ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(such)
spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger. So fear Allah,
and keep straight the relations between yourselves: Obey Allah and
His Messenger, if ye do believe."
2. For, Believers are
those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a tremor in their hearts,
and when they hear His signs rehearsed, find their faith strengthened,
and put (all) their trust in their Lord;
3. Who establish regular
prayers and spend (freely) out of the gifts We have given them for
4. Such in truth are
the believers: they have grades of dignity with their Lord, and
forgiveness, and generous sustenance:
5. Just as thy Lord ordered
thee out of thy house in truth, even though a party among the Believers
6. Disputing with thee
concerning the truth after it was made manifest, as if they were
being driven to death and they (actually) saw it.
7. Behold! Allah promised
you one of the two (enemy) parties, that it should be yours: Ye
wished that the one unarmed should be yours, but Allah willed to
justify the Truth according to His words and to cut off the roots
of the Unbelievers;-
8. That He might justify
Truth and prove Falsehood false, distasteful though it be to those
9. Remember ye implored
the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you: "I will assist
you with a thousand of the angels, ranks on ranks."
10. Allah made it but
a message of hope, and an assurance to your hearts: (in any case)
there is no help except from Allah. and Allah is Exalted in Power,
11. Remember He covered
you with a sort of drowsiness, to give you calm as from Himself,
and he caused rain to descend on you from heaven, to clean you therewith,
to remove from you the stain of Satan, to strengthen your hearts,
and to plant your feet firmly therewith.
12. Remember thy Lord
inspired the angels (with the message): "I am with you: give firmness
to the Believers: I will instil terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers:
smite ye above their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them."
13. This because they
contended against Allah and His Messenger. If any contend against
Allah and His Messenger, Allah is strict in punishment.
14. Thus (will it be
said): "Taste ye then of the (punishment): for those who resist
Allah, is the penalty of the Fire."
15. O ye who believe!
when ye meet the Unbelievers in hostile array, never turn your backs
16. If any do turn his
back to them on such a day - unless it be in a stratagem of war,
or to retreat to a troop (of his own)- he draws on himself the wrath
of Allah, and his abode is Hell,- an evil refuge (indeed)!
17. It is not ye who
slew them; it was Allah. when thou threwest (a handful of dust),
it was not thy act, but Allah.s: in order that He might test the
Believers by a gracious trial from Himself: for Allah is He Who
heareth and knoweth (all things).
18. That, and also because
Allah is He Who makes feeble the plans and stratagem of the Unbelievers.
19. (O Unbelievers!)
if ye prayed for victory and judgment, now hath the judgment come
to you: if ye desist (from wrong), it will be best for you: if ye
return (to the attack), so shall We. Not the least good will your
forces be to you even if they were multiplied: for verily Allah
is with those who believe!
20. O ye who believe!
Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when ye
hear (him speak).
21. Nor be like those
who say, "We hear," but listen not:
22. For the worst of
beasts in the sight of Allah are the deaf and the dumb,- those who
23. If Allah had found
in them any good. He would indeed have made them listen: (As it
is), if He had made them listen, they would but have turned back
and declined (Faith).
24. O ye who believe!
give your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calleth you
to that which will give you life; and know that Allah cometh in
between a man and his heart, and that it is He to Whom ye shall
(all) be gathered.
25. And fear tumult
or oppression, which affecteth not in particular (only) those of
you who do wrong: and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
26. Call to mind when
ye were a small (band), despised through the land, and afraid that
men might despoil and kidnap you; But He provided a safe asylum
for you, strengthened you with His aid, and gave you Good things
for sustenance: that ye might be grateful.
27. O ye that believe!
betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate
knowingly things entrusted to you.
28. And know ye that
your possessions and your progeny are but a trial; and that it is
Allah with Whom lies your highest reward.
29. O ye who believe!
if ye fear Allah, He will grant you a criterion (to judge between
right and wrong), remove from you (all) evil (that may afflict)
you, and forgive you: for Allah is the Lord of grace unbounded.
30. Remember how the
Unbelievers plotted against thee, to keep thee in bonds, or slay
thee, or get thee out (of thy home). They plot and plan, and Allah
too plans; but the best of planners is Allah.
31. When Our Signs are
rehearsed to them, they say: "We have heard this (before): if we
wished, we could say (words) like these: these are nothing but tales
of the ancients."
32. Remember how they
said: "O Allah if this is indeed the Truth from Thee, rain down
on us a shower of stones form the sky, or send us a grievous penalty."
33. But Allah was not
going to send them a penalty whilst thou wast amongst them; nor
was He going to send it whilst they could ask for pardon.
34. But what plea have
they that Allah should not punish them, when they keep out (men)
from the sacred Mosque - and they are not its guardians? No men
can be its guardians except the righteous; but most of them do not
35. Their prayer at
the House (of Allah. is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands:
(Its only answer can be), "Taste ye the penalty because ye blasphemed."
36. The Unbelievers
spend their wealth to hinder (man) from the path of Allah, and so
will they continue to spend; but in the end they will have (only)
regrets and sighs; at length they will be overcome: and the Unbelievers
will be gathered together to Hell;-
37. In order that Allah
may separate the impure from the pure, put the impure, one on another,
heap them together, and cast them into Hell. They will be the ones
to have lost.
38. Say to the Unbelievers,
if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven
them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is
already (a matter of warning for them).
39. And fight them on
until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice
and faith in Allah altogether and everywhere; but if they cease,
verily Allah doth see all that they do.
40. If they refuse,
be sure that Allah is your Protector - the best to protect and the
best to help.
41. And know that out
of all the booty that ye may acquire (in war), a fifth share is
assigned to Allah,- and to the Messenger, and to near relatives,
orphans, the needy, and the wayfarer,- if ye do believe in Allah
and in the revelation We sent down to Our servant on the Day of
Testing,- the Day of the meeting of the two forces. For Allah hath
power over all things.
42. Remember ye were
on the hither side of the valley, and they on the farther side,
and the caravan on lower ground than ye. Even if ye had made a mutual
appointment to meet, ye would certainly have failed in the appointment:
But (thus ye met), that Allah might accomplish a matter already
enacted; that those who died might die after a clear Sign (had been
given), and those who lived might live after a Clear Sign (had been
given). And verily Allah is He Who heareth and knoweth (all things).
43. Remember in thy
dream Allah showed them to thee as few: if He had shown them to
thee as many, ye would surely have been discouraged, and ye would
surely have disputed in (your) decision; but Allah saved (you):
for He knoweth well the (secrets) of (all) hearts.
44. And remember when
ye met, He showed them to you as few in your eyes, and He made you
appear as contemptible in their eyes: that Allah might accomplish
a matter already enacted. For to Allah do all questions go back
45. O ye who believe!
When ye meet a force, be firm, and call Allah in remembrance much
(and often); that ye may prosper:
46. And obey Allah and
His Messenger. and fall into no disputes, lest ye lose heart and
your power depart; and be patient and persevering: For Allah is
with those who patiently persevere:
47. And be not like
those who started from their homes insolently and to be seen of
men, and to hinder (men) from the path of Allah. For Allah compasseth
round about all that they do.
48. Remember Satan made
their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them, and said: "No one among
men can overcome you this day, while I am near to you": But when
the two forces came in sight of each other, he turned on his heels,
and said: "Lo! I am clear of you; lo! I see what ye see not; Lo!
I fear Allah. for Allah is strict in punishment."
49. Lo! the hypocrites
say, and those in whose hearts is a disease: "These people,- their
religion has misled them." But if any trust in Allah, behold! Allah
is Exalted in might, Wise.
50. If thou couldst
see, when the angels take the souls of the Unbelievers (at death),
(How) they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): "Taste the
penalty of the blazing Fire-
51. "Because of (the
deeds) which your (own) hands sent forth; for Allah is never unjust
to His servants:
52. "(Deeds) after the
manner of the people of Pharaoh and of those before them: They rejected
the Signs of Allah, and Allah punished them for their crimes: for
Allah is Strong, and Strict in punishment:
53. "Because Allah will
never change the grace which He hath bestowed on a people until
they change what is in their (own) souls: and verily Allah is He
Who heareth and knoweth (all things)."
54. (Deeds) after the
manner of the people of Pharaoh and those before them": They treated
as false the Signs of their Lord: so We destroyed them for their
crimes, and We drowned the people of Pharaoh: for they were all
oppressors and wrong- doers.
55. For the worst of
beasts in the sight of Allah are those who reject Him: They will
56. They are those with
whom thou didst make a covenant, but they break their covenant every
time, and they have not the fear (of Allah..
57. If ye gain the mastery
over them in war, disperse, with them, those who follow them, that
they may remember.
58. If thou fearest
treachery from any group, throw back (their covenant) to them, (so
as to be) on equal terms: for Allah loveth not the treacherous.
59. Let not the unbelievers
think that they can get the better (of the godly): they will never
60. Against them make
ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds
of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of Allah
and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but
whom Allah doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah,
shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly.
61. But if the enemy
incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and
trust in Allah. for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things).
62. Should they intend
to deceive thee,- verily Allah sufficeth thee: He it is That hath
strengthened thee with His aid and with (the company of) the Believers;
63. And (moreover) He
hath put affection between their hearts: not if thou hadst spent
all that is in the earth, couldst thou have produced that affection,
but Allah hath done it: for He is Exalted in might, Wise.
64. O Messenger. sufficient
unto thee is Allah,- (unto thee) and unto those who follow thee
among the Believers.
65. O Messenger. rouse
the Believers to the fight. If there are twenty amongst you, patient
and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they
will vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers: for these are a people
66. For the present,
Allah hath lightened your (task), for He knoweth that there is a
weak spot in you: But (even so), if there are a hundred of you,
patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred, and if
a thousand, they will vanquish two thousand, with the leave of Allah.
for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.
67. It is not fitting
for an apostle that he should have prisoners of war until he hath
thoroughly subdued the land. Ye look for the temporal goods of this
world; but Allah looketh to the Hereafter: And Allah is Exalted
in might, Wise.
68. Had it not been
for a previous ordainment from Allah, a severe penalty would have
reached you for the (ransom) that ye took.
69. But (now) enjoy
what ye took in war, lawful and good: but fear Allah. for Allah
is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
70. O Messenger. say
to those who are captives in your hands: "If Allah findeth any good
in your hearts, He will give you something better than what has
been taken from you, and He will forgive you: for Allah is Oft-forgiving,
71. But if they have
treacherous designs against thee, (O Messenger.), they have already
been in treason against Allah, and so hath He given (thee) power
over them. And Allah so He Who hath (full) knowledge and wisdom.
72. Those who believed,
and adopted exile, and fought for the Faith, with their property
and their persons, in the cause of Allah, as well as those who gave
(them) asylum and aid,- these are (all) friends and protectors,
one of another. As to those who believed but came not into exile,
ye owe no duty of protection to them until they come into exile;
but if they seek your aid in religion, it is your duty to help them,
except against a people with whom ye have a treaty of mutual alliance.
And (remember) Allah seeth all that ye do.
73. The Unbelievers
are protectors, one of another: Unless ye do this, (protect each
other), there would be tumult and oppression on earth, and great
74. Those who believe,
and adopt exile, and fight for the Faith, in the cause of Allah
as well as those who give (them) asylum and aid,- these are (all)
in very truth the Believers: for them is the forgiveness of sins
and a provision most generous.
75. And those who accept
Faith subsequently, and adopt exile, and fight for the Faith in
your company,- they are of you. But kindred by blood have prior
rights against each other in the Book of Allah. Verily Allah is
well-acquainted with all things.