Conscience is a spiritual quality that bids man good attitude and thought,
and helps him think straight and tell right from wrong.
One of the important aspects of conscience is that it is common to all
people. In other words, what feels right to the conscience of a man also
feels right to the conscience of all others provided that the same conditions
prevail. The conscience of one man never falls out with that of another.
The reason lies in the source of conscience: it is the inspiration of
God. Through the conscience, God lets us know the best and the most beautiful
behaviour and manners which it will please Him for us to adopt.
That conscience is an inspiration from God is mentioned in the Qur'an,
in Surat ash-Shams:
And the self and what proportioned it and inspired
it with depravity or taqwa, he who purifies it has succeeded, he who covers
it up has failed. (Surat ash-Shams: 7-10)
In the above verses, God declares that He has inspired the self with
depravity (to act in a sinful manner, to disobey, to deviate, to lie,
to turn away from righteousness, to stir up trouble, to decline in good
manners). The opposite is taqwa (awe or fear of God which inspires a person
to be on guard against wrong action and eager for actions which please
Him). It is this very conscience that makes man guard against evil deeds
and finds the right way.
One of the most important aspects of conscience is that it helps man
to find what is right of his own accord. Conscience will surely show man
what is right, even if nobody else will. So, what matters for man is to
take recourse to his own conscience, listen to what it says, and act upon
it. For this reason, we can say that conscience is the main component
Above all, there is one point that must be borne in mind; every man,
from the moment of gaining consciousness, is responsible for what God
inspires him with and what his conscience tells him. From the moment he
starts to conceive the events around him and becomes able to judge for
himself, he is expected to possess and be able to exercise the ability
to hear and distinguish the voice of his conscience, and to have the will
to follow it. From this point forward, he will be questioned about the
actions he takes in the course of his life. If he follows his conscience,
he will be rewarded with an eternal life in God's heaven, but if he follows
his self, he will meet an eternal sealed vault of fire.
Death is not distant from any one of us. It is perhaps even closer than
we think. That God did not create the life of this world for a vain purpose
and that death is not an end is an undeniable fact. We all have to organise
our life according to this great truth, because after death, we will be
judged according to the life we lived, and we will either be welcomed
in paradise, or thrown into hell. Even if one is not convinced by the
truth of this, can he really afford to risk so much and not work for his
life in the hereafter? The only solution is to obey the commands of God
by listening to the conscience. If someone does not follow his conscience
or use it fully, when he meets the angels of death, he will be plunged
into an agony of remorse and hopelessness, which he will suffer for eternity.
Whatever we do, our conscience will not leave us until we die. Conscience
is a power that works totally out of our will. It is God's voice. We will
all continue to hear this voice until we die, but those who do not follow
this voice will taste the intense regret of it after they die. Accordingly,
in the Qur'an, many examples are given from the conversations in the hereafter
in which those in hell confess what they failed to do in life. Therefore,
in truth, everyone knows what he must and must not do and evading the
conscience does no good.
'What caused you to enter into Hell Fire?'
They will say, 'We were not among those who prayed, and we did not feed
the poor. We plunged with those who plunged, and denied the Day of Judgement,
until the Certain came to us.'
The intercession of the interceders will not help them. What is the matter
with them that they run from the Reminder like panicked donkeys fleeing
from a lion?
In fact each one of them wants to be given an unfurled scroll.
No indeed! The truth is they do not fear the hereafter.
No indeed! It is truly a reminder to which anyone who wills may pay heed.
(Surat al-Muddaththir: 42-55)
If man does not want to make the above speech, he must listen to his
conscience, follow the Qur'an, follow the Messenger (SAW) and follow the
rightly-guided people. He must never turn his back on the truth once it
has been shown to him, and try to turn off the voice of righteousness