Although all ants may seem alike, they are divided into many different
species based on their lifestyles and physical attributes. These living
beings in fact have approximately 8800 species. Each species also has
special admirable attributes. Now, let us discuss some of these species,
their lifestyles and characteristics.
Leaf Cutter Ants
specific characteristic of the leaf cutter ants also called "atta," is their
habit of transporting the leaf pieces that they cut out on their heads.
The ants hide under leaves that are quite large compared to their own sizes.
These they secure in their closely shut chins. Therefore, the return voyage
of worker ants after a day's work presents a very interesting picture. Anyone
who sees this happening would feel as if the floor of the forest were alive
and walking. In rain forests their actions remove about 15 percent of leaf
production.19 The reason
for their carrying leaf pieces is, of course, not protection from the sun.
Ants do not utilize these leaf pieces as food either. Then, in what way
do they use so many leaves?
It has been discovered that, surprisingly, Attas use
these leaves in fungus culturing. Ants cannot eat the leaves themselves,
because they do not have enzymes in their bodies that could digest the
cellulose in the leaves. Worker ants make a heap of these leaf pieces
after chewing them and insert them into the garden substratum. In these
chambers, they grow fungus on the leaves. This way, they obtain the required
protein from the shoots of the fungus.20
However, when Attas are removed, the garden would normally
begin to deteriorate and would soon be overwhelmed by weed fungi. Then,
how can the Attas, who clean their gardens only before "planting," be
protected against weed fungi? The trick of maintaining a pure fungus culture
without constant weeding seems to depend upon the saliva the ants work
into the compost as they chew it up. It is thought that the saliva contains
an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of undesirable fungi. It probably
contains a growth-promoter for the right fungus, too.21
What one has to ponder upon is the following: How have these ants learned
to cultivate fungus? Is it possible that one day one of the ants took
a leaf in its mouth by coincidence and chewed it, and then again by chance,
it placed this liquid that had become porridge-like on a dry leaf floor
which, by sheer coincidence is a totally appropriate place, and other
ants brought pieces of fungus and planted them there and, finally, the
ants which had anticipated that some sort of food that they could eat
would grow there, started cleaning the garden, throwing out unnecessary
material, and harvesting? And then they went over and conveyed this process
to the whole colony one by one? Also, why would they have carried all
those leaves to their nests although they could not eat them?
Furthermore, how could these ants have created the saliva that they use
while chewing the leaves for the production of fungi? Even it is thought
that they may form this saliva, one way or the other, with what information
could they produce an antibiotic in their saliva which prevents the formation
of weed fungi? Does it not require having a significant knowledge of chemistry
to achieve such a process? Even if they did have such knowledge - which
is impossible- how could they apply it and get their saliva to have this
antibiotic substance characteristic?
When one thinks about how ants could realize such a miraculous event,
hundreds of similar questions come up to none of which there are any answers.
On the other hand, if a single explanatory answer could be given, all
these questions would have been answered. Ants have been designed and
programmed to achieve the job they are performing. The observed event
is sufficient to prove that ants are born or rather caused to be born
knowing farming. Such complex behavioural patterns are not phenomena which
may develop in stages and with time. They are the work of a comprehensive
knowledge and a supreme intellect. Thus the claims by evolutionists that
beneficial behaviour is selected in time and the required organs develop
through mutations seem totally illogical. It is, of course, no one other
than Allah who gives this knowledge to the ants from day one, and Who
creates them with all these astonishing features. It is Allah who is the
"Creator" (Sani). The features of the Atta ants we mention above set forth
a picture we shall face frequently all throughout this book. We are talking
about a living being without the ability to think, but which nevertheless
achieves a great task displaying a tremendous intellect. This is hard
for man to conceive of.
the nest, slightly smaller workers chop leaves into bits.
next caste chews these bits into pulp and fertilizes with deposits
of enzyme-rich fecal fluid.
ants apply the fertile leaf paste over a base of dried leaves
in new chambers.
caste hauls in bits of fungus from older chambers and plants
it in the leaf paste. Bits of fungus spread on the leaf paste
5) A teeming caste
of dwarfs cleans and weeds the garden, then harvests the fungus
for others to eat.22
Then, what does this all mean?
There is only one answer and it is a simple one: If this animal has no capacity
to think in order to enable it to do what it is doing, then its show of
intellect, in fact, introduces us somebody else's Wisdom. The Creator Who
has caused the ant to exist is letting this animal do things beyond its
capacity to show His existence and superiority in His creation. The ant
acts under Allah's inspiration and the intellect it displays is in fact,
the Wisdom of Allah.
Actually, a similar situation exists in the whole of the animal world.
We meet creatures who display a very superior intellect, although they
have neither an independent mind nor the capacity for judgement. The ant
is one of the most striking of these and like other animals, acts, in
fact, in accordance with the programme it has been given by the Will that
trains it. It reflects the Wisdom and power of Possessor of that Will,
that is, Allah.
Now, let us continue reviewing the superior skills of ants with this
The Attas' Interesting Defence Methods
Above we see an Atta, along with its small-sized guard, carrying
Medium-sized workers of the leaf cutter ant colony spend almost all their
days in carrying leaves. It becomes difficult for them to protect themselves
during this process, because they secure the leaves with the chins that
they use for protecting themselves. Then, if they are not able to protect
themselves, who does?
It has been observed that leaf cutter worker ants walk around with smaller
size workers all the time. At first, it was thought that this was accidental.
Then, the cause for this was researched and the finding, which was the
result of a long analysis, was an astonishing example of cooperation.
Medium-sized ants, given the task of carrying leaves
use an interesting defence system against a hostile type of fly. This
hostile fly has chosen a special place to lay its eggs - the head portion
of each ant. The maggot hatching from the egg would feed on the ant's
head, eventually decapitating the ant. Without their smaller assistants,
the worker ants are defenceless against this fly species that is always
ready to attack. Under normal circumstances, the ants who, with their
scissors like sharp mandibles, are able to chase away the flies trying
to land on them, cannot do this while carrying leaves. Therefore, they
place another ant to defend them, on the leaf that they carry and during
the attack, these small guards fight against the enemy.23
Highways of Attas
The road that Attas use, while carrying the leaves they cut back to home,
seems like a miniature highway. Ants who crawl slowly on it collect all
twigs, small gravel, grass and wild plants and put them to one side. Thus,
they make a clear path for themselves. After a long period of intensive
work, this highway becomes straight and smooth as if built with a special
When carrying the leaves they cut, Attas
clear the road they use of all kinds of twig bits, gravel and
grass remnants. Thus they prepare what amounts to a "highway"
The Atta colony consists of workers the size of a single
grain of sand, soldiers who are many times larger and medium-sized "Marathon
runners". Marathon runners run around to bring leaf pieces to the nest.
These ants are so industrious that, scaled to human dimensions, each worker
runs the equivalent of four-minute mile for 30-some miles (48 km.), with
500 pounds (227 kg.) slung over her shoulders.24
In an Atta nest, fist-sized galleries may be found that
may go 6 metres deep. The miniature workers may move some 40 tons of soil
while digging the many chambers of their huge nests.25
The building of these nests in a few years by ants is comparable in difficulty
and high standard of professionalism to man's construction of the Great
Wall of China.
This is proof that the Attas may not be regarded as ordinary simple creatures.
These ants, who are extremely hard working, are able to achieve complex
tasks that a man would find difficult to do. Indeed, the only Possessor
of might Who could have given them such skills is Allah. To say that they
have acquired all these skills on their own and of their own accord would
Leaf Cutting Technique of Attas
When the ant cuts the leaf with its mandibles, its whole
body vibrates. Scientists have observed that this shaking fixes the leaves,
thus facilitating the cutting. At the same time, the sound serves to attract
other workers-all females-to the site to finish off the leaf.26
The ant rubs two small organs on his belly to produce this vibration that
may be heard as a very slight sound by human beings. This vibration is
sent through the body until reaching the sickle-like mandibles of the
ant. By rapidly oscillating her hind end, this ant cuts out a crescent
of leaf with vibrating mandibles in much the same manner as an electric
This technique facilitates the cutting of the leaf. Yet, it is known
that such vibrations serve another purpose as well. Seeing a leaf-cutting
ant attracts others to the same place because many other plants in the
regions where Attas live are poisonous. The testing of each leaf by an
ant being such a risky procedure, they always go to locations where others
have successfully completed their tasks.
Weaver ants live in the trees building themselves nests out of leaves. By
combining the leaves, they are able to form nests over a few trees, thus
supporting a much larger population.
The stages of building are interesting. First, workers
individually seek locations in the colony territory that are suitable
for expansion. When they find a suitable branch, they disperse over the
leaves of the branch and start pulling in the leaves from the sides. When
an ant succeeds in bending a portion of a leaf, the workers close by also
move towards it and start pulling the leaf together. If the leaf is wider
than the size of the ant, or if it is necessary to pull two leaves together,
the workers make suspension bridges between the points to be joined. Later
on, some of the ants in the chain climb on the backs of the ants beside
them, thus shortening the chain, and the joining of the ends of the leaf
is achieved. When the leaf takes a tent-like shape, some of the ants keep
holding the leaf with their legs and mandibles and others go back to the
old nest and carry specially raised larvae to this region. Workers rub
the larvae back and forth over the joints of the leaf, using them as a
source of silk. With the silk secreted from an opening right below the
mouths of the larvae, the leaves are fastened at the required locations.
That is, the larvae are used as sewing machines.27
The silk glands of these spinning larvae are much larger,
but they may be carried easily because they are smaller in size. The larvae
give all their silk for the needs of the colonies instead of using them
for themselves. Instead of producing silk slowly from their silk glands,
they expel a broad thread of silk, and they do not even try to build their
own cocoons. In the remaining portion of their lives, worker ants will
do everything the larvae have to do for them. As is evident, these larvae
live only as "silk manufacturers".28
How the ants could develop such cooperation has never been explained
by scientists. Another unexplained point is how this behaviour emerged
for the first time during this alleged term of evolution. As with the
wings of the insects, the eyes of the vertebrates and other biological
miracles, how such sophisticated and beneficial faculties developed by
evolving from the first living beings is a phenomenon which cannot be
explained by the basic principles of evolution. It is a dead end for defenders
|| Phases of nest building
by weaver ants... In the first phase, ants pick the right leaves
on the tree they plan to settle in, and combine them by pulling
from two sides. Later on, they bring their silk spinning larvae,
as shown at the bottom, and sew the leaves together by using them
as sewing machines
It would not of course, be logical to say that one day the larvae came
together and said that "some of us have to produce silk to meet the needs
of the whole colony, so let us adjust our weights and silk glands accordingly."
That would not be a very smart theory. We, therefore, have to admit that
larvae have been created knowing what to do. In other words, Allah, Who
created these larvae, shaped them in such a way as is suitable for their
Some of the ants, as mentioned before, are expert "farmers". Among these,
it is possible to list harvester ants, apart from the Attas we talked
The feeding mechanisms of harvester ants are quite sophisticated and
complex as compared to the feeding mechanisms of other types of ants.
These collect seeds and keep them in specially prepared rooms. These seeds,
made up of starch, are used for producing the sugar that will feed the
larvae and other workers. While many ants use the seeds and kernels as
food, only harvester ants have a system based on gathering seeds and processing
Harvester ants carry starchy seeds to special chambers and convert
them into a form to be used in the nourishment of workers.
In the chambers we see in second picture, seeds to be used in
the arid season are stored by harvester ants.
These ants collect the seeds in the growing season
and store them for use in the arid season. In special rooms in the nest,
they sort out the seeds from other objects mistakenly brought back. Some
groups of ants stay in the nest by the hour, chewing the seeds' contents
and thus producing so-called ant bread. The ants were once thought to use
some learned process to convert the seeds' starch into the sugar they eat.
It is now known that the abundant saliva they secrete while chewing accomplishes
The ants we speak of here have not, of course, had any education in chemistry.
Neither can they anticipate that their saliva will transform the seeds
they collect randomly into sugar that they can eat. Yet, the lives of
these ants depend on a series of chemical transformations that they do
not know about and cannot know about. When even men do not know of such
a transformation process taking place in the bodies of the ants – and
they have just learned the details in the last few years – how have the
ants managed to be fed by this method for millenniums?
Many types of ants are fed with the digestive wastes of aphids called
"honey". This substance in fact bears no relation to real honey. However,
the digestive waste of aphids, which have fed on plant sap, is given this
name because it contains a high proportion of sugar. Thus, the workers
of this species, called honey ants, collect honey from aphids, coccidae,
and flowers. The ants' method of collecting honey from the aphid is very
interesting. The ant approaches the aphid and starts shoving its belly.
The aphid gives a drop of digestive waste to the ant. The ant starts shoving
the belly of the aphid more and more to get more honey and sucks the liquid
that comes out. Then how do they utilize this sugared food and what good
is this food for them later on?
is a great division of labour among honey ants in this phase. Some ants
are used as "jars" to keep the nectar collected by other workers!…
In every nest, there is one queen, workers and also
honey carriers. The colonies of these ants are usually located near the
dwarf oak trees the workers can extract nectars from. After the workers
carry the nectar, once having swallowed it, to their nests, they take
it out of their mouths and pour it into the mouths of young workers who
will keep the honey. These workers, nicknamed honeypots, use their own
bodies to store the sweet liquid food the colony often needs to get through
hard times in the desert. They are fed until they swell up to the size
of blueberries. Then they dangle like amber globes from the ceilings of
their chambers until called upon to regurgitate nectar to hungry sisters.30
While attached to this ceiling, they look like a small and translucent
bunch of grapes. If any of them falls down, the workers return it to its
previous position right away. Honey in the honey pots weighs almost 8
times as much as an ant.
winter, or in the arid season, ordinary workers visit the honey pots to
meet their daily food demands. The worker ant places its mouth on to the
"pot's" and the pot exudes a small drop of honey from its store by contracting
its muscles. The workers consume this honey of high nutritional value
as food in adverse seasons.
It is an interesting and awe-inspiring situation for a living being to
reach a weight 8 times its own, having decided to serve as a honey pot,
and to be able to live hanging from its feet without any harm coming to
it. Why have they felt the need to accept such a difficult and dangerous
position? Have they thought about this unique storage technique themselves
and controlled their bodily developments accordingly? Just think, while
a man cannot even control the slightest development in his body, how can
an ant, who does not even have a brain in the real sense, do this on its
As shown in the picture above, honey pots that have been inflated
by storing food look like grapes
Honey ants display behavior that the evolution theory cannot explain.
It is totally illogical to maintain that they have developed the honey
storage method and the organs required for it by chance. In fact, in scientific
sources, we meet many realistic statements on this and similar subjects.
Take, for instance, the explanation of Prof. Etienne Rabaud, Director
of the Institute of Biology of the Paris University:
These examples (for instance honey ants) show clearly
that various organs have not been developed for performing certain functions
by the living beings, although their prior existence has sometimes led
to certain acts and tasks to be performed and sometimes not. This shows
that the organs have not developed out of the adaptation by living beings
to life conditions, but life conditions have arisen out of prior existence
of such organs and out of their functions as we have seen. The following
question may be asked as Darwin did: Does the event of clearing, or
weeding out of one who loses the capacity to live, or the adaptation
of organs to new conditions take place in this evolution? We contend
that events have proven that such an evolution, or such a change, has
not occurred. In fact, a totally different phenomenon has taken place.31
These explanations given by Professor Rabaud show
us clearly a conclusion that anyone may arrive at by thinking with his
conscience for just a very short time. A sole Creator Who is the real
source of knowledge and intellect has created all living beings with their
faultless organs and perfect behaviour. This truth has been expressed
in the Qur'an as follows:
He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker, the Giver
of Forms. To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names: Everything in the heavens
and earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the All-Wise. (Surat Al-Hashr:
Wood ants are famous for the hills they build from pine
needles and thin branches on top of their underground nests. The nest
is usually founded around a tree log. The portion of the nest above ground,
made up of twigs, leaf stems, and pine needles, is the roof of the nest.
This roof may reach up to 2 metres in height, it prevents seepage of rain
inside and regulates the temperature of the nest in very hot or very cold
In the picture, a wood ant nest is shown. The height of these nests
built by wood ants from pine needles and twigs may reach approximately
Wood ants, like the others, are also very hard working.
They keep re-decorating their nests continuously. They transfer the original
surface layer to the lower layers in stages and they bring up material
from the lower layers to replace the upper level. An interesting observation
was made of the changes the ants make in the nest. Blue dye was sprayed
on top of the hill of the nest and in four days it was observed that the
top of the hill was again brown. Blue particles were found 8-10 cms below
the surface. Within one month these particles went down to a depth of
40 cm. Subsequently, these blue particles have reached the surface once
Well, do these ants perform this continuous transportation
process just for the sake of doing it? No. Researchers explain why wood
ants engage in this perpetual act as follows: The perpetual motion dries
the humid substances inside at the surface and prevents the formation
of fungi. Otherwise, the ants would have a nest occupied by harmful fungi.
In such a situation there are two possibilities. One is that very long
ago the ants, by their own research, discovered the fact that fungi develop
in a humid environment, (something which man discovered as a result of
long term scientific research) and developed the most rational method
to eliminate this problem! The other possibility is that the conception
and implementation of this perfect process can only be through inspiration
by a supreme intellect. The impossibility of the first case is obvious.
The One Who has inspired the ants to protect themselves from the fungi
and shown them how to do so is, of course, the Almighty Allah.
Different Reproduction Methods of Wood Ants
The males and queens of wood ants are winged. However, they do not fly
by a nuptial flight as other small ant species do. Mating is realized
on the surface of the nest or some place nearby. After mating, the queen
picks off its wings and does one of the following three things:
(1) She returns to the nest where she has previously lived as a larva
and leaves her eggs there.
(2) Sometimes she leaves the nest with workers carrying her and looks
for a new place to build a nest.
(3) If she leaves on her own, she enters the nest of
smaller related species, like the black ant Formica Fusca, and
replaces the queen there. The queen leaves her eggs to be looked after
by the Fusca workers in there. For a while there are both guest
workers and host workers in the nest. However, since the hosts do not
have a queen, after a while the workers die and the wood queens acquire
an established nest without doing anything.33
Wood ants are very well armed for war. When faced
with danger, the wood ant bends the lower part of its abdomen from
between its legs and squirts formic acid on its enemy. Or, during
fighting, it bites the enemy with its pointed chin and injects acid
in the wound. With these features, the animal acts like a chemical
Its producing formic acid in its body without giving
any harm to itself and its managing to use it in the best way are,
no doubt, indications of a flawless design.
In the tactics of queen wood ants discussed in section 3, a clear consciousness
is observed. However, it is obvious that such consciousness may not belong
to the ant itself. The queen ant has never seen any place other than the
few square metres within her nest. She goes inside a colony which she
has never seen or has not known of before, and knows who she should eliminate
in that colony. She achieves this by overcoming all obstacles. All these
factors prove beyond doubt that the queen ant is acting under inspiration.
The above mentioned phenomena are clear proof of the power and sovereignty
of Allah over all living creatures.
One of the most feared animals of the forests is the legionary ant.
The reason for the name "army" being given to this ant community is their
acting under a true military discipline.
Legionary ants who have formed a temporary nest by hanging on to
each other with their feet
Legionary ants are carnivores and they eat up everything in sight. Each
ant is 6 to 12 millimetres long, but their incredible number and discipline
make up for the disadvantage of their small size.
Direct sunlight may kill the legionary
ants in a short time. Therefore they travel either at night or in the
shade. Due to their sensitivity to light, they dig long tunnels while
advancing. Most of the ants run in these tunnels without going outside.
This does not decrease their speed, because they can dig the tunnels very
fast with their strong mandibles. Thus, running is both fast and secret.
Legionaries move as very large armies, going over all obstructions except
fire and water, although they are totally blind.34
Legionary ants tear their prey apart
where they find it and carry small pieces of it to their temporary nests.
Quite a lot of food is needed for a legionary ant colony. The approximate
daily need of a medium size colony, consisting of 80,000 adult ants and 30,000
larvae, is about half a gallon (2.27 litres) of animal product food.35
Since legionary ants do not have a fixed nest, they
are always moving. The movements and migrations of the colonies depend
on the production cycle. The queen produces approximately 25-35,000 eggs
during two days each month. A few days before the laying of the eggs,
the colony halts and gathers in a wide area. The ants hang on to each
other by their hook shaped legs and form a temporary nest. The empty space
in the middle acts as a chamber ready for the queen and the new generation.
Here, naturally, the legs and joints of the ants at the very top are subject
to excessive loading. Yet, since they are built to endure weights several
hundred times more than their own weights, they can hold the whole colony
without much problem.36
||Chained together, army ants create
a living nest. On the move at all times, a colony of army ants can
make no permanent home on the grounds or in trees. But each night
the workers join together to create shelters out of their own bodies.
First, several ants choose an object near the ground, like a log,
and dangle from it with their claws interlocked. Other ants arrive,
run down the strands, and fasten on until strands become ropes that
fuse into a mass a meter across called a bivouac; home is the entire
colony of 200,000 to 750,000 individuals. At the center rests the
queen and her brood. In the morning ants begin to disentangle to
go out and raid.
To hunt most efficiently, the ants time their movements
to the needs of a developing brood, alternating between sedentary and nomadic
phases. During the resting period of about 20 days, the fat, immobile queen
produces 50,000 to 100,000 eggs while other offspring lie in the quiescent
pupal stage. On most days, workers, foraging only for themselves and the
queen, make short raids from the nest in a rosette pattern. On each raid
they vary their direction by an average of 123 degrees, thus avoiding recombing
the same ground.37
Ants can unerringly calculate the 123° by themselves, something which
man cannot calculate without an instrument. This would appear to indicate
a thorough knowledge of mathematics. Yet ants do not know math, they cannot
even count. So this shows that what they do is done by special inspiration,
and not consciously.
When the first larvae hatch, workers collect food and, in the meantime,
the community stays stationary. Pieces of food are fed directly to the
larvae. The queen's being ready for laying again usually coincides with
earlier larvae's transition into the pupa stage. In this stage, the community
stops once again. The coinciding of the laying of eggs by the queen and
the larvae going into the pupa stage indicates a conscious planning since
it decreases the time for which the army stops.
The development of larvae prompts the older ants to
start a new migration cycle. This is how it works: larvae give out a secretion
when they are licked and cleaned by the workers. Research has shown that
this fluid is effective in the decision to migrate.38
It would be a weakness of logic to claim that larvae which have not even
gained the identity of an ant yet, have thought of secreting such a fluid
and have directed the whole colony towards fulfilling their needs. The
only thing that a smart observer can spot is the existence of a supreme
Creator and His information and sovereignty that are all around us.
Velvet ants, which lead their lives in deserts, have excessively hairy
bodies. Their natural coat serves as a heat-isolating layer. It preserves
the heat in during the cold nights of the desert, and protects them from
the heat during the day. Male velvet ants, because of their wings, are
able to avoid the heat of the sand by flying. Yet female velvet ants have
to walk around on hot sand, because they have no wings. They need this
coat to be protected from the heat coming from ground as well as from
In these pictures two velvet ants of different species are seen.
The common feature of velvet ants is their having a "coat" that
would isolate them from the heat of the environment they inhabit.
Then, what is the explanation for the insect having such a "coat" to protect
it from adverse weather conditions? It is impossible to claim that the animal
has acquired it by adapting to nature as part of the process of evolution,
because this would lead to many questions remaining unanswered: Did the
female velvet ants die due to high temperatures before having such a coat?
If this was the case, how did they wait for generations to have a coat "by
coincidence"? Through what kind of a coincidence did they get this body?
These questions are, of course, without answers, because these insects
could not have obtained their "coats" that protect them from the heat
by the mechanisms evolutionists keep suggesting, because these ants cannot
live without this coat, and they have no time to wait for mutations which
occur very seldom - and which are all harmful. It is clear that the animals
have been designed from the outset to withstand the climate they live
Female velvet ants look for any type of insect nest
or bee hive that they can use after leaving their place of mating. When
they do, they go inside the nest. They are equipped to fend off any eviction
attempts and eventually they stay on in the nest, because the velvet ants
have strong arms and a shield which allow them to go inside even bee hives.
Their outer shells are exceptionally thick and hard. Zoologists claim
that they have difficulty in piercing the chest of the velvet ant with
a steel pin.39
Once inside, the velvet queen ant, which has all kinds
of equipment with which to settle in the bee hives, starts feeding on
the honey stock. Also, it leaves its eggs in the pupa cells of the bees
or their cocoons. The ant larvae that hatch, feed on host pupae and later
on they become pupae also. Bees leave the nest at the end of summer. Velvet
ants spend the winter in this nest as pupae. According to one record,
in a bee nest, there have been found 76 velvet ants and only two bees.40
This example shows how effective and successful the female velvet ant
is in dealing with the female bee. The queen velvet ant, using subtle
tactics, captures the nest from within and gains control of the nest herself.
What can be said here is that the velvet ant knows the bees very well
and, moreover, knows very well how to deceive them, too. Then can
it be anybody other than the Creator of the bee Who inspires her with
the physical characteristics of the bee, its life style and nest structure?
The only logical explanation is the acceptance of the existence of a sole
Creator Who has created ants, bees and, in fact, all living beings.
Fire ants are red insects of diminutive size. Yet they
can achieve great things in spite of their smallness. The queens of these
ants, which have 20 varieties in America alone, may produce as many as
5,000 eggs a day. While many ant species colonies have a few hundred workers,
the colonies of this species have about half a million workers. A single
mated fire ant queen can produce a colony of 240,000 workers.41
Fire ant workers very aggressively attack their prey with poisonous needles.
It has been recorded that young fire ants have injured or even killed
reptiles or baby deer. Also these aggressive ants may cause power failures
by tearing up electricity cables. For a while they invaded South America
and caused frightening damage. The journals and magazines of that year
tell us that these ants have chewed through electrical cables and caused
power cuts; they have caused damage to crops worth billions of dollars;
they have caused motorways to collapse and have stung people, causing
allergic shocks that have rendered them helpless. They have done all this
with their powerful mandibles, even digging tunnels under roads causing
motorways, roads to collapse and also causing other kinds of havoc in
Protection from Germs
American experts have tried various methods to prevent the above-mentioned
damage done by fire ants. They considered spreading a contagious disease
inside the colony by injecting germs into the flies the ants eat. Yet,
astonishingly, it was seen that such flies with germs in no way hurt the
ants. In the analysis it was found out that the ants have one of the most
interesting defence systems in the world of living beings: a structure
in their throats which protect them from germs… Because of this structure,
the bacteria in anything that the ants eat were held at the throat without
entering into the body.
But we have not come to the end of the protection systems
of the fire ants that are the product of a superior intellect. They also
spurt an anti-microbial fluid produced in their venom sacs around the
nest and on the larvae. Thus, they achieve total disinfection of the nest
and the larvae.42
These ants, equipped as they are with an extraordinary defence system,
are certainly not aware of it. Can any person with a conscience claim
that such a system has evolved by chance? Neither may it be claimed that
the ants have founded such a system on their own. Then who is it that
placed this filter in the throats of the ants, and who inspired them to
produce an anti-microbial fluid? Without doubt, the Creator of such characteristics
as man, ants and random luck cannot produce is Allah, Who is All-Knowing.
Hard Working Ants
The defense specialist fire ants are also highly skilled and hard working.
They may build hills 30 cm high and 60 cm wide, or they can dig labyrinthine
tunnels that can go 1.5 m deep under ground. In certain areas, fire ants
have built small hills numbering up to 350. The capacity of such small
beings to set up such huge nests, of course, depends on their industriousness.
Then what is the power that makes the ants one of the most industrious
living beings in the world? It is truly astonishing that they work all
day long without stopping or resting, and build nests dispersed over vast
areas. Not a single one says, "I worked too hard today, let me rest a
bit," or "I don't want to work today. Let me sit in a corner." This is
a subject that must be carefully considered. It must not be forgotten
that there are times when human beings give in to exhaustion, even when
they know they have to conclude a task, and there are times when they
do not apply their will, because they are tired or they feel lazy. Yet
ants display great effort and the will to bring any job they start to
fruition. He Who gives the ants this will and resolve, that is even stronger
than that of man's, is of course the sole master of all beings – Allah.
Master Of Tactic Who Can Penetrate Defence Systems
The most frightening enemy of fire ants is Solenopsis
Davgeri, which is a parasitic ant species. This living being which
can penetrate their multi-leveled defence system, which even man has difficulty
in understanding, is yet another ant species. It is not known how this
parasite ant can "seep into" the nest of the fire ant. Yet once it is
in, the parasite ant immediately attacks the queen and clamps on to her
antenna, legs or thorax. While the worker ants normally have to destroy
any aggressor, why they do nothing against this particular creature seems
hard to explain. Yet there is a simple answer. In itself attaching to
her throat, the parasite mimics the queen's pheromones. Subsequently,
the workers devote their efforts to feeding the parasites, half a dozen
of which might yoke the queen, because they think that this parasite imitating
her pheromones, is their queen. Their queen on the other hand starves
to death in full view of the workers who serve her.43
It is impossible to live in burning sand at 150°F for
many living beings including man. Yet there are ants who can continue
to live at this temperature. Well, how can Namib Ocymyrmex, which is a
medium-sized, long-legged, black desert ant live in such intense heat?
A typical day in the desert does not start at a certain time for Namib
ants. What starts the day is the standard sand surface temperature having
reached 30 degrees. Right at this point the ants start getting out of
their underground nests to look for food. Since their bodies are very
cold, they cannot move straight and they walk with a wobble. Yet when
the temperature increases, more ants come out and they start moving straighter
and faster. The temperature where the in-out traffic of the nest is highest
is 52.2 degrees. When the temperature goes above this point, the movement
goes on, but as it reaches 67.8 degrees, the traffic stops. This temperature
is reached about one hour before noon. As the temperature starts falling
in the afternoon, the food search starts again and continues until the
surface temperature drops to 30 degrees.
These ants may look for food for about six days away from the nest without
becoming a prey to any animals. During this time they carry food home
weighing 15-20 times their own weight.
Ants, who find it impossible to return to the nest when the temperature
in the desert becomes impossibly high, use quite an interesting method
for protection from heat. The air temperature decreases as one rises above
the sand. For instance, while the temperature of the sand is 67.8 degrees,
a little above it, the air temperature is 55 degrees. Therefore, when
the sand surface temperature is above 52.2 degrees, ants climb on to objects
like plants and stay there for a while to cool. The temperature of the
small body of the ant soon falls to the ambient temperature. In tree trunks,
the temperature varies between 30 and 38.3 degrees. These cooling breaks
make it possible for the ant to look for food in burning heat, albeit
In high temperatures, if the ant cannot find a cool place within a few
seconds, it is going to die from heat. In fact, in sand temperatures of
over 52.2 degrees, they take such a risk every time they leave their nests.
Then how have desert ants escaped this inevitable end? Since they do not
measure the temperature with a thermometre, we can safely say that they
came into existence knowing what to do at what temperature – and knowing
these things from the very first time they left the nest.
Yes, the desert ant has been created and equipped with special features
to live in the desert. Allah, Who has created a sharp mandible for leaf
cutter ants has inspired in the desert ants the knowledge of how to protect
19 National Geographic, July
1995, p. 100.
20 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
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21 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p. 164.
22 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
23 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 100.
24 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
25 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 100.
26 National Geographic, July 1995, p. 104.
27 Harun Yahya, For Men of Understanding, Ta-Ha Publishers, 1999,
28 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
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29 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p.
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31 Bilim ve Teknik Dergisi (Journal of Science and Technics), June
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32 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 813.
33 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, The Ants, Harvard University
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34 The Insects, Peter Farb and the Editors of Time-Life Books, p.
35 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
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36 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 797.
37 National Geographic, June 1984, p. 801.
38 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
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39 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
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40 Encyclopaedia of Animals, Maurice-Robert Burton, C.P.B.C Publishing
41 New Scientist, November 4, 1995, p. 29.
42 Bert Hölldobler-Edward O.Wilson, Journey to The Ants, Harvard
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43 Science, Vol.263, 18 March 1994.