Islamic world covers a huge geographic area populated by 1.2 billion Muslims.
Unfortunately, it is characterized by tension, conflict, and disorder,
all of which continue to threaten global peace and prosperity. All attempts
to solve the region's problems have so far failed. But a review of its
history shows that a strong central authority, ruling according to the
Qur'anic morality and tolerance, as well as respecting all people's rights
and belief systems, had enabled this vast region to live in peace. The
Ottoman Empire was the most recent example of this. And now, it is time
to bring about a new Islamic Union, for the current system, based upon
nationalism, materialistic philosophies, and atheism can only worsen the
current situation. Such an Islamic Union would enable the Muslim world
to live in peace, both internally and externally, and allow the entire
world to benefit from its vast natural resources.
One of the first things we notice when analyzing the state of the Islamic
world is its many internal divisions due to deep-rooted distrust and disputes.
Recent history has seen the Iran-Iraq war, Iraq's occupation of Kuwait,
and East Pakistan's (Bangladesh) war of independence from West Pakistan.
The civil wars and internal conflicts in Afghanistan, Yemen, Lebanon,
Iraq and Algeria due to political and ethnic differences made it obvious
that something is wrong with the Islamic world. In addition, very divergent
religious views and models are being practiced in the Islamic world, because
there is no central authority to determine what is and what is not compatible
with Islam, establish consensus, and provide guidance to the general public.
Catholics have the Vatican and Orthodox Christians have the Patriarchate,
but there is no religious unity or central authority for Muslims.
However, solidarity is central to Islam's character. After the death
of our Prophet Mohammed (may God bless him and grant him peace), the Islamic
world was for a long time led by the institution of khilafah, which provided
religious guidance to the Muslims.
In our day, too, a progressive central authority could be formed. Establishing
an Islamic Union and a central Islamic authority, based on democratic
principles and the rule of law, would be major steps forward in resolving
the Islamic world's current problems.
As we progress through this book, we will analyze several aspects of
this proposed Islamic Union, such as its ability to:
Reach all of the Islamic world. Therefore, it must be founded upon Islam's
core principles and not become the organ of a particular denomination
2- Support human rights, democracy, and free enterprise, and seek to
achieve its mission of economic, cultural, and scientific development
in the Islamic world.
3- Establish friendly and harmonious relations with other countries or
civilizations, and cooperate with the global community and the UN on such
issues as controlling weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, international
crime, and the environment.
4- Deal with the minority rights of Christians and Jews, as well as foreigners
who migrate to Islamic countries, consider their safety a priority, and
value interfaith dialogue and cooperation.
5- Seek fair and peaceful solutions whereby both sides make compromises
to end conflicts between the non-Muslims and Muslims in Palestine, Kashmir,
the southern Philippines, and other regions. It must defend the rights
of Muslims as well as prevent radical Islamic movements from driving the
situation to into a dead-end.
Such a rational, considered, and just leadership will benefit the 1.2
billion Muslims who are struggling with so many problems, as well as all
humanity at large. An Islamic Union founded upon Qur'anic principles will
enable humanity to find peace and justice, and the good character prescribed
by the Qur'an will deliver happiness. Since the era of the Prophet Mohammed
(may God bless him and grant him peace), Muslims led the way in science,
reason, thought, art, culture, and civilization, and produced many benefits
Those who desire a conflict between civilizations will cause more
bloodshed and losses around the world. Establishing the Islamic
Union will be the most important handicap before those who advocate
When Europe was in its dark ages, Muslims taught the world science, reasoning,
medicine, art, hygiene, and countless other subjects. In order to restart
the rise of Islam, powered by the Qur'an's light and wisdom, present-day
Muslims have to acquire guidance based on the Qur'an's morality and the
Prophet's (may God bless him and grant him peace) Sunnah (His example,
or way of life).
How can this project be realized? We will investigate this issue as we
proceed. Also, it must be remarked here that out of all Islamic nations,
Turkey in particular has an important role to play, as it is the heir
of the Ottoman Empire, the founder of such an Islamic Union which it ruled
successfully for over 5 centuries. Turkey has the social infrastructure
and state tradition necessary to fulfill the requirements of this important
responsibility. Furthermore, of all Muslim states, it has the best-developed
relations with the West and is therefore ideally placed to mediate the
differences between the West and the Islamic world. Turkey also has a
tradition of tolerance and harmony, and represents the Ahl as-Sunnah belief
as the majority of Muslims believe, rather than a certain sect. All of
this makes Turkey the most qualified candidate for leading the envisaged
Finally, the solutions proposed here need to be implemented immediately,
because the risk of a clash of civilizations between the Western and Islamic
worlds is increasing by the day. Setting up the Islamic Union will cause
this danger to disappear.
History proves that the coexistence of different civilizations is not
necessarily a source of tension and conflict. A multicultural state does
not experience difficulties because of existing internal differences,
but because of its inability to manage those differences. Different cultures
that exist side by side choose either conflict or peace and cooperation,
depending upon their existing levels of tolerance and whether they can
or cannot control those factors leading to intolerance. At present, some
Westerners and Muslims prefer hostility and conflict over tolerance and
harmony. Thus, misunderstandings and prejudices against Islam and the
Muslims continue to present certain difficulties. On the other hand, Westerners
feel unnecessarily threatened because of various misunderstandings. Therefore,
a solution to these problems is needed urgently to avoid even worse conflicts
As this book will reveal, the Islamic Union will play an important role
in preventing the escalating risk of conflict, for all Islamic countries
will move together as one body.