Signs Of Jesus' (Pbuh) Second
11. A Solar Eclipse
As well as the solar explosion mentioned above, the sign that will appear
on the Sun may well be the great solar eclipse that happened on August
11, 1999, the last total solar eclipse of the twentieth century. It was
the first time that so many people had been able to watch and study an
eclipse for so long.
(1) BBC News (August
(2) CNN.com (August, 11, 1999)
(3) Life, October 2000
It is of course no coincidence that so many signs have occurred one
after the other in such a short space of time. These signs are each glad
tidings from God to His faithful servants.
12. A Change of Systems
In this hadith, our Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) foretold
that the Mahdi would come when "time is interrupted." Many scholars interpret
this expression as a "differentiation of time" when a "change of systems"
takes place. What is meant by this "change of systems" may be the collapse
of communism, the governing ideology of many nations, toward the end of
the twentieth century.
One of the major reasons for the bloody wars and massacres that characterized
the twentieth century was the rule of communist ideology, which was a
product of materialist philosophy. This ideology was influential on a
global scale, and many countries were either ruled by the communist regimes
for decades or were the target of communist rings. Communism was the reason
for the cold war, which continued until the 1990s, as well as the most
Apart from attempting to spread their ideology by fighting other countries,
communist regimes oppressed their subjects and killed large numbers of
people through executions, mass massacres, harsh conditions in prison
camps, and food and other scarcities.
killer of approximately 60 million people.
Stalin, the murderer of 40 million people.
Lenin, the communist leader who committed the most cruel massacres.
The world's bipolar system, which began in 1945, ended with
the Soviet Union's collapse. This was also considered the
beginning of a new world order.
According to historians' estimates, communist regimes caused the deaths
of 120 million people during the twentieth century. Most of them were
civilians, not soldiers. Tens of millions of people died because of the
rigid and savage characteristics of communist regimes. Apart from this,
millions of people who were subjected to atrocities fled their native
lands. As a result, they lost all of their possessions and lands, and
lived in constant fear of being arrested for various political or ideological
"crimes" or of being subject to further atrocities.
However, these supposedly powerful and invincible regimes began collapsing
one after the other in the late 1980s. The pulling down of the Berlin
Wall in 1989 was the most distinctive symbol of this collapse. Two years
later, the Soviet Union, the largest and most powerful communist state,
collapsed, and the Eastern Bloc soon followed suit. Other communist regimes
collapsed one after the other. This sudden end of the bi-polar world order
that had existed since the end of the Second World War was totally unexpected.
Now, a new world order is in the process of coming into being. The "change
of system" mentioned in the hadith thus is materializing in our own time.
Today, the last ideological and political remnants of communism are
disappearing and the world is being cleansed of this bloody ideology.
With the spread of Islamic ethics, the atrocities, pain, ignorance, and
poverty finally will be eradicated, and humanity will attain beauty, wealth,
prosperity, and peace. As a manifestation of His forgiveness and grace,
God will offer humanity an end to darkness, war, massacre, and sorrow.
13. A Tribulation of Dust and Smoke
This hadith foretells a dusty, smoky, and dark wave
of tribulation just before the Mahdi's advent. The word "tribulation"
(fitna) implies anything that turns peoples' reason and hearts away from
the true path, or war, incitement, chaos, disorder, and conflict.25
The tribulation mentioned in this hadith will leave behind smoke and dust.
Furthermore, as this tribulation is described as resembling "patches
of dark night," its origins are unclear and it is unexpected. Thus, this
hadith could refer to one of the world's worst terrorist attacks: 9/11,
when New York City and Washington, DC, were attacked. As the whole world
saw, a big, thick cloud of dust and smoke swallowed up the immediate surroundings.
A large cloud of smoke formed after the airplanes exploded after smashing
into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The resulting smoke reached
so high and spread so far that it could be seen throughout the city and
even from neighboring cities. The ensuing collapse of the Twin Towers
caused yet another huge cloud of smoke and dust, which completely enveloped
people in the area.
This incident is very important for several reasons: It is one of the
most serious acts of terror in world history, and it occurred along with
other signs and bears characteristics similar to ones described in the
hadith. Therefore, this act may well be the "tribulation like patches
of dark night" foretold by the hadith as the sign of the Mahdi's emergence.
14. The Emergence of Widespread Slaughter
Most painful situations and grievous sights will be seen. Strife
will go on and on… It will kill mothers, fathers, daughters, men, and
everyone… Among these will be strife, violence, destruction, and looting.
People will ask when it will end, but it will still go on. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 36)
Most hadiths about the Mahdi's advent focus on the prophecy that turmoil,
insecurity, and disorder will rule the world before his coming. Massacre,
war, and conflict are some of the major features of such a period. In
addition, the hadith draws attention to the fact that massacres will occur
all over the world.
During the two world wars of the twentieth century, an estimated 65
million people were killed. The number of civilians slaughtered for political
reasons during the same century is estimated to be well over 180 million.
This is an extraordinarily high figure when compared with those of previous
In fact, wars used to be fought at various fronts by soldiers until
the twentieth century. However, the advancement of weapons technology
and "improved" military strategies in the twentieth century introduced
the concept of all-out war, one in which no distinctions were made between
soldiers and civilians. Such concepts as bombing cities; chemical, biological,
and nuclear weapons; genocide; and concentration camps emerged in the
A photograph taken in a Nazi death camp (Nordhausen, Germany) in
1945 as evidence of the Second World War's savagery.
(Right) This 1945 photograph of Nuremberg,
Germany, reveals the dimensions of the war's massacre and destruction.
Such atrocities still continue, for bloody wars and battles are in full
swing all over the world. Their common feature, as indicated in the hadith
above, is massacre. The use of weapons of mass destruction on the one
hand, and the ideological domination of views that encourage conflict
and bloodshed on the other hand, have caused modern massacres to be very
comprehensive in scope.
A look at recent history reveals many large-scale massacres. For instance,
the Bosnian war went down in history as one that targeted the civilian
population and thus resulted in the murder of thousands of civilians regardless
of gender and age. The mass graves uncovered laterofferred striking evidence
about just how large such massacres were.
Another "ethnic cleansing" campaign has been carried out against the
Palestinian people since the 1940s. This is no more than a long-term policy
of massacre. The exemplary massacres of Sabra and Shatilla, overseen by
Ariel Sharon in 1982, as part of this policy fully expose the exact dimensions
of the drama.
Rwanda, the clashes between Hutus and Tutsis that began
in the 1960s turned into a bout of ethnic cleansing that
killed an estimated 800,000 people and made many more refugees.
(Above left) A Hutu stoned to death by Tutsis. (Above right)
Tutsi soldiers murdered Hutus without discriminiation.
There are also frequent violent conflicts between Africans, in which
thousands of people die. For example, in the spring of 1997, a large-scale
ethnic war broke out between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes, which finally
involved five countries: Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania.
Nearly one million people lost their lives in this war, and tens of thousands
of people had to fight poverty, misery, and contagious diseases in the
jungles. Many of them died. Even children and babies were savagely murdered
just because they were from the "wrong" tribe.
15. The Killing of the Rulers of Damascus and Egypt
This hadith draws attention to the fact that the rulers of Damascus
and Egypt will be killed before the Mahdi comes.
In 1981, Egyptian president Anwar al-Sadat (1970-81)
was assassinated during a military review. Other Egyptian leaders who
have been killed include the prime ministers Boutros Ghali (1910) and
Mahmoud Nukrashy Pasha (1948).
The word "Sham" is not only used for
Damascus, for it also means "left" and has long been used to refer to
those countries to the left of the Hijaz (where the cities of Makka and
Madina stand).26 Many leaders have been
killed in the region, among them former Syrian prime ministers Salah al-Din
Bitar (1920), Droubi Pasha (1921), and Muhsin al-Barazi (1949); King Abdullah
of Jordan (1951); and the Lebanese Phalange leader Bashir Gemayel (1982).27
16. The Killing of Abdullah, the Former King of
Jordan, known as the Hashemite kingdom, was detached from the Ottoman
Empire and came under British control for a period of time. Great Britain
recognized Jordanian independence in 1946, as part of the Treaty of London.
The monarchy was given to Abdullah, head of the principality of Jordan.
King Abdullah was later killed by the British in 1951. Thus the incident
indicated in the hadith came to pass.
Jordan's King Abdullah
was assasinated in 1951 while praying in al-Aqsa Mosque.
17. The Enslavement of the Egyptians
As stated earlier, Sham is the region located on the left part of Hijaz
(where Mecca and Medina are located). Today, Israel is one of the countries
located in this region. Consequently, this hadith may well hint at Israel's
war with Egypt and its occupation of Egyptian lands.
In June 5, 1967,
Israeli tanks were seen near Rafiah, in the Sinai Peninsula.
Israeli battalions started to shoot Golan Heights in June
On October 26, 1956, Israel, with British and French support, attacked
Egypt and began to occupy the Sinai Peninsula. The fighting ended shortly
afterwards, following intervention by the United States and the United
Nations, and a UN peacekeeping force was stationed on the Israeli border.
During the 1967 Six-Day War, the Israel air force attacked some Egyptian
air bases and inflicted severe damage upon the Egyptian air force. Due
to this defeat, the Egyptian air force performed poorly during the battles
that took place after June 5. The Egyptian forces in Sinai withdrew. On
June 5, Israel attacked and occupied the Golan Heights and, by the end
of the war, Israel had captured the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the
West Bank, Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Following a later agreement,
Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula. However, the Gaza Strip and
the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and Jerusalem remain under Israel occupation.
During these wars, many Egyptians were taken as prisoners of war and
many others were killed.
Approximately 100,000 people died in Hiroshima in the immediate
aftermath of the atomic bombing and subsequent months. Three
days after this event, another atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
killed another 40,000 people. While bombs killed people, they
also wiped out a great area of settlement. Those who survived
suffered, as would their offspring, from genetic and physiological
damage due to radiation.
18. The Destruction of Great Cities
When developed places are ruined, then Doomsday is no further
away than the distance between your two fingers. (Muhammad ibn `Abd
al-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha`ah li Ashrat as-Sa`ah, p. 143)
There will be ruins all around the world. Ultimately, Egypt will
also be ruined. But until Basra is destroyed, Egypt will remain secure.
The ruin of Basra will be because of Iraq's destruction. Meanwhile,
the downfall of Egypt will come with the drying up of the Nile ... (Mukhtasar
Tazkirah al-Qurtubi, p. 530)
The ruin of great cities spoken of in this hadith brings to mind the
destruction that now arises from war and natural disasters. In addition
to these, recently developed nuclear weapons, aircraft, bombs, missiles,
and other weapons have caused untold destruction. These weapons have brought
about a level of destruction heretofore unknown. Indeed, the great cities
targeted are most affected by this destruction.
The incomparable destruction of the Second World War is an example of
this. The atom bomb completely destroyed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima
and Nagasaki. As a result of heavy bombing, European capitals and other
important cities were devastated. The Encyclopedia Britannica states that:
The resulting devastation had turned much of
Europe into a Moonscape: cities laid waste or consumed by firestorms,
the countryside charred and blackened, roads pitted with shell holes
or bomb craters, railways out of action, bridges destroyed or truncated,
harbors filled with sunken, listing ships. "Berlin," said General Lucius
D. Clay, the deputy military governor in the U.S. zone of postwar Germany,
"was like a city of the dead."28
In short, this unprecedented level of destruction conforms entirely
to that described in the hadith of the Prophet (may God bless him and
grant him peace).
19. The Rebuilding of Ruined Places
The reconstruction of these ruins is a further sign of the End Times.
As we stated in the previous section, during the twentieth century, many
cities were reduced to rubble and thus had to be rebuilt, among them Berlin,
Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), and Dresden.
In 1995, an earthquake
reduced Kobe to rubble. As the photographs on the right show,
the city was soon reconstructed.
A similar example is the Kobe, a Japanese city devastated
by a powerful earthquake in January 1995. For 30 years, the Japanese government
and universities have invested 1 billion dollars in developing early warning
systems for earthquakes. However, no model can distinguish all types of
tremors. The region of Kobe and Osaka is one of Japan's most prominent
industrial and commercial centers. Thus, the total economic impact of
the Kobe earthquake was immense, amounting to billions of dollars.29
Yet, despite this loss, Japan reconstructed Kobe.
War devastated Dresden in 1946.
(Right) Then Dresten was rebuilt by 1996.
picture above) Tokyo was ruined by an 8.3 magnitude earthquake
in 1923 and flames as an aftermath of intense shock waves.
As the photographs reveal, Tokyo was soon rebuilt.
1906 earthquake in San Francisco killed 3,000 people and burned
a great part of the city.
(Right) A view from of San Francisco today.
20. The Fourth Peace and Arab-Israel Peace Agreement
hadith mentions one of the signs of the Mahdi who will ally with Prophet
Jesus (pbuh) during his tenure on Earth. According to this sign, a fourth
peace agreement will be signed between the Muslims and the non-Muslims,
and this agreement will last for seven years. At the end of this period,
the Mahdi will appear. According to the general conviction, this "fourth
peace-agreement" is the Camp David agreement signed by the U.S., Israel,
and Egypt in 1979. (God knows best.)