Jesus' (Pbuh) Second Coming
doubt, Prophet Jesus (pbuh) will come to Earth. Close to his advent,
some signs and fitna will appear." (Al-Uqayli, An-Najmu's-saqib
fi Bayan Anna'l Mahdi min Awladi Ali b. Abu Talib Ale't-Tamam ve'l Qamal,
As the hadith above reveals, our Prophet (may God bless him and grant
him peace) tells us that some signs will appear before Prophet Jesus'
(pbuh) second coming. In the light of this information, we will dwell
on the signs of this event. As we stated earlier, signs of the Last Day,
which herald the Mahdi's appearance and reveal the approach of the Dajjal's
fitna, also herald the return of Jesus (pbuh). The Qur'an, the Hadith
literature, and the Qur'anic commentaries of Islamic scholars are the
main resources on these subjects. These aside, those Biblical explanations
that agree with the Islamic sources about Jesus' (pbuh) second coming
also provide us with important information.
Despite all of this information, however, some people may raise doubts
about whether these signs refer to our day. To deal with this concern,
the signs that we will refer in the following pages are so obvious and
clear that they leave no room for any doubt. More importantly, in our
day all of these signs have appeared - and continue to appear - one after
the other. Throughout the history of Islam, some of these signs might
have happened to some extent in one particular part of the world or another.
Such a situation, however, does not indicate the nearness of the appearance
of Jesus (pbuh) and Mahdi. For a certain period to be called the End Times,
all of the signs that we will examine in detail must occur in the same
period. Some hadiths on the subject are as follows:
Signs following one another like bits of a necklace, falling one
after the other when its string is cut. (Tirmidhi)
When the community engages in these, signs follow one another.
These signs chase one another, just as fish break out of their net and
escape, chasing one another. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah al-Qurtubi, p. 478)
These hadiths clearly state that the signs of the Last Days will appear
consecutively within the same period of time. Some of the events discussed
in the following pages may well be regarded as ordinary events, and some
people may claim that the conditions prevailing in our day naturally entail
the occurrence of these signs. Indeed, some of these signs may happen
naturally. However, the fact that all these events are described 1400
years ago thoroughly in a way depicting exactly today's social order,
and that they take place in the same period, one following the other,
is an extremely important matter. This is clear evidence that our Prophet
(may God bless him and grant him peace) drew attention to this period
while describing the End Time events.
Examining the Biblical statements and Islamic literature in the light
of the information provided above reveals an astounding fact: The signs
referring to the End Times have begun to appear, one after another, in
the present time, exactly as they are described in these resources. News
about the Last Day portrays an exact picture of our day. No doubt, this
is a miraculous occurrence upon which we must reflect.
The Signs from the Islamic Resources
|"The splitting of the moon," one meaning
of which the Qur'an relates as a sign of the approach of Doomsday,
came true on July 20, 1969, when American astronauts set foot on the
moon and dug the lunar soil. (God knows best.)
1. The Splitting of the Moon
Let's look at "Surat al-Qamar." In English, qamar means moon. In several
instances, this surah relates that the people of Noah, `Ad, Thamud, Lut,
and Pharaoh were destroyed because they ignored the Prophets sent to them.
At the same time, its first verse contains a very important message about
the Last Day.
The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has split. (Surat al-Qamar,
The original Arabic word translated into English as "split" is shaqqa,
which has various meanings. In some Qur'anic commentaries, the meaning
"split" is preferred. However, shaqqa also can mean "plowing" or "digging"
The first meaning is used in the following verse:
We pour down plentiful water, then split the ground into furrows.
Then We make grain grow in it, and grapes and herbs and olives and dates.
(Surah `Abasa, 80:25-29)
Clearly, the meaning of shaqqa here is not to "split," but to "plow"
the ground in order to grow various plants.
Here we see one of the great wonders of the Qur'an. The experiments
carried out on the Moon's surface on July 20, 1969, may be hinting at
the fulfillment of this verse. On that date, American astronauts set foot
on the Moon and, digging up some lunar soil, they carried out scientific
experiments and collected stone and soil samples. It is surely very interesting
that these developments are in complete agreement with this verse.
Exploring the Moon is identified with the slogan: "One small step for
man; one giant leap for mankind." This historic moment in space research
was documented by cameras, and everyone from that time to this has witnessed
it. As Surat al-Qamar 54:1 states, this great event may be a sign of the
Last Day, which would mean that we are living during the End Times. (God
surely knows best.)
Another very important sign is that the numeration (abjad) of a certain
part of Surat al-Qamar 54:1 by alphabetical Arabic letters is 1969, the
year when American astronauts set foot on the moon. (For detailed information
on this numeration technique, refer to the section "The Time of Prophet
Jesus' (pbuh) Second Coming.")
... The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has split.
(Surat ar-Rahman, 54:1)
Hijri (Islamic): 1390, Gregorian (Christian): 1969
We also need to mention that "the splitting of the moon" is one of the
miracles that God granted to our Prophet (may God bless him and grant
him peace). One hadith relates this miracle, as follows:
... This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abdullah
b. Mas`ud [who said]: We were along with God's Messenger (may peace
be upon him) at Mina, when the moon was split in two. One of its parts
was behind the mountain, and the other one was on this side of the mountain.
This is the miracle heralded in the verse. However, as the Qur'an is
applicable to all times, we can assume that this verse also draws our
attention to the exploration of the Moon. (God knows best.)
2. The Iran-Iraq War
The following hadith reveals an important war that will take place in
the End Times:
These three months coincide with the months during which the Iran-Iraq
Tumult in Shawwal …
The first uprising against the Shah took place on 5 Shawwal 1398 (8
September 1976), as indicated by the hadith.
Talks of war in Dhu al-Qa`dah, and
the outbreak of war in Dhu al-Hijjah …
A full-blown war broke out between Iran and Iraq in Dhu al-Hijjah 1400
Bloodiest Clashes of the 7 Years…
IRAN-IRAQ: CHEST TO CHEST (Turkiye, January 22, 1987)
(2) IRAN INVADED IRAQ
(3)The Result of the Iran-Iraq
APPROXIMATELY 2 MILLION DEAD (Turkiye, August 3, 1988)
(4) ONE STEP FORWARD, ONE STEP
BACK; IRAN-IRAQ WAR
(5) Iraqi planes bomb Iran; WAR
Another hadith describes the details of this war as follows:
A nation/tribe will come from the Farsi direction, saying: "You
Arabs! You have been too zealous! If you don't give them their due rights,
nobody will have an alliance with you ... It must be given to them one
day and to you the following day, and mutual promises must be kept ..."
They will be going up Mutekh; Muslims will be coming down to the plain
... Mushrikun [idolaters] will be standing over there on the bank of
a black river [Rakabeh] on the other side. There will be a war between
them. God will deprive both armies of a victory ... (Muhammad ibn `Abd
al-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha`ah li Ashrat as-Sa`ah, p. 179)
Above you see some of the news about Iran-Iraq war.
- Those coming from the Farsi direction: those coming from the Iranian
- Farsi: Iran, Iranian
- Coming down to the plain: Coming down to the Iranian
- Mutekh: Name of a mountain in the region
- Rakabeh: A region where the oil wells are concentrated
"You Arabs! You have been too zealous!
If you don't give them their due rights, nobody will have an alliance
This hadith may draw attention to the outbreak of a racial dispute that
will cause both sides to come down to the (Iranian) plain and wage war.
God will deprive both armies of a victory...
Further, as noted by the hadith, the Iran-Iraq war lasted for 8 years
and, despite the many thousands of casualties, neither side could claim
victory or a decisive superiority.
3. A Great Battle between the Tigris and the Euphrates
Quite likely, this hadith calls attention to the Iran-Iraq war. As mentioned
above, there were many great clashes between these two Muslim countries.
Heavy bombardments reduced villages, towns, and cities to rubble. Women,
elderly people, and children lost their lives. The mass graves uncovered
after the war revealed that the casualties were far higher than anticipated.
|The war between Iran and Iraq, two Muslim
countries, lasted for several years. Apart from great casualties,
both countries suffered great devastation. Pictures from the
4.The Occupation of Afghanistan
There is an indication that Afghanistan will be occupied during the
Last Days. The Russian invasion of Afghanistan took place in 1979 (1400,
according to the Islamic calendar).
… at that place are treasures of God, but these are not
of gold and silver …
In addition, this hadith draws attention to Afghanistan's material riches.
Today, large oil deposits, iron basins, and coal mines that have not been
commercially exploited yet have been detected there.
(1) The Reason of the Long-Yearsâ€™
Wars in Afghanistan: MINERAL WEALTH
The Golden Gate to the Middle AsiaYeni Safak, December 2,
(2)The Soviet army invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and stayed
there until 1988. This photograph shows the Soviet army's
withdrawal. Also shown are the Afghans who fought the Soviets.
(3) BBC News, May 13, 2002
(4) Afghanistan's rich natural gas
reserves are considered for various projects. BBC News covered
this story, drawing attention to the agreements on constructing
a two billion dollar natural gas pipeline.
A Der Spiegel story about the
Soviet invasion states that the Soviet Union is willing
to pursue economic interests in the region, even if it ends
the invasion. At that time, Afghanistan's natural gas reserves
were estimated to be 150 billion cubic metres - a
great incentive, as do its rich coal, lead, zinc, silver,
gold mines, and the world's richest lapis mines.
5. Stopping the Flow of the Euphrates
Stopping and interrupting the flow of the Euphrates is one of the signs
of the Mahdi's emergence, and therefore Jesus' second coming.
Other hadiths reveal important information on this subject:
God's Messenger (may God bless him and grant him peace) said:
"The Hour will not come to pass before the river Euphrates dries up
to unveil the mountain of gold, for which people will fight. Ninety-nine
out of one hundred will die [in the fighting], and every man among them
will say: 'Perhaps I may be the only one to remain alive.' " (Sahih
Bukhari, Sahih Muslim)
The Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) said: "Tthe
Euphrates reveals the treasures within itself. Whoever sees it should
not take anything from it." (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat
al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 28)
It [the Euphrates] will uncover a mountain of gold [under it].
(Sunan Abu Dawud)
Interrupting this river's flow and disclosing its treasure of gold,
both of which are important portents of Prophet Jesus' (pbuh) second coming,
are mentioned in many respected books of hadith.
the first and last time in history, Euphrates will not flow
for 3 days
(2) Keban Dam started to collect water ( Hurriyet, November
(3) The construction of the Keban dam
stopped the flow of the Euphrates.
Let's examine some important statements revealed in the hadiths one by
God's Messenger said: "The Hour will not come to pass before the river
Euphrates dries up and unveils the mountain of gold." (Sahih Muslim)
… the river Euphrates dries up …
As-Suyuti mentions this hadith as "the stopping of water." The Keban
dam, built in 1975, has accomplished this.
… unveils the mountain of gold…
The surrounding land has become as valuable as gold for various reasons,
for the Keban dam has enabled electricity production and higher soil fertility
through irrigation and transport facilities.
The Keban and other dams lining the Euphrates resemble a concrete mountain,
and wealth as valuable as gold comes out of it. Therefore, these dams
take on the properties of "the golden mountain." (God knows best.)
6. Lunar and Solar Eclipses in Ramadan
A lunar eclipse will occur in the first night of the Ramadan. In
the middle of the Ramadan, a solar eclipse will occur. (Muhammad ibn
`Abd al-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha`ah li-Ashrat as-Sa`ah, p. 199)
During his [Mahdi's] reign, on the fourteenth of the Ramadan,
a solar eclipse will occur. On the first of that month, the Moon will
darken... (Imam Rabbani, Letters of Rabbani, p. 380; Letters of Rabbani,
vol. 2, p. 1163)
There will be two solar eclipses in Ramadan before the Mahdi's
advent. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah al-Qurtubi, p. 440)
... The solar eclipse in the middle of the Ramadan, and the lunar
eclipse at the end ... (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi
Akhir az-Zaman, p. 37)
There will be two lunar eclipses in Ramadan... (Ibn Hajar Haythami,
Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 53)
There will be two lunar eclipses in Ramadan before the Mahdi emerges.
(Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha`ah li-Ashrat as-Sa`ah,
The most striking points here are that the solar eclipse will take place
in the middle of the month and two solar and two lunar eclipses will take
place within one month (Ramadan).
According to the first three hadiths above, the lunar eclipse will occur
on the first night of the Ramadan. The fourth hadith says that it will
occur on the last day of this month. Accordingly, the common results of
all these hadiths are the following:
1- There will be solar and lunar eclipses during Ramadan.
2- These will be spaced about 14-15 days apart.
3- The eclipses will be repeated twice.
In line with these calculations, there was a lunar eclipse in 1981 (Hijri
1401) on Ramadan 15 and a solar eclipse on Ramadan 29. There was a "second"
lunar eclipse in 1982 (Hijri 1402) on Ramadan 14 and a solar eclipse on
It is also particularly significant that in that particular instance,
there was a full lunar eclipse in the middle of Ramadan, a most striking
The occurrence of these incidents during the same period coinciding
with the signs of the Mahdi's emergence, and their miraculous recurrence
at the onset of the fifteenth Islamic century for two consecutive years
(1401-02), indicates that they might be the signs foretold by the hadiths.
Moreover, an astoundingly similar series of eclipses occurred in the
years 2002 and 2003.
|ACTUAL ECLIPSE DATE
Hijri 1423 (in the middle of Ramadan)
|November 20, 2002
15 days later
Hijri 1423 (at the end of Ramadan)
| December 4, 2002
Hijri 1424 (in the middle of Ramadan)
|November 9, 2003
15 days later
Hijri 1424 (at the end of Ramadan)
|November 23, 2003
(1) The solar eclipse
on July 31, 1981.
(2) The photograph of the 1981 lunar eclipse published in
the Sky Telescope (July 1999).
(3) The dates of the solar and lunar
eclipses in 1981 and 1982.
(4) Lunar eclipse on November 20, 2002
(5) Lunar eclipse in Ramadan, Vatan, November 8, 2003
(6) Solar Eclipse on December 4, 2003
7. The Rise of a Comet
Before he arrives, a comet will appear in the east, giving out
an illumination. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Alamat
al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 53)
The rise of that star will occur after the eclipse of the Sun
and the Moon. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir
az-Zaman, p. 32)
... A comet appears when kings go on the pilgrimage to Mecca for
travel, the wealthy for commerce, the poor for rest, and the hafiz [reciters]
to show off. (Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha`ah li Ashrat
As referred to by the hadiths;
- In 1986 (Hijri 1406), Halley's Comet passed by Earth.
- The comet is a bright, shining star that travels from east to west.
- This happened after the lunar and solar eclipses of 1981 and 1982
The concurrence of this star's rise with other signs of the Mahdi's
emergence indicates that Halley's Comet is the star pointed to in the
Imam Rabbani provides the following information about this comet:
A tailed star will be born in the east and spread its light. Its
daily direction will be from east to west. (Imam Rabbani, Letters of
Rabbani, vol. 2, p. 1170)
Throughout history, comets have heralded times of very important developments
for Muslims, some of which became milestones in Islamic history. The Companions
of the Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) also narrated some
of these occurrences, as follows:
When this comet first appeared, the people of Prophet Noah (pbuh)
perished, Prophet Abraham (pbuh) was cast into fire, Pharaoh and his
people who fought against Prophet Moses (pbuh) perished, and John [Yahya]
(pbuh) passed away. When you see that comet, take refuge in God from
the evil of fitna. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi
Akhir az-Zaman, p. 32)
Other important occurrences said to have happened with the appearance
of this comet are as follows: Prophet Jesus (pbuh) was born, Our Prophet
(may God bless him and grant him peace) started to receive the first revelation,
the Ottoman Empire emerged, and Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople
newspapers revealed the first photographs of Halley's Comet and
its icy nucleus taken by the Soviet Vega 1 spaceship from a distance
of 5,500 miles away. (Chronicle, March
20, 1986, p.1278)
Some interesting figures about Halley's Comet:
It is interesting that some figures pertaining to the comet are multiples
For example, Halley's Comet appears every 76 years
76 = 19 x 4
This comet was last seen in 1406
(according to the Islamic calendar) 1406 = 19 x 74
The number 74 is also the surah number of the Surat al-Muddaththir,
which refers to the miracle of 19 in the Qur'an. Surat al-Muddaththir
74:30 reveals that 19 is a means of mercy for believers and of fitna for
A last great miracle and sign of Halley's Comet is the appearance of
this comet in 1986 (Hijri 1406) is its nineteenth appearance since 607,
when Prophet Mohammed (may God bless him and grant him peace) was honored
This striking relation of Halley's Comet with the number 19 may indicate
a fitna upon unbelievers and a mercy on believers.
In Surat al-Muddaththir 74:1-2, God commands our Prophet (may God bless
him and grant him peace): "You who are enveloped
in your cloak! Arise and warn." The meaning is clear. Yet, they
may also have a second hidden meaning that refers to the End Times. The
word, "(the one) enveloped in cloak" may well refer to the Mahdi, who
is from our Prophet's (may God bless him and grant him peace) lineage
and whose appearance will be signaled by the rise of Halley's Comet in
1406 of the Islamic era.
8. Storming the Ka`bah and the Subsequent Bloodshed
People make pilgrimage without an imam leading them. Big wars
break out when they come down to Mina, and they are entwined just the
way dogs entwine, and tribes attack each other. This strife is so widespread
that legs are buried in lakes of blood. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan
fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 35)
The phrase "the year in which he will emerge" draws attention to a massacre
that will occur on the date of the Mahdi's emergence. In 1979, a massacre
very like this one occurred during the Ka`bah raid, which took place during
the pilgrimage month at the very beginning of the period during which
the signs of Mahdi's advent appeared - the first day of the Islamic year
1400 (21 November 1979).
The hadiths also mention bloodshed. The killing of 30 people during
the clashes between Saudi soldiers and militants during the raid confirms
the rest of this hadith.
Seven years later, an even bloodier incident happened during the pilgrimage.
In this incident, 402 demonstrating pilgrims were killed. Both the Saudi
soldiers and the Iranian pilgrims committed great sins, for they killed
one another. These bloody incidents have great parallels to the environment
described in the hadiths.
The Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) said:
"There will be a voice in Ramadan, a noise in Shawwal, and war
between the tribes in the month of Dhu al-Qa`dah. Pilgrims will be despoiled.
There will be a war in Mina in which many will die, to such an extent
that so much blood will flow as to leave the stones there in a lake
of blood." (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir
az-Zaman, p. 31)
There will be a voice in Ramadan, and a voice in Shawwal. In Dhu
al-Qa`dah, the tribes will fight one another. In Dhu al-Hijja, pilgrims
will be despoiled. In Muharram, there will be a shout from the sky:
"Take heed. Such a person is of the auspicious ones of the people of
God. Listen to and obey him." (Ramuz al-Ahadith, vol. 2, p. 518, no.5)
There will be rebellion in Shawwal, talk of war in Dhu al-Qa`dah,
and an act of war in Dhu al-Hijja. Pilgrims will be despoiled, and their
blood will flow [over the Ka`bah]. (Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha`ah li Ashrat as-Sa`ah, p. 166)
In the month of Dhu al-Qa`dah, the tribes will wage war, pilgrims
will be kidnapped, and there will be bloody wars. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi,
Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 34)
There come the cries of war in [the month of] Shawwal with the
outbreak of war, massacre, and carnage in [the month of] Dhu al-Hijja.
The pilgrims are plundered in this month, the streets cannot be crossed
because of the blood shed, and religious prohibitions are violated.
Big sins are committed near the Magnificent House [the Ka`bah]. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 37)
Time, December 3, 1979
(2) Saudi Arabiaâ€™s connection with the world has been
cut Violent clashes with Iranian militants
MECCA IS OCCUPIED (Turkiye, November 21, 1979)
(3) Clash in Mecca: 402 Dead (Turkiye, August 2, 1987 )
The Ka`bah attack in
1979 turned into a massacre. It is striking that this massacre
took place at the beginning of the fifteenth Islamic century,
when the End Times' signs appeared one after another. Seven
years after this mass murder, an even bloodier event took
place during the Hajj. These bloody events have evident
parallels with the environment described in the hadiths.
Examining the expressions in the hadiths indicates important events regarding
the same period:
Big sins are committed near the Magnificent House [the
This hadith draws attention to the incidents that will occur near the
Ka`bah. The incidents during 1407 actually took place near the Ka`bah,
and not inside it, unlike the event of 1400. Both incidents happened just
as the hadiths indicated that they would.
It is not a mere coincidence that two such major events as bloodshed
in the Ka`bah and the killing of pilgrims, as reported in the hadiths,
should take place one after the other in the period when all portents
regarding the Mahdi are coming true.
... [There will be] outbreak of war, massacre and carnage
in [the month of] Dhu al-Hijja.
The fact that this war and conflict is discussed together with the killing
of pilgrims shows that these events will take place in the same period
of time. During that same period, the Iran-Iraq war broke out and the
world saw the worst fighting and chaos in the Middle East.
9. Sighting a Flare in the East
In its section on the signs of the Mahdi's emergence, the book Iqd al-Durar
"The emergence of a big flare, which is seen in the east, in the
sky for three nights. Sighting of an extraordinary redness, not as red
as the usual color of the dawn, and its spread over the horizon." (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 32)
"This is a hadith narrated by Abu Ja`far b. Muhammad b. Ali (ra).
When you see a flame rise in the east for three or seven days, then
wait for the emergence of Al-i Muhammad; God will proclaim from the
sky uttering the name of the Mahdi and everybody, whether in the east
or the west, will hear that voice." (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan
fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 32)
"I swear that a flame will engulf you. That flame is presently
in an extinguished state at the valley called Berehut. That flame swallows
up people with terrible pain inside it, burns down and destroys people
and property, and spreads all over the world by flying like a cloud
with the assistance of winds. Its heat at night is much higher than
its daytime temperature. By going as deep as the center of Earth from
above the heads of people, that flame becomes a terrible noise, just
like the lightning between the ground and the sky," he narrated. (Mukhtasar
Tazkirah al-Qurtubi, p. 461)
Here we give a brief explanation of this flame, as follows:
Some people wait for this flame as a sign that comes suddenly and for
no particular reason, that never goes out, and that everyone in the world
can see. Since the trial continues during the occurrence of these signs,
just because people will see them does not mean that they will understand
them. Thus, people will make their decisions by using their intellect,
mind, conscience, and will. If the End Time signs had been narrated in
full detail (e.g., how, when, and where they will occur), everybody would
have to accept them. Thus, no differences of degree would be left among
the people. For this reason, these hadiths have been communicated in a
The sign concerning the flame must be evaluated in this manner. A flame
is the result of an accident and neglect, or of a deliberate action. The
hadith does not say that it must occur as a very strange and extraordinary
sign. What really counts is its occurence in compliance with the properties
of the flame described in the hadiths and the time of its occurrence.
To do this, first we must consider its properties.
In July 1991, after Iraq invaded Kuwait, a huge fire spread throughout
Kuwait and the Persian Gulf as the Iraqis fired Kuwait's oil wells. This
is how this fire was covered in the media:
- The burning oil in Kuwait led to the deaths of
people and animals. According to experts, half a million tons of oil
went up into the atmosphere as smoke. Every day, more than 10,000 tons
of soot, sulfur, carbon-dioxide and large quantities of hydrocarbons
with their carcinogenic properties hang suspended over the Gulf. It
is not just the Gulf but, on its behalf, the world is burning.21
- Two wells that were set alight produced as much
oil as Turkey does in one day, and the smoke from them were even seen
from Saudi Arabia, 55 kilometers away.22
- Hundreds of oil wells set alight in Kuwait are still burning fiercely.
Experts say it will be "exceedingly difficult to put those fires out,"
and it is said that the fires may affect a wide area from Turkey to
India for the next 10 years.
The fire and smoke coming from the wells constantly polluted the atmosphere.
Daytime resembled night in Kuwait. The brown smoke that rose together
with the flames reminded one of the sky as the autumn turns into winter…
It has been stated that it would take at least a century for Kuwait
to be completely habitable again. The smoke that rises with the flames
is visible from miles away, totally blocking out the sky and making
the country unfit to live in. The wealthy are abandoning Kuwait.
According to a statement by Abdullah Dabbagh, director
of the research institute in Dhahran, in the New York Times, 106 species
of fish, 180 species of mollusk, and 450 animal species living in the
region struggled to survive because of the pollution in the Persian
Gulf. It has been stated that smoke rising from 600 oil wells has spread
to neighboring countries, and that smoke containing such carcinogenic
substances as sulfur has turned into acid rain and reduced agricultural
I swear that a fire will enfold you. That fire
is currently lying extinguished in the valley known as Berehut [which
is the name of a valley or a well].. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah al-Qurtubi,
July 1991, Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and its firing the
Kuwaiti oil wells caused great fires in Kuwait and the Persian
Gulf. Upon Saddam's command, soldiers fired Kuwait's oil
The first part of the hadith says that the flame "is presently in an
extinguished state." Given that the flame is the result of burning an
inflammable substance, what waits in an extinguished state is not the
flame itself but rather the material to be burned by the flame. In this
context, this may mean underground oil. Berehut is the name of a well.
This can be considered as an oil well. When the time comes, oil extracted
from these wells will become a fire ready to be burned.
"That flame swallows up people with terrible pain
inside it." That flame is not merely a burning flare, but also
one that deprives people of their lives and possessions, making them miserable
and sorrowful, and contaminating the surrounding environment.
"That flame… burns down and destroys people and
property." That flame causes the death of certain people. In addition,
it burns down property, causing material damage and, by polluting the
surrounding environment, destroys what people need in order to live.
"… spreads all over the world by flying like a
cloud with the assistance of winds." This particular element of
the flame is the smoke that it produces. Thus, this metaphor indicates
that the smoke will reach as high as the clouds and spread in all directions
due to the wind.
"Its heat at night is much higher than its daytime
temperature." In other words, the flame will burn around the clock.
"By going as deep as the center of Earth from above
the heads of people, that flame makes a terrible noise, just like the
thunder between the ground and the sky." Attention is drawn to
the facts that the flame will climb very high into the air and cause a
very strong noise and explosions resembling a thunder.
"… a brand new redness unlike the usual color of
red spreading over the sky…" This part of the hadith points out
that the incident will occur at night, for the flames of a large explosion
occurring at night leads to a very strong illumination. The red illumination
caused by such red flames is very different from the red "dawn" redness
with which people are familiar. Such an illumination at night, which is
very similar to daylight, is an extraordinary phenomenon.
10. A Sign out of the Sun
|A photograph showing the Sun's last phase
after solar explosions in the year 2000.
The Mahdi will not emerge unless the Sun rises as a sign. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi `Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 33)
Another sign of Doomsday is extraordinary solar explosions. During the
twentieth century, a great solar explosion took place and had a great
impact upon the world. The sign referred to in the hadith may well be
this great explosion.