The Signs in the Heavens and on the Earth
Assume that you set up a big city by bringing millions of sets of Lego
together. Let there be in this city skyscrapers, twisting roads, railway
stations, airports, shopping malls, subways and also rivers, lakes, forests
and a beach. Let there also be living in it thousands of people wandering
in its streets, sitting in their homes and working in their offices. Take
every detail into account. Even the traffic lights, box offices, and the
signboards at the bus stations.
If someone came up to you and said that all the pieces of Lego of this
city, which you had founded by planning it right down to the smallest
detail, and each piece of which you had picked up and placed with great
care and precision, had been brought together by sheer accident to produce
this city, what would you think of the mental state of that person?
Now, go back to the city you have built and consider that the whole city
would be levelled to the ground if you had forgotten to put into place
even a single Lego, or changed its place. Can you imagine what great balance
and order you have had to establish?
Life in the world where we live is also made possible by the accumulation
of such a great number of details incomprehensible to the human mind.
The absence of even one of these details might mean the end of life on
Everything, every detail from the atom, the smallest unit of matter,
to the galaxies harbouring billions of stars, from the moon, an inseparable
adjunct of the world, to the solar system - all work in perfect harmony.
This well-organised system runs flawlessly, just like a watch. People
are so confident that this billions-of-years-old system will go on functioning
without leaving out even the smallest detail that they can freely make
plans about something they think will be realised in the next 10 years.
No one is worried about whether the sun will rise the next day. A great
majority of people do not think about "whether the world may ever chance
to break free from the gravitation of the sun and start to move towards
the unknown in the pitch-dark space"; or ask "What keeps this from happening?"
In the same manner, when people are about to sleep, they are very confident
that their hearts or respiratory systems will not relax as their brains
do. However, even a few seconds' halt in any one of these two vital systems
may well cause results that will cost one's life.
When the "glasses of familiarity" which surround the whole of life and
cause every event to be assessed as if 'it is taking place in its natural
course' are taken off, one is free to see that everything is made up of
such closely interdependent, meticulously planned systems that it is as
if we were hanging on to life by the skin of our teeth. You notice an
excellent order prevailing in every spot you turn your eyes on. Certainly,
there is a great power that creates such an order and harmony. The possessor
of this great power is God, Who created everything out of nothing. In
a verse of the Qur'an, it is said:
He Who has created seven heavens in full harmony
with one another: no incongruity will you see in the creation of the Most
Gracious. And turn your vision (upon it) once more: can you see any flaw?
Yea, turn your vision (upon it) again and yet again: (and every time)
your vision will fall back upon you, dazzled and truly defeated. (The
When we look at the phenomena in the heavens, on the earth and in all
that lies between them, we see that they all prove the existence of their
Creator in their own right. In this chapter, we are going to dwell on
the natural phenomena and living beings that every one sees, yet never
thinks about, and how they have come into being and continue their existence.
If we were to write down all the signs of God in the universe, they would
fill many thousands of volumes of encyclopaedias. Therefore, in this chapter,
we will only deal briefly with some subjects that deserve to be pondered
upon at length.
However, even these brief mentions will help the conscientious "men of
understanding" to notice the most important fact of their lives or at
least will help them remember it once again.
For God Exists.
To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth and He is
known through reason.
THE MIRACLES IN OUR BODY
'A Half-Developed Eye Cannot See'
The eye, which has an extremely complex structure,
is not able to see in the absence of even a single on of its components,
for instance the tear glands, when the act of seeing takes places.
What comes to your mind first when you hear the word "eye"? Are you aware
that one of the most crucial things in life for you is your ability to
see? Even if you are, have you ever thought what other signs your eye
The eye is one of the most manifest pieces of evidence that living creatures
are created. All sight organs, including animal eyes and the human eye,
are extremely striking examples of perfect design. This exceptional organ
is so overwhelmingly complex that it surpasses even the most sophisticated
man-made devices in the world.
In order for an eye to see, all of its parts have to co-exist and work
in harmony. For instance, if an eye happened to have lost its eyelid,
but still had all the other parts such as the cornea, conjunctiva, iris,
pupil, eye lenses, retina, choroid, eye muscles, and tear glands, it would
still be greatly damaged and soon lose its seeing function. In the same
manner, even if all its organelles were present, if the tear production
were stopped, the eye would soon dry out and become blind.
"The chain of coincidences" posited by evolutionists loses all its meaning
against the complex structure of the eye. It is not possible to explain
the existence of the eye other than as a matter of special creation. The
eye has a multi-sectioned complex system and, as discussed above, all
of these individual sections had to come into existence at the same time.
It is impossible for a half-developed eye to function at "half capacity".
In such a circumstance, the act of seeing can by no means take place.
An evolutionist scientist admits to this truth:
The common trait of the eyes and the wings is that
they can only function if they are fully developed. In other words, a
halfway-developed eye cannot see; a bird with half-formed wings cannot
In this case, we again face that very important question: who created
all of the components of the eye all at once?
The owner of the eyes is obviously not the one who makes the decision
about their formation. For it is impossible for a being devoid of the
knowledge of what seeing is like, to desire to have a seeing organ and
have it attached to his body. So we have to accept the existence of a
Possessor of superior Wisdom Who has created living beings with senses
such as seeing, hearing, and so on. Another claim is that unconscious
cells gained consciousness-requiring functions such as seeing and hearing
by their own desire and effort. It is crystal clear that this is impossible.
In the Qur'an, it is stated that seeing has been bestowed upon living
beings by God:
Say: He it is Who brought you into being and made
for you the ears and the eyes and the hearts: little is it that you give
thanks. (The Qur'an, 67:23)
How Do Cells Recognise One Another?
If the cells belonging to different organs of
an embryo are mixed in an appropriate environment, the ceels of the
same organ find one another and form different groups.
In our high school or university years, we all learn about the formation
of the human body. So we know that the embryo, which is initially only
a piece of flesh, which turns into a body over time. In this process,
the cells start to differentiate, some forming arms, others internal organs
and yet others eyes. Each cell knows where to go, which organ it will
form, how much it will reproduce, and when it will stop. However, the
quotation below informs us about a different, awesome aspect of the embryo's
If we separate the cells of an embryo belonging to
various organs - provided that we decrease the amount of calcium in the
environment -, and further mix these different kinds of cells thoroughly
in an appropriate environment, then when they come in contact with each
other again, these cells KNOW one another and the cells of the same organ
form individual groups.14
That is to say, if we first separate cells from one another and then
unite them again, cells that would form the same organ will recognise
one another and re-unite.
How do these cells, bereft of a brain, nervous system, eyes and ears,
recognise one another? How can these beings without consciousness and
wisdom, which are only collections of molecules, select those cells which
share the same qualities from all the various other cells? How do they
know that they will later come together and form the same organ? What
is the source of this great consciousness displayed by unconscious molecules?
The source of this consciousness is God, the Lord of all the Worlds, Who
created the whole universe from nothing.
We will show them Our Signs on the horizon and
within themselves until it is clear to them that it is the truth. Is it
not enough for your Lord that He is a witness of everything? (The Qur'an,
The Army Inside Man
Every day, a war is fought in the innermost parts of your body unperceived
by you. On the one side are viruses and bacteria that aim to intrude into
your body and take it under control and on the other are the immunity
cells that protect the body against these enemies.
The enemies wait in an offensive state to make their way into the area
they aim at and they head towards the target area at the first opportunity.
However, the strong, organised and disciplined soldiers of the target
area do not easily give in to the enemies. First, the soldiers who swallow
and neutralise the enemy soldiers (phagocytes) arrive at the battleground.
However, sometimes the fight is tougher than these soldiers can handle.
On such occasions, other soldiers (macrophages) are summoned up. Their
involvement causes alarm in the target area and other soldiers (helper
T cells) are also called to battle.
soldiers are very familiar with the local populace. They quickly distinguish
their own army from that of the enemy. They immediately activate the soldiers
assigned to weapon production (B cells). These soldiers have extraordinary
abilities. Although they never see the enemy, they can produce weapons
which will render the enemy ineffectual. In addition, they carry the weapons
they produce as far as they should be taken. During this journey, they
succeed in the difficult task of not causing any harm either to themselves
or to their allies. Later, the striker teams cut in (killer T cells).
These discharge the poisonous material they carry on themselves at the
most vital spot of the enemy. In case of victory, another group of soldiers
arrives at the battleground (suppressor T cells) and sends all the warriors
back to their camp. The soldiers who arrive at the battleground last (memory
cells) record all relevant information about the enemy, so that it can
be used in the event of a similar invasion in the future.
The excellent army discussed above is the immune system in the human
body. Everything explained above is done by microscopic cells unobservable
to the naked eye. (For more information please see The Miracle of the
Immune System by Harun Yahya)
How many people are aware that they have such an organised, disciplined
and perfect army inside their bodies? How many of them are aware that
they are surrounded on all sides by microbes that, if unimpeded, would
cause them to catch serious illnesses or even die? Indeed, there are many
dangerous microbes in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the food
we eat, and the surfaces we touch. While one is unaware of all that is
going on, the cells in one's body make strenuous efforts to save one from
an illness that may even bring about one's death.
The ability of all immunity cells to distinguish enemy cells from body
cells, the ability of B cells to prepare a weapon to neutralise the enemy
that they have never seen, their ability to carry these weapons as far
as they have to be taken without adversely affecting any body cells, the
signal-receiving cells' fulfilling their duty completely without making
any objections, each of them knowing what to do, their returning to their
places without any problem as soon as they are finished with their work,
and the abilities of the memory cells are only some of the distinctive
characteristics of this system.
For all these reasons, the story of the formation of the immunity system
is never taken up by any evolutionist writer.
It is extremely difficult for a person without an immunity system or
with an ill-functioning one to survive, since he would be exposed to all
the microbes and viruses in the outside world. Today, such people can
exist only in special enclosures with no direct contact with anyone or
anything outside. Therefore, it is impossible for a person without an
immunity system to survive in a primitive environment. This leads us to
the conclusion that an extremely complex system such as the immune system
could only have been created all at once and with all of its elements
ANIMALS AND PLANTS
Millions of plant and animal types present in the world stand out as
evidence that proves the existence and might of our Creator.
All of these living beings, a limited number of which will be described
as examples here, deserve to be examined individually. They all have different
body systems, diverse defence tactics, unique ways of feeding, and interesting
reproduction methods. Unfortunately, it is not possible to describe all
living beings with all their features in a single book. Encyclopaedias
of many volumes would not be enough for this task.
However, even the few examples we will discuss here will be sufficient
to prove that life on earth can in no way be explained by coincidences
or accidental happenings.
Is then He Who creates like
one that creates not?
Will you not receive admonition?
(The Qur'an, 16:17)
The caterpillar's spinning itself into a cocoon,
and then its tearing it apart and getting out of it as a butterfly
with a fabulous pattern and colour.
From Caterpillar to Butterfly
If you had 450-500 eggs and if you had to preserve them outdoors, what
would you do? The wisest course for you would be to take precautions to
prevent them from being scattered around, say, by the wind, or other environmental
factors. Being one of the animals that lay the most eggs at one time (450-500),
the silkworms use a very intelligent way to protect their eggs: they unite
the eggs with a viscous thread-like substance, which they secrete to prevent
them from being scattered around.
The caterpillars that pop out of their eggs first find
a safe branch for themselves and then get tied to this branch with the
same thread. Later, to promote their own development, they start to spin
a cocoon for themselves with the thread they secrete. It takes 3-4 days
for a caterpillar that has opened its eyes to life very recently to complete
this process. During this period, the caterpillar makes thousands of turns
and produces a thread an average of 900-1,500 metres long.16
At the end of this process, it starts a new task through which it undergoes
a metamorphosis to become an elegant butterfly.
The elegant and clear-cut patterns an the
butterflies indicate that these living beings are not the products
of unconscious coincidences but the outcomes of an excellent and
Neither the action taken by the mother silkworm to protect its eggs,
nor the behaviour of a tiny caterpillar devoid of any awareness, education
or knowledge can be explained by evolution. First of all, the ability
of the mother to produce the thread it uses to secure its eggs is miraculous.
The newly-born caterpillar's knowing the most suitable environment for
itself, its spinning a cocoon in accordance with it, its undergoing a
metamorphosis, and its coming through this metamorphosis without any problem
are beyond human comprehension. Hence, we can simply say that each caterpillar
is born into the world with a foreknowledge of what to do, which means
that it was "taught" all of these things before it was born.
Let us explain this with an example. What would you think if you saw
a new-born baby standing up a few hours after his birth, getting together
the things he needs to make his bed (like quilt, pillow, mattress), and
later putting all these together neatly, making his bed and lying down
on it? After you recover from the shock of the event, you would probably
think that the baby must have been taught in an extraordinary way in his
mother's womb to perform such a process. The case of the caterpillars
is no different from the baby in this example.
This again leads us to the same conclusions: these living creatures come
into life, behave and live in the way determined by God Who has created
them. The Qur'anic verse stating that God has inspired the honeybee and
commanded it to make honey (The Qur'an, 16:68-69) provides an example
of the great secret of the world of living beings. This secret is that
all living beings have bowed to God's will and follow the fate determined
by Him. This is why the honeybee makes honey and the silkworm produces
The Symmetry in Wings
we look at the butterfly wings in the pictures, we see a perfect symmetry
prevailing over them. These lace-like wings are so adorned with patterns,
spots and colours that each of them is like a work of art.
When you look at the wings of these butterflies, you notice that the
patterns and colours on left and right are perfect reflections of each
other, no matter how intricate they may seem. Even the smallest dot is
present on both wings, thereby introducing a flawless order and symmetry.
In addition, none of the colours on these thin wings mixes with the other,
each being sharply set apart from the other. Actually, these colours are
formed by the amassing of tiny scales clustered one on top of another.
Isn't it a wonder how these small scales that are easily dispersed with
your hand's slightest touch can be arranged on both wings without any
mistake in their disposal so as to produce exactly the same pattern. Even
the replacement of a single scale would destroy the symmetry in the wings
and impair their aesthetics. However, you never see any muddle in the
wings of any butterfly on the earth. They are as neat and elegant as if
made by an artist. And they are indeed made by an Exalted Creator.
The Animal with the Longest Neck: The Giraffe
have many amazing characteristics. One of these is that their neck stands
on 7 vertebrae, just like that of all other mammals, even though it is
so long. Another amazing fact about giraffes is that they do not have
any problem pumping blood up to their brain on top of their long neck.
A little thinking would make one notice how difficult it must be to have
the blood pumped so high. But giraffes do not have any problem about this,
because their hearts are equipped with features to pump blood as high
as necessary. This enables them to carry on with their lives effortlessly.
Yet they still face another problem while they drink water. Essentially,
giraffes should have died of high blood pressure every time they bent
down to drink water. However, the perfect system in their necks completely
eliminates this risk. When they bend down, the valves in their neck vessels
are shut down and they prevent excess blood from flowing to the brain.
There is no doubt that the giraffes did not acquire these traits by planning
themselves in accordance with their needs. It is even more implausible
to say that all these vital features were shaped over time through a gradual
and accidental evolutionary process. In order for a giraffe to stay alive,
it is vital for it to have a pumping system to transmit blood to the brain
and a valve system to prevent high blood pressure the minute it bends
down. If any one of these characteristics did not exist or did not function
properly, then it would be impossible for the giraffe to go on living.
The conclusion to be derived from all this is that the giraffe species
was born into the world with all the characteristics vital for its living
already there. It is impossible for a non-existent being to master its
body and acquire essential traits consciously. So, the very existence
of giraffes unquestionably proves that they are created by a conscious
creation, that is by God.
turtles living in the oceans surge in crowds towards the beach when it
is time for them to reproduce. This is no ordinary beach though. The beach
they arrive at to reproduce has to be the one where they were born.17
Sometimes sea turtles have to travel as far as 800 kilometres to return
there. But a long and tough journey does not change the situation. They
arrive at the beach where they were born to give birth to their offspring,
no matter what.
It is quite unaccountable how a living being can find
its way back to the very same beach 20-25 years after its departure from
there.18 It is all the more extraordinary that it can
find the direction of its birthplace in the depths of the ocean where
so little light penetrates, and then spot it from among numerous similar
Finally, thousands of travellers with no compass, meet on the same beach
at the same time. Initially a mystery, the reasons underlying this insistent
meeting came as a great surprise when finally revealed. Since turtles
know that their offspring cannot survive in sea conditions, they bury
their eggs under the sand on the beach. But why do all of them meet on
the same beach, at the same time? Would not the hatchlings survive if
they did the same thing at different times and on different beaches? Those
who did research on this topic were faced with a very interesting situation.
Thousands of offspring under the sand have to overcome a number of formidable
obstacles after breaking their eggs with the hard lump on their head.
The hatchlings of an average of 31 grams cannot dig the earth layer above
them on their own and they all help each other. When thousands of hatchlings
on the beach start to dig the earth, they make it to the sand surface
in a few days. Yet before they appear on the surface, they wait for a
while for nightfall. For in the day time, there is the danger of falling
prey to predators. In addition, it would be quite difficult for them to
proceed by crawling on sands scorched by the sunlight. When night falls,
they go up to the surface after completing the digging process. Although
it is dark, they rush to the sea and depart from the beach to return there
as much as 20-25 years later.
It is impossible for these hatchlings to know that they have to dig their
way up after they pop out of their eggs and wait for a while at a certain
distance from the sea. It is by no means possible for them to know, when
they are still buried in the earth, whether it is day or night, that predators
exist outside and that they could fall a prey to them, that the sand is
scorching because of the sun, that this could harm them, and that they
must rush to the sea. So, how does this conscious conduct come about?
The only answer to this question is that these hatchlings have been somehow
"programmed" to behave in this way, which means that their Creator has
inspired in them the instinct that helps them protect their lives.
The bombardier beetle is an insect on which an enormous amount of research
has been done. The trait that renders this insect so popular is that it
uses chemical methods to protect itself from its enemies.
In moments of danger, the insect squirts hydrogen peroxide
and hydroquinone stored in its body towards the enemy to protect itself.
Prior to battle, specialised structures called secretory lobes make a
very concentrated mixture of these two chemicals. The mixture is stored
in a separate compartment called the storage chamber. This compartment
is connected to a second one called the explosion chamber. The two compartments
are kept separate from one another by a sphincter muscle. The moment the
insect senses danger, it squeezes the muscles surrounding the storage
chamber while simultaneously relaxing the sphincter muscle, and the chemical
in the storage chamber is transferred to the explosion chamber. A large
quantity of heat is released and a vaporisation occurs. The released vapour
and the oxygen gas exert pressure on the walls of the explosion chamber
and this chemical is squirted at the enemy through a channel leading outward
from the beetle's body.19
It is still a great mystery to researchers how an insect can harbour
inside itself a powerful system potent enough to trigger a chemical reaction
that could easily cause it harm while also isolating itself from the effects
of that system. It is clear that the existence and working of this system
is too complicated to be attributed to the insect itself. It is still
a matter of discussion how the bombardier beetle makes such a system work
within its tiny body measuring about 2 cm in length, when human experts
can perform it only in laboratories.
The only apparent truth here is that this insect is a concrete example
completely refuting the theory of evolution, because it is impossible
for this complex chemical system to have been shaped by a series of coincidental
variations and passed on to future generations. Even a minor deficiency
or 'defect' in a single piece of the system would leave the animal defenceless,
so that it would soon be killed or it would cause it to blow itself up.
Therefore, the only explanation is that the chemical weapon in the insect's
body had come into being with all its parts all at once and without any
No one can help feeling surprised at the sight of a termite nest erected
on the ground by termites. These nests are architectural wonders, rising
as high as 5 or 6 metres.
When you compare the size of a termite and its nest, you will see that
the termite has successfully completed an architectural project about
300 times bigger than itself. But what is even more astonishing is that
the termites are blind.
person who has never seen the huge nests built by blind termites would
probably think that they are made up of sand piles heaped upon each other.
However, a termite nest proves to be of a design so marvellous it is difficult
to believe: inside there are intersecting tunnels, corridors, ventilation
systems, special fungus production yards and safety exits.
If you assemble thousands of blind people and give them all kinds of
technical tools, you can never make them set up a nest similar to the
one made by the termite colony. So, just think:
- How could a termite measuring 1-2 cm. in length have learnt the architectural
and engineering information needed to make such a subtle design?
- How could thousands of blind termites manage to work in harmony to
build this construction which is an artistic wonder?
-If you divide a termite nest into two during the first stages of its
construction, and then reunite it, you will see that all passage-ways,
canals and roads fit each other. How can this miraculous event be explained?
The conclusion to be derived from this example is that God has created
all living species uniquely and without the need of any prior example.
Even one termite nest is enough for a person to comprehend God and believe
that He is the One Who created all.
As we all know, woodpeckers build their nests by boring
holes in tree trunks with their beaks. This may sound familiar to most
people. But the point many people fail to examine is why woodpeckers suffer
no brain haemorrhage when they beat a tattoo so vigorously with their
heads. What the woodpecker does is in a way similar to a human being driving
a nail into the wall with his head. If a man ventured to do something
like that, he would probably undergo a brain shock followed by a brain
haemorrhage. However, a woodpecker can peck a hard tree trunk 38-43 times
in just two or three seconds and nothing happens to it.20
happens because the head structure of woodpeckers is ideally created for
such a task. The skull of the woodpecker has a remarkable suspension system
that absorbs the force of the blows. Its forehead and some skull muscles
adjoined to its beak and the jaw joint are so robust that they help lessen
the effect of the forceful strokes during pecking.21
Design and planning do not end here. Preferring primarily pine trees,
a certain species of woodpecker checks the age of the trees before boring
a hole in them and picks those older than 100 years, because pine trees
older than 100 years suffer an illness that causes the hard and thick
bark to soften. This was only recently discovered by science and perhaps
you may be reading of it here for the first time in your life; woodpeckers
have known it for centuries.
This is not the only reason why the woodpeckers prefer pine trees. Woodpeckers
dig cavities around their nests, the function of which was not originally
understood. These cavities were later understood to protect them from
a great danger. Over time, the sticky resin that leaks from the pine trees
fills up the cavities and the outpost of the woodpecker's nest is thus
filled with a pool whereby woodpeckers can be protected from snakes, their
Another interesting feature of woodpeckers is that
their tongues are thin enough to penetrate even ants' nests in the trees.
Their tongues are also sticky, which allows them to collect the ants that
live there. The perfection in their creation is further revealed by the
fact that their tongues have a structure which prevents them from being
harmed by the acid in the bodies of the ants.22
These woodpeckers, each of whose characteristics is discussed in a different
paragraph above, prove with all their detailed features that they are
'created'. If woodpeckers had evolved coincidentally as the theory of
evolution claims, they would have died before they acquired such extraordinarily
consistent traits and they would be extinct. However, as they were created
by God with a special "design" adapted to their life, they started their
lives by bearing all the vital characteristics.
The snake that camouflages itself in the sand
hides from its enemies. Is it possible taht this snake made its
skin's colour and pattern fully hormonise with its habitat?
One of the defence strategies of animals is camouflage. Some animals
have the special protection of a body structure and coloration which are
totally adapted to their habitat. The bodies of these living beings are
in appearance so harmonious with their environment that when you look
at their pictures, you cannot tell if they are plants or animals, or distinguish
them from their surroundings.
As will be seen in the following pages, the incredible similarity of
an insect to a leaf helps it escape the notice of its enemies. It is obvious
that this tiny animal has not made its body look like a leaf. Maybe it
is not even aware that it is being protected because it looks like a leaf.
However, the camouflage is so deft that it readily impresses the observer
as a defence tactic planned specially and "created".
In the picture on the left is a snake
hiding among the bushes.
When you look carefully, you will see that what you take to
be a tree branch is in fact an insect.
There is an ant-eater hiding among the leaves! Can you see
The eggs of a bird called the Western
sandpiper are the same colour as their surroundings in order
to be protected from enemies.
Some insects disguise themselves as
dead leaves. It is quite difficult to distinguish the Panama
moth from withered leaves..
This insect species
is protected from all its enemies with its leaf-like
The praying on the orchid has succeeded in deceiving the grasshopper
thanks to its wings that look like the petals of the flower.
The snake is camouflaging itself by being in the air like
all other leaves. (left)
Armouredchameleons do not chage colour according to their
environment, because their colour is already created in harmony
with thai habitat. (right)
FALSE EYES BEWILDER
When some butterflies open their wings, we
encounter a pair of eyes, with all their symmetry and detail. These
eyes alone are more than sufficient to convince their enemies that
what they face is not a butterfly. Particularly, the false faces
of some butterfly species such as the Shonling butterfly, seen below,
are so perfect with their shiny eyes, facial features, frowning
eyebrows, mouth and nose that the overall picture is quite discouraging
to most of its enemies.
A tenacious person on denying
God may try to bolster his extraordinary view with the evolutionist
explanation of 'an intresting coincidence'. Or he can claim that
"the butterfly brought about this pattern on its body by thinking
that it would be useful to it."
If someone makes such a claim and asserts that these patterns surpass
in beauty even the paintings of artists have come about by coincidence,
then there is nothing left to say on the part of "the men of
understanding". For such a claim is completely incompatible
with reason and common sense.
There are some incredible and unimaginably interesting defence methods
in the animal world. One of these is false eyes. With such false eyes,
various butterflies, caterpillars and fish species convince their enemies
that they are "dangerous".
The butterflies in the pictures on the left open their wings as soon
as they sense danger and display a pair of eyes on each of their wings
which appear quite threatening to their enemies.
Let us take our time and think: can these extremely convincing eyes be
the result of a coincidence? How does the butterfly know that a pair of
scary eyes appears when it opens its wings and that the sight of them
would frighten its enemy? Has the butterfly happened to see the pattern
on its wings and decided that this pattern was frightening and that it
could use it in a moment of danger?
Such a convincing pattern can be the result only of a conscious design,
not of coincidences. Moreover, it is by no means possible to think that
the butterfly is aware of the patterns on its wings and discovered this
as a defence tactic by itself. It is obvious that God, Who created the
butterfly, bestowed on its body such a pattern and inspired in the animal
the instinct to use it in moments of danger.
Little flowers on the earth are mostly considered commonplace by people,
notwithstanding their overall perfection. What prevents people from grasping
the creation miracles in these flowers is the familiarity brought about
by seeing them everywhere and every day. Therefore, flowers that grow
in a totally different place, under totally different conditions and in
totally different sizes will be assessed without the "glasses of familiarity"
and thus help us grasp the existence of God.
Amazon water lilies that grow in the sticky mud covering the bottom of
the Amazon River are interesting enough to remove the 'glasses of familiarity'
from people, because they continue their lives not in the way people are
accustomed to and witness everyday, but with a very different struggle.
Water lilies can only make use of daylight once
they have made their way from the depths of swamps to the water surface
by extending upwards as high as 2 metres. However, the roots of these
flower also need oxygen. In the left picture are the stems that stretch
out from the roots of the plant to the water surface carry the oxygen
it obtains to the roots.
These plants start to grow in the mud at the bottom of the Amazon River,
and then reach out towards the river surface. Their goal is to reach the
sunlight which is vital to their existence. When they finally reach the
water's surface, they stop growing and develop thorny, round buds. The
buds develop into gigantic leaves with a reach of 2 metres, in as short
a time as a couple of hours. "Knowing" that the more they cover the river
surface with abundant leaves, the more will they be able to make use of
sunlight, these water lilies make ample use of daylight to perform photosynthesis.
They "know" that otherwise they will not be able to survive at the bottom
of the river due to the scarcity of light. It is certainly quite inspiring
for a plant to employ such an "intelligent" tactic.
However, sunlight alone does not suffice for the Amazon
water lilies. They also need oxygen equally, yet it is obvious that this
oxygen does not exist in the muddy ground in which their roots are located.
This is why water lilies stretch out stems developing from their roots
upwards towards the water surface where their leaves float. Sometimes
these stems grow as tall as 11 metres; they are tied to the leaves and
function as oxygen-carriers between the leaves and the root.23
How can a bud in its initial stages of life in the depths of a river
know that it needs oxygen and sunlight to survive, that it would not be
able to live in their absence, and that everything it needs is present
on the water surface? A being recently introduced to life is aware neither
of the fact that this water has an ending point, nor of the existence
of the sun or oxygen.
Therefore, if the whole event is assessed from the standpoint of evolutionists,
these plants should long before have been defeated by environmental conditions
and become extinct. Nevertheless, water lilies are still present today
in all their perfection.
The unbelievable life struggle of water lilies continues well after they
reach light and oxygen on the water surface, where they curl the brims
of their huge leaves upward to prevent them from sinking.
They can continue their lives with all these precautions, yet they also
know that these are not enough for their reproduction. They need a living
being that will carry their pollen to another water lily, and this living
being is a beetle (coleopteran) which has been created with a special
weakness for white colour. They prefer these white water lilies out of
all the attractive flowers of the Amazon River. When Amazon water lilies
are visited by creatures which will continue their species, they close
all their leaves, imprison them, and offer them ample pollen. They let
them free after keeping them for one night, and then change their colour
so that they do not bring the same pollen back to them. The once pure
white, glorious water lilies will now go on adorning the Amazon river
Could such flawless and finely calculated plans be the work of a bud
unaware of everything? Of course not. They are the work of the wisdom
of God, Who created all things. All the details summarised here show that
plants, like all other living beings in the universe, came into existence
already furnished with the most convenient systems, and this was thanks
to their Creator.
Can the wind form an airplane by coincidence?
The famous physicist Sir Fred Hoyle makes a very striking observation
about the origin of life. In his book The Intelligent Universe he writes:
The chance that higher life forms might have emerged
in this way (by coincidence) is comparable with the chance that a tornado
sweeping through a junk-yard might assemble a Boeing 747 from the materials
This comparison of Hoyle's is quite inspiring. The examples that we have
discussed above also reveal that both the existence of life and the perfection
of its present systems force us to look for the great power making these
come into being. Just as a hurricane cannot produce an airplane as a result
of coincidences, neither is it possible for the universe to have come
into being as a result of unanticipated happenings and moreover to harbour
extremely complex structures therein. In truth, the universe is furnished
with myriad systems of an infinitely greater complexity than those of
Everything we have said in this chapter confronts us with the evidence
of the flawless planning not only in our immediate surroundings but also
in the depths of space. One who assesses these signs which are so evident
as to be undeniable by both reason and conscience can come to only one
conclusion: there is no room for coincidence in the universe; the universe
was Created with all the minutiae contained in it.
And God, the Creator of this flawless system, is He Who has infinite
might and knowledge.