. The
methods employed to that end are totally inhuman:
Prisoners in the camp work on average 10 hours a day
at making and carrying bricks, cutting and transporting stones, and agricultural
work. They are punished severely if they do not go to bed or get up on
time, if they talk to each other, if they sing songs or shout, laugh or
cry, if they secretly take water to wash themselves for prayer,
if they do not finish their allotted tasks, or if they answer back to
the police or guards. The punishments include being hit on the
head, stomach and crutch with electric batons; being made to lie down
and having their hand trodden on; being made to stand in the "flying aeroplane"
position; being strapped to a pole and beaten, and being hung from the
ceiling and beaten. On several occasions, police officers inserted
an electric baton into a prisoner's anus. Many prisoners have lost their
teeth, have bleeding ears, broken arms, infected and useless testicles
due to torture. They are frequently insulted and humiliated by the guards.
At mealtime, they have to sing songs of praise in Chinese, failing which
they reportedly go without food. The camp has no doctor. Prisoners who
are sick have to work or are given no food, and only those who are incontinent
are taken to the hospital 36 kilometers away. Some have died on the way
China's policy in East Turkestan is a program of mass
torture and genocide. According to information from the East Turkestan
Information Center, some 10,000 Uighur Turks were arrested on trumped
up charges between the beginning of 1999 and March of that same year,
detained under the sort of conditions we have seen above, and sentenced
to stiff punishment, especially the death penalty, by courts operating
under the control of the Communist Party. The number of people sentenced
to death by courts in East Turkestan or who died as the result of torture
between the beginning of 1999 and March, 2000, is estimated to be 2,500.37
In the genocide campaign being waged by the Chinese
government in East Turkestan, even children are detained on various charges.
For instance, on October, 30, 1999, the Hotan Municipal Security Directorate
arrested a Turkish girl, a middle school student, on the grounds that
her writing resembled that of a poster that had been put up in the street.
During a speech made by Regional General Secretary Wang Le Chuan in Hotan,
which was closed to the press, he announced that a primary school student
had been arrested because he had torn the picture of Chairman Mao on the
cover of his school book.38
30.10.99 PRISONS IN EAST
TURKESTAN ARE TORTURE CENTRES
THE CHINESE ADMINISTRATION IS ATTEMPTING TO ASSIMILATE THE
UIGHUR TURKS THE SUFFERING OF EAST TURKESTAN GOES ON
Foreign publications such as Amnesty International
Briefing and Crescent International describe in great detail the
oppression and cruelty faced by Muslims in occupied East Turkestan.
Hundreds of Muslims are killed in organized executions. Thousands
more are still in prison, awaiting execution.
OF MAO-STYLE TORTURE
The name of Mao Tse Tung is remembered today for cruelty
and brutality. He had unimaginable tortures inflicted on, not just
the people of East Turkestan, but on his own people as well. The
actions of the Red Guards under Mao's instructions during the barbaric
period known as the Cultural Revolution in particular, were crimes
against humanity. The following are just a few of them:
(Top) The Red Guards ruthlessly killed
anyone they regarded as an enemy of the regime. The picture
shows prisoners killed by the riverbank after the capture
of Beijing.(Bottom) Farmers whose lands were taken away were
tried by Mao's militants in "People's Courts" and then ruthlessly
To put those special handcuffs tightly on the wrists
of a prisoner was a form of torture commonly used in Maoist China's
prison system. Sometimes additional chains were put around the ankles
of the prisoners. At other times a prisoner might be manacled and
then have his handcuffs tied to a bar on the window so that he could
not move away from the window to eat, drink, or go to the toilet.
The purpose was to degrade a man in order to destroy his morale…
Since the People's Government claimed to have abolished all forms
of torture, the officials simply called such methods "punishment"'
or "persuasion." 1
The whole people were invited to public trials of "counterrevolutionaries,"
who almost invariably were condemned to death… Everyone participated
in the executions, shouting out "kill, kill" to the Red Guards whose
task it was to cut victims into pieces. Sometimes the pieces were
cooked and eaten, or force-fed to members of the victim's family
who were still alive and looking on. 2
In The Black Book of Communism an observer described
the inhuman treatment meted out to university professors detained
during the days of Mao:
Hanging from their necks were pails filled with rocks.
I saw the principal: the pail around his neck was so heavy that
the wire had cut deep into his neck and he was staggering. All were
barefoot, hitting broken gongs or pots as they walked around the
field crying out: "I am black gangster so-and-so." Finally, they
all knelt down, burned incense, and begged Mao Zedong to "pardon
their crimes."… A few girls nearly fainted. Beatings and torture
followed. I had never seen such tortures before: eating nightsoil
and insects, being subjected to electric shocks, being forced to
kneel on broken glass, being hanged "like an airplane" by the arms
and legs. 3
The same book also mentions the prisons:
The most varied and sadistic tortures were quite common,
such as hanging by the wrists or thumbs…. The most brutish people
were allowed to operate with impunity. One camp commander assassinated
or buried alive 1,320 people in one year, in addition to carrying
out numerous rapes. 4
1. Nien Cheng, Life and Death in Shanghai, Macdonald, London, 1986,
pp.224-226, cited in The Black Book of Communism, Harvard University
Press, Cambridge, 1999, p.509. (emphasis added)
2. Ibid., p.470-471. (emphasis added)
3. Ken Ling, Miriam London and Lee Tai-Ling, Red Guard:From Schoolboy
to "Little General" in Mao's China, Macdonald, London, 1972, pp.
18-21. cited in The Black Book of Communism, p. 525. (emphasis added)
4. Ibid, p.482. (emphasis added)
THE LAOGAI "RE-EDUCATION CENTERS"
The laogai in China are the equivalent of Hitler's concentration camps
and Stalin's gulags. The laogai system is intended to totally dominate
people's thoughts, and turn them into slaves. It is one of the Chinese
state's most important control mechanisms. So far some 20 million people
have lost their lives in these camps. The aim behind these camps is "re-education"
by means of forced labor. One of the most frequently employed slogans
is "Forced labor is a means, and a revolution in thought the end."
To put it more clearly, the intention behind the laogai is to use all
possible means to oblige those who are seen as a potential threat to conform
to the Communist Party's wishes. That in turn means humiliation, oppression,
enslavement and torture.
These camps are often concealed by using other names
for them, and may look like factories, mines or farms to fit the name.
An article in The Washington Post described one of these camps,
"Hunan Special Electric Machine Factory," or "Hunan Province No. 1 Prison,"
in which 2-3,000 prisoners are forced to work for an average of 16 hours
a day. The factory used to make industrial generators, but now produces
various goods such as wigs, medicine boxes, gloves, and Christmas lights.40
Laogai camps are actually intended to punish
prisoners, and inmates are exploited by being forced to work under very
harsh conditions. The inmates of laogai camps have no rights.
They are made to work in state factories, mines, and farms, and to abide
by the rules. An individual is kept in these camps until the authorities
decide he has been completely reformed (in other words, torture and
cruelty are applied until he is molded and obedient to the Communist Party's
wishes.) That can sometimes take a whole lifetime, as even if a prisoner
has served his entire sentence, he is still kept in the camp to carry
out other tasks until the administration decides he has reformed. It is
known that, as of 1997, there were more than 1,000 laogai camps in China
as a whole, with 8-10 million inmates.41
Millions of people have died in the Chinese
concentration camps known as laogai. Even the few books that have
described what goes on in these camps are sufficient to reveal the
ruthlessness of the communist regime.
The income from what the prisoners
produce forms an important part of the Chinese budget. One study in 1999
revealed that 99 laogai camps recorded annual sales figures of 842.7 million
dollars.42 In other words, a great many of those people
all over the world who use goods made in China are actually using products
made by forced labor in Red Chinese state camps. For example, China is
one of the world's major tea producers and one-third of the tea it exports
comes from laogai camps. The worker slaves in those camps produce 120
different varieties of tea, and are punished if their products are not
up to a sufficiently high standard.43
In fact, one of communist ideology's fundamental principles,
the idea that "people are only important so long as they are productive,
and the important thing is to increase production," also applies
in the laogai. In the view of the Chinese Communist Party, human
beings are the most important means of production, and everyone must serve
as vehicles of that production. Violence is, in turn, the most effective
way of raising production. Harry Wu, who spent 19 years in the laogai,
now claims asylum in the United States. He has since used the Laogai Association
he founded as a means of fighting the human rights violations in China.
Wu calculates that the laogai make a profit of some 100 million dollars
a year, a figure that has been accepted in official statements from Beijing.44
As we have seen, the laogai are not simply a prison system, but rather
an important political tool for the survival of the Communist Party. Mao
expressed this in these words:
Marxism holds that the state is a machine of
violence for one class to rule another. Laogai facilities are
one of the violence components of the state machine. They are tools representing
the interests of the proletariat and the people's masses and exercising
dictatorship over a minority of hostile elements originating from the
No matter how much the Chinese government attempts to conceal the true
nature of these camps, those people who have spent many years in them,
and then found asylum abroad, keep telling the world about what goes on
in the laogai. One of these is Jean Pasqualini who spent many
years in a laogai. He claims that the laogai is not an institution,
as has been claimed, but rather a system of torture. He describes how
the most inhuman things possible go on in these camps. Pasqualini claims
deceptive language is employed by Red China when discussing the laogai
or the punishment of prisoners. In his view:
Prisoners in China are still compelled to work, to
"reconstruct socialism with their two hands," in order to "reform themselves,"
to be "born once again," to become "new men." Slave laborers in "Laogai"
brigades not only work hard under inhumane conditions merely to purge
their crimes but also to "expiate for their sins." The Chinese penal system
has a very peculiar vocabulary: nearly every inhumane terminology has
a human correlation. One is never "punished," one "undergoes reform."
Prisons are often called "schools" where one serves time by "studying
and learning" and "reforming oneself." A prisoner never gets beaten, he
is "given a lesson." He never gets insulted, he just gets "criticized."
And the jail authorities lose no time to let you know that "criticism
is proof that the government is concerned about you. Without criticism
there can be no progress!" Informers are those who help the government
(that is, the warders) to do its work well. They also "help" prisoners
to "recognize their mistakes." The word "help" is considered the most
frightful term in the prison vocabulary by the prisoners! Prisoners don't
spy on each other, they just engage in "mutual supervision." Prisoners
who have served out their time are said to have graduated or "have gone
back to society," "to have obtained a new lease on life" or to have "once
again joined the ranks of the people".46
A news report headed 'Work and be silent'
in the French magazine Le Courrier International revealed the full
details of the repressive nature of the camps. The report spoke
of minors under age 18 being forced to work without pay and locked
in cells like stables at night. The article described how the Guangdong
camps in particular were no better than the concentration camps
of World War II, and concluded: "It is a truly terrible situation.
These people are in an awful position in which it is difficult even
This deceptive terminology employed by the Chinese communists was described
in George Orwell's 1984, and recalls the Ministry of Love, whose true
purpose was to inflict suffering. This false terminology employed by communist
totalitarianism can be seen in all areas of life. Jean Pasqualini discusses
that peculiar terminology:
The dictatorship of the proletariat has now given way
to the "People's Democratic Dictatorship." As if a dictatorship can be
democratic. Or democracy can tolerate a dictatorship. One has to be one
or the other. Not both! The terminology has changed, but its purpose remains
the same. The terrible famine of early '60s that claimed 20 million lives
was for a long time officially known as the "three years of temporary
economic difficulties (or hardship)." Not a single word about the victims
of the consequences of the Great Leap Forward which continued to be extolled
during the catastrophic period. On the contrary, the situation then was
described as being "good and great."47
CHINA SELLS PRISONERS' INTERNAL ORGANS
Under the pretext of medical aid, benefiting the sick, and research,
for years the Red Chinese administration has sold the internal organs
of people condemned to death in order to provide itself with income. In
fact, victims' organs are sold for high profit. After people have been
executed, the state makes an average 10-15,000 dollars profit out of each
usable organ. Under the law "On the Use of Executed Prisoners' Corpses
or Organs" issues in the '70s, the use of such organs was legalized.
If a prisoner has no family, or if he or they have given permission for
his organs to be used after death, those organs are removed and sold after
sentence has been carried out.
That might seem quite acceptable, but one can see how unjust this policy
actually is when the prevailing conditions in China are considered.
Thousands of people are executed every year
in communist China. The bodies are then skinned and their kidneys
removed. Once the organs have been removed, the bodies are then
regarded as waste products, bagged up, and thrown onto a rubbish
As we have already seen, human life is probably the cheapest thing of
all in China, and an average of 300 people a month are executed. The great
majority of those who are executed have nobody to look out for their interests
because families are often not told where prisoners are kept. They only
learn their relatives have been killed after the event. Most of the time
the families of those killed hesitate to ask for the body out of fear
of retaliation. This then justifies the extraction of internal organs
from almost all victims' bodies. Harry Wu describes this fact with an
example from his own life:
It is universally known that Mainland China is a society
closely controlled by the communist party. In the People's Republic of
China, as soon as one is labeled by the Beijing government as a "class
enemy" or a "counterrevolutionary," almost all relatives keep aloof from
him/her, or accuse and cast him/her aside… During my long nineteen years
in the Laogai camp systems practically no relatives came to see me. I
strongly believe that should I have been executed then, my body would
have fallen under the category "nobody claims or family refuses to claim
the body" and could have been "used" by the government for a profit.48
What is more, even if families do hear about an execution, the Red Chinese
government feels no great need to secure their permission. In one way
or another, it will prevail upon them to donate their relative's organs.
In 1997, in New York, one Chinese physician described how the internal
organs of those condemned to death are removed without permission by the
Before Wu Hongda (Harry Wu) testified [in the United
States], there was nothing like "consent," but now [the Chinese government]
has certain formalities, and prisoners must go through the formalities
willy-nilly, so when foreigners ask about this, we have something to tell
them. Please don't worry!49
Harry Wu quoted a hospital cadre who had many times
extracted organs at execution sites as saying, "A shot in [his] head,
blow away his brain, and the guy is brain-dead. [He] has no more thinking,
ceases to be a human being, just a thing, and we use the waste,"50
revealing the attitude of the Chinese government. That is, killing prisoners
is perfectly acceptable, and their bodies can be used for spare parts.
These organs are then sold by the state to hospitals abroad at extortionate
prices. In fact, doctors in China advise patients from abroad to wait
for the public execution season. Once organs have been removed from prisoners'
bodies, the communist state says nothing about how and why they will be
used. As always, Communist Party officials enjoy the highest priority.
Then come foreign citizens or Chinese citizens living abroad. The local
population can also make use of these organs only if they have the money
to do so. Those with the very least access to these organs are the ordinary
poor of society, no matter how great their need. That means the system
is not for the benefit of humanity, but merely works to benefit Communist
Party administrators and the elite. Most of the time the system goes ahead
by stealing the organs of innocent people killed for having different
beliefs or ideas than the party.
Dr. Wang Guoqi
Research has shown that some 20,000 kidney transplants were carried out
in China between the early 1970s and the middle of 1995. In its 1996 report,
Amnesty International said that the organs of 90 percent of people executed
were removed. In its June 27, 2001, edition The Washington Post printed
claims by a doctor involved in the organ trade, which underlined how widespread
this trade was in China.
According to the story, burn specialist Wang Guoqi, participated in more
than 100 operations during which organs were removed from the bodies of
dead prisoners. Guoqi helped to collect prisoners' skin and corneas, and
witnessed how organs were sold for enormous prices at the Tianjin Paramilitary
Police General Brigade Hospital where he worked. Dr. Guoqi provided the
time and date of the executions, the names of the doctors who took part
in the operations, and the medical procedures involved and described in
considerable detail how, after being killed, the prisoners would immediately
be loaded onto ambulances and their organs removed. The bodies were later
taken to the crematorium, where Dr. Guoqi and other doctors would strip
off the corpses' skin. Dr. Guoqi explains that:
After all extractable tissues and organs were taken,
what remained was an ugly heap of muscles, the blood vessels still bleeding,
or all viscera exposed. Then the corpse was handed to the workers at the
Even worse, Chinese officials did not always wait for
the prisoner to die before removing organs. One incident experienced by
Dr. Guoqi illustrates this. An officer shot a prisoner, and although he
was still alive, the doctors were ordered to take to the ambulance. As
urologists immediately began removing his kidneys, and Guoqi and the other
burn surgeons harvested the skin. They then placed the remains of the
half dead prisoner in a plastic bag and threw him onto a rubbish heap.52
"THEY MADE ME SKIN THE
BODIES OF EXECUTED PRISONERS" The terrifying confession of
a Chinese doctor in exile in the USA
ORGAN SAVAGERY IN CHINA
To the left can be seen an article that appeared
in The Observer called "China sells organs of slain convicts."
The story reported that the organs were generally sold to
rich patients from abroad. Based on a number of sources, the
price of a kidney is in the region of $10,000. The fact that
thousands of people are executed in China every year helps
to show why the Chinese government is so insistent on continuing
the organ trade.
FAMILY PLANNING, RED CHINESE STYLE: BABY MURDERS
China has the largest population of any country in the world, and has
long attached great importance to family planning in order to ensure social
stability, enforced by a number of legal sanctions. Yet in any society
that has no fear of God and where religious and spiritual values have
no importance, it is easy for a system to turn truly horrifying. In China,
instead of educating families and offering proper planning with a variety
of medical alternatives, population control can be carried out even by
killing babies while still in the mother's womb, or shortly after birth.
This truly ghastly situation reveals the level of insensitivity and callousness
of a society that lives with no notion of God, and has destroyed all its
spiritual values, can descend into.
Nobody knows exactly how many women in China have had to undergo forcible
abortions, but even if the figure were only 1 percent, that would still
mean that millions of children had been murdered.
Another aspect of Chinese brutality
is the policy of forced abortions. Women who are not permitted to
have children are either made to undergo abortions, even if they
are in an advanced stage of pregnancy, or else their children are
killed after birth.
Gao Xiao Duan, the head of a "planned birth" office who sought asylum
in the United States in 1998, made claims that once again drew the attention
of world public opinion to the problem of abortion in China. At a press
conference, Duan described to the whole world how he had witnessed women
in China being forcibly sterilized to prevent them from having children,
and how babies taken from their mother's wombs were left to die. In one
incident he described, a nine-month pregnant woman's baby was taken away
from her because her papers included the words "no birth certificate allowed":
In the operating room, I saw how the aborted child's
lips were sucking, how its limbs were stretching. A doctor injected
poison into its skull, and the child died and was thrown into the trash
A report on the famous news channel CNN described
how Gao Xiao Duan had given evidence before the USA Senate
Foreign Relations Department. Gao said that he had felt like
a "monster" during the 14 years he served, and among the evidence
he offered was a video cassette showing a center where women
were forced to undergo abortions. Scenes from the video can
be seen on the CNN web site.
Another example of children being killed was an incident in the Caidian
village in the province of Hubei, which was reported in the world media
despite the restrictions on news and communications in China. The Times
carried the story, which horrified the whole world:
China has been shaken by one of the most horrifying
cases of official infanticide in recent memory after family planners drowned
a healthy baby in front of its parents… She [the baby's mother] was forcibly
injected with a saline solution to induce labor and kill the child. However,
the baby was born healthy, to the surprise of family planning officials
who had ordered the injection, which ordinarily destroys the infant's
nervous system. Immediately after the birth, they ordered the father to
kill the child outside the hospital. He refused to obey but was
so scared of further punishment that he left the crying baby behind in
an office building, where it was found by a doctor shortly afterwards.
The doctor took the baby back to the hospital and reunited it with its
mother and sent the family home. Five officials were waiting for them
in their living room. During the ensuing argument, the officials
grabbed the baby, dragged it out of the house and drowned it in a paddy
field in front of its parents.54
CHINA FORCES WOMEN TO HAVE ABORTIONS VIOLENT MEANS OF POPULATION
AS SOON AS A BABY WAS BORN IN CHINA IT WAS STRANGLED BY OFFICIALS
BIRTH PLANNING BY MURDER
nother important issue to consider when evaluating the Chinese family
planning policy, as implemented in East Turkestan in particular, is the
justifications given by the Chinese government in defending that policy.
The most striking of these is the slogan "Forming a better quality
nation." One often comes across this Darwinist slogan in fascist
regimes, and it is a sign of the implementation of the theory of eugenics
in China, which first came to light in the nineteenth century. The theory
of eugenics means elimination of the sick and handicapped and the "improvement"
of a race by encouraging healthy individuals to multiply. The best known
example was the systematic killing carried out by the Nazis in order to
build the Aryan race. (For details see Harun Yahya's Fascism: The
Bloody Ideology of Darwinism, Arastirma Publishing, Istanbul, 2002).
The way the policy is implemented with regards to Muslims takes on more
serious dimensions when ruthlessness and cruelty are unchecked. From time
to time Chinese families are permitted more than the allowed number of
children (or only very mild punishments are imposed for having larger
families than allowed). Yet Muslims are, under no circumstances, allowed
to have more than one child. Muslim women pregnant with a second child
may be removed from their homes, even during the eighth or ninth month
of pregnancy, and the baby removed. In fact, Chinese units generally move
around from village to village and town to town, loading women about to
have a second child onto trucks. The abortions are carried out under primitive
conditions, and as a result the mothers frequently die.
As a result of this policy, the birth rate in East
Turkestan has declined by some 19 percent over the last nine years.55
Arslan Alptekin, the son of the late leader Isa Yusuf Alptekin, recounts
the stories of two of the hundreds of women who have died after forced
On May 6, 1986, a 29-year-old woman by the
name of Turahan Aysem died from loss of blood after an abortion had been
performed on her. In August, 1997, a woman called Cholpanham
from the Toksu district of East Turkestan was forced to have an
abortion because she was pregnant, and her husband was fined
3,000 yuan … Taken from her home by force, the woman fled the clinic at
the first opportunity, took shelter in a cemetery and gave birth by herself.
She was then taken home by another individual. However, she was detained
again following a tip-off, and the baby was killed by being plunged into
hot water at the police station she was taken to. Unable to bear
the agony of that, the mother also died.56
One official from East Turkestan who did not want to
identified said that, in a town of 200,000 people, some 35,000 pregnant
women were subjected to government "checks", and 686 were obliged to have
abortions. 993 women were forced to discontinue their pregnancies, and
10,708 women were forced to undergo sterilization. Again, according to
the same official, in another town of 180,000 people only about 1,000
women were allowed to give birth (one woman out of every 35). At the same
time, 40 people were sacked from their jobs because their wives were pregnant.57
Similar examples of such brutal family planning methods have been employed
by dictators and despots in order to impose their own ideologies and secure
their own regimes. One such was Pharaoh, who has gone down in history
for the suffering he inflicted on a people who refused to abide by his
false man-made religion, but had faith in God. Just like the atheist leaders
in Red China, Pharaoh tried to prevent the number of believers growing
and the weakening of his own authority over them by oppressing them and
killing their children. This is described in the Qur'an:
Pharaoh exalted himself arrogantly in the land and divided
its people into camps, oppressing one group of them by slaughtering their
sons and letting their women live. He was one of the corrupters. (Qur'an,
However, God punished Pharaoh for his brutality, causing him to die in
a manner that served as a lesson to all. There is no doubt that those
who share a similar mindset to Pharaoh and refuse to abandon their own
cruel ways will meet a similar fate to those who have gone before them.
CHINESE FAMILIES WHO KILL THEIR
CHILDREN JUST BECAUSE THEY ARE GIRLS
Ever since the communists took power in China, the
strict measures they have taken against religious teaching and religious
life have led the Chinese people to undergo a material and spiritual
collapse. The resemblance between this state of affairs in which
human beings are regarded as a group of animals (and as a result
violence is seen as something completely normal) and the atheist
societies described in the Qur'an is most striking. One of these
similarities is the way that people who have female babies kill
them because of the low esteem in which their society holds daughters.
This brutal practice is described in the Qur'an as a feature of
ignorant societies, and is widespread today in China, a country
that has rejected belief in God.
When compulsory family planning policies are combined
with China's anti-religious customs, the result is that a great
many families killing their baby daughters. Chinese families are
legally allowed only one child, and if their first baby is a girl,
they frequently leave the child to die. The reason is because, according
to Chinese custom, male children are more valuable, and if their
first child is a girl, they will be unable to have a son. As a result
families kill the daughter to prevent this from happening. It is
estimated that some 1 million baby girls are abandoned to die in
China every year. 1
LIFE UNDER THE CHINESE BOOT
Families with more than one child
abandon their offspring out of fear of "oppression and
HUMANITY SEEMS TO HAVE DIED
Photographs published in the German
magazine Stern make one wonder whether "Humanity is Dead."
A dead baby lies in the street, and life goes on as if
nothing had happened!
In the Qur'an, however, it is stated that everyone,
male and female, is equal in the sight of God. God has revealed
that the only measure of superiority between people lies in godliness,
avoiding all sin and disobedience that might harm people in the
hereafter and lead to eternal torment:
Mankind! We created you from a male and female, and
made you into peoples and tribes so that you might come to know
each other. The noblest among you in God's sight is the best in
conduct. God is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Qur'an, 49:13)
It is morality, not the gender of children, that matters
to a believer. In societies that do not recognize God, however,
that have no fear of Him, nor belief in the hereafter, terrible
crimes such as killing baby girls just because they are female can
easily take place, and with the passage of time can even turn into
a custom. However, discriminating between male and female children
is fiercely condemned in the Qur'an, and God has described the situation
of those families that do so:
When one of them is given the good news of
a baby girl, his face darkens and he is furious. He hides away from
people because of the evil of the good news he has been given. Should
he keep her ignominiously or bury her in the earth? What an evil
judgment they make! Those who do not believe in the hereafter have
an evil likeness. God's is the Highest Likeness. He is the Almighty,
the All-Wise. (Qur'an, 16:58-60)
1. Yeni Binyil (Turkish Daily), August 25,
CHINESE MIGRATION TO EAST TURKESTAN
One of the assimilation policies implemented by China in East Turkestan
is the systematic, organized migration of Chinese people to the region.
This is actually the final stage of China's great plan for East Turkestan.
After Muslims of East Turkestan are arrested, killed, sent to labor camps
and forced to leave their land and, by encouraging Chinese settlement,
they gradually reduce the local Muslims population. In this way, the Muslims
who now represent the majority in East Turkestan will be systematically
reduced in numbers, and will eventually have no claim to their own land.
When Mao seized power in China, Uighur Turks made up 93 percent of the
population of East Turkestan, and Chinese only 6-7 percent. Over the 50
years that followed, the Chinese population has risen to 42 percent. It
is estimated there are now more than 6 million Chinese in East Turkestan,
whereas 50 years ago there had been fewer than 300,000. Policies, such
as improving agriculture and protecting migrants, were brought in at the
beginning of the 1950s to support the Chinese settlers in East Turkestan.
The rise in ethnic tensions in the region at the beginning of the 1980s
was accompanied by a relaxing in official policies in support of Chinese
migration. That did not mean, however, that the government had abandoned
its aim of turning the region into a Chinese province. This time, the
Chinese element of the population was raised, thanks to the number of
qualified personnel moved in to man the factories installed to serve the
Chinese economy in East Turkestan.
China's policy of eroding the Muslim Turkish presence had the effect
of making Muslims second class citizens in their own land in the face
of the Chinese settlers. The settlers who poured into the country were
placed in the most productive areas, and the local people were forced
to move into arid ones. The Chinese are able to enjoy all political,
economic, technological and social benefits, while the Muslims have grown
ever poorer. The difference in the living standards of the local
Muslims and the Chinese settlers is described by Arslan Alptekin:
The Turks are made to do the very hardest jobs for
subsistence wages, while the Chinese migrants are given special political
and economic privileges. The Muslim people live in rural areas or in shanty
towns, while special settlement areas with full infrastructure have been
built for the Chinese migrants. Social inequality is weighted against
the Turkish people from all points of view.58
China's attempts to increase the number of Chinese
in East Turkestan were sped up in the 1990s. In order to justify that
increase, the Red Chinese government speaks about various economic investments,
and special projects, most of which have been developed solely with that
in mind. For instance, the October, 1992, edition of the Hong Kong magazine
Trend disclosed a secret program which planned the settlement
of 5 million Chinese in East Turkestan by the year 2000. This figure does
not include the People's Liberation Army units who are permanently stationed
there, qualified Chinese personnel, or convicted Chinese criminals who
have been deliberately sent to the region.59
THE ROLE OF THE BIN TUAN IN EAST TURKESTAN
Following the communist takeover, one of the most important elements
of Mao's Great Leap Forward was the investments made in ethnically differentiated
regions such as East Turkestan. Within the framework of the program, the
Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), known as the Bin tuan,
was set up in the 1950s with the alleged purpose of developing East Turkestan.
The so-called civilian members of that force were supposed to reconstruct
this backward area of China. As a result, ethnic Chinese were brought
in from all parts of the country and began working in the camps that had
been set up.
As the military units that had been brought in to quell the Muslim uprising
against the Chinese administration found they had less to do, the unit
set up to support agricultural development programs was dissolved in 1975.
In 1981, the Bin tuan was reformed under the peculiar name "Xth Agricultural
Division," and is still active today. It consists of some 2.28 million
people, 1 million of whom are workers. Its responsibilities include ruthlessly
suppressing Muslim independence movements, running the laogai
labor camps, and bringing in hundreds of thousands of Chinese criminals
and settling them in East Turkestan.
As many academics have revealed, the Bin tuan's real
purpose is the colonialization of East Turkestan. In his book New
Ghosts Old Ghosts - Prisons and Labor Reform Camps in China,
for instance, James D. Seymour of Columbia University's East Asian Institute
and Richard Anderson provide considerable detail about the Bin tuan, and
unravel the links between the organization and the prisons and labor camps.
Bin tuan is established along the border separating the north and south
of East Turkestan. It has jurisdiction over several million hectares of
land and is largely made up of ethnic Chinese. It is independent of the
Uighur Autonomous Administration and has its own security forces, courts,
and agricultural and industrial enterprises. It also runs a large network
of labor camps and prisons.60
More surprisingly, these so-called "production units" of Red China that
violate human rights are financed by the World Bank. China set out a number
of programs under the Great Leap Forward and secured World Bank support
for them. A number of work areas were to be set up, allegedly to regenerate
East Turkestan and help it to develop, which would both help the economy
and create employment for the local population. Yet, the project actually
developed in a very different way than the paper plan. These work areas
were labor camps to punish China's criminals, principally Muslims. The
revenues obtained went, not to the local economy, but to the central economy.
That was the true face of the Great Leap Forward project backed by the
World Bank. A 1998 report by Dr. Paul George emphasized how Harry Wu described
The World Bank became embroiled in a major controversy
over the XPCC in 1996 when the leading Chinese dissident, Harry Wu, testified
before the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee that
the organization was running 14 forced labour camps, or Laogai, in Xinjiang
under Bank supported development projects. The World Bank loans had been
aimed at helping the Uighurs but, according to testimony from two Uighur
former officials from the XPCC, had actually strengthened government control
over the region and facilitated a crackdown against anti-Chinese dissidents.61
Officials estimate that, in the years that followed, the amount of land
controlled by the Bin tuan actually tripled. That is because an independent
Chinese province was slowly emerging within East Turkestan. Moreover,
China always looked on the organization as one of the basic elements in
ensuring stability in East Turkestan. One important example of this was
the way that, after an uprising in Gulja in 1997, the Bin tuan 4th Unit
was positioned in the region and used to capture and arrest Muslims. Still
today the organization is still performing its role of intimidating Muslims.
The Red Chinese regime sends hundreds of thousands of people convicted
of murder, rape and theft to East Turkestan, but those who have served
their sentences are still not allowed to return to China. The great majority
of these people are settled on land that Muslims have been thrown off.
Such people are known as "reformed farmers," and are allowed to bring
their families to join them, and thus to settle in East Turkestan.
Together with a rise in the numbers of these so-called
reformed farmers, the crime rate in East Turkestan has also risen, particularly
murder, rape, theft and child kidnapping against the Muslim population.
Very seldom are kidnapped children found. The Muslim people fear that
such children are either taken to China and sold, or else killed and their
bodies used in the organ trade. The police, who are again mainly Chinese,
refuse to take Muslims' complaints seriously, and often do little to properly
What we have seen in considerable detail are examples of Darwinist-communist
brutality. Women forced to undergo abortions and being subjected to inhuman
practices, (such as the killing of babies in their cradles under the pretext
of population control) and the use of people as guinea pigs in nuclear
tests (which will be examined in more detail in the later sections of
the book) are all the result of the Darwinist idea that regards people
as animals. Such cruelty is the implementation in a communist state of
the Darwinist suggestion that sees life as a struggle of self interest.
It can only be brought to an end when that dark ideology is wiped off
the face of the earth.
|ISRAEL ARMS THE CHINESE ARMY
When one compares China's actions in East
Turkestan with those of Israel in Palestine, one encounters a number
of similarities, even though the former has a communist form of
government and the latter a capitalist one. Both countries are engaged
upon a campaign of genocide against Muslims. Both states are occupying
lands that belong to Muslims, and the Muslim populations are forced
to live under military, political and economic occupation. Torture,
groundless detentions, massacre and slaughter are some of the commonest
words in both regions. This similarity between China and Israel
has formed the basis of cooperation between them. China obtains
some weapons for its People's Liberation Army from Israel.
The military relationship between China and Israel
began in the first half of the 1970s. Israel first helped the
Chinese army update its old Soviet weapons. After the mid-1980s,
official contact was established between the Chinese and Israeli
ambassadors at the United Nations. This relationship was furthered
under such pretexts as "agricultural cooperation," but what really
kept it on its feet were the arms China secured from Israel.
The considerable quantities of arms sales by Israel
to China were carried out by Israeli businessman Shaul Eisenberg,
who worked for Mossad. After everything had been placed on a firm
footing, secret agreements and delivery were the responsibility
During a visit by Yitzhak Rabin to Beijing in 1993,
cooperation agreements were signed between Israel and China on
nuclear testing and technology. The scale of the military cooperation
between the two countries, which continued to develop further
in the ensuing years, was discussed by the Israeli newspaper Jerusalem
Post in its September 10, 1998, issue:
Israel's got the defense technology. China wants
it. The Chinese seem to value the Jewish mind highly. But what
they clearly want is "technology," and the high-tech weapons systems
Jewish minds in Israel have developed during 50 years of conflict
and several wars… Israel's defense ties with China go back to
the late 1970s, way before diplomatic relations were established
in 1992… Hundreds of skilled Israeli technicians, engineers and
weapons experts began surfacing in China - having reportedly entered
using passports of various countries - and were soon busy at work.
The Sino-Israel partnership only became public knowledge during
a military parade in Beijing, when Western military attaches noticed
that the tanks being displayed were equipped with an Israeli-invented
"thermal fume-extraction sleeve" on the barrels of their cannons.2
At the basis of this rapprochement lies the unease
felt by China at the rise of Islam in East Turkestan or the regions
around it. In the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, it
was reported that the Chinese-Israeli alliance was based on China's
attempts to "neutralize Islamic movements", and that China was
alarmed at the presence of some 20 million Muslims in East Turkestan.3
1. Dan Raviv, Yossi Melman, Every Spice A Prince: The Complete
Story of Israel's Intelligence Community, Boston, Houghton Mifflin
Company, 1991, page 346.
2. Jerusalem Post, Arming the Chinese Dragon, September 10, 1998,
3. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, January, 1994, p.19.
CHINA'S ISRAELI MODEL
One of the projects prepared by China to settle another 5 million Chinese
in East Turkestan was described in the International Herald Tribune.
The report not only discussed the project itself, but also drew attention
to the similarities between the practices in China and Israel. Under the
project, a 14 billion dollar investment was to be made in a region in
which Chinese people had been a minority for hundreds of years (in other
words, East Turkestan), and this would allow the agricultural and underground
resources of the region to be used at full capacity by the Chinese economy.
The project was actually a cunning way of disguising further Chinese
migration into the region. Despite all the investments and advantages
bestowed on Chinese migrants, their numbers had actually dropped. The
Chinese government therefore began to establish Chinese settlements in
exactly the same way that Israel is now doing in Palestinian territory.
In order to make migration seem more attractive to Chinese people facing
hunger and poverty in other regions, a number of economic investments
were planned. The aim was to prevent a return wave of migration back to
China and to tilt the population balance in China's favor.
As we have seen, the plan bore all the signs of Israeli colonialism.
It appears that not only does Israel support China by selling it arms
and providing intelligence, but it also recommends that Red China employ
the same methods of violence and repression (since it believes that these
have been successful) that it used against the Muslims of Palestine. Just
like Israel, Red China has occupied a land that does not belong to it,
and in the same way that Israel constantly builds settlements on Palestinian
lands in the face of protests from the whole world, China also intends
to eliminate the Muslims from the land it has occupied by bringing in
its own settlers.
The left picture from the French magazine
Le Figaro documents the cruelty and torture inflicted on the people
of East Turkestan by the Chinese police.Those who protest against
the Chinese oppression of the people of East Turkestan are brought
before the public and humiliated by Chinese troops. (right) This
is generally followed by torture and death.
The historian Michael Dillon, who teaches modern Chinese history at Britain's
University of Durham, offered the following analysis of the intention
behind this policy of China's in an article of his titled "China Goes
West: Laudable Development? Ethnic Provocation?":
China is embarking on an ambitious project to develop
its vast western regions, for centuries the poorest and least densely
inhabited areas of the country. The overt motivation is an economic one,
specifically the relief of poverty. But the "Go West" (Xibu da
kaifa) project could dramatically alter the ethnic and social balance
of the region and is likely to increase inter-ethnic conflict.63
China's aim is not to bring about economic
development in East Turkestan, but rather to intimidate the local
population by the use of military force.
As Dillon stated, the project is one of modern colonialism,
aimed at increasing ethnic conflict in the region and thus justifying
a policy of oppression against the Muslims of East Turkestan. Under the
guise of economic reconstruction, China is also trying to finance this
project with Western capital. Dillon describes the situation in these
words: In these tense circumstances, economic development can never be
merely a neutral device for the alleviation of poverty. It is a conscious
political tool, designed to stabilize the western regions, which borders
with Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,
India and Pakistan. Stabilization necessitates Chinese government suppression,
by political or military means, of movements demanding autonomy or independence.
The Chinese government is thus caught in a bind. China cannot
attract foreign capital [to] China's West if there is constant danger
of riots, demonstrations and sabotage. 64
The words "economic reconstruction," are actually a tool employed by
China to attract foreign capital into the region. The real aim is to uphold
a system and its component bodies that will allow it to exploit the region
for its own interests. As we saw in the preceding section, China has managed
to take advantage of foreign capital under a number of pretexts, and used
it to oppress the Muslims of East Turkestan and to violate their human
rights in a most ruthless manner. For instance, a similar reconstruction
plan was implemented in Kashgar, and Muslim farmers were forced off their
own lands and obliged to work elsewhere. In fact, every initiative that
Red China has undertaken to pull the wool over the eyes of the West has
resulted in greater oppression of Muslims, a rise in violence, and in
their being forced to give up their land to the Chinese. It is quite obvious
that if this latest Israeli-inspired plan goes ahead it will just mean
greater suffering and difficulties for the local Muslim people.
THE AUTONOMOUS ADMINISTRATION DECEPTION
East Turkestan is today known in political literature as the "Uighur
Autonomous Region of Sinkiang." The concept of "autonomous administration"
means a form of government that answers not to the wishes and instructions
of central administration, but rather to the needs and wishes of the majority
of the population, and is indeed semi-independent. However, the form of
autonomous administration practiced in East Turkestan bears little similarity
to this generally accepted definition. Although Uighur Turks are found
in the various administrative bodies in the region, it is impossible for
them to act in the light of the wishes and needs of the people, because,
although they may be in charge of offices, they actually enjoy little
Any administrator who tries to act in the light of the people's wishes
and needs is often punished by being removed from his post. In the event
of any dispute between a Chinese administrator and an Uighur one, the
East Turkestanian is usually punished.
Communist China's economic encirclement of
East Turkestan has led to the local population living in misery
Autonomous administration, authority, equality between different ethnic
groups, minority rights, and other rights that are protected by law, are
all regularly being violated by Beijing (which prepared the laws). All
authority lies in the hands of the Chinese. The political, economic, supervisory
and military decision-making powers of those ethnic groups that are appointed
to autonomous administration bodies as puppets are all actually under
the control of the Chinese Communist Party. The article "Pekin's Campaign
to Destroy Uighur Culture" by the German writer Ulrich Schmid sets
out the position in these terms:
In other words, the real pattern of power here in China's
most northwesterly province differs vastly from the rosy façade… in China
the real power lies not with the organs of government but with the leadership
of the Communist Party at various levels.65
In a report about East Turkestan, Der Spiegel magazine said
that the area was a Chinese colony rather than having an autonomous administration,
and that Chinese administrators were insensitive to the Muslim Uighur
The Chinese rule in Xinjiang is in every respect a
colonial phenomenon. Although they have lived in this country for decades
none of the Chinese officials speak the local language. They are not interested
in the country where they earn their living. They undermine the local
peoples' customs. In brief, the Chinese officials hate the local people...66
Another indication that East Turkestan is not autonomous, but rather
a colonized country, is the fact that the people under the administration
are not free to travel as they wish in their own land. Despite Article
5 of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
Treaty, the Chinese government restricts freedom of movement in East Turkestan.
People in East Turkestan are not allowed to migrate from one village to
another, or to another province or city at will, but need to obtain permission
first. That is why 90 percent of the East Turkestan population live in
rural areas. Restrictions are imposed on their right to travel abroad.
Even though they may have no record of any kind, most people are not allowed
to go abroad (or even to travel to other regions in China).
The list of similar methods of oppression is long.
Another example is, East Turkestan Muslims are not allowed to go on the
hajj pilgrimage, which is an obligation incumbent on all able Muslims.
When 1,200 Uighurs were ready to go abroad to participate in the hajj
in 1999, their passports were seized by the police, and 122 elderly Uighurs
who objected were detained.67
China's constantly sending Chinese
migrants to East Turkestan results in the Muslim population having
to leave their homes and resettle in rural areas. The Muslims enjoy
very few possibilities, and are able to educate their children under
the most difficult conditions.
ECONOMIC PRESSURE IN EAST TURKESTAN
Despite all its underground wealth and fertile land, East Turkestan is
currently one of the poorest regions in China. This contradiction can
be easier understood by bearing in mind that East Turkestan is a supplier
of raw materials for the Chinese economy. Such underground resources as
uranium, natural gas, oil, and gold are transferred from East Turkestan
to China, and all aspects of the use of these resources are under central
government control. The Muslims of East Turkestan, to whom those resources
actually belong, cannot even find out the production levels, nor what
their share of the profit actually is.
A brief look at the statistics will
suffice to demonstrate the vital importance to China of East Turkestan's
natural resources. In the first quarter of 1989, East Turkestan sent 7.68
million barrels of crude oil, 906 thousand tons of coal, and 444 thousand
tons of raw salt to China.68 In 1993, 10.4 million metric
tons of crude oil were extracted in East Turkestan, yet all the profit
went to China.69 China exploits East Turkestan's resources
for its own economy and citizens, and condemns the Muslim population to
poverty and hunger.
Economic oppression is an important part of the genocide that China is
carrying out in East Turkestan. Most of the East Turkestan population
are today living in poverty, and more than 80 percent subsist below the
minimum dietary threshold. On account of the discriminatory policies that
are also pursued in the field of education, Muslim Uighurs are unable
to educate themselves to find better employment.
All of East Turkestan's natural wealth is exploited by China,
and another factor the local population has to battle with
is hunger and poverty.
Since almost all areas of employment in East Turkestan
are in Chinese hands, the Muslim population is facing a severe
unemployment problem. Yet despite this, the Chinese government
still keeps transferring people from the west of China to work in the
region. In this way the government is not only trying to alter the population
balance in its own favor, but is also trying to maintain control of the
East Turkestan economy. The statistics reveal the scale of China's repressive
policies: Only ten percent of the 200,000 industrial workers around the
capital, Urumchi, are Uighurs, the rest are Chinese. Only 10 percent of
the workers in a textile plant near Urumchi are Uighurs. The number of
Uighurs in one textile plant near Kashgar which employs 12,000 people
is only 800. A tractor factory near Urumchi has 2,100 workers, yet only
13 of these are Uighurs. A new petro-chemical plant was opened in the
city of Poskam in 1986, and all of the 2,200 workers are Chinese.71
The number of Chinese oil companies coming to East
Turkestan in search of oil has grown rapidly since 1989, although almost
all of the 20,000 workers employed in the Tarim Basin alone were selected
from among the Chinese population.72 This discriminatory
policy against the people of East Turkestan has gone so far that Chinese
people who know nothing about the region's history, culture or civilization
have started working there as tourist guides. In this way, China is able
to keep control of the information imparted to those tourists who do visit
the region, and in this way prevent the Muslims of East Turkestan from
having their voices heard.
Muslims who make a living from agriculture have been
made to pay higher taxes under new laws passed by Red China. In some regions,
farmers are made to sell their produce to the state for half the normal
price, whereas higher prices are paid to Chinese farmers. Some lands belonging
to Muslim farmers are compulsorily purchased, and these people are then
obliged to join the ranks of the unemployed and the poor. The unpaid compulsory
service that the Muslims of East Turkestan are compelled to provide also
makes life even harder for the already impoverished farmers. Under this
unjust system, Muslim Uighurs in East Turkestan are forced to work on
the job given them by the Communist Party without pay for a month, or
a month and a half, every year. Yet the Chinese, in flagrant violation
of the period set out in the relevant law, make the local population (and
the farmers in particular) work unpaid for five or six months a year.
The Turkish farmers spend most of their time working like slaves on their
own land, and live in poverty in the midst of great wealth.73
THE MUSLIM POPULATION
IS CONDEMNED TO POVERTY WHILE MANY CHINESE LIVE IN PLENTY
There is a huge difference in living standards in
those areas of East Turkestan inhabited by Chinese settlers and those
where the Uighur Turks form the majority. Urumchi (above), for instance,
the capital, with its large numbers of Chinese, looks just like a
modern city, while Kashgar, with its mainly Muslim population (left)
suffers from lack of infrastructure and poverty caused by the exploitation
of its natural resources. Most of the people have great difficulties
making ends meet, and transportation is by horse and cart over earth
tracks. The basic reason for this is the continuing cruelty inflicted
by the Chinese government on the people of East Turkestan for more
than half a century. The people have had all their economic, political
and legal rights taken away from them, and are forced to live within
the parameters set out for them by the Communist Party. Few Muslims
live in Urumchi, with its luxury hotels, shopping centers, plazas
and motorways, and those who do run small restaurants or work as cleaners
or janitors etc. The people have no right to invest or engage in commerce,
and are therefore restricted to certain kinds of jobs. This shows
that the people of East Turkestan, the cradle of a deep-rooted civilization
which enjoys rich natural resources, are treated as second-class citizens
in their own land.
The Uighur farmers spend most of their time
working like slaves in their own land, and are impoverished
in the midst of plenty.
CHINA'S NUCLEAR TEST FIELD: EAST TURKESTAN
Despite the opposition of a great many international organizations, China
has carried out a number of nuclear tests in the Lop Nor district of East
Turkestan since 1961. These tests lead to major destruction of the natural
environment in the region, and severe damage to its ecological balance
endangering human life, polluting drinking water and food supplies. As
a result, thousands of animals have perished and a large number of people
have died, and there has been a huge increase in the number of babies
born with deformities.
Egitim Bilim Dergisi, 11.00
THE HUMAN TRAGEDY IN EAST TURKESTAN
According to official figures, 210,000 people have been slaughtered
as a result of atom and thermo-nuclear bomb tests. Independent observers
put the figure at 250,000.
EAST TURKESTAN, ANOTHER WORD FOR GENOCIDE
Communist China has slaughtered 210,000 innocent people in nuclear
Although the number of victims of
the nuclear tests in East Turkestan has not been officially revealed,
it is estimated that some 210,000 people have died from radioactive fallout.
Radioactive fallout also gives rise to cancer, and a 10 percent rise in
the number of incidents of cancer has been recorded.74
In a 1993 report, released by the Registry of the People's Hospital of
Urumchi, no more than a handful of fatal incidents of cancer were recorded
in the 1960s, but this has risen to dozens by the 1970s. A later hospital
report stated that new reports of cancer in this hospital number at least
70 a day out of an average 1,500 daily visits.75 Even
worse is the fact that poor medical aid is provided for the region in
which cancer and other diseases caused by radioactive pollution are rife.
With their deeds and great cruelty, Mao and his followers are actually
an example of the mentality that has rejected the existence of God down
the ages. From this point of view, Mao's practices bear similarities to
the polytheists of Mecca who expelled the companions of the Prophet because
of their belief, Nimrod who threw the Prophet Abraham, peace be upon him,
into the flames because he rejected the idols of the community in which
he lived, and Pharaoh who killed the children of the People of Israel
because they refused to accept his divinity and, instead, remained loyal
to the Prophet Moses, peace be upon him.
The common feature of all these God-denying despots was that they regarded
the true religion and those who lived by it as their greatest enemies.
That enmity then turns into terrible anger and hatred, and they try to
turn the believers from the true path by means of unbelievable torture
and oppression. Yet they forget one thing: God is the Lord of all, and
that the victory belongs to God and those who believe in Him. That is
a law of God, and will apply in the same way in the future as it did in
the past. By the will of God, believers will "certainly be given
victory." (Qur'an, 37:172)