1. A sura which
We have sent down and which We have ordained in it have We sent
down Clear Signs, in order that ye may receive admonition.
2. The woman and the
man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of them with a
hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a
matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last
Day: and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.
3. Let no man guilty
of adultery or fornication marry and but a woman similarly guilty,
or an Unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an Unbeliever marry
such a woman: to the Believers such a thing is forbidden.
4. And those who launch
a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to
support their allegations),- flog them with eighty stripes; and
reject their evidence ever after: for such men are wicked transgressors;-
5. Unless they repent
thereafter and mend (their conduct); for Allah is Oft- Forgiving,
6. And for those who
launch a charge against their spouses, and have (in support) no
evidence but their own,- their solitary evidence (can be received)
if they bear witness four times (with an oath) by Allah that they
are solemnly telling the truth;
7. And the fifth (oath)
(should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of Allah on themselves
if they tell a lie.
8. But it would avert
the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with
an oath) By Allah, that (her husband) is telling a lie;
9. And the fifth (oath)
should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of Allah on herself
if (her accuser) is telling the truth.
10. If it were not for
Allah.s grace and mercy on you, and that Allah is Oft- Returning,
full of Wisdom,- (Ye would be ruined indeed).
11. Those who brought
forward the lie are a body among yourselves: think it not to be
an evil to you; On the contrary it is good for you: to every man
among them (will come the punishment) of the sin that he earned,
and to him who took on himself the lead among them, will be a penalty
12. Why did not the
believers - men and women - when ye heard of the affair,- put the
best construction on it in their own minds and say, "This (charge)
is an obvious lie" ?
13. Why did they not
bring four witnesses to prove it? When they have not brought the
witnesses, such men, in the sight of Allah, (stand forth) themselves
14. Were it not for
the grace and mercy of Allah on you, in this world and the Hereafter,
a grievous penalty would have seized you in that ye rushed glibly
into this affair.
15. Behold, ye received
it on your tongues, and said out of your mouths things of which
ye had no knowledge; and ye thought it to be a light matter, while
it was most serious in the sight of Allah.
16. And why did ye not,
when ye heard it, say? - "It is not right of us to speak of this:
Glory to Allah. this is a most serious slander!"
17. Allah doth admonish
you, that ye may never repeat such (conduct), if ye are (true) Believers.
18. And Allah makes
the Signs plain to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
19. Those who love (to
see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have
a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows,
and ye know not.
20. Were it not for
the grace and mercy of Allah on you, and that Allah is full of kindness
and mercy, (ye would be ruined indeed).
21. O ye who believe!
follow not Satan's footsteps: if any will follow the footsteps of
Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong: and were
it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, not one of you would
ever have been pure: but Allah doth purify whom He pleases: and
Allah is One Who hears and knows (all things).
22. Let not those among
you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by
oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who
have left their homes in Allah.s cause: let them forgive and overlook,
do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving,
23. Those who slander
chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this life
and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty,-
24. On the Day when
their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against
them as to their actions.
25. On that Day Allah
will pay them back (all) their just dues, and they will realise
that Allah is the (very) Truth, that makes all things manifest.
26. Women impure are
for men impure, and men impure for women impure and women of purity
are for men of purity, and men of purity are for women of purity:
these are not affected by what people say: for them there is forgiveness,
and a provision honourable.
27. O ye who believe!
enter not houses other than your own, until ye have asked permission
and saluted those in them: that is best for you, in order that ye
may heed (what is seemly).
28. If ye find no one
in the house, enter not until permission is given to you: if ye
are asked to go back, go back: that makes for greater purity for
yourselves: and Allah knows well all that ye do.
29. It is no fault on
your part to enter houses not used for living in, which serve some
(other) use for you: And Allah has knowledge of what ye reveal and
what ye conceal.
30. Say to the believing
men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that
will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted
with all that they do.
31. And say to the believing
women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty;
that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what
(must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils
over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands,
their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husbands'
sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their sisters'
sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess,
or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have
no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their
feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O
ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain
32. Marry those among
you who are single, or the virtuous ones among yourselves, male
or female: if they are in poverty, Allah will give them means out
of His grace: for Allah encompasseth all, and he knoweth all things.
33. Let those who find
not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah
gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask
for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for
a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them:
yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah
has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when
they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods
of this life. But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion,
is Allah, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to them),
34. We have already
sent down to you verses making things clear, an illustration from
(the story of) people who passed away before you, and an admonition
for those who fear ((Allah)).
35. Allah is the Light
of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if
there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass:
the glass as it were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree,
an Olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh
luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah
doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables
for men: and Allah doth know all things.
36. (Lit is such a Light)
in houses, which Allah hath permitted to be raised to honour; for
the celebration, in them, of His name: In them is He glorified in
the mornings and in the evenings, (again and again),-
37. By men whom neither
traffic nor merchandise can divert from the Remembrance of Allah,
nor from regular Prayer, nor from the practice of regular Charity:
Their (only) fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed
(in a world wholly new),-
38. That Allah may reward
them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for
them out of His Grace: for Allah doth provide for those whom He
will, without measure.
39. But the Unbelievers,-
their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched
with thirst mistakes for water; until when he comes up to it, he
finds it to be nothing: But he finds Allah (ever) with him, and
Allah will pay him his account: and Allah is swift in taking account.
40. Or (the Unbelievers'
state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed
with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of
darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he
can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there
is no light!
41. Seest thou not that
it is Allah Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth
do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each
one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise. And Allah knows well
all that they do.
42. Yea, to Allah belongs
the dominion of the heavens and the earth; and to Allah is the final
goal (of all).
43. Seest thou not that
Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then
makes them into a heap? - then wilt thou see rain issue forth from
their midst. And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of
clouds) wherein is hail: He strikes therewith whom He pleases and
He turns it away from whom He pleases, the vivid flash of His lightning
well-nigh blinds the sight.
44. It is Allah Who
alternates the Night and the Day: verily in these things is an instructive
example for those who have vision!
45. And Allah has created
every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their
bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four.
Allah creates what He wills for verily Allah has power over all
46. We have indeed sent
down signs that make things manifest: and Allah guides whom He wills
to a way that is straight.
47. They say, "We believe
in Allah and in the apostle, and we obey": but even after that,
some of them turn away: they are not (really) Believers.
48. When they are summoned
to Allah and His apostle, in order that He may judge between them,
behold some of them decline (to come).
49. But if the right
is on their side, they come to him with all submission.
50. Is it that there
is a disease in their hearts? or do they doubt, or are they in fear,
that Allah and His Messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay,
it is they themselves who do wrong.
51. The answer of the
Believers, when summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that
He may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, "We
hear and we obey": it is such as these that will attain felicity.
52. It is such as obey
Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah and do right, that will
win (in the end),
53. They swear their
strongest oaths by Allah that, if only thou wouldst command them,
they would leave (their homes). Say: "Swear ye not; Obedience is
(more) reasonable; verily, Allah is well acquainted with all that
54. Say: "Obey Allah,
and obey the Messenger. but if ye turn away, he is only responsible
for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you. If ye
obey him, ye shall be on right guidance. The Messenger.s duty is
only to preach the clear (Message).
55. Allah has promised,
to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He
will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power),
as He granted it to those before them; that He will establish in
authority their religion - the one which He has chosen for them;
and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they
(lived), to one of security and peace: 'They will worship Me (alone)
and not associate aught with Me. 'If any do reject Faith after this,
they are rebellious and wicked.
56. So establish regular
Prayer and give regular Charity; and obey the Messenger. that ye
may receive mercy.
57. Never think thou
that the Unbelievers are going to frustrate ((Allah)'s Plan) on
earth: their abode is the Fire,- and it is indeed an evil refuge!
58. O ye who believe!
let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among
you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come
to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the
while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night
prayer: these are your three times of undress: outside those times
it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each
other: Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is
full of knowledge and wisdom.
59. But when the children
among you come of age, let them (also) ask for permission, as do
those senior to them (in age): Thus does Allah make clear His Signs
to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
60. Such elderly women
as are past the prospect of marriage,- there is no blame on them
if they lay aside their (outer) garments, provided they make not
a wanton display of their beauty: but it is best for them to be
modest: and Allah is One Who sees and knows all things.
61. It is no fault in
the blind nor in one born lame, nor in one afflicted with illness,
nor in yourselves, that ye should eat in your own houses, or those
of your fathers, or your mothers, or your brothers, or your sisters,
or your father's brothers or your father's sisters, or your mohter's
brothers, or your mother's sisters, or in houses of which the keys
are in your possession, or in the house of a sincere friend of yours:
there is no blame on you, whether ye eat in company or separately.
But if ye enter houses, salute each other - a greeting of blessing
and purity as from Allah. Thus does Allah make clear the signs to
you: that ye may understand.
62. Only those are believers,
who believe in Allah and His Messenger. when they are with him on
a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until they
have asked for his leave; those who ask for thy leave are those
who believe in Allah and His Messenger. so when they ask for thy
leave, for some business of theirs, give leave to those of them
whom thou wilt, and ask Allah for their forgiveness: for Allah is
Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.
63. Deem not the summons
of the Messenger among yourselves like the summons of one of you
to another: Allah doth know those of you who slip away under shelter
of some excuse: then let those beware who withstand the Messenger.s
order, lest some trial befall them, or a grievous penalty be inflicted
64. Be quite sure that
to Allah doth belong whatever is in the heavens and on earth. Well
doth He know what ye are intent upon: and one day they will be brought
back to Him, and He will tell them the truth of what they did: for
Allah doth know all things.