1. These are
verses of the Qur'an,-a book that makes (things) clear;
2. A guide: and glad
tidings for the believers,-
3. Those who establish
regular prayers and give in regular charity, and also have (full)
assurance of the hereafter.
4. As to those who believe
not in the Hereafter, We have made their deeds pleasing in their
eyes; and so they wander about in distraction.
5. Such are they for
whom a grievous Penalty is (waiting); and in the Hereafter theirs
will be the greatest loss.
6. As to thee, the Qur'an
is bestowed upon thee from the presence of one who is wise and all-knowing.
7. Behold! Moses said
to his family: "I perceive a fire; soon will I bring you from there
some information, or I will bring you a burning brand to light our
fuel, that ye may warn yourselves.
8. But when he came to
the (fire), a voice was heard: "Blessed are those in the fire and
those around: and glory to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
9. "O Moses! verily,
I am Allah, the exalted in might, the wise!....
10. "Now do thou throw
thy rod!" But when he saw it moving (of its own accord)as if it
had been a snake, he turned back in retreat, and retraced not his
steps: "O Moses!" (it was said), "Fear not: truly, in My presence,
those called as apostles have no fear,-
11. "But if any have
done wrong and have thereafter substituted good to take the place
of evil, truly, I am Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
12. "Now put thy hand
into thy bosom, and it will come forth white without stain (or harm):
(these are) among the nine Signs (thou wilt take) to Pharaoh and
his people: for they are a people rebellious in transgression."
13. But when Our Signs
came to them, that should have opened their eyes, they said: "This
is sorcery manifest!"
14. And they rejected
those Signs in iniquity and arrogance, though their souls were convinced
thereof: so see what was the end of those who acted corruptly!
15. We gave (in the
past) knowledge to David and Solomon: And they both said: "Praise
be to Allah, Who has favoured us above many of his servants who
16. And Solomon was
David's heir. He said: "O ye people! We have been taught the speech
of birds, and on us has been bestowed (a little) of all things:
this is indeed Grace manifest (from Allah.)"
17. And before Solomon
were marshalled his hosts,- of Jinns and men and birds, and they
were all kept in order and ranks.
18. At length, when
they came to a (lowly) valley of ants, one of the ants said: "O
ye ants, get into your habitations, lest Solomon and his hosts crush
you (under foot) without knowing it."
19. So he smiled, amused
at her speech; and he said: "O my Lord! so order me that I may be
grateful for Thy favours, which thou hast bestowed on me and on
my parents, and that I may work the righteousness that will please
Thee: And admit me, by Thy Grace, to the ranks of Thy righteous
20. And he took a muster
of the Birds; and he said: "Why is it I see not the Hoopoe? Or is
he among the absentees?
21. "I will certainly
punish him with a severe penalty, or execute him, unless he bring
me a clear reason (for absence)."
22. But the Hoopoe tarried
not far: he (came up and) said: "I have compassed (territory) which
thou hast not compassed, and I have come to thee from Saba with
23. "I found (there)
a woman ruling over them and provided with every requisite; and
she has a magnificent throne.
24. "I found her and
her people worshipping the sun besides Allah. Satan has made their
deeds seem pleasing in their eyes, and has kept them away from the
Path,- so they receive no guidance,-
25. "(Kept them away
from the Path), that they should not worship Allah, Who brings to
light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knows what
ye hide and what ye reveal.
26. "(Allah)!- there
is no god but He!- Lord of the Throne Supreme!"
27. (Solomon) said:
"Soon shall we see whether thou hast told the truth or lied!
28. "Go thou, with this
letter of mine, and deliver it to them: then draw back from them,
and (wait to) see what answer they return"...
29. (The queen) said:
"Ye chiefs! here is delivered to me - a letter worthy of respect.
30. "It is from Solomon,
and is (as follows): 'In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most
31. "'Be ye not arrogant
against me, but come to me in submission (to the true Religion).'"
32. She said: "Ye chiefs!
advise me in (this) my affair: no affair have I decided except in
33. They said: "We are
endued with strength, and given to vehement war: but the command
is with thee; so consider what thou wilt command."
34. She said: "Kings,
when they enter a country, despoil it, and make the noblest of its
people its meanest thus do they behave.
35. "But I am going
to send him a present, and (wait) to see with what (answer) return
36. Now when (the embassy)
came to Solomon, he said: "Will ye give me abundance in wealth?
But that which Allah has given me is better than that which He has
given you! Nay it is ye who rejoice in your gift!
37. "Go back to them,
and be sure we shall come to them with such hosts as they will never
be able to meet: We shall expel them from there in disgrace, and
they will feel humbled (indeed)."
38. He said (to his
own men): "Ye chiefs! which of you can bring me her throne before
they come to me in submission?"
39. Said an 'Ifrit,
of the Jinns: "I will bring it to thee before thou rise from thy
council: indeed I have full strength for the purpose, and may be
40. Said one who had
knowledge of the Book: "I will bring it to thee within the twinkling
of an eye!" Then when (Solomon) saw it placed firmly before him,
he said: "This is by the Grace of my Lord!- to test me whether I
am grateful or ungrateful! and if any is grateful, truly his gratitude
is (a gain) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful, truly my
Lord is Free of all Needs, Supreme in Honour !"
41. He said: "Transform
her throne out of all recognition by her: let us see whether she
is guided (to the truth) or is one of those who receive no guidance."
42. So when she arrived,
she was asked, "Is this thy throne?" She said, "It was just like
this; and knowledge was bestowed on us in advance of this, and we
have submitted to Allah (in Islam)."
43. And he diverted
her from the worship of others besides Allah. for she was (sprung)
of a people that had no faith.
44. She was asked to
enter the lofty Palace: but when she saw it, she thought it was
a lake of water, and she (tucked up her skirts), uncovering her
legs. He said: "This is but a palace paved smooth with slabs of
glass." She said: "O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul: I do
(now) submit (in Islam), with Solomon, to the Lord of the Worlds."
45. We sent (aforetime),
to the Thamud, their brother Salih, saying, "Serve Allah.: But behold,
they became two factions quarrelling with each other.
46. He said: "O my people!
why ask ye to hasten on the evil in preference to the good? If only
ye ask Allah for forgiveness, ye may hope to receive mercy.
47. They said: "Ill
omen do we augur from thee and those that are with thee". He said:
"Your ill omen is with Allah. yea, ye are a people under trial."
48. There were in the
city nine men of a family, who made mischief in the land, and would
49. They said: "Swear
a mutual oath by Allah that we shall make a secret night attack
on him and his people, and that we shall then say to his heir (when
he seeks vengeance): 'We were not present at the slaughter of his
people, and we are positively telling the truth.'"
50. They plotted and
planned, but We too planned, even while they perceived it not.
51. Then see what was
the end of their plot!- this, that We destroyed them and their people,
all (of them).
52. Now such were their
houses, - in utter ruin, - because they practised wrong- doing.
Verily in this is a Sign for people of knowledge.
53. And We saved those
who believed and practised righteousness.
54. (We also sent) Lut
(as an apostle): behold, He said to his people, "Do ye do what is
shameful though ye see (its iniquity)?
55. Would ye really
approach men in your lusts rather than women? Nay, ye are a people
56. But his people gave
no other answer but this: they said, "Drive out the followers of
Lut from your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and
57. But We saved him
and his family, except his wife; her We destined to be of those
who lagged behind.
58. And We rained down
on them a shower (of brimstone): and evil was the shower on those
who were admonished (but heeded not)!
59. Say: Praise be to
Allah, and Peace on his servants whom He has chosen (for his Message).
(Who) is better?- Allah or the false gods they associate (with Him)?
60. Or, Who has created
the heavens and the earth, and Who sends you down rain from the
sky? Yea, with it We cause to grow well-planted orchards full of
beauty of delight: it is not in your power to cause the growth of
the trees in them. (Can there be another) god besides Allah. Nay,
they are a people who swerve from justice.
61. Or, Who has made
the earth firm to live in; made rivers in its midst; set thereon
mountains immovable; and made a separating bar between the two bodies
of flowing water? (can there be another) god besides Allah. Nay,
most of them know not.
62. Or, Who listens
to the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and Who relieves
its suffering, and makes you (mankind) inheritors of the earth?
(Can there be another) god besides Allah. Little it is that ye heed!
63. Or, Who guides you
through the depths of darkness on land and sea, and Who sends the
winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy? (Can there
be another) god besides Allah.- High is Allah above what they associate
64. Or, Who originates
creation, then repeats it, and who gives you sustenance from heaven
and earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah. Say, "Bring
forth your argument, if ye are telling the truth!"
65. Say: None in the
heavens or on earth, except Allah, knows what is hidden: nor can
they perceive when they shall be raised up (for Judgment).
66. Still less can their
knowledge comprehend the Hereafter: Nay, they are in doubt and uncertainty
thereanent; nay, they are blind thereunto!
67. The Unbelievers
say: "What! when we become dust,- we and our fathers,- shall we
really be raised (from the dead)?
68. "It is true we were
promised this,- we and our fathers before (us): these are nothing
but tales of the ancients."
69. Say: "Go ye through
the earth and see what has been the end of those guilty (of sin)."
70. But grieve not over
them, nor distress thyself because of their plots.
71. They also say: "When
will this promise (come to pass)? (Say) if ye are truthful."
72. Say: "It may be
that some of the events which ye wish to hasten on may be (close)
in your pursuit!"
73. But verily thy Lord
is full of grace to mankind: Yet most of them are ungrateful.
74. And verily thy Lord
knoweth all that their hearts do hide. As well as all that they
75. Nor is there aught
of the unseen, in heaven or earth, but is (recorded) in a clear
76. Verily this Qur'an
doth explain to the Children of Israel most of the matters in which
77. And it certainly
is a Guide and a Mercy to those who believe.
78. Verily thy Lord
will decide between them by His Decree: and He is Exalted in Might,
79. So put thy trust
in Allah. for thou art on (the path of) manifest Truth.
80. Truly thou canst
not cause the dead to listen, nor canst thou cause the deaf to hear
the call, (especially) when they turn back in retreat.
81. Nor canst thou be
a guide to the blind, (to prevent them) from straying: only those
wilt thou get to listen who believe in Our Signs, and they will
bow in Islam.
82. And when the Word
is fulfilled against them (the unjust), we shall produce from the
earth a beast to (face) them: He will speak to them, for that mankind
did not believe with assurance in Our Signs.
83. One day We shall
gather together from every people a troop of those who reject our
Signs, and they shall be kept in ranks,-
84. Until, when they
come (before the Judgment-seat), ((Allah)) will say: "Did ye reject
My Signs, though ye comprehended them not in knowledge, or what
was it ye did?"
85. And the Word will
be fulfilled against them, because of their wrong-doing, and they
will be unable to speak (in plea).
86. See they not that
We have made the Night for them to rest in and the Day to give them
light? Verily in this are Signs for any people that believe!
87. And the Day that
the Trumpet will be sounded - then will be smitten with terror those
who are in the heavens, and those who are on earth, except such
as Allah will please (to exempt): and all shall come to His (Presence)
as beings conscious of their lowliness.
88. Thou seest the mountains
and thinkest them firmly fixed: but they shall pass away as the
clouds pass away: (such is) the artistry of Allah, who disposes
of all things in perfect order: for he is well acquainted with all
that ye do.
89. If any do good,
good will (accrue) to them therefrom; and they will be secure from
terror that Day.
90. And if any do evil,
their faces will be thrown headlong into the Fire: "Do ye receive
a reward other than that which ye have earned by your deeds?"
91. For me, I have been
commanded to serve the Lord of this city, Him Who has sanctified
it and to Whom (belong) all things: and I am commanded to be of
those who bow in Islam to Allah.s Will,-
92. And to rehearse
the Qur'an: and if any accept guidance, they do it for the good
of their own souls, and if any stray, say: "I am only a Warner".
93. And say: "Praise
be to Allah, Who will soon show you His Signs, so that ye shall
know them"; and thy Lord is not unmindful of all that ye do.